Tikavaººan±

305. Dhammato añño katt± natth²ti dassetu½ kattus±dhanavasena “lubbhat²ti lobho”ti vutta½. Lubbhati tena, lubbhanamattametanti karaºabh±vas±dhanavasenapi attho yujjateva. Dussati muyhat²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Akusalañca ta½ akosallasambh³taµµhena ekant±kusalabh±vato m³lañca attan± sampayuttadhamm±na½ suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanato, na akusalabh±vas±dhanato. Na hi m³lakato akusal±na½ akusalabh±vo, kusal±d²nañca kusal±dibh±vo. Tath± sati mom³hacittadvaye mohassa akusalabh±vo na siy±. Tesanti lobh±d²na½. “Na lubbhat²ti alobho”ti-±din± paµipakkhanayena.
Duµµhu carit±n²ti paccayato, sampayuttadhammato, pavatti-±k±rato ca na suµµhu asamm± pavattit±ni. Vir³p±n²ti b²bhacch±ni sampati, ±yatiñca aniµµhar³patt±. K±yen±ti k±yadv±rena karaºabh³tena. K±yatoti k±yadv±rato. “Suµµhu carit±n²”ti-±d²su vuttavipariy±yena attho veditabbo. Yassa sikkh±padassa v²tikkame k±yasamuµµh±n± ±patti hoti, ta½ k±yadv±re paññattasikkh±pada½. Av²tikkamo k±yasucaritanti v±rittas²lassa vasena vadati, c±rittas²lassapi v±, yassa akaraºe ±patti hoti. Vac²duccaritasucaritaniddh±raºampi vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½. Ubhayattha paññattass±ti k±yadv±re, vac²dv±re ca paññattassa. Sikkh±padassa v²tikkamova manoduccarita½ manodv±re paññattassa sikkh±padassa abh±vato, tayida½ dv±radvaye akiriyasamuµµh±n±ya ±pattiy± vasena veditabba½. Av²tikkamoti yath±vutt±ya ±pattiy± av²tikkamo manosucarita½. “Sabbass±pi sikkh±padassa av²tikkamo manosucaritan”ti keci. Tadubhayañhi c±rittas²la½ uddissapaññatta½ sikkh±pada½, tassa av²tikkamo siy± k±yasucarita½, siy± vac²sucaritanti.
P±ºo atip±t²yati et±y±ti p±º±tip±to, tath±pavatt± cetan±, eva½ adinn±d±n±dayop²ti ±ha “p±º±tip±t±dayo pana tisso cetan±”ti. Vac²dv±repi uppann± k±yaduccarita½ dv±rantare uppannass±pi kammassa san±m±paricc±gato yebhuyyavuttiy±, tabbahulavuttiy± ca. Ten±hu aµµhakath±cariy±–
“Dv±re caranti kamm±ni, na dv±r± dv±rac±rino;
tasm± dv±rehi kamm±ni, aññamañña½ vavatthit±”ti. (Dha. sa. aµµha. k±m±vacarakusaladv±rakath±).

Vac²duccarita½ k±yadv±repi vac²dv±repi uppann±ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Cetan±sampayuttadhamm±ti manokammabh³t±ya cetan±ya sampayuttadhamm±. K±yavac²kammabh³t±ya pana cetan±ya sampayutt± abhijjh±dayo ta½ ta½ pakkhik± v± honti abboh±rik± v±ti. Cetan±sampayuttadhamm± manosucaritanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tividhassa duccaritassa akaraºavasena pavatt± tisso cetan±pi viratiyopi k±yasucarita½ k±yikassa v²tikkamassa akaraºavasena pavattanato, k±yena pana sikkh±pad±na½ sam±diyane s²lassa k±yasucaritabh±ve vattabbameva natthi. Eseva nayo vac²sucarite.

