9. ¾µ±n±µiyasuttavaººan±

Paµhamabh±ºav±ravaººan±

275. “Catuddisa½ rakkha½ µhapetv±”ti ida½ dv²su µh±nesu cat³su dis±su µhapita½ rakkha½ sandh±ya vuttanti tadubhaya½ dassetu½ “asurasen±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Attano hi adhik±re, attano rakkh±ya ca appamajjanena tesa½ ida½ dv²su µh±nesu cat³su dis±su ±rakkhaµµhapana½. Yañhi ta½ asurasen±ya paµisedhanattha½ devapure cat³su dis±su sakkassa dev±namindassa ±rakkhaµµhapana½, ta½ attano adhik±re appamajjana½. Ya½ pana nesa½ bhagavato santika½ upasaªkamane cat³su dis±su ±rakkhaµµhapana½, ta½ attano kat± rakkh±ya appamajjana½. Tena vutta½ “asurasen±ya niv±raºatthan”ti-±di. P±¼iya½ catuddisanti bhummatthe upayogavacananti bhummavasena tadattha½ dassento “cat³su dis±s³”ti ±ha. ¾rakkha½ µhapetv±ti vessavaº±dayo catt±ro mah±r±j±no attan± attan± rakkhitabbadis±su ±rakkha½ µhapetv± gutti½ sammadeva vidahitv±. Balagumba½ µhapetv±ti yakkhasen±disen±balasam³ha½ µhapetv±. Ovaraºa½ µhapetv±ti paµipakkhanisedhanasamattha½ ±varaºa½ µhapetv±. Iti t²hi padehi yath±kkama½ pacceka½ devanagaradv±rassa anto, dv±rasam²pe, dv±rato bahi, dis±rakkh±vasanoti tividh±ya rakkh±ya µhapitabh±vo v± d²pito. Ten±ha “eva½ sakkassa…pe… katv±”ti. Satta buddhe ±rabbh±ti ettha satteva buddhe ±rabbha paribandhanak±raºa½ mah±pad±naµ²k±ya½ (d². ni. µ². 2.12) vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Dhamma-±ºanti dhammamaya½ ±ºa½, satthu dhammacakkanti attho. “Parisato b±hirabh±vo, asambhogo”ti evam±di½ idañcidañca vivajjanakaraºa½ kariss±m±ti. S±vananti catunnampi paris±na½ tikkhattu½ pariv±rena anus±vana½, yath± sakko dev±namindo asurasen±ya niv±raºattha½ cat³su dis±su ±rakkha½ µhap±peti, eva½ mah±r±j±nopi t±dise kiccavisese attano ±rakkha½ µhapenti. Imesampi hi tato s±saªka½ sappaµibhayanti. Tena vutta½ “attanop²”ti-±di.
Abhikkant±ti atikkant±, vigat±ti atthoti ±ha “khaye dissat²”ti. Teneva hi “nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo”ti anantara½ vutta½. Abhikkantataroti ativiya kantataro. T±diso ca sundaro bhaddako n±ma hot²ti ±ha “sundare dissat²”ti.
Koti devan±gayakkhagandhabb±d²su ko katamo. Meti mama. P±d±n²ti p±de. Iddhiy±ti im±ya evar³p±ya deviddhiy±. “Yasas±”ti imin± edisena pariv±rena, paricchedena ca. Jalanti vijjotam±no. Abhikkanten±ti ativiya kantena kaman²yena abhir³pena. Vaººen±ti sar²ravaººanibh±ya. Sabb± obh±saya½ dis±ti dasapi dis± pabh±sento cando viya, s³riyo viya ca ekobh±sa½ ek±loka½ karontoti g±th±ya attho. Abhir³peti u¼±rar³pe sampannar³pe. Abbhanumodaneti sampaha½sane. Idha pan±ti “abhikkant±ya rattiy±”ti etasmi½ pade. Ten±ti khayapariy±yatt±.
R³p±yatan±d²s³ti ±di-saddena akkhar±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Suvaººavaººoti suvaººacchav²ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “chaviyan”ti. Tath± hi vutta½ “kañcanasannibhattaco”ti (d². ni. 2.35; 3.200, 218; ma. ni. 2.386) saññ³¼h±ti saªganthit±. Vaºº±ti guºavaººan±ti ±ha “thutiyan”ti, thoman±yanti attho. Kulavaggeti khattiy±dikulakoµµh±se. Tattha “accho vippasanno”ti-±din± vaººitabbaµµhena vaººo, chavi. Vaººanaµµhena vaººo, thuti. Abhitthavanaµµhena vaººo, thuti, aññamañña½ asaªkarato vaººitabbato µhapetabbato vaººo, khattiy±dikulavaggo. Vaºº²yati ñ±p²yati eten±ti vaººo, ñ±paka½ k±raºa½. Vaººanato th³larass±dibh±vena upaµµh±nato vaººo, saºµh±na½. “Mahanta½ khuddaka½, majjhiman”ti vaººetabbato pam±ºetabbato vaººo, pam±ºa½. Vaºº²yati cakkhun± vivar²yat²ti vaººo, r³p±yatananti eva½ tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe vaººa-saddassa pavatti veditabb±. Soti vaººasaddo. Chaviya½ daµµhabbo r³p±yatane gayham±nassa chavimukheneva gahetabbato. “Chavigat± pana vaººadh±tu eva suvaººavaººoti ettha vaººaggahaºena gahit±”ti apare.
