“Duve puthujjan± vutt±, buddhen±diccabandhun±;
andho puthujjano eko, kaly±ºeko puthujjano”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.7; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.2; sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.61; a. ni. aµµha. 1.51; c³¼ani. aµµha. 88; paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.130).–

Vuttesu kaly±ºaputhujjan±va adhippet± saddantarasannidh±nenapi atthavisesassa viññ±tabbatt±. Samathabh±van±sineh±bh±vena sukkh± l³kh± asiniddh± vipassan± etesanti sukkhavipassak±, teyeva kh²º±sav±ti tath±. “Bhikkh³”ti pana sabbattha yojetabba½. Vuttañhi–

“Yañcatthavato saddekasesato v±pi suyyate;
ta½ sambajjhate pacceka½, yath±l±bha½ kad±cip²”ti.
Tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadhareti ettha tiººa½ piµak±na½ sam±h±ro tipiµaka½, ta½saªkh±ta½ navaªg±divasena anekabhedabhinna½ sabba½ pariyattippabheda½ dh±rent²ti tath±, t±dise. Anu anu ta½ samaªgina½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti anubh±vo, soyeva ±nubh±vo, pabh±vo, mahanto ±nubh±vo yesa½ te mah±nubh±v±. “Etadagga½ bhikkhave”ti bhagavat± vuttavacanamup±d±ya pavattatt± “etadaggan”ti pada½ anukaraºajan±ma½ n±ma yath± “yev±panakan”ti, tabbasena vuttaµµh±nantaramidha etadagga½, tam±ropiteti attho. Etadagga½ eso bhikkhu aggoti v± ±ropitepi vaµµati. Tadan±ropit±pi avasesaguºasampannatt± uccinit± tattha sant²ti dassetu½ “yebhuyyen±”ti vutta½. Tisso vijj± tevijj±, t± ±di yesa½ cha¼abhiññ±d²nanti tevijj±dayo, te bhed± anekappak±r± yesanti tevijj±dibhed±. Atha v± tisso vijj± assa kh²º±savass±ti tevijjo, so ±di yesa½ cha¼abhiññ±d²nanti tevijj±dayo, teyeva bhed± yesanti tevijj±dibhed±. Tevijjacha¼abhiññ±divasena anekabhedabhinne kh²º±savabhikkh³yev±ti vutta½ hoti. Ye sandh±ya vuttanti ye bhikkh³ sandh±ya ida½ “atha kho”ti-±divacana½ saªg²tikkhandhake vutta½. Imin± kiñc±pi p±¼iya½ avisesatova vutta½, tath±pi visesena yath±vuttakh²º±savabhikkh³yeva sandh±ya vuttanti p±¼iy± sa½sandana½ karoti.
Nanu ca sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanapariyattidhar± kh²º±sav± anekasat±, anekasahass± ca, kasm± thero eken³namak±s²ti codana½ uddharitv± visesak±raºadassanena ta½ pariharitu½ “kissa pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kiss±ti kasm±. Pakkhantarajotako pana-saddo. Ok±sakaraºatthanti ok±sakaraºanimitta½ ok±sakaraºahetu. Attha-saddo hi “chaºatthañca nagarato nikkhamitv± missakapabbata½ abhiruhat³”ti-±d²su viya k±raºavacano, “kissa het³”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.238) viya ca hetvatthe paccattavacana½. Tath± hi vaººayanti “chaºatthanti chaºanimitta½ chaºahet³ti attho”ti. Evañca sati pucch±sabh±gat±vissajjan±ya hoti, esa nayo ²disesu.
Kasm± panassa ok±samak±s²ti ±ha “ten±”ti-±di. Hi-saddo k±raºatthe. “So h±yasm±”ti-±din± “sah±pi vin±pi na sakk±”ti vuttavacane pacceka½ k±raºa½ dasseti. Keci pana “tamattha½ vivarat²”ti vadanti, tadayutta½ “tasm±”ti k±raºavacanadassanato. “Tasm±”ti-±din± hi k±raºadassanaµµh±ne k±raºajotakoyeva hi-saddo. Saññ±ºamattajotak± s±kh±bhaªgopam± hi nip±t±ti, evam²disesu. Sikkhat²ti sekkho, sikkhana½ v± sikkh±, s±yeva tassa s²lanti sekkho. So hi apariyositasikkhatt±, tadadhimuttatt± ca ekantena sikkhanas²lo, na asekkho viya pariniµµhitasikkho tattha paµippassaddhuss±ho, n±pi vissaµµhasikkho pacurajano viya tattha anadhimutto, kitavasena viya ca taddhitavasenidha tappakatiyattho gayhati yath± “k±ruºiko”ti. Atha v± ariy±ya j±tiy± t²supi sikkh±su j±to, tattha v± bhavoti sekkho. Apica ikkhati et±y±ti ikkh±, maggaphalasamm±diµµhi, saha ikkh±y±ti sekkho. Uparimaggattayakiccassa apariyositatt± saha karaº²yen±ti sakaraº²yo. Ass±ti anena, “appaccakkha½ n±m±”ti etena sambandho. Ass±ti v± “natth²”ti ettha kiriy±paµiggahakavacana½. Paguºappavattibh±vato appaccakkha½ n±ma natthi. Vinayaµµhakath±ya½ pana “asammukh± paµiggahita½ n±ma natth²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutta½, ta½”dve sahass±ni bhikkhuto”ti vuttampi bhagavato santike paµiggahitameva n±m±ti katv± vutta½. Tath± hi s±vakabh±sitampi sutta½ “buddhabh±sitan”ti vuccat²ti.
