¾yatan±na½ ganthato ca atthato ca uggaºhanavasena tesa½ dh±tulakkhaº±divibh±gassa j±nanapaññ± uggahaj±nanapaññ±. Sammasanapaµivedhapaccavekkhaºavidhino j±nanapaññ± manasik±raj±nanapaññ±. Yasm± ±yatan±nipi atthato dh±tuyova manasik±ro ca uggaºhan±divasena tesameva manasik±ravidhi tasm± dh±tukusalat±dik± tissopi kusalat± ekadese katv± dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Savana½ viya uggaºhanapaccavekkhaº±nipi parittañ±ºakattuk±n²ti ±ha “savana uggahaºapaccavekkhaº± lokiy±”ti. Ariyamaggakkhaºe sammasanamanasik±r±na½ nipphatti pariniµµh±nanti tesa½ lokuttarat±pariy±yopi labbhat²ti vutta½ “sammasanamanasik±r± lokiyalokuttaramissak±”ti. Paccayadhamm±na½ hetu-±d²na½ attano paccayuppann±na½ hetupaccay±dibh±vena paccayabh±vo paccay±k±ro, so pana avijj±d²na½ dv±dasanna½ paµiccasamupp±daªg±na½ vasena dv±dasavidhoti ±ha “dv±dasanna½ paccay±k±r±nan”ti. Uggah±divasen±ti uggahamanasik±rasavanasammasanapaµivedhapaccavekkhaºavasena.
Ýh±nañceva tiµµhati phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti k±raºañca hetupaccayabh±vena karaºato nipph±danato. Tesa½ sotaviññ±º±d²na½. Etasmi½ duke attho veditabboti sambandho. Ye dhamm± yassa dhammassa k±raºabh±vato µh±na½, teva dhamm± ta½vidhurassa dhammassa ak±raºabh±vato aµµh±nanti paµhamanaye phalabhedena tasseva dhammassa µh±n±µµh±nat± d²pit±; dutiyanaye pana abhinnepi phale paccayadhammabhedena tesa½ µh±n±µµh±nat± d²pit±ti ayametesa½ viseso. Na hi kad±ci ariy± diµµhisampad± niccagg±hassa k±raºa½ hoti, akiriyat± pana siy± tassa k±raºanti.
Ujuno bh±vo ajjava½, ajimhat± akuµilat± avaªkat±ti atthoti tamattha½ anajjavapaµikkhepamukhena dassetu½ “gomuttavaªkat±”ti-±di vutta½. Sv±ya½ anajjavo bhikkh³na½ yebhuyyena anesan±ya, agocarac±rit±ya ca hot²ti ±ha “ekacco hi…pe… carat²”ti. Aya½ gomuttavaªkat± n±ma ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± paµipattiy± vaªkabh±vato. Purimasadisoti paµhama½ vuttabhikkhusadiso. Candavaªkat± n±ma paµipattiy± majjhaµµh±ne vaªkabh±v±pattito. Naªgalakoµivaªkat± n±ma pariyos±ne vaªkabh±v±pattito. Ida½ ajjava½ n±ma sabbatthakameva ujubh±vasiddhito. Ajjavat±ti ±k±raniddeso, yen±k±renassa ajjavo pavattati, tad±k±raniddesoti attho. Lajjat²ti lajj², hirim±, tassa bh±vo lajjava½, hir²ti attho. Lajj± etassa atth²ti lajj² yath± “m±l², m±y²”ti ca, tassa bh±vo lajj²bh±vo, s± eva lajj±.
Par±par±dh±d²na½ adhiv±sanakkhama½ adhiv±sanakhanti. Sucis²lat± soracca½. S± hi sobhanakammaratat±, suµµhu v± p±pato oratabh±vo viratat± soracca½. Ten±ha “suratabh±vo”ti.
