Sukhumacchavilakkhaºavaººan±

216. Samitap±paµµhena samaºa½, na pabbajj±mattena. B±hitap±paµµhena br±hmaºa½, na j±timattena.
Mahant±na½ atth±na½ pariggaºhanato mahat² paññ± etass±ti mah±pañño. Sesapadesupi eseva nayoti ±ha “mah±paññ±d²hi samann±gatoti attho”ti. N±nattanti y±hi mah±paññ±d²hi samann±gatatt± bhagav± “mah±pañño”ti-±din± kitt²yati, t±sa½ mah±paññ±d²na½ ida½ n±natta½ aya½ vemattat±.
Yassa kassaci visesato ar³padhammassa mahatta½ n±ma kiccasiddhiy± veditabbanti tadass± kiccasiddhiy± dassento “mahante s²lakkhandhe pariggaºh±t²ti mah±paññ±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha hetumahantat±ya, paccayamahantat±ya, nissayamahantat±ya, pabhedamahantat±ya, kiccamahantat±ya, phalamahantat±ya, ±nisa½samahantat±ya ca s²lakkhandhassa mahantabh±vo veditabbo. Tattha hetu alobh±dayo. Paccayo hirottappasaddh±sativ²riy±dayo. Nissayo s±vakabodhipaccekabodhisamm±sambodhiniyatat±, ta½samaªgino ca purisavises±. Pabhedo c±rittav±ritt±divibh±go. Kicca½ tadaªg±divasena paµipakkhavidhamana½. ¾nisa½so piyaman±pat±di. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge, (visuddhi. 1.6) ±kaªkheyyasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 1.65) ca ±gatanayeneva veditabbo. Imin± nayena sam±dhikkhandh±d²nampi mahantat± yath±raha½ vitth±retv± veditabb±. Ýh±n±µh±n±na½ pana mah±visayat±ya, s± bahudh±tukasutte ±gatanayena veditabb±. Vih±rasam±pattiyo sam±dhikkhandhaniddh±raºanayena veditabb±. Ariyasacc±na½ sakalas±sanasaªgahato, so saccavibhaªga- (vibha. 189) ta½sa½vaººan±su (vibha. aµµha. 189) ±gatanayena, satipaµµh±n± d²na½ satipaµµh±navibhaªg±d²su, (vibha. 355) ta½sa½vaººan±su (vibha. aµµha. 355) ca ±gatanayena, s±maññaphal±na½