Aññampi pasa½sanam±ha “candopamapaµipad±ya c±”ti, candapaµibh±g±ya paµipad±ya ca karaºabh³t±ya pasa½sito, tassa½ v± ±dh±rabh³t±ya maññeva sakkhi½ katv± pasa½sitoti attho. Yath±ha–
“Cand³pam± bhikkhave kul±ni upasaªkamatha apakasseva k±ya½, apakassa citta½ niccanavak± kulesu appagabbh±. Seyyath±pi bhikkhave puriso jarudap±na½ v± olokeyya pabbatavisama½ v± nad²vidugga½ v± apakasseva k±ya½, apakassa citta½, evameva kho bhikkhave cand³pam± kul±ni upasaªkamatha apakasseva k±ya½, apakassa citta½ niccanavak± kulesu appagabbh±. Kassapo bhikkhave cand³pamo kul±ni upasaªkamati apakasseva k±ya½, apakassa citta½ niccanavako kulesu appagabbho”ti (sa½. ni. 2.146).
Tattha cand³pam±ti candasadis± hutv±. Ki½ parimaº¹alat±ya sadis±ti? No, apica kho yath± cando gaganatala½ pakkhandam±no na kenaci saddhi½ santhava½ v± sineha½ v± ±laya½ v± nikanti½ v± patthana½ v± pariyuµµh±na½ v± karoti, na ca na hoti mah±janassa piyo man±po, tumhepi eva½ kenaci saddhi½ santhav±d²na½ akaraºena bahujanassa piy± man±p± cand³pam± hutv± khattiyakul±d²ni catt±ri kul±ni upasaªkamath±ti attho. Apica yath± cando andhak±ra½ vidhamati, ±loka½ pharati, eva½ kilesandhak±ravidhamanena, ñ±º±lokapharaºena ca cand³pam± hutv±ti evam±d²hipi nayehi attho daµµhabbo.
Apakasseva k±ya½, apakassa cittanti teneva santhav±d²namakaraºena k±yañca cittañca apakassitv±, aka¹¹hitv± apanetv±ti attho. Niccanavak±ti nicca½ navik±va, ±gantukasadis± eva hutv±ti attho. ¾gantuko hi paµip±µiy± sampattageha½ pavisitv± sace na½ gharas±mik± disv± “amh±ka½ puttabh±taropi vippav±sagat± eva½ vicari½s³”ti anukampam±n± nis²d±petv± bhojenti, bhuttamattoyeva “tumh±ka½ bh±jana½ gaºhath±”ti uµµh±ya pakkamati, na tehi saddhi½ santhava½ v± karoti, kiccakaraº²y±ni v± sa½vidahati, eva½ tumhepi paµip±µiy± sampattaghara½ pavisitv± ya½ iriy±pathesu pasann± manuss± denti, ta½ gahetv± pacchinnasanthav± tesa½ kiccakaraº²ye aby±vaµ± hutv± nikkhamath±ti d²peti. Appagabbh±ti na pagabbh±, aµµhaµµh±nena k±yap±gabbhiyena, catuµµh±nena vac²p±gabbhiyena, anekaµµh±nena manop±gabbhiyena ca virahit± kul±ni upasaªkamath±ti attho.
Jarudap±nanti jiººak³pa½. Pabbatavisamanti pabbate visama½ pap±taµµh±na½. Nad²vidugganti nadiy± vidugga½ chinnataµaµµh±na½. Evameva khoti ettha ida½ opammasa½sandana½– jarudap±n±dayo viya hi catt±ri kul±ni, olokanapuriso viya bhikkhu, yath± pana anapakaµµhak±yacitto t±ni olokento puriso tattha patati, eva½ arakkhitehi k±y±d²hi kul±ni upasaªkamanto bhikkhu kulesu bajjhati, tato n±nappak±ra½ s²lap±dabhañjan±dika½ anattha½ p±puº±ti. Yath± pana apakaµµhak±yacitto puriso tattha na patati, eva½ rakkhiteneva k±yena, rakkhit±ya v±c±ya, rakkhitehi cittehi, s³paµµhit±ya satiy± apakaµµhak±yacitto hutv± kul±ni upasaªkamanto bhikkhu kulesu na bajjhati, athassa s²lasaddh±sam±dhipaññ±saªkh±t±ni p±dahatthakucchis²s±ni na bhañjanti, r±gakaºµak±dayo na vijjhanti, sukhito yenak±ma½ agatapubba½ nibb±nadisa½ gacchati, evar³po aya½ mah±kassapoti h²n±dhimuttikassa micch±paµipannassa v±dapathapacchindanattha½ mah±kassapatthera½ eva sakkhi½ katv± dassento “kassapo bhikkhave”ti-±dim±h±ti. Evampettha atthamicchanti-alaggacittat±saªkh±t±ya candopamapaµipad±ya karaºabh³t±ya pasa½sito, tassa½ v± ±dh±rabh³t±ya maññeva sakkhi½ katv± pasa½sitoti, eva½ sati ceva-saddo, ca-saddo ca na payujjitabbo dvinna½ pad±na½ tuly±dhikaraºatt±, ayameva attho p±µho ca yuttataro viya dissati parinibb±nasuttavaººan±ya½ “±k±se p±ºi½ c±letv± cand³pama½ paµipada½ kathento ma½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± kathes²”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 2.232) vuttatt±ti.