“N±mañca r³pañc±”ti-±d²su aya½ aparo nayo– n±makaraºaµµhen±ti añña½ anapekkhitv± sayameva attano n±makaraºasabh±vatoti attho. Yañhi parassa n±ma½ karoti, tassa ca tadapekkhatt± aññ±pekkha½ n±makaraºanti n±makaraºasabh±vat± na hoti, tasm± mah±janassa ñ±t²na½, guº±nañca s±maññan±m±dik±rak±na½ n±mabh±vo n±pajjati. Yassa ca aññehi n±ma½ kar²yati, tassa ca n±makaraºasabh±vat± natth²ti, natthiyeva n±mabh±vo. Vedan±d²na½ pana sabh±vasiddhatt± vedan±din±massa n±makaraºasabh±vato n±mat± vutt±. Pathav²-±di nidassanena n±massa sabh±vasiddhata½yeva nidasseti, na n±mabh±vas±mañña½, niru¼hatt± pana n±ma-saddo ar³padhammesu eva vattati, na pathav²-±d²s³ti na tesa½ n±mabh±vo. Na hi pathav²-±din±ma½ vijahitv± kes±din±mehi r³padhamm±na½ viya vedan±din±ma½ vijahitv± aññena n±mena ar³padhamm±na½ voharitabbena piº¹±k±rena pavatti atth²ti.
Atha v± r³padhamm± cakkh±dayo r³p±dayo ca, tesa½ pak±sakapak±sitabbabh±vato vin±pi n±mena p±kaµ± honti, na eva½ ar³padhamm±ti te adhivacanasamphasso viya n±m±yattaggahaº²yabh±vena “n±man”ti vutt±. Paµighasamphasso ca na cakkh±d²ni viya n±mena vin± p±kaµoti “n±man”ti vutto, ar³pat±ya v± aññan±masabh±gatt± saªgahitoya½, aññaphassasabh±gatt± v±. Vacanatthopi hi r³payat²ti r³pa½, n±mayat²ti n±manti idha pacchimapurim±na½ sambhavati. R³payat²ti vin±pi n±mena att±na½ pak±set²ti attho. N±mayat²ti n±mena vin± ap±kaµabh±vato attano pak±saka½ n±ma½ karot²ti attho. ¾rammaº±dhipatipaccayat±y±ti satipi r³passa ±rammaº±dhipatipaccayabh±ve na ta½ paramass±sabh³ta½ nibb±na½ viya s±tisaya½ n±manabh±vena paccayoti nibb±nameva “n±man”ti vutta½.
“Avijj± ca bhavataºh± c±”ti aya½ duko satt±na½ vaµµam³lasamud±c±radassanattho. Samud±carat²ti hi samud±c±ro, vaµµam³lameva samud±c±ro vaµµam³lasamud±c±ro, vaµµam³ladassanena v± vaµµam³l±na½ pavatti dassit± hot²ti vaµµam³l±na½ samud±c±ro vaµµam³lasamud±c±ro, ta½dassanatthoti attho.
Ekekasmiñca “att±”ti ca “loko”ti ca gahaºavisesa½ up±d±ya “att± ca loko c±”ti vutta½, eka½ v± khandha½ “att±”ti gahetv± añña½ attano upabhogabh³ta½ “loko”ti gaºhantassa, attano att±na½ “att±”ti gahetv± parassa att±na½ “loko”ti gaºhantassa v± vasena “att± ca loko c±”ti vutta½.
Saha sikkhitabbo dhammo sahadhammo, tattha bhava½ sahadhammika½, tasmi½ sahadhammike. Dovacassa-saddato ±ya-sadda½ anaññatta½ katv± “dovacass±yan”ti vutta½, dovacassassa v± ayana½ pavatti dovacass±ya½. ¾sevantass±pi anusikkhan± ajjh±sayena bhajan±ti ±ha “sevan±…pe… bhajan±”ti. Sabbatobh±gena bhatti sambhatti.