K±mapaµisa½yuttoti ettha dve k±m± vatthuk±mo ca kilesak±mo ca. Tattha vatthuk±mapakkhe ±rammaºakaraºavasena k±mehi paµisa½yutto vitakko k±mavitakko. Kilesak±mapakkhe pana sampayogavasena k±mena paµisa½yuttoti yojetabba½. “By±p±dapaµisa½yutto”ti-±d²su sampayogavaseneva attho veditabbo. By±p±davatthupaµisa½yuttopi by±p±dapaµisa½yuttoti gayham±ne ubhayath±pi yojan± labbhateva. Vihi½s±paµisa½yuttoti etth±pi eseva nayo. Vihi½santi et±ya satte, vihi½sana½ v± es± satt±nanti vihi½s±, t±ya paµisa½yutto vihi½s±paµisa½yuttoti eva½ saddattho veditabbo. Appiye aman±pe saªkh±re ±rabbha by±p±davitakkappavatti aµµh±n±gh±tavasena d²petabb±. By±p±davitakkassa avadhi½ dassetu½ “y±va vin±san±”ti vutta½. Vin±sana½ pana p±º±tip±to ev±ti. “Saªkh±ro” hi dukkh±petabbo n±ma natth²”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu ye “dukkh±petabb±”ti icchit± sattasaññit±, tepi atthato saªkh±r± ev±ti? Saccameta½, ye pana indriyabaddh± saviññ±ºakat±ya dukkha½ paµisa½vedenti, tasm± te vihi½s±vitakkassa visay± icchit± sattasaññit±. Ye pana na dukkha½ paµisa½vedenti vuttalakkhaº±yogato, te sandh±ya “vihi½s±vitakko saªkh±resu nuppajjat²”ti vutta½. Yattha pana uppajjati, yath± ca uppajjati, ta½ dassetu½ “ime satt±”ti-±di vutta½.
Nekkhamma½ vuccati lobhato nikkhantatt± alobho, n²varaºehi nikkhantatt±pi paµhamajjh±na½, sabb±kusalehi nikkhantatt± sabbo kusalo dhammo, sabbasaªkhatehi pana nikkhantatt±, nibb±na½. Upanissayato, sampayogato, ±rammaºakaraºato ca nekkhammena paµisa½yuttoti nekkhammapaµisa½yutto. Nekkhammavitakko samm±saªkappo. Id±ni ta½ bh³mivibh±gena dassetu½ “so”ti-±di vutta½. Asubhapubbabh±geti asubhajjh±nassa pubbabh±ge. Asubhaggahaºañcettha k±mavitakkassa ujuvipaccan²kadassanattha½ kata½. K±mavitakkapaµipakkho hi nekkhammavitakkoti. Evañca katv± uparivitakkadvayassa bh³mi½ dassentena sapubbabh±g±ni mett±karuº±jh±n±d²ni uddhaµ±ni. Asubhajjh±neti asubh±rammaºe paµhamajjh±ne. Avayave hi samud±yavoh±ra½ katv± niddisati yath± “rukkhe s±kh±”ti. Jh±na½ p±daka½ katv±ti nidassanamatta½. Ta½ jh±na½ sammasitv± uppannamaggaphalak±lepi hi so lokuttaroti. By±p±dassa paµipakkho, kiñcipi na by±p±deti eten±ti v± aby±p±do, mett±, t±ya paµisa½yutto aby±p±dapaµisa½yutto. Mett±jh±neti mett±bh±van±vasena adhigate paµhamajjh±ne. Karuº±jh±neti etth±pi eseva nayo. Vihi½s±ya paµipakkho, na vihi½santi v± et±ya satteti avihi½s±, karuº±.