Tassa kimañña½ ±ºaºya½ bhavissati, aññatra dhammavinayasaªg±yan±ti adhipp±yo. Tattha tass±ti ya½-saddassa k±raºanidassane “tasm±”ti ajjh±haritv± tassa meti attho, kiriy±par±masane pana tassa anuggahaºassa, pasa½sanassa c±ti. Potthakesupi katthaci “tassa me”ti p±µho dissati, eva½ sati kiriy±par±masane “tass±”ti apara½ padamajjh±haritabba½. Natthi iºa½ yass±ti aºaºo, tassa bh±vo ±ºaºya½. Dhammavinayasaªg±yana½ µhapetv± añña½ ki½ n±ma tassa iºavirahitatta½ bhavissati, na bhavissati ev±ti attho. “Nanu ma½ bhagav±”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ upam±vasena vibh±veti. Sakakavaca-issariy±nuppad±nen±ti ettha kavaco n±ma uracchado, yena uro ch±d²yate, tassa ca c²varanidassanena gahaºa½, issariyassa pana abhiññ±sam±pattinidassanen±ti daµµhabba½. Kulava½sappatiµµh±pakanti kulava½sassa kulapaveºiy± patiµµh±paka½. “Me”ti padassa niccas±pekkhatt± saddhammava½sappatiµµh±pakoti sam±so. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sattusaªghanimmaddanena attano kulava½sappatiµµh±panattha½ sakakavaca-issariy±nuppad±nena kulava½sappatiµµh±paka½ putta½ r±j± viya bhagav±pi ma½ d²ghadass² “saddhammava½sappatiµµh±pako me aya½ bhavissat²”ti mantv± s±sanapaccatthikagaºanimmaddanena saddhammava½sappatiµµh±panattha½ c²varad±nasamasamaµµhapanasaªkh±tena imin± as±dh±raº±nuggahena anuggahesi nanu, im±ya ca u¼±r±ya pasa½s±ya pasa½si nan³ti. Iti cintayantoti ettha itisaddena “antaradh±peyyu½, saªg±yeyya½, kimañña½ ±ºaºya½ bhavissat²”ti vacanapubbaªgama½, “µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjat²”ti-±di v±kyattaya½ nidasseti.
Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ saªg²tikkhandhakap±¼iy± s±dhento ±ha “yath±h±”ti-±di. Tattha yath±h±ti ki½ ±ha, may± vuttassa atthassa s±dhaka½ ki½ ±h±ti vutta½ hoti. Yath± v± yena pak±rena may± vutta½, tath± tena pak±rena p±¼iyampi ±h±ti attho. Yath± v± ya½ vacana½ p±¼iya½ ±ha, tath± tena vacanena may± vuttavacana½ sa½sandati ceva sameti ca yath± ta½ gaªgodakena yamunodakantipi vattabbo p±¼iy± s±dhanattha½ ud±haritabh±vassa paccakkhato viññ±yam±natt±, viññ±yam±natthassa ca saddassa payoge k±m±c±ratt±. Adhipp±yavibh±vanatth± hi atthayojan±. Yath± v± yena pak±rena dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ bhikkh³na½ uss±ha½ janesi, tath± tena pak±rena p±¼iyampi ±h±ti attho. Evam²disesu.
Ekamid±hanti ettha idanti nip±tamatta½. Eka½ samayanti ca bhummatthe upayogavacana½, ekasmi½ samayeti attho. P±v±y±ti p±v±nagarato, tattha piº¹±ya caritv± “kusin±ra½ gamiss±m²”ti addh±namaggappaµipannoti vutta½ hoti. Addh±namaggoti ca d²ghamaggo vuccati, d²ghapariy±yo hettha addh±nasaddo. Mahat±ti guºamahattenapi saªkhy±mahattenapi mahat±. “Pañcamatteh²”ti-±din± saªkhy±mahatta½ dasseti, mattasaddo ca pam±ºavacano “bhojane mattaññut±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.16) viya. “Dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ uss±ha½ janes²”ti etassatthassa s±dhanattha½ ±hat± “atha kho”ti-±dik± p±¼i yath±vuttamattha½ na s±dheti Na hettha uss±hajananappak±ro ±gatoti codana½ pariharitum±ha “sabba½ subhaddakaº¹a½ vitth±rato veditabban”ti. Evampes± codan± tadavatth±yev±ti vutta½ “tato para½ ±h±”ti-±di. Apica yath±vuttatthas±dhik± p±¼i mahatar±ti ganthagarut±pariharaºattha½ majjhe peyy±lamukhena ±di-antameva p±¼i½ dassento “sabba½ subhaddakaº¹a½ vitth±rato veditabban”ti ±ha. Tena hi “atha khv±ha½ ±vuso magg± okkamma aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²d²”ti (c³¼ava. 437) vuttap±¼ito paµµh±ya “ya½ na icchiss±ma, na ta½ kariss±m±”ti (c³¼ava. 437) vuttap±¼ipariyos±na½ subhaddakaº¹a½ dasseti.
“Tato paran”ti-±din± pana tadavasesa½ “handa maya½ ±vuso”ti-±dika½ uss±hajananappak±radassanap±¼i½. Tasm± tato para½ ±h±ti ettha subhaddakaº¹ato para½ uss±hajananappak±radassanavacanam±h±ti attho veditabbo. Mah±gaºµhipadepi hi soyevattho vutto. ¾cariyas±riputtattheren±pi (s±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) tatheva adhippeto. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena pana “tato paranti tato bhikkh³na½ uss±hajananato parato”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±) vutta½, tadeta½ vic±retabba½ heµµh± uss±hajananappak±rassa p±¼iya½ avuttatt±. Ayameva hi uss±hajananappak±ro yadida½ “handa maya½ ±vuso dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyy±ma, pure adhammo dippat²”ti-±di. Yadi pana subhaddakaº¹ameva uss±hajananahetubh³tassa subhaddena vuttavacanassa pak±sanatt± uss±hajanananti vadeyya, natthevettha vic±retabbat±ti. Pure adhammo dippat²ti ettha adhammo n±ma dasakusalakammapathapaµipakkhabh³to adhammo. Dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ uss±hajananappasaªgatt± v± tadasaªg±yanahetuko dosagaºopi sambhavati, “adhammav±dino balavanto honti, dhammav±dino dubbal± hont²”ti vuttatt± s²lavipatti-±dihetuko p±picchat±didosagaºo adhammotipi vadanti. Pure dippat²ti api n±ma dippati. Sa½sayatthe hi pure-saddo. Atha v± y±va adhammo dhamma½ paµib±hitu½ samattho hoti, tato puretaramev±ti attho. ¾sanne hi anadhippete aya½ pure-saddo. Dippat²ti dippissati, pure-saddayogena hi an±gatatthe aya½ vattam±napayogo yath± “pur± vassati devo”ti. Tath± hi vutta½–
“An±gate sannicchaye, tath±t²te ciratane;
k±ladvayepi kav²hi, puresaddo payujjate”ti. (Vajira. µ². b±hiranid±nakath±vaººan±).
“Purey±vapur±yoge nicca½ v± karahi kad±;
lacch±yamapi ki½ vutte, vattam±n± bhavissat²”ti ca.
Keci panettha eva½ vaººayanti– pureti pacch± an±gate, yath± addh±na½ gacchantassa gantabbamaggo “pure”ti vuccati, tath± idh±pi maggagamananayena an±gatak±lo “pure”ti vuccat²ti. Eva½ sati ta½k±l±pekkh±ya cettha vattam±napayogo sambhavati. Dhammo paµib±hiyyat²ti etth±pi pure-saddena yojetv± vuttanayena attho veditabbo, tath± dhammopi adhammavipar²tavasena, ito parampi eseva nayo. Avinayoti pah±navinayasa½varavinay±na½ paµipakkhabh³to avinayo. Vinayav±dino dubbal± hont²ti eva½ iti-saddena p±µho, so “tato para½ ±h±”ti ettha ±ha-saddena sambajjhitabbo.
Tena h²ti uyyojanatthe nip±to. Uccinane uyyojent± hi mah±kassapatthera½ evam±ha½su “bhikkh³ uccinat³”ti, saªg²tiy± anur³pe bhikkh³ uccinitv± upadh±retv± gaºh±t³ti attho. “Sakala…pe… pariggahes²”ti etena sukkhavipassakakh²º±savapariyant±na½ yath±vuttapuggal±na½ satipi ±gam±dhigamasambhave saha paµisambhid±hi pana tevijj±diguºayutt±na½ ±gam±dhigamasampattiy± ukka½sagatatt± saªg²tiy± bah³pak±rata½ dasseti. Sakala½ suttageyy±dika½ navaªga½ ettha, etass±ti v± sakalanavaªga½, satthu bhagavato s±sana½ satthus±sana½ s±s²yati eten±ti katv±, tadeva satthus±sananti sakalanavaªgasatthus±sana½. Nava v± suttageyy±d²ni aªg±ni ettha, etass±ti v± navaªga½, tameva satthus±sana½, tañca sakalameva, na ekadesanti tath±. Atthak±mena pariy±puºitabb± sikkhitabb±, diµµhadhammik±dipurisattha½ v± nipph±detu½ pariyatt± samatth±ti pariyatti, t²ºi piµak±ni, sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanasaªkh±t± pariyatti, ta½ dh±rent²ti tath±, t±diseti attho. Puthujjana…pe… sukkhavipassakakh²º±savabhikkh³ti ettha–