Saha kammav±c±y±ti abbh±natiºavatth±rakakammav±c±ya, “aha½ bhante itthann±ma½ ±patti½ ±pajjin”ti-±dik±ya ca saheva. Saheva hi kammav±c±ya ±pattivuµµh±nañca paricchijjati, “paññattilakkhaº±ya ±pattiy± v± k±raºa½ v²tikkamalakkhaºa½ k±yakamma½, vac²kamma½ v±, vuµµh±nassa k±raºa½ kammav±c±”ti k±raºena saha phalassa j±nanavasena “saha kammav±c±y±”ti vutta½.“Saha kammav±c±y±”ti. Imin± nayena saha parikammen±ti etth±pi attho veditabbo.
Dh±tuvisay± sabb±pi paññ± dh±tukusalat±. Tadekades± manasik±rakusalat±ti adhipp±yena purimapadepi sammasanapaµivedhapaññ± vutt±. Yasm± pana nippariy±yato vipassan±dipaññ± eva manasik±rakosalla½, tasm± “t±sa½yeva dh±t³na½ sammasanapaµivedhapaccavekkhaºapaññ±”ti vutta½.
¾yatanavisay± sabb±pi paññ± ±yatanakusalat±ti dassento “dv±dasanna½ ±yatan±na½ uggahamanasik±raj±nanapaññ±”ti vatv± puna “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Dv²supi v± padesu v±cuggat±ya ±yatanap±¼iy±, dh±tup±¼iy± ca manasikaraºa½ manasik±ro. Tath± uggaºhant², manasi karont² tadattha½ suºant², ganthato ca atthato ca dh±rent², “ida½ cakkh±yatana½ n±ma, aya½ cakkhudh±tu n±m±”ti-±din± sabh±vato, gaºanato ca pariccheda½ j±nant² ca paññ± uggahapaññ±dik± vutt±. Manasik±rapade pana catubbidh±pi paññ± uggahoti tato pavatto anicc±dimanasik±ro “uggahamanasik±ro”ti vutto. Tassa j±nana½ pavattanameva, “yath± pavatta½ v± uggaha½, evameva pavatto uggaho”ti j±nana½ uggahaj±nana½. “Manasik±ro eva½ pavattetabbo, evañca pavatto”ti j±nana½ manasik±raj±nana½. Tadubhayampi “manasik±rakosallan”ti vutta½. Uggahopi hi manasik±rasampayogato manasik±ranirutti½ laddhu½ arahati. Yo ca manasik±tabbo, yo ca manasikaraº³p±yo, sabbo so “manasik±ro”ti vattu½ vaµµati, tattha kosalla½ manasik±rakusalat±ti. Sammasana½ paññ±, s± maggasampayutt± anicc±disammasanakicca½ s±dheti niccasaññ±dipajahanato. Manasik±ro sammasanasampayutto, so tattheva anicc±dimanasik±rakicca½ maggasampayutto s±dhet²ti ±ha “sammasanamanasik±r± lokiyalokuttaramissak±”ti. “Imin± paccayenida½ hot²”ti eva½ avijj±d²na½ saªkh±r±dipaccayuppannassa paccayabh±vaj±nana½ paµiccasamupp±dakusalat±.
Adhiv±sana½ khamana½. Tañhi paresa½ dukkaµa½ duruttañca paµivirodh±karaºena attano upari ±ropetv± v±sana½ “adhiv±sanan”ti vuccati. Acaº¹ikkanti akujjhana½. Domanassavasena paresa½ akkh²su ass³na½ anupp±dan± anassuropo. Attamanat±ti sakamanat±. Cittassa aby±panno sako manobh±vo attamanat±. Cittanti v± cittappabandha½ ekattena gahetv± tassa antar± uppannena p²tisahagatamanena sakamanat±. Attamano v± puggalo, tassa bh±vo attamanat±, s± na sattass±ti puggaladiµµhiniv±raºattha½ “cittass±”ti vutta½. Adhiv±sanalakkhaº± khanti adhiv±sanakhanti. Sucis²lat± soracca½. S± hi sobhanakammaratat±. Suµµhu p±pato oratabh±vo viratat± soracca½. Ten±ha “suratabh±vo”ti.