“Yath±h±”ti-±din± ±yasmat± ±nandena vuttag±thameva s±dhakabh±vena dasseti. Ayañhi g±th± gopakamoggall±nena n±ma br±hmaºena “buddhas±sane tva½ bahussutoti p±kaµo, kittak± dhamm± te satth±r± bh±sit±, tay± ca dh±rit±”ti pucchitena tassa paµivacana½ dentena ±yasmat± ±nandeneva gopakamoggall±nasutte, attano guºadassanavasena v± therag±th±yampi bh±sit±. Tatth±ya½ saªkhepattho– buddhato satthu santik± dv±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±ni aha½ gaºhi½ adhigaºhi½, dve dhammakkhandhasahass±ni bhikkhuto dhammasen±pati-±d²na½ bhikkh³na½ santik± gaºhi½. Ye dhamm± me jivh±gge, hadaye v± pavattino paguº± v±cuggat±, te dhamm± tadubhaya½ sampiº¹etv± catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²ti. Keci pana “yemeti ettha ‘ye ime’ti padaccheda½ katv± ye ime dhamm± buddhassa, bhikkh³nañca pavattino pavattit±, tesu dhammesu buddhato dv±s²ti sahass±ni aha½ gaºhi½, dve sahass±ni bhikkhuto gaºhi½, eva½ catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²”ti sambandha½ vadanti, ayañca sambandho “ettak±yeva dhammakkhandh±”ti sanniµµh±nassa aviññ±yam±natt± keciv±do n±ma kato.
“Sah±pi na sakk±”ti vattabbahetuto “vin±pi na sakk±”ti vattabbahetuyeva balavataro saªg²tiy± bahuk±ratt±. Tasm± tattha codana½ dassetv± pariharitu½ “yadi evan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yadi evanti eva½ vin± yadi na sakk±, tath± sat²ti attho. Sekkhopi sam±noti sekkhapuggalo sam±nopi. M±na-saddo hettha lakkhaºe. Bahuk±ratt±ti bah³pak±ratt±. Upak±ravacano hi k±ra-saddo “appakampi kata½ k±ra½, puñña½ hoti mahapphalan”ti-±d²su viya. Ass±ti bhaveyya. Atha-saddo pucch±ya½. Pañhe “atha tva½ kena vaººen±”ti hi payogamud±haranti. “Eva½ sante”ti pana attho vattabbo. Par³pav±davivajjanatoti yath±vuttak±raºa½ aj±nant±na½ paresa½ ±ropita-upav±dato vivajjituk±matt±. Ta½ vivarati “thero h²”ti-±din±. Ativiya vissatthoti atireka½ viss±siko. Kena viññ±yat²ti ±ha “tath± h²”ti-±di. Da¼h²karaºa½ v± eta½ vacana½. “Vuttañhi, tath± hi iccete da¼h²karaºatthe”ti hi vadanti saddavid³. Nanti ±nandatthera½. “Ovadat²”ti imin± sambandho. ¾nandattherassa yebhuyyena navak±ya paris±ya vibbhamane mah±kassapatthero “na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.154) ±ha. Tath± hi parinibbute bhagavati mah±kassapatthero bhagavato parinibb±ne sannipatitassa bhikkhusaªghassa majjhe nis²ditv± dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ pañcasate bhikkh³ uccinitv± “r±jagahe ±vuso vassa½ vasant± dhammavinaya½ saªg±yiss±ma, tumhe pure vass³pan±yik±ya attano attano palibodha½ pacchinditv± r±jagahe sannipatath±”ti vatv± attan± r±jagaha½ gato.