Nanu ca alobh±dos±na½ aññamaññ±virahato tesa½ vasena uppajjanak±na½ imesa½ nekkhammavitakk±d²na½ aññamañña½ asaªkaraºato vavatth±na½ na hot²ti? Noti dassetu½ “yad±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Alobho s²sa½ hot²ti alobho padh±no hoti. Niyamitapariºatasamud±c±r±divasena yad± alobhappadh±no nekkhammagaruko cittupp±do hoti, tad± laddh±vasaro nekkhammavitakko patiµµhahati. Ta½sampayuttassa pana adosalakkhaºassa aby±p±dassa vasena yo tasseva aby±p±davitakkabh±vo sambhaveyya, sati ca aby±p±davitakkabh±ve kassacipi aviheµhanaj±tikat±ya avihi½s±vitakkabh±vo ca sambhaveyya, te itare dve. Tadanvayik±ti tasseva nekkhammavitakkassa anug±mino, sar³pato adissanato “tasmi½ sati honti asati na hont²”ti tadanum±naneyy± bhavanti. Sesadvayepi imin± nayena attho veditabbo. Vuttanayenev±ti “k±mapaµisa½yutto saªkappo k±masaªkappo”ti-±din± vitakkattike vuttanayeneva (d². ni. 3.288) veditabbo atthato abhinnatt±. Yadi eva½ kasm± puna desan± kat±ti? Tath± desan±ya bujjhanak±na½ ajjh±sayavasena desan±mattameveta½.
K±mavitakk±d²na½ viya uppajjan±k±ro veditabbo “t±su dve sattesupi saªkh±resupi uppajjant²”ti-±din±. Tattha k±raºam±ha “ta½sampayutt±yeva hi et±”ti. Tathev±ti yath± nekkhammavitakk±d²na½ “asubhapubbabh±ge k±m±vacaro hot²”ti-±din± k±m±vacar±dibh±vo vutto, tatheva t±sampi nekkhammasaññ±d²nampi k±m±vacar±dibh±vo veditabbo.
K±mapaµisa½yuttoti sampayogavasena k±mena paµisa½yutto. Takkanavasena takko. Visesato takkanavasena vitakko. Saªkappanaparikappanavasena saªkappo. Aññesupi k±mapaµisa½yuttesu dhammesu vijjam±nesu vitakke eva k±mopapado dh±tu-saddo niru¼ho veditabbo vitakkassa k±masaªkappappavattiy± s±tisayatt±. Esa nayo by±p±dadh±tu±d²su. Sabbepi akusal± dhamm± k±madh±t³ h²najjh±sayehi k±mitabbadh±tubh±vato kilesak±massa ±rammaºasabh±vatt±ti attho. Viheµhet²ti vib±dhati. Tatth±ti tasmi½ yath±vutte k±madh±tuttike. Sabb±kusalasaªg±hik±ya k±madh±tuy± itar± dve saªgahetv± kathana½ sabbasaªg±hik± kath±. Tisso dh±tuyo aññamañña½ asaªkarato kath± asambhinn±. Itar± dve gahit±va hont²ti itar± dve dh±tuyo gahit± eva honti sabbepi akusal± dhamm± k±madh±t³”ti vuttatt± s±maññajotan±ya savisayassa atiby±panena. Tatoti itaradh±tudvayasaªg±hik±ya k±madh±tuy±. N²haritv±ti niddh±retv±. Dasset²ti eva½ bhagav± dasset²ti vattu½ vaµµati. By±p±dadh±tu½…pe… kathesi. Kasm±? Pageva apav±d± abhinivisanti, tato para½ ussaggo pavattati, µhapetv± v± apav±davisaya½ ta½ pariharantova ussaggo pavattat²ti, ñ±yo hesa loke niru¼hoti.
Dve kath±ti “sabbasaªg±hik±, asambhinn± c±”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 3.305) anantarattike vutt± dve kath±. Tattha vuttanayena ±netv± kathanavasena veditabb±. Tasm± tattha vutta-attho idh±pi ±haritv± veditabbo “nekkhammadh±tuy± gahit±ya itar± dve gahit±va hont²”ti-±din±.