Sakhilo vuccati saºhav±co, tassa bh±vo s±khalya½, saºhav±cat±. Ta½ pana byatirekamukhena vibh±vent² y± p±¼i pavatt±, ta½ dassento “tattha katama½ s±khalyan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha aº¹ak±ti sadosavaºe rukkhe niyy±sapiº¹iyo, ahicchattak±d²ni v± uµµhit±ni “aº¹ak±n²”ti vadanti Pheggurukkhassa pana kuthitassa aº¹±ni viya uµµhit± cuººapiº¹iyo, gaºµhiyo v± aº¹ak±. Idha pana by±pajjanakakkas±dibh±vato aº¹akapakatibh±vena v±c± “aº¹ak±”ti vutt±. Paduman±¼a½ viya sota½ gha½sayam±n± pavisant² kakkas± daµµhabb±. Kodhena nibbattatt± tassa pariv±rabh³t± kodhas±mant±. Pure sa½vaddhan±r² por², s± viya sukum±r± muduk± v±c± por² viy±ti por². Tatth±ti “bh±sit± hot²”ti vutt±ya kiriy±y±tipi yojan± sambhavati, tattha v±c±y±ti v±. “Saºhav±cat±”ti-±din± ta½ v±ca½ pavattayam±na½ cetana½ dasseti. Sammodakassa puggalassa mudukabh±vo maddava½ sammodakamudukabh±vo. ¾misena alabbham±nena, tath± dhammena c±ti dv²hi chiddo. ¾misassa, dhammassa ca al±bhena attano parassa ca antare sambhavantassa hi chiddassa vivarassa bhedassa paµisantharaºa½ pidahana½ saªgaºhana½ paµisanth±ro. Ta½ sar³pato, paµipattito ca p±¼idassanamukhena vibh±vetu½ “abhidhammep²”ti-±dim±ha. Agga½ aggahetv±ti agga½ attano aggahetv±. Uddesad±nanti p±¼iy±, aµµhakath±ya ca uddisana½. P±¼ivaººan±ti p±¼iy± atthavaººan±. Dhammakath±kathananti sarabhaññasarabhaºan±divasena dhammakathana½.
Karuº±ti karuº±brahmavih±ram±ha. Karuº±pubbabh±goti tassa pubbabh±ga-upac±rajjh±na½ vadati. P±¼ipade pana y± k±ci karuº± “karuº±”ti vutt±, karuº±cetovimutt²ti pana appan±ppatt±va. Mett±yapi eseva nayo. Suci-saddato bh±ve yya-k±ra½, i-k±rassa ca e-k±r±desa½ katv± aya½ niddesoti ±ha “soceyyanti sucibh±vo”ti. Hotu t±va sucibh±vo soceyya½, tassa pana mett±pubbabh±gat± kathanti ±ha “vuttampi cetan”ti-±di.
Muµµh± sati etass±ti muµµhassati, tassa bh±vo muµµhassacca½, satipaµipakkho dhammo, na satiy± abh±vamatta½ Yasm± paµipakkhe sati tassa vasena sativigat± vippavutth± n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “sativippav±so”ti. “Assat²”ti-±d²su a-k±ro paµipakkhe daµµhabbo, na sattapaµisedhe. Udake l±bu viya yena citta½ ±rammaºe pilavant± viya tiµµhati, na og±hati, s± pil±panat±. Yena gahitampi ±rammaºa½ sammussati na sarati, s± sammussanat±. Yath± vijj±paµipakkh± avijj± vijj±ya pah±tabbato, eva½ sampajaññapaµipakkha½ asampajañña½, avijj±yeva.
Indriyasa½varabhedoti indriyasa½varavin±so. Appaµisaªkh±ti apaccavekkhitv± ayoniso ca ±h±raparibhoge ±d²nav±nisa½se av²ma½sitv±.
Appaµisaªkh±y±ti itikattabbat±su appaccavekkhaº±ya n±ma½. Aññ±ºa½ appaµisaªkh±ta nimitta½ Akampanañ±ºanti t±ya anabhibhavan²ya½ ñ±ºa½, tattha tattha paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºañceva paccavekkhaº±ya muddhabh³ta½ lokuttarañ±ºañca. Nippariy±yato maggabh±van± bh±van± n±ma, y± ca tadatth±, tadubhayañca bh±ventasseva icchitabba½, na bh±vitabh±vanass±ti vutta½ “bh±ventassa uppanna½ balan”ti. Ten±ha “y± kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ ±sevan± bh±van± bahul²kamman”ti.
