Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

N±n±nayanipuºagambh²ravicitrasikkhattayasaªgahassa buddh±nubuddhasa½vaººitassa saddh±vahaguºasampannassa d²gh±gamavarassa gambh²raduranubodhatthad²paka½ sa½vaººanamima½ karonto sakasamayasamayantaragahanajjhog±hanasamattho mah±veyy±karaºoyam±cariyo sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±mapayojan±dividh±n±ni karonto paµhama½ t±va ratanattayapaº±ma½ k±tu½ “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºappayojana½ tattha tattha bahudh± papañcenti ±cariy±. Tath± hi vaººayanti–
“Sa½vaººan±rambhe satthari paº±makaraºa½ dhammassa sv±kkh±tabh±vena satthari pas±dajananattha½, satthu ca avitathadesanabh±vappak±sanena dhamme pas±dajananattha½. Tadubhayappas±d± hi mahato atthassa siddhi hot²”ti (dha. sa. µ². 1-1).
Atha v± “ratanattayapaº±mavacana½ attano ratanattayappas±dassa viññ±panattha½, ta½ pana viññ³na½ citt±r±dhanattha½, ta½ aµµhakath±ya g±haºattha½, ta½ sabbasampattinipph±danatthan”ti. Atha v± “sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayavandan± sa½vaººetabbassa dhammassa pabhavanissayavisuddhipaµivedanattha½, ta½ pana dhammasa½vaººan±su viññ³na½ bahum±nupp±danattha½, ta½ sammadeva tesa½ uggahaºadh±raº±dikkamaladdhabb±ya samm±paµipattiy± sabbahitasukhanipph±danatthan”ti. Atha v± “maªgalabh±vato, sabbakiriy±su pubbakiccabh±vato, paº¹itehi sam±caritabh±vato, ±yati½ paresa½ diµµh±nugati-±pajjanato ca sa½vaººan±ya½ ratanattayapaº±makiriy±”ti. Atha v± “catugambh²rabh±vayutta½ dhammavinaya½ sa½vaººetuk±massa mah±samudda½ og±hantassa viya paññ±veyyattiyasamann±gatass±pi mahanta½ bhaya½ sambhavati, bhayakkhay±vahañceta½ ratanattayaguº±nussaraºajanita½ paº±map³j±vidh±na½, tato ca sa½vaººan±ya½ ratanattayapaº±makiriy±”ti. Atha v± “asattharipi satth±bhinivesassa lokassa yath±bh³ta½ satthari eva samm±sambuddhe satthusambh±vanattha½, asatthari ca satthusambh±vanapariccaj±panattha½, ‘tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ pariy±puºitv± attano dahat²’ti (p±r±. 195) ca vuttadosapariharaºattha½ sa½vaººan±ya½ paº±makiriy±”ti. Atha v± “buddhassa bhagavato paº±mavidh±nena samm±sambuddhabh±v±dhigam±ya buddhay±na½ paµipajjant±na½ uss±hajananattha½, saddhammassa ca paº±mavidh±nena paccekabuddhabh±v±dhigam±ya paccekabuddhay±na½ paµipajjant±na½ uss±hajananattha½, saªghassa ca paº±mavidh±nena paramatthasaªghabh±v±dhigam±ya s±vakay±na½ paµipajjant±na½ uss±hajananattha½ sa½vaººan±ya½ paº±makiriy±”ti. Atha v± “maªgal±dik±ni satth±ni anantar±y±ni, ciraµµhitik±ni, bahumat±ni ca bhavant²ti eva½laddhik±na½ cittaparitosanattha½ sa½vaººan±ya½ paº±makiriy±”ti. Atha v± “sotujan±na½ yath±vuttapaº±mena anantar±yena uggahaºadh±raº±dinipph±danattha½ sa½vaººan±ya½ paº±makiriy±. Sotujan±nuggahameva hi padh±na½ katv± ±cariyehi sa½vaººan±rambhe thutipaº±maparid²pak±ni v±ky±ni nikkhip²yanti, itarath± vin±pi ta½ nikkhepa½ k±yamanopaº±meneva yath±dhippetappayojanasiddhito kimetena ganthag±ravakaraºen±”ti ca evam±din±. Maya½ pana idh±dhippetameva payojana½ dassayiss±ma, tasm± sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºa½ yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthanti veditabba½. Idameva ca payojana½ ±cariyena idh±dhippeta½. Tath± hi vakkhati “iti me pasannamatino …pe… tass±nubh±ven±”ti. Ratanattayapaº±makaraºañhi yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panattha½ ratanattayap³j±ya paññ±p±µavabh±vato, t±ya ca paññ±p±µava½ r±g±dimalavidhamanato. Vuttañheta½–
“Yasmi½ mah±n±ma samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hot²”ti-±di (a. ni. 6.10; a. ni. 11.11).

