Bhinnanigaºµhavatthuvaººan±

301. Heµµh± vuttameva p±s±dikasuttavaººan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 3.164).
302. Sv±khy±ta½ dhamma½ desetuk±moti sv±khy±ta½ katv± dhamma½ kathetuk±mo, satth±r± v± sv±khy±ta½ dhamma½ saya½ bhikkh³na½ kathetuk±mo. Satth±r± desitadhammameva hi tato tato gahetv± s±vak± sabrahmac±r²na½ kathenti.

Ekakavaººan±

303. Samaggehi bh±sitabbanti aññamañña½ samaggehi hutv± bh±sitabba½, sajjh±yitabbañceva vaººetabbañc±ti attho. Yath± pana samaggehi saªg±yana½ hoti, tampi dassetu½ “ekavacaneh²”ti-±di vutta½. Ekavacaneh²ti virodh±bh±vena sam±navacanehi. Ten±ha “aviruddhavacaneh²”ti-±di. S±maggirasa½ dassetuk±moti yasmi½ dhamme saªg±yane s±maggiras±nubhavana½ icchita½ desan±kusalat±ya, tattha ekakadukatik±divasena bahudh± s±maggirasa½ dassetuk±mo. Sabbe satt±ti anavases± satt± te pana bhavabhedato saªkhepeneva bhinditv± dassento “k±mabhav±d²s³”ti-±dim±ha. Byadhikaraº±nampi b±hiratthasam±so hoti yath± “urasilomo”ti ±ha “±h±rato µhiti etesanti ±h±raµµhitik±”ti. Tiµµhati eten±ti µhiti, ±h±ro µhiti etesanti ±h±raµµhitik±ti eva½ v± ettha sam±saviggaho daµµhabbo. ¾h±raµµhitik±ti paccayaµµhitik±, paccay±yattavuttik±ti attho. Paccayattho hettha ±h±ra-saddo “aya½ ±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa-upp±d±y±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.183, 232) viya. Evañhi “sabbe satt±”ti imin± asaññasatt±pi pariggahit± honti. S± pan±ya½ ±h±raµµhitikat± nippariy±yato saªkh±radhammo, na sattadhammo. Tenev±hu aµµhakath±cariy± “sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±ti ±gataµµh±ne saªkh±raloko veditabbo”ti (visuddhi. 1.136; p±r±. aµµha. verañjakaº¹avaººan±; ud±. aµµha. 30; c³¼ani. aµµha. 65; ud±. aµµha. 186) yadi eva½ “sabbe satt±”ti ida½ kathanti? Puggal±dhiµµh±n± desan±ti n±ya½ doso. Yath±ha bhagav± “ekadhamme bhikkhave bhikkhu samm± nibbindam±no samm± virajjam±no samm± vimuccam±no samm± pariyantadass±v² sammatta½ abhisamecca diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti, katamasmi½ ekadhamme? Sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±”ti (a. ni. 10.27) eko dhammoti “sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±”ti yv±ya½ puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya sabbesa½ saªkh±r±na½ paccay±yattavuttit±ya ±h±rapariy±yena s±maññato paccayadhammo vutto, aya½ ±h±ro n±ma eko dhammo. Y±th±vato ñatv±ti yath±sabh±vato abhisambujjhitv±. Sammadakkh±toti teneva abhisambuddh±k±rena sammadeva desito.
Codako vuttampi attha½ y±th±vato appaµipajjam±no neyyattha½ suttapada½ n²tatthato dahanto “sabbe satt±”ti vacanamatte µhatv± “nanu c±”ti-±din± codeti. ¾cariyo avipar²ta½ tattha yath±dhippetamattha½ pavedento “na virujjhat²”ti vatv± “tesañhi jh±na½ ±h±ro hot²”ti ±ha. Jh±nanti ekavok±rabhav±vaha½ saññ±ya virajjanavasena pavatta½ r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±na½. P±¼iya½ pana “an±h±r±”ti vacana½ asaññabhave catunna½ ±h±r±na½ abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½, na paccay±h±rassa abh±vato. “Eva½ santep²”ti ida½ s±sane yesu dhammesu visesato ±h±ra-saddo niru¼ho, “±h±raµµhitik±”ti ettha yadi te eva gayhanti, aby±pitadoso ±panno. Atha sabbopi paccayadhammo ±h±roti adhippeto, im±ya ±h±rap±¼iy± virodho ±pannoti dassetu½ ±raddha½. “Na virujjhat²”ti yen±dhipp±yena vutta½, ta½ vivaranto “etasmiñhi sutte”ti-±dim±ha. Kaba¼²k±r±h±r±d²na½ ojaµµhamakar³p±haraº±di nippariy±yena ±h±rabh±vo. Yath± hi kaba¼²k±r±h±ro ojaµµhamakar³p±haraºena r³pak±ya½ upatthambheti, eva½ phass±dayo ca vedan±di-±haraºena n±mak±ya½ upatthambhenti, tasm± satipi janakabh±ve upatthambhakabh±vo oj±d²su s±tisayo labbham±no mukhyo ±h±raµµhoti te eva nippariy±yena ±h±ralakkhaº± dhamm± vutt±. Idh±ti imasmi½ saªg²tisutte. Pariy±yena paccayo ±h±roti vutto sabbo paccayo dhammo attano phala½ ±harat²ti ima½ pariy±ya½ labhat²ti. Ten±ha “sabbadhamm±nañh²”ti-±di. Tattha sabbadhamm±nanti sabbesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½. Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ suttena (a. ni. 10.61) samatthetu½ “tenev±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Ayanti paccay±h±ro.
Nippariy±y±h±ropi gahitova hoti, y±vat± sopi paccayabh±veneva janako, upatthambhako ca hutv± ta½ ta½ phala½ ±harat²ti vattabbata½ labhat²ti. Tatth±ti pariy±y±h±ro, nippariy±y±h±roti dv²su ±h±resu. Asaññabhave yadipi nippariy±y±h±ro na labbhati, paccay±h±ro pana labbhati pariy±y±h±ralakkhaºo. Id±ni imamevattha½ vitth±rena dassetu½ “anuppanne hi buddhe”ti-±di vutta½. Uppanne buddhe titthakaramatanissit±na½ jh±nabh±van±ya asijjhanato “anuppanne buddhe”ti vutta½. S±sanik± t±disa½ jh±na½ na nibbattent²ti “titth±yatane pabbajit±”ti vutta½. Titthiy± hi upattivisese vimuttisaññino, aññ±vir±g±vir±gesu ±d²nav±nisa½sadassino v± hutv± asaññasam±patti½ nibbattetv± akkhaºabh³miya½ uppajjanti, na s±sanik±. V±yokasiºe parikamma½ katv±ti v±yokasiºe paµham±d²ni t²ºi jh±n±ni nibbattetv± tatiyajjh±ne ciººavas² hutv± tato vuµµh±ya catutthajjh±n±dhigam±ya parikamma½ katv±. Ten±ha “catutthajjh±na½ nibbattetv±”ti. Kasm± panettha v±yokasiºeyeva parikamma½ vuttanti? Yadettha vattabba½ ta½ brahmaj±laµ²k±ya½ (d². ni. µ². 1.41) vitth±ritameva. Dh²ti jigucchanatthe nip±to, tasm± dh² cittanti citta½ jigucch±m²ti attho. Dhibbateta½ cittanti eta½ mama citta½ jigucchita½ vata hotu. Vat±ti sambh±vane, tena jiguccha½ sambh±vento vadati. N±m±ti ca sambh±vane eva, tena cittassa abh±va½ sambh±veti. Cittassa bh±v±bh±vesu ±d²nav±nisa½se dassetu½ “cittañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Khanti½ ruci½ upp±detv±ti “cittassa abh±vo eva s±dhu suµµh³”ti ima½ diµµhinijjh±nakkhanti½, tattha ca abhiruci½ upp±detv±.
Tath± bh±vitassa jh±nassa µhitibh±giyabh±vappattiy± aparih²najjh±nassa titth±yatane pabbajitasseva tath± jh±nabh±van± hot²ti ±ha “manussaloke”ti. Paºihito ahos²ti maraºassa ±sannak±le µhapito ahosi. Yadi µh±n±din± ±k±rena nibbatteyya, kammabalena y±va bhed± tenev±k±rena tiµµheyya v±ti ±ha “so tena iriy±pathen±”ti-±di.
Eva r³p±namp²ti eva½ acetan±nampi. Pi-saddena pageva sacetan±nanti dasseti. Katha½ pana acetan±na½ nesa½ paccay±h±rassa upakappananti codana½ sandh±ya tattha nidassana½ dassento “yath±”ti-±dim±ha.
Ye uµµh±nav²riyeneva divasa½ v²tin±metv± tassa nissandaphalamatta½ kiñcideva labhitv± j²vika½ kappenti, te uµµh±naphal³paj²vino. Ye pana attano puññaphalameva upaj²venti, te puññaphal³paj²vino. Nerayik±na½ pana neva uµµh±nav²riyavasena j²vik±kappana½, puññaphalassa pana lesopi natth²ti vutta½ “ye pana te nerayik±…pe… na puññaphal³paj²v²ti vutt±”ti. Paµisandhiviññ±ºassa ±haraºena manosañcetan±h±roti vutt±, na yassa kassaci phalass±ti adhipp±yena “ki½ pañca ±h±r± atth²”ti codeti. ¾cariyo nippariy±y±h±re adhippete siy± tava codan±y±vasaro, s± pana ettha anavasar±ti dassetu½ “pañca na pañc±ti ida½ na vattabban”ti vatv± pariy±y±h±rasseva panettha adhippetabh±va½ dassento “nanu paccayo ±h±roti vuttametan”ti ±ha. Tasm±ti yassa kassaci paccayassa “±h±ro”ti icchitatt±. Id±ni vuttamevattha½ p±¼iy± samatthento “ya½ sandh±y±”ti-±dim±ha.
Mukhy±h±ravasenapi nerayik±na½ ±h±raµµhitikata½ dassetu½ “kaba¼²k±ra½ ±h±ra½…pe… s±dhet²”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ nerayik± sukhapaµisa½vedinopi hont²ti? Noti dassetu½ “khe¼opi h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tayoti tayo ar³p±h±r± kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa abh±vato. Avases±nanti asaññasattehi avases±na½. K±mabhav±d²su nibbattasatt±na½ paccay±h±ro hi sabbesa½ s±dh±raºoti. Eta½ pañhanti “katamo eko dhammo”ti eva½ coditameta½ pañha½. Kathetv±ti vissajjetv±.
“Tattha tattha…pe… dukkha½ hot²”ti etena yath± idha paµhamassa pañhassa niyy±tana½, dutiyassa uddharaºa½ na kata½, eva½ imin± eva adhipp±yena ito paresu dukatik±dipañhesu tattha tattha ±dipariyos±nesu eva uddharaºaniyy±tan±ni katv± sesesu na katanti dasseti. Paµicca etasm± phala½ et²ti paccayo, k±raºa½, tadeva attano phala½ saªkharot²ti saªkh±roti ±ha “imasmimpi…pe… saªkh±roti vutto”ti. ¾h±rapaccayoti ±haraºaµµhavisiµµho paccayo. ¾haraºañcettha upp±dakattappadh±na½, saªkharaºa½ upatthambhakattappadh±nanti ayametesa½ viseso. Ten±ha “ayamettha heµµhimato viseso”ti. Nippariy±y±h±re gahite “sabbe satt±”ti vuttepi asaññasatt± na gahit± eva bhavissant²ti padesavisayo sabba-saddo hoti yath± “sabbe tasantidaº¹ass±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 130). Na hettha kh²º±sav±d²na½ gahaºa½ hoti. P±kaµo bhaveyya visesas±maññassa visayatt± pañh±na½. No ca gaºhi½su aµµhakath±cariy±. Dhammo n±ma natthi saªkhatoti adhipp±yo. Idha dutiyapañhe “saªkh±ro”ti paccayo eva kathitoti sambandho.
Yad± samm±sambodhisamadhigato, tad± eva sabbañeyya½ sacchikata½ j±tanti ±ha “mah±bodhimaº¹e nis²ditv±”ti. Sayanti s±ma½yeva. Addhaniyanti addh±nakkhama½ cirak±l±vaµµh±yi p±rampariyavasena. Ten±ha “ekena h²”ti-±di. Paramparakath±niyamen±ti paramparakath±kathananiyamena, niyamitatthabyañjan±nupubbiy± kath±y±ti attho. Ekakavasen±ti eka½ eka½ parim±ºa½ etass±ti ekako, pañho. Tassa ekakassa vasena. Ekaka½ niµµhita½ vissajjananti adhipp±yoti.

Ekakavaººan± niµµhit±.