K±ma½ sampayuttadhammesu thirabh±vopi balaµµho eva, paµipakkhehi pana akampan²yat± s±tisaya½ balaµµhoti vutta½ “assatiy± akampanavasen±”ti. Paccan²kadhammasamanato samatho sam±dhi. Anicc±din± vividhen±k±rena dassanato vipassan± paññ± Ta½ ±k±ra½ gahetv±ti sam±dh±n±k±ra½ gahetv±. Yen±k±rena pubbe al²na½ anuddhata½ majjhima½ bh±van±v²thipaµipanna½ hutv± citta½ sam±hita½ hoti, ta½ ±k±ra½ gahetv± sallakkhetv±. Nimittavasen±ti k±raºavasena. “Eseva nayo”ti imin± paggahova ta½ ±k±ra½ gahetv± puna pavattetabbassa pagg±hassa nimittavasena pagg±hanimittanti imamattha½ atidisati, tassattho samathe vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo. Pagg±ho v²riya½ kosajjapakkhato cittassa patitu½ adatv± paggaºhanato. Avikkhepo ekaggat± vikkhepassa uddhaccassa paµipakkhabh±vato. Paµisaªkh±nakiccanibbattibh±vato lokuttaradhamm±na½ paµisaªkh±nabalabh±vo, tath± pubbe pavatt±k±rasallakkhaºavasena samathapagg±h±na½ upari pavattisabbh±vato samathanimittadukassapi missakat± vutt±.
Yath±sam±dinnassa s²lassa bhedakaro v²tikkamo. S²lavin±sako asa½varo. Samm±diµµhivin±sik±ti “atthi dinnan”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.441; 2.94; vibha. 793) nayappavatt±ya samm±diµµhiy± d³sik±.
S²lassa samp±dana½ n±ma sabbabh±gato tassa an³nat±p±dananti ±ha “samp±danato parip³raºato”ti. P±rip³rattho hi sampad±-saddoti. M±nasikas²la½ n±ma s²lavisodhanavasena abhijjh±dippah±na½. Diµµhip±rip³ribh³ta½ ñ±ºanti atthikadiµµhi-±disamm±diµµhiy± p±rip³ribh±vena pavatta½ ñ±ºa½.
Visuddhi½ p±petu½ samatthanti cittavisuddhi-±di-uparivisuddhiy± paccayo bhavitu½ samattha½. Suvisuddhameva hi s²la½ tass± padaµµh±na½ hot²ti. Visuddhi½ p±petu½ samattha½ dassananti ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi½, paramatthavisuddhinibb±nañca p±petu½ upanetu½ samattha½ kammassakat±ñ±º±disamm±dassana½ Ten±ha “abhidhamme”ti-±di. Ettha ca “ida½ akusala½ kamma½ no saka½, ida½ pana kamma½ sakan”ti eva½ byatirekato anvayato ca kammassakat±j±nanañ±ºa½ kammassakat±ñ±ºa½. Ten±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di. “Parena katamp²”ti ida½ nidassanavasena vutta½ yath± parena kata½, eva½ attan± katampi sakakamma½ n±ma na hot²ti. Attan± v± uss±hitena parena kata½p²ti eva½ v± attho daµµhabbo. Yañhi ta½ parassa uss±hanavasena kata½, tampi sakakamma½ n±ma hot²ti ayañhettha adhipp±yo. Atthabhañjanatoti diµµhadhammik±disabba-atthavin±sanato. Atthajananatoti idhalokatthaparalokatthaparamatth±na½ upp±danato. ¾rabbhak±le “anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti pavattampi vac²saccañca lakkhaº±ni paµivijjhanta½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ anulometi tattheva paµivijjhanato. Paramatthasaccañca nibb±na½ na vilometi na virodheti ekanteneva samp±panato.