Tasm± ratanattayap³j±ya vikkh±litamal±ya paññ±ya p±µavasiddhi. Atha v± ratanattayap³j±ya paññ±padaµµh±nasam±dhihetutt± paññ±p±µava½. Vuttañheta½–

“Ujugatacitto kho pana mah±n±ma ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhammopasa½hita½ p±mojja½, pamuditassa p²ti j±yati, p²timanassa k±yo passambhati, passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedayati, sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyat²”ti (a. ni. 6.10; a. ni. 11.11).

Sam±dhissa ca paññ±ya padaµµh±nabh±vo “sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.5; 4.99; 5.1071; netti. 40; peµako. 66; mi. pa. 14) vuttoyeva. Tato eva½ paµubh³t±ya paññ±ya khedamabhibhuyya paµiññ±ta½ sa½vaººana½ sam±payissati. Tena vutta½ “ratanattayapaº±makaraºañhi…pe… paññ±p±µavabh±vato”ti. Atha v± ratanattayap³j±ya ±yuvaººasukhabalava¹¹hanato anantar±yena parisam±pana½ veditabba½. Ratanattayapaº±mena hi ±yuvaººasukhabal±ni va¹¹hanti. Vuttañheta½–

“Abhiv±danas²lissa, nicca½ vu¹¹h±pac±yino;
catt±ro dhamm± va¹¹hanti, ±yu vaººo sukha½ balan”ti. (Dha. pa. 109).
Tato ±yuvaººasukhabalavuddhiy± hotveva k±riyaniµµh±nanti vutta½ “ratanattayap³j±ya ±yu…pe… veditabban”ti. Atha v± ratanattayap³j±ya paµibh±n±parih±n±vahatt± anantar±yena parisam±pana½ veditabba½. Aparih±n±vah± hi ratanattayap³j±. Vuttañheta½–
“Sattime bhikkhave, aparih±n²y± dhamm±, katame satta? Satthug±ravat±, dhammag±ravat±, saªghag±ravat±, sikkh±g±ravat±, sam±dhig±ravat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sovacassat±”ti (a. ni. 7.34) tato paµibh±n±parih±nena hotveva yath±paµiññ±taparisam±pananti vutta½ “ratanattaya…pe… veditabban”ti. Atha v± pas±davatth³su p³j±ya puññ±tisayabh±vato anantar±yena parisam±pana½ veditabba½. Puññ±tisay± hi pas±davatth³su p³j±. Vuttañheta½–
“P³j±rahe p³jayato, buddhe yadiva s±vake;
papañcasamatikkante, tiººasokapariddave.
Te t±dise p³jayato, nibbute akutobhaye;
na sakk± puñña½ saªkh±tu½, imettamapi kenac²”ti. (Khu. p±. 196; apa. 1.10.2).