¾nandattheropi bhagavato pattac²varam±d±ya mah±jana½ saññ±pento s±vatthi½ gantv± tato nikkhamma r±jagaha½ gacchanto dakkhiº±girismi½ c±rika½ cari. Tasmi½ samaye ±nandattherassa ti½samatt± saddhivih±rik± yebhuyyena kum±rak± ekavassikaduvassikabhikkh³ ceva anupasampann± ca vibbhami½su. Kasm± panete pabbajit±, kasm± ca vibbhami½s³ti? Tesa½ kira m±t±pitaro cintesu½ “±nandatthero satthuviss±siko aµµha vare y±citv± upaµµhahati, icchiticchitaµµh±na½ satth±ra½ gahetv± gantu½ sakkoti, amh±ka½ d±rake etassa santike pabbajeyy±ma, eva½ so satth±ra½ gahetv± ±gamissati, tasmi½ ±gate maya½ mah±sakk±ra½ k±tu½ labhiss±m±”ti. Imin± t±va k±raºena nesa½ ñ±tak± te pabb±jesu½, satthari pana parinibbute tesa½ s± patthan± upacchinn±, atha ne ekadivaseneva uppabb±jesu½. Atha ±nandatthera½ dakkhiº±girismi½ c±rika½ caritv± r±jagaham±gata½ disv± mah±kassapatthero evam±h±ti. Vuttañheta½ kassapasa½yutte–
“Atha kiñcarahi tva½ ±vuso ±nanda imehi navehi bhikkh³hi indriyesu aguttadv±rehi bhojane amattaññ³hi j±gariya½ ananuyuttehi saddhi½ c±rika½ carasi, sassagh±ta½ maññe carasi, kul³pagh±ta½ maññe carasi, olujjati kho te ±vuso ±nanda paris±, palujjanti kho te ±vuso navapp±y±, na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti.
Api me bhante kassapa sirasmi½ palit±ni j±t±ni, atha ca pana maya½ ajj±pi ±yasmato mah±kassapassa kum±rakav±d± na mucc±m±ti. Tath± hi pana tva½ ±vuso ±nanda imehi navehi bhikkh³hi indriyesu aguttadv±rehi bhojane amattaññ³hi j±gariya½ ananuyuttehi saddhi½ c±rika½ carasi, sassagh±ta½ maññe carasi, kul³pagh±ta½ maññe carasi, olujjati kho te ±vuso ±nanda paris±, palujjanti kho te ±vuso navapp±y±, na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.154).
Tattha sassagh±ta½ maññe caras²ti sassa½ gh±tento viya ±hiº¹asi. Kul³pagh±ta½ maññe caras²ti kul±ni upagh±tento viya ±hiº¹asi. Olujjat²ti palujjati bhijjati. Palujjanti kho te ±vuso navapp±y±ti ±vuso ±nanda ete tuyha½ p±yena yebhuyyena navak± ekavassikaduvassikadahar± ceva s±maºer± ca palujjanti. Na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti aya½ kum±rako attano pam±ºa½ na vata j±n±t²ti thera½ tajjento ±ha. Kum±rakav±d± na mucc±m±ti kum±rakav±dato na mucc±ma. Tath± hi pana tvanti idamassa eva½ vattabbat±ya k±raºadassanattha½ vutta½. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– yasm± tva½ imehi navehi indriyasa½varavirahitehi bhojane amattaññ³hi saddhi½ vicarasi, tasm± kum±rakehi saddhi½ vicaranto “kum±rako”ti vattabbata½ arahas²ti.
Na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti ettha -saddo padap³raºe. V±-saddo hi upam±nasamuccayasa½sayavissaggavikappapadap³raº±d²su bah³su atthesu dissati. Tath± hesa “paº¹ito v±pi tena so”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 63) upam±ne dissati, sadisabh±veti attho. “Ta½ v±pi dh²r± muni vedayant²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 213) samuccaye. “Ke v± ime kassa v±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 296) sa½saye. “Aya½ v± imesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½ sabbab±lo sabbam³¼ho”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 181) vavassagge. “Ye hi keci bhikkhave samaº± v± br±hmaº± v±”ti-±d²supi (ma. ni. 1.170; sa½. ni. 2.13) vikappe. “Na v±ha½ paººa½ bhuñj±mi, na heta½ mayha bhojanan”ti-±d²su padap³raºe. Idh±pi padap³raºe daµµhabbo. Teneva ca ±cariyadhammap±lattherena v±-saddassa atthuddh±ra½ karontena vutta½ “na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti-±d²su padap³raºe”ti. Sa½yuttaµµhakath±yampi idameva vutta½ “na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti aya½ kum±rako attano pam±ºa½ na vata j±n±s²ti thera½ tajjento ±h±”ti (sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.154). Etth±pi “vat±”ti vacanasiliµµhat±ya vutta½. “Na v±yan”ti etassa v± “na ve ayan”ti padaccheda½ katv± ve-saddassattha½ dassentena “vat±”ti vutta½. Tath± hi ve-saddassa eka½satthabh±ve tadeva p±¼i½ payoga½ katv± ud±haranti neruttik±. Vajirabuddhitthero pana eva½ vadati “na v±yanti ettha ca ti vibh±s±, aññ±sipi na aññ±sip²”ti, (vajira. µ². paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) ta½ tassa matimatta½ sa½yuttaµµhakath±ya tath± avuttatt±. Idameka½ par³pav±dasambhavak±raºa½ “tattha kec²”ti-±din± sambajjhitabba½.