ѱºadassananti ñ±ºabh³ta½ dassana½, tena magga½ vadati. Ta½sampayuttameva v²riyanti paµhamamaggasampayutta½ v²riyam±ha. Sabb±pi maggapaññ± diµµhivisuddhiyev±ti dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Ayameva ca nayo abhidhammap±¼iy± (dha. sa. 550) samet²ti dassento “abhidhamme pan±”ti ±di½ avoca.
Yasm± sa½vego n±ma sahottappañ±ºa½, tasm± sa½vegavatthu½ bhayato bh±yitabbato dassanavasena pavattañ±ºa½ Ten±ha “j±tibhayan”ti-±di. Bh±yanti etasm±ti bhaya½, j±ti eva bhaya½ j±tibhaya½. Sa½vejan²yanti sa½vijjitabba½ bh±yitabba½ utt±sitabba½. Ýh±nanti k±raºa½, vatth³ti attho Sa½vegaj±tass±ti uppannasa½vegassa. Up±yapadh±nanti up±yena pavattetabba½ v²riya½.
Kusal±na½ dhamm±nanti s²l±d²na½ anavajjadhamm±na½. Bh±van±y±ti upp±danena va¹¹hanena ca. Asantuµµhass±ti “ala½ ett±vat±, katha½ ett±vat±”ti saªkoc±pattivasena na santuµµhassa. Bhiyyokamyat±ti bhiyyo bhiyyo upp±danicch±. Vos±nanti saªkoca½ asamatthanti. Tussana½ tuµµhi santuµµhi, natthi etassa santuµµh²ti asantuµµhi, tassa bh±vo asantuµµhit±. V²riyappav±he vattam±ne antar± eva paµigamana½ nivattana½ paµiv±na½, ta½ tassa atth²ti paµiv±n², na paµiv±n² appaµiv±n², tassa bh±vo appaµiv±nit±. Sakkaccakiriyat±ti kusal±na½ karaºe sakkaccakiriyat± ±darakiriyat±. S±taccakiriyat±ti satatameva karaºa½. Aµµhitakiriyat±ti antar± aµµhapetv± khaº¹a½ akatv± karaºa½. Anol²navuttit±ti na l²nappavattit±. Anikkhittachandat±ti kusalacchandassa anikkhipana½. Anikkhittadhurat±ti kusalakaraºe v²riyadhurassa anikkhipana½. ¾sevan±ti ±darena sevan±. Bh±van±ti va¹¹han± br³han±. Bahul²kammanti punappuna½ karaºa½.
Tisso vijj±ti pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½, dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ ±savakkhayañ±ºanti im± tisso vijj±. Paµipakkhavijjhanaµµhena pubbe nivutthakkhandh±d²na½ viditakaraºaµµhena visiµµh± mutt²ti vimutti. Sv±ya½ viseso paµipakkhavigamanena, paµiyogivigamanena ca icchitabboti tadubhaya½ dassetu½ “ettha c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yena visesena sam±pattiyo paccan²kadhammehi suµµhu mutt±, tato nir±saªkat±ya ±rammaºe ca abhirat±, ta½ visesa½ up±d±ya t± adhika½ muccanato, ±rammaºe adhimuccanato ca adhimuttiyo n±m±ti vutta½ “cittassa ca adhimutt²”ti. Muttatt±ti sabbasaªkh±rehi visesena nissaµatt± vimutti.
Khaye ñ±ºanti samucchedavasena kilese khepet²ti khayo, ariyamaggo, tappariy±panna½ ñ±ºa½ khaye ñ±ºa½. Paµisandhivasen±ti kiles±na½ ta½ta½maggavajjh±na½ uppannamagge khandhasant±ne puna sandahanavasena. Anupp±dabh³teti ta½ta½phale. Anupp±dapariyos±neti anupp±dakaro maggo anupp±do, tassa pariyos±ne, kiles±na½ v± anuppajjanasaªkh±te pariyos±ne, bhaªgeti atthoti.

Dukavaººan± niµµhit±.