Dukavaººan±

304. Catt±ro khandh±ti tesa½ t±va n±manaµµhena n±mabh±va½ paµhama½ vatv± pacch± nibb±nassa vattuk±mo ±ha. Tass±pi hi tath± n±mabh±va½ parato vakkhati. “N±ma½ karoti n±mayat²”ti ettha ya½ n±makaraºa½, ta½ n±manti ±ha “n±manaµµhen±ti n±makaraºaµµhen±”ti, attanov±ti adhipp±yo. Evañhi s±tisayamida½ tesa½ n±makaraºa½ hoti. Ten±ha “attano n±ma½ karont±va uppajjant²”ti-±di. Id±ni tamattha½ byatirekamukhena vibh±vetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Yassa n±massa karaºeneva te “n±man”ti vuccanti, ta½ s±maññan±ma½, kittiman±ma½, guºan±ma½ v± na hoti, atha kho opap±tikan±manti purim±ni t²ºi n±m±ni ud±haraºavasena dassetv± “na eva½ vedan±d²nan”ti te paµikkhipitv± itaran±mameva n±makaraºaµµhena n±manti dassento “vedan±dayo h²”ti-±dim±ha. “Mah±pathavi-±dayo”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu pathavi-±p±dayo idha n±manti anadhippet±, r³panti pana adhippet±ti? Saccameta½, phassavedan±d²na½ viya pana pathavi-±d²na½ opap±tikan±mat±s±maññena “pathavi-±dayo viy±”ti nidassana½ kata½, na ar³padhamm± viya r³padhamm±na½ n±masabh±vatt±. Phassavedan±d²nañhi ar³padhamm±na½ sabbad±pi phass±din±makatt±, pathavi-±d²na½ kesakumbh±din±mantar±patti viya n±mantar±n±pajjanato ca sad± attan±va katan±mat±ya catukkhandhanibb±n±ni n±makaraºaµµhena n±ma½. Atha v± adhivacanasamphasso viya adhivacanan±mamantarena ye anupacitasambh±r±na½ gahaºa½ na gacchanti, te n±m±yattaggahaº± n±ma½. R³pa½ pana vin±pi n±mas±dhana½ attano ruppanasabh±vena gahaºa½ upay±t²ti r³pa½. Ten±ha “tesu uppannes³”ti-±di. Idh±pi “yath±pathaviy±”ti-±d²su vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo nidassanavasena ±gatatt±. “At²tep²”ti-±din± vedan±d²su n±masaññ± niru¼h±, an±dik±lik± c±ti dasseti.
Iti at²t±divibh±gavant±nampi vedan±d²na½ n±makaraºaµµhena n±mabh±vo ekantiko, tabbibh±garahite pana ekasabh±ve nicce nibb±ne vattabbameva natth²ti dassento “nibb±na½ pana…pe… n±manaµµhena n±man”ti ±ha. N±manaµµhen±ti n±makaraºaµµhena. Namant²ti ekantato s±rammaºatt± tanninn± honti, tehi vin± nappavattant²ti attho. Sabbanti khandhacatukka½, nibb±nañca Yasmi½ ±rammaºeyeva vedan±kkhandho pavattati, ta½sampayuttat±ya saññ±kkhandh±dayopi tattha pavattant²ti so ne tattha n±mento viya hoti vin± appavattanato. Esa nayo saññ±kkhandh±d²sup²ti vutta½ “±rammaºe aññamañña½ n±ment²”ti. Anavajjadhamme maggaphal±dike K±ma½ kesuci r³padhammesupi ±rammaº±dhipatibh±vo labbhateva, nibb±ne panesa s±tisayo tassa accantasantapaº²tat±kappabh±vatoti tadeva ±rammaº±dhipatipaccayat±ya “attani n±met²”ti vutta½. Tath± hi ariy± sakalampi divasabh±ga½ ta½ ±rabbha v²tin±ment±pi titti½ na gacchanti.
“Ruppanaµµhen±”ti etena ruppat²ti r³panti dasseti. Tattha s²t±divirodhipaccayasannip±te visadisuppatti ruppana½. Nanu ca ar³padhamm±nampi virodhipaccayasam±game visadisuppatti labbhat²ti? Sacca½ labbhati, na pana vibh³tatara½. Vibh³tatarañhettha ruppana½ adhippeta½ s²t±diggahaºato. Vuttañheta½ “ruppat²ti kho bhikkhave tasm± ‘r³pan’ti vuccati. Kena ruppati? S²tenapi ruppati, uºhenapi ruppat²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.79). Yadi eva½ katha½ brahmaloke r³pasamaññ±ti? Tatth±pi ta½sabh±v±nativattanato hotiyeva r³pasamaññ±. Anugg±hakapaccayavasena v± visadisapaccayasannip±teti evamattho veditabbo. “Yo attano sant±ne vijjam±nassayeva visadisuppattihetubh±vo, ta½ ruppanan”ti aññe. Imasmi½ pakkhe r³payati vik±ram±p±det²ti r³pa½. “Saªghaµµanena vik±r±pattiya½ ruppana-saddo niru¼ho”ti keci. Etasmi½ pakkhe ar³padhammesu r³pasamaññ±ya pasaªgo eva natthi saªghaµµan±bh±vato. “Paµighato ruppanan”ti apare. “Tass±ti r³pass±”ti vadanti, n±mar³pass±ti pana yutta½. Yath± hi r³passa, eva½ n±mass±pi vedan±kkhandh±divasena, madanimmadan±divasena ca vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.456) vutt± ev±ti. Iti aya½ duko kusalattikena saªgahite sabh±vadhamme pariggahetv± pavattoti.