Suññataµµhen±ti attasuññat±ya. K±mabhavo k±mo uttarapadalopena suññataµµhena dh±tu c±ti k±madh±tu. Brahmalokanti paµhamajjh±nabh³misaññita½ brahmaloka½. Dh±tuy± ±gataµµh±namh²ti “k±madh±tu r³padh±t³”ti-±din± dh±tuggahaºe kate. Bhavena paricchinditabb±ti “k±mabhavo r³pabhavo”ti-±din± bhavavasena tadattho paricchinditabbo, na y±ya k±yaci dh±tuy± vasena. Yadaggena ca dh±tuy± ±gataµµh±ne bhavena paricchedo k±tabbo, tadaggena bhavassa ±gataµµh±ne dh±tuy± paricchedo k±tabbo bhavavasena dh±tuy± paricchijjanato. Nirujjhati kilesavaµµametth±ti nirodho, s± eva suññataµµhena dh±t³ti nirodhadh±tu, nibb±na½. Niruddhe ca kilesavaµµe kammavip±kavaµµ± niruddh± eva honti.
H²nadh±tuttiko abhidhamme (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 14) h²nattikena paricchinditabboti vutta½ “h²n± dh±t³ti dv±dasa akusalacittupp±d±”ti. Te hi l±makaµµhena h²nadh±tu. H²napaº²t±na½ majjhe bhav±ti majjhimadh±tu, avases± tebh³makadhamm±. Uttamaµµhena atappakaµµhena ca paº²tadh±tu, navalokuttaradhamm±.
Pañcak±maguº± visayabh³t± etassa sant²ti pañcak±maguºiko, k±mar±go. R³p±r³pabhaves³ti r³p±r³p³papattibhavesu yath±dhigatesu. Anadhigatesu pana so patthan± n±ma na hot²ti bhavavasena patthan±ti imin±va gahito. Jh±nanikant²ti r³p±r³pajjh±nesu nikanti. Bhavavasena patthan±ti bhavesu patthan±ti. Eva½ cat³hipi padehi yath±kkama½ mahaggat³papattibhavavisay±, mahaggatakammabhavavisay±, bhavadiµµhisahagat±, bhavapatthan±bh³t± ca taºh± “bhavataºh±”ti vutt±. Vibhavadiµµhi vibhavo uttarapadalopena, vibhavasahagat± taºh± vibhavataºh±. R³p±dipañcavatthu k±mavisay± balavar±gabh³t± taºh± k±mataºh±ti paµhamanayo, “sabbepi tebh³makadhamm± k±man²yaµµhena k±m±”ti (mah±ni. 1) vacanato te ±rabbha pavatt± diµµhivippayutt± sabb±pi taºh± k±mataºh±ti dutiyanayoti ayametesa½ viseso.
Abhidhamme pan±ti pana-saddo visesatthajotano, tena pañcak±maguºikar±gato aññopi k±m±vacaradhammavisayo lobho abhidhamme (vibha. 915) “k±mataºh±”ti ±gatoti ima½ visesa½ joteti. Tikantarampi sam±na½ taºha½yeva niss±ya pavattitadesan±nantarat±ya ta½ “v±ro”ti vattabbata½ arahat²ti “imin± v±ren±”ti vutta½. Imin± v±ren±ti imin± pariy±yen±ti attho. Rajan²yaµµhen±ti k±man²yaµµhena. Pariy±diyitv±ti pariggahetv±. Tatoti k±mataºh±ya. N²haritv±ti niddh±retv±. Itar± dve taºh±ti r³pataºha½, ar³pataºhañca dasseti. Etena “k±mataºh±”ti s±dh±raºavacanameta½ sabbassapi lobhassa, tassa pana “r³pataºh± ar³pataºh±”ti visesavacana½ yath± k±maguºikar±go r³par±go ar³par±goti dasseti. Nirodhataºh±ti bhavanirodhe bhavasamucchede taºh±. Yasm± hi ucchedadiµµhi manussattabh±ve, k±m±vacaradevattabh±ve, r³p±vacara-ar³p±vacarattabh±ve µhitassa attano samm± samucchedo hot²ti bhavanirodha½ ±rabbha pavattati, tasm± ta½sahagat±pi taºh± tameva ±rabbha pavattat²ti.