Puññ±tisayo ca yath±dhippetaparisam±panup±yo. Yath±ha–

“Esa devamanuss±na½, sabbak±madado nidhi;
ya½ yadev±bhipatthenti, sabbametena labbhat²”ti. (Khu. p±. 8.10).
Up±yesu ca paµipannassa hotveva k±riyaniµµh±nanti vutta½ “pas±davatth³su…pe… veditabban”ti. Eva½ ratanattayap³j± niratisayapuññakkhettasambuddhiy± aparimeyyappabh±vo puññ±tisayoti bahuvidhantar±yepi lokasanniv±se antar±yanibandhanasakalasa½kilesaviddha½san±ya pahoti, bhay±di-upaddavañca niv±reti. Tasm± suvutta½ “sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºa½ yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthanti veditabban”ti.
Eva½ pana sapayojana½ ratanattayapaº±ma½ kattuk±mo buddharatanam³lakatt± sesaratan±na½ paµhama½ tassa paº±ma½ k±tum±ha– “karuº±s²talahadaya½…pe… gativimuttan”ti. Buddharatanam³lak±ni hi dhammasaªgharatan±ni, tesu ca dhammaratanam³laka½ saªgharatana½, tath±bh±vo ca “puººacando viya bhagav±, candakiraºanikaro viya tena desito dhammo, candakiraºasamupp±ditap²ºito loko viya saªgho”ti evam±d²hi aµµhakath±yam±gata-upam±hi vibh±vetabbo. Atha v± sabbasatt±na½ aggoti katv± paµhama½ buddho, tappabhavato, tadupadesitato ca tadanantara½ dhammo, tassa dhammassa s±dh±raºato tad±sevanato ca tadanantara½ saªgho vutto. “Sabbasatt±na½ v± hite viniyojakoti katv± paµhama½ buddho, sabbasattahitatt± tadanantara½ dhammo, hit±dhigam±ya paµipanno adhigatahito c±ti katv± tadanantara½ saªgho vutto”ti aµµhakath±gatanayena anupubbat± veditabb±.
Buddharatanapaº±mañca karonto kevalapaº±mato thoman±pubbaªgamovas±tisayoti “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti-±dipadehi thoman±pubbaªgamata½ dasseti. Thoman±pubbaªgamena hi paº±mena satthu guº±tisayayogo, tato cassa anuttaravandan²yabh±vo, tena ca attano paº±massa khettaªgatabh±vo, tena cassa khettaªgatassa paº±massa yath±dhippetanipphattihetubh±vo dassitoti. Thoman±pubbaªgamatañca dassento yass± sa½vaººana½ kattuk±mo, s± suttantadesan± karuº±paññ±ppadh±n±yeva, na vinayadesan± viya karuº±ppadh±n±, n±pi abhidhammadesan± viya paññ±ppadh±n±ti tadubhayappadh±nameva thomanam±rabhati. Es± hi ±cariyassa pakati, yadida½ ±rambh±nur³pathoman±. Teneva ca vinayadesan±ya sa½vaººan±rambhe “yo kappakoµ²hipi…pe… mah±k±ruºikassa tass±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±) karuº±ppadh±na½, abhidhammadesan±ya sa½vaººan±rambhe “karuº± viya…pe… yath±ruc²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1) paññ±ppadh±nañca thomanam±raddha½. Vinayadesan± hi ±say±dinirapekkhakevalakaruº±ya p±katikasatten±pi asotabb±raha½ suºanto, apucchitabb±raha½ pucchanto, avattabb±rahañca vadanto sikkh±pada½ paññapes²ti karuº±ppadh±n±. Tath± hi ukka½sapariyantagatahirottappopi bhagav± lokiyas±dhujanehipi pariharitabb±ni “sikharaº², sambhinn±”ti-±divacan±ni, (p±r±. 185) yath±par±dhañca garahavacan±ni mah±karuº±sañcoditam±naso mah±parisamajjhe abh±si, ta½ta½sikkh±padapaññatti k±raº±pekkh±ya ca verañj±d²su s±r²rika½ khedamanubhosi. Tasm± kiñc±pi bh³mantarapaccay±k±rasamayantarakath±na½ viya vinayapaññattiy±pi samuµµh±pik± paññ± anaññas±dh±raºat±ya atisayakiccavat², karuº±ya kicca½ pana tatopi adhikanti vinayadesan±ya karuº±ppadh±nat± vutt±. Karuº±by±p±r±dhikat±ya hi desan±ya karuº±padh±nat±, abhidhammadesan± pana kevalapaññ±ppadh±n± paramatthadhamm±na½ yath±sabh±vapaµivedhasamatth±ya paññ±ya tattha s±tisayappavattito. Suttantadesan± pana karuº±paññ±ppadh±n± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ ±say±nusay±dhimutticarit±dibhedaparicchindanasamatth±ya paññ±ya sattesu ca mah±karuº±ya tattha s±tisayappavattito. Suttantadesan±ya hi mah±karuº±ya sam±pattibahulo vineyyasant±ne tadajjh±say±nulomena gambh²ramatthapada½ patiµµhapesi. Tasm± ±rambh±nur³pa½ karuº±paññ±ppadh±nameva thomana½ katanti veditabba½, ayamettha samud±yattho.
Aya½ pana avayavattho– kirat²ti karuº±, paradukkha½ vikkhipati paccayavekallakaraºena apanet²ti attho. Dukkhitesu v± kiriyati pas±riyat²ti karuº±. Atha v± kiº±t²ti karuº±, paradukkhe sati k±ruºika½ hi½sati vib±dhati, paradukkha½ v± vin±set²ti attho. Paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ kampana½ hadayakheda½ karot²ti v± karuº±. Atha v± kamiti sukha½, ta½ rundhat²ti karuº±. Es± hi paradukkh±panayanak±mat±lakkhaº± attasukhanirapekkhat±ya k±ruºik±na½ sukha½ rundhati vibandhat²ti, sabbattha saddasatth±nus±rena padanipphatti veditabb±. Uºh±bhitattehi sev²yat²ti s²ta½, uºh±bhisamana½. Ta½ l±ti gaºh±t²ti s²tala½, “citta½ v± te khipiss±mi, hadaya½ v± te ph±less±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. ±¼avakasutta) ettha uro “hadayan”ti vutta½, “vakka½ hadayan”ti (ma. ni. 1.110; 2.114; 3.154) ettha hadayavatthu, “haday± hadaya½ maññe aññ±ya tacchat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.63) ettha citta½, idh±pi cittameva abbhantaraµµhena hadaya½. Attano sabh±va½ v± harat²ti hadaya½, ra-k±rassa da-k±ra½ katv±ti neruttik±. Karuº±ya s²tala½ hadayamass±ti karuº±s²talahadayo, ta½ karuº±s²talahadaya½.