Avijj±ti avindiya½ “att±, j²vo, itth², puriso”ti evam±dika½ vindat²ti avijj±. Vindiya½ “dukkha½, samudayo”ti evam±dika½ na vindat²ti avijj±. Sabbampi dhammaj±ta½ aviditakaraºaµµhena avijj±. Antarahite sa½s±re satte jav±pet²ti avijj±. Atthato pana s± dukkh±d²na½ catunna½ sacc±na½ sabh±vacch±dako sammoho hot²ti ±ha “dukkh±d²su aññ±ºan”ti Bhavapatthan± n±ma k±mabhav±d²na½ patthan±vasena pavattataºh±. Ten±ha “yo bhavesu bhavacchando”ti-±di. Iti “aya½ duko vaµµam³lasamud±c±radassanattha½ gahito.
Bhavadiµµh²ti khandhapañcaka½ “att± ca loko c±”ti g±hetv± ta½ “bhavissat²”ti gaºhanavasena niviµµh± sassatadiµµh²ti attho. Ten±ha “bhavo vuccat²”ti-±di. Bhavissat²ti bhavo, tiµµhati sabbak±la½ atth²ti attho. Sassatanti sassatabh±vo. Vibhavadiµµh²ti khandhapañcakameva “att±”ti ca “loko”ti ca gahetv± ta½ “na bhavissat²”ti gaºhanavasena niviµµh± ucchedadiµµh²ti attho. Ten±ha “vibhavo vuccat²”ti-±di. Vibhavissati vinassati ucchijjat²ti vibhavo, ucchedo.
Ya½ na hir²yat²ti yena dhammena ta½sampayuttadhammasam³ho, puggalo v± na hir²yati na lajjati, liªgavipall±sa½ v± katv± yo dhammoti attho veditabbo. Hir²yitabben±ti upayogatthe karaºavacana½, hir²yitabbayuttaka½ k±yaduccarit±didhamma½ na jigucchat²ti attho. Nillajjat±ti p±passa ajigucchan±. Ya½ na ottappat²ti etth±pi vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Ottappitabben±ti pana hetu-atthe karaºavacana½, ottappitabbayuttakena ottappassa hetubh³tena k±yaduccarit±din±ti attho. Hir²yitabben±ti etth±pi v± evameva attho veditabbo. Abh±yanaka-±k±roti p±pato anutt±san±k±ro.
“Ya½ hir²yat²”ti-±d²su anantaraduke vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Niyakajjhatta½ j±ti-±disamuµµh±na½ etiss±ti ajjhattasamuµµh±n±. Niyakajjhattato bahibh±vato bahiddh± parasant±ne samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti bahiddh± samuµµh±n±. Att± eva adhipati att±dhipati, ajjhattasamuµµh±natt± eva att±dhipatito ±gamanato att±dhipateyy±. Lok±dhipateyyanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit±ti p±pato jigucchanar³pena avaµµhit±. Bhayasabh±vasaºµhitanti tato utt±sanar³pena avaµµhita½. Ajjhattasamuµµh±n±dit± ca hirottapp±na½ tattha tattha p±kaµabh±vena vutt±, na pana tesa½ kad±cipi aññamaññavippayogato. Na hi lajjana½ nibbhaya½, p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ atth²ti.
Dukkhanti kiccha½, aniµµhanti v± attho. Vippaµik³lag±himh²ti dhamm±nudhammapaµipattiy± vilomag±hake. Tass± eva vipaccan²ka½ duppaµipatti s±ta½ iµµha½ etass±ti vipaccan²kas±to, tasmi½ vipaccan²kas±te. Eva½bh³to ca ov±dabh³te s±sanakkame ov±dake ca ±darabh±varahito hot²ti ±ha “an±dare”ti. Tassa kammanti tassa dubbacassa puggalassa an±dariyavasena pavattacetan± dovacassa½. Tassa bh±voti tassa yath±vuttassa dovacassassa atthibh±vo dovacassat±, atthato dovacassameva. Tenev±ha “s± atthato saªkh±rakkhandho hot²”ti. Cetan±ppadh±nat±ya hi saªkh±rakkhandhassa eva½ vutta½. Eten±k±ren±ti appadakkhiºagg±hit±k±rena. Assaddhiyaduss²ly±dip±padhammayogato puggal± p±p± n±ma hont²ti dassetu½ “ye te puggal± assaddh±”ti-±di vutta½. Y±ya cetan±ya puggalo p±pasampavaªko n±ma hoti, s± cetan± p±pamittat± catt±ropi v± ar³pino khandh± tad±k±rappavatt± p±pamittat±ti dassento “s±pi atthato dovacassat± viya daµµhabb±”ti ±ha.
“Sukha½ vaco etasmi½ padakkhiºagg±himhi anulomas±te s±dare puggaleti subbacoti-±din±, “kaly±º± saddh±dayo puggal± etassa mitt±ti kaly±ºamitto”ti-±din± ca anantaradukassa attho icchitoti ±ha sovacassat±…pe… vuttapaµipakkhanayena veditabb±”ti. Ubhoti sovacassat±, kaly±ºamittat± ca. Tesa½ khandh±na½ pavatti-±k±ravises± “sovacassat±, kaly±ºamittat±”ti ca vuccanti, te lokiy±pi honti lokuttar±p²ti ±ha “lokiyalokuttaramissak± kathit±”ti.
Vatthubhed±din± anekabhedabhinn± ta½ta½j±tivasena ekajjha½ katv± r±sito gayham±n± ±pattiyova ±pattikkhandh±. T± pana antar±patt²na½ aggahaºe pañcapi ±pattikkhandh± ±pattiyo, t±sa½ pana gahaºe sattapi ±pattikkhandh± ±pattiyo. “Im± ±pattiyo, ettak± ±pattiyo, evañca tesa½ ±pajjana½ hot²”ti j±nanapaññ± ±pattikusalat±ti ±ha “y± t±san”ti-±di. T±sa½ ±patt²nanti t±su ±patt²su. Tattha ya½ sambhinnavatthuk±su viya µhit±su, duviññeyyavibh±g±su ca ±patt²su asaªkarato vavatth±na, aya½ visesato ±pattikusalat±ti dassetu½ dutiya½ ±pattiggahaºa½ kata½. Saha kammav±c±y±ti kammav±c±ya saheva. ¾pattito vuµµh±panapayogat±ya kammabh³t± v±c± kammav±c±, tath±bh³t± anus±vanav±c± ceva “passiss±m²”ti eva½ pavattav±c± ca. T±ya kammav±c±ya saddhi½ samak±lameva “im±ya kammav±c±ya ito ±pattito vuµµh±na½ hoti, hontañca paµhame v± tatiye v± anus±vaneyyak±rappatte, ‘sa½variss±m²’ti v± pade pariyosite hot²”ti eva½ ta½ ta½ ±patt²hi vuµµh±naparicchedaparij±nanapaññ± ±pattivuµµh±nakusalat±. Vuµµh±nanti ca yath±pann±ya ±pattiy± yath± tath± anantar±yat±p±dana½, eva½ vuµµh±naggahaºeneva desan±yapi saªgaho siddho hoti.
“Ito pubbe parikamma½ pavatta½, ito para½ bhavaªga majjhe sam±patt²”ti eva½ sam±patt²na½ appan±paricchedaj±nanapaññ± sam±pattikusalat±. Vuµµh±ne kusalabh±vo vuµµh±nakusalat±, pageva vuµµh±na paricchedakara½ ñ±ºa½. Ten±ha “yath±paricchinnasamayavasenev±”ti-±di. Vuµµh±nasamatth±ti vuµµh±pane samatth±.
“Dh±tukusalat±”ti ettha pathav²dh±tu-±dayo, sukhadh±tu-±dayo, k±madh±tu-±dayo ca dh±tuyo et±sveva antogadh±ti et±su kosalle dassite t±supi kosalla½ dassitameva hot²ti “aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo cakkhudh±tu…pe… manoviññ±ºadh±t³”ti vatv± “aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½ sabh±vaparicchedak±”ti vutta½. Tattha sabh±vaparicchedak±ti yath±bh³tasabh±v±vabodhin². “Savanapaññ± dh±raºapaññ±”ti-±din± pacceka½ paññ±-saddo yojetabbo. Dh±t³na½ savanadh±raºapaññ± sutamay±, itar± bh±van±may±. Tatth±pi sammasanapaññ± lokiy±. Vipassan± paññ± hi s±, itar± lokuttar±. Lakkhaº±divasena, anicc±divasena ca manasikaraºa½ manasik±ro, tattha kosalla½ manasik±rakusalat±. Ta½ pana ±dimajjhapariyos±navasena tidh± bhinditv± dassento “sammasanapaµivedhapaccavekkhaºapaññ±”ti ±ha. Sammasanapaññ± hi tass± ±di, paµivedhapaññ± majjhe, paccavekkhaºapaññ± pariyos±na½.