Kevalaparipuººanti ekadesampi asesetv± niravasesatova paripuººanti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “anavasesat± attho”ti. Kevalakapp±ti kappa-saddo nip±to padap³raºamatta½, kevala½ icceva attho Kevala-saddo bahulav±c²ti ±ha “yebhuyyat± attho”ti. Keci pana “²saka½ asamatt± kevalakapp±”ti vadanti. Eva½ sati anavasesattho eva kevala-saddattho siy±, anatthantarena pana kappa-saddena padava¹¹hana½ kata½ kevalameva kevalakappanti. Atha v± kappan²yat±, paññ±petabbat± kevalakapp±. Aby±missat± vij±tiyena asaªkar± suddhat±. Anatirekat± ta½paramat± vises±bh±vo. Kevalakappanti kevala½ da¼ha½ katv±ti attho. Kevala½ vuccati nibb±na½ sabbasaªkhatavivittatt±. Ta½ etassa adhigata½ atth²ti keval², sacchikatanirodho kh²º±savo.
Kappa-saddo pan±ya½ sa-upasaggo, anupasaggo c±ti adhipp±yena okappaniyapade labbham±na½ kappaniyasaddamatta½ nidasseti, aññath± kappa-saddassa atthuddh±re okappaniyapada½ anidassanameva siy±. Samaºakappeh²ti vinayakkamasiddhehi samaºavoh±rehi. Niccakappanti niccak±la½. Paññatt²ti n±mañheta½ tassa ±yasmato, yadida½ kappoti. Kappitakesamass³ti kattariy± cheditakesamassu. Dvaªgulakappoti majjhanhikavel±ya v²tikkant±ya dvaªgulat±vikappo. Lesoti apadeso. Anavasesa½ pharitu½ samatthassa obh±sassa kenaci k±raºena ekadesapharaºampi siy±, aya½ pana sabbasova phar²ti dassetu½ samantattho kappa-saddo gahitoti ±ha “anavasesa½ samantato”ti.
Yasm± devat±na½ sar²rappabh± dv±dasayojanamatta½ µh±na½, tato bhiyyopi pharitv± tiµµhati, tath± vatth±bharaº±d²hi samuµµhit± pabh±, tasm± vutta½ “candim± viya, s³riyo viya ca ekobh±sa½ eka½ pajjota½ karitv±”ti. Kasm± ete mah±r±j±no bhagavato santike nis²di½su? Nanu yebhuyyena devat± bhagavato santika½ upagat± µhatv±va kathetabba½ kathent± gacchant²ti? Saccameta½, idha pana nis²dane k±raºa½ atthi, ta½ dassetu½ “devat±nan”ti-±di vutta½. “Ida½ paritta½ n±ma sattabuddhapaµisa½yutta½ garu, tasm± na amhehi µhatv± gahetabban”ti cintetv± parittag±ravavasena nis²di½su.
276. Kasm± panettha vessavaºo eva kathesi, na itaresu yo koc²ti? Tattha k±raºa½ dassetu½ “kiñc±p²”ti-±di vutta½. Viss±siko abhiºha½ upasaªkamanena. Byattoti vis±rado, tañcassa veyyattiya½ suµµhu sikkhitabh±ven±ti ±ha “susikkhito”ti. Manussesu viya hi devesupi kocideva purimaj±tiparicayena susikkhito hoti, tatr±pi kocideva yath±dhippetamattha½ vattu½ samattho paripuººapadabyañjan±ya poriy± v±c±ya samann±gato. “Mahesakkh±”ti imassa atthavacana½ “±nubh±vasampann±”ti, mahesakkh±ti v± mah±pariv±r±ti attho. P±º±tip±te ±d²navadassaneneva ta½ vipariy±yato tato veramaºiya½ ±nisa½so p±kaµo hot²ti “±d²nava½ dassetv±” icceva vutta½. Tesu sen±sanes³ti y±ni “araññavanappatth±n²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.34-45) vutt±ni bhikkh³na½ vasanaµµh±nabh³t±ni araññ±yatan±ni, tesu bhikkh³hi sayitabbato, ±sitabbato ca sen±sanasaññitesu. Nibaddhav±sinoti rukkhapabbatapaµibaddhesu vim±nesu niccav±sit±ya nibaddhav±sino. Baddhatt±ti g±th±bh±vena ganthitatt± sambandhitatt±.
“Uggaºh±tu bhante bhagav±”ti attan± vuccam±na½ paritta½ bhagavanta½ uggaºh±petuk±mo vessavaºo avoc±ti adhipp±yena codako “ki½ pana bhagavato appaccakkhadhammo n±ma atth²”ti codesi. ¾cariyo sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºac±rassa bhagavato na kiñci appaccakkhanti dassento “natth²”ti vatv± “uggaºh±tu bhante bhagav±”ti vadato vessavaºassa adhipp±ya½ vivaranto “ok±sakaraºatthan”ti-±dim±ha. Yath± hi pañcasikho gandhabbadevaputto dev±na½ t±vati½s±na½, brahmuno ca sanaªkum±rassa sammukh± attano yath±suta½ dhamma½ bhagavato santika½ upagantv± pavedeti, evamayampi mah±r±j± itarehi saddhi½ ±µ±n±µanagare g±th±vasena bandhita½ paritta½ bhagavato pavedetu½ ok±sa½ k±rento “uggaºh±tu bhante bhagav±”ti ±ha, na na½ tassa pariy±puºane niyojento. Tasm± uggaºh±t³ti yathida½ paritta½ may± paveditamattameva hutv± catunna½ paris±na½ cirak±la½ hit±vaha½ hoti, eva½ uddha½ ±rakkh±ya gaºh±tu, sampaµicchat³ti attho. Satthu kathiteti satthu ±rocite, catunna½ paris±na½ satthu kathane v±ti attho. Sukhavih±r±y±ti yakkh±d²hi avihi½s±ya laddhabbasukhavih±r±ya.
277. Sattapi buddh± cakkhumanto pañcahi cakkh³hi cakkhumabh±ve vises±bh±vato. Tasm±ti yasm± cakkhumabh±vo viya sabbabh³t±nukampit±dayo sabbepi vises± sattannampi buddh±na½ s±dh±raº±, tasm±, guºanemittak±neva v± yasm± buddh±na½ n±m±ni n±ma, na liªgik±vatthikay±dicchak±ni, tasm± buddh±na½ guºavisesad²pan±ni “cakkhumantass±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 3.277) vutt±ni et±ni ekekassa satta satta n±m±ni honti. Tesa½ n±m±na½ s±dh±raºabh±va½ atthavasena yojetabb±ti dassetu½ “sabbep²”ti-±di vutta½. Sabbabh³t±nukampinoti anaññas±dh±raºamah±karuº±ya sabbasatt±na½ anukampik±. Nh±takilesatt±ti aµµhaªgikena ariyamaggajalena saparasant±nesu niravasesato dhotakilesamalatt±. M±rasen±pamaddinoti sapariv±re pañcapi m±re pamadditavanto. Vusitavantoti maggabrahmacariyav±sa½, dasavidha½ ariyav±sañca vusitavanto. Vusitavantat±ya eva b±hitap±pat± vutt± hot²ti “br±hmaºass±”ti pada½ an±maµµha½. Vimutt±ti anaññas±dh±raº±na½ pañcannampi vimutt²na½ vasena niravasesato mutt±. Aªgatoti sar²raªgato, ñ±ºaªgato ca, dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa- (d². ni. 2.33; 3.200; ma. ni. 2.385) as²ti-anubyañjanehi nikkhamanappabh±, by±mappabh±, ketum±l±-uºh²sappabh± ca sar²raªgato nikkhamanakarasmiyo, yamakamah±p±µih±riy±d²su uppajjanakappabh± ñ±ºaªgato nikkhamanakarasmiyo. Na et±neva “cakkhum±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 3.277) vutt±ni satta n±m±ni, atha kho aññ±nipi bah³ni aparimit±ni n±m±ni. Kathanti ±ha “asaªkhyeyy±ni n±m±ni saguºena mahesinoti vuttan”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1313; ud±. aµµha. 53; paµi. aµµha. 76). Kena vutta½? Dhammasen±patin±.
Yadi eva½ kasm± vessavaºo et±neva gaºh²ti ±ha “attano p±kaµan±mavasen±”ti. Kh²º±sav± jan±ti adhippet±. Te hi kammakilesehi j±t±pi eva½ na puna j±yissant²ti imin± atthena jan±. Yath±ha “yo ca k±laghaso bh³to”ti (j±. 1.2.190) desan±s²samattanti nidassanamattanti attho, avayavena v± samud±yupalakkhaºameta½. Sati ca pisuºav±cappah±ne pharusav±c± pah²n±va hoti, pageva ca mus±v±doti “apisuº±” icceva vutt±. Mahatt±ti mah± att± sabh±vo etesanti mahatt±. Ten±ha “mahantabh±va½ patt±”ti. Mahant±ti v± mah± ant±, parinibb±napariyos±n±ti vutta½ hoti. Mahantehi v± s²l±d²hi samann±gat±. Aya½ t±va aµµhakath±ya½ ±gatanayena attho. Itaresa½ pana matena buddh±d²hi ariyehi mahan²yato p³jan²yato maha½ n±ma nibb±na½, mahamanto etesanti mahant±, nibb±nadiµµh±ti attho. Niss±rad±ti s±rajjarahit±, nibbhay±ti attho. Ten±ha “vigatalomaha½s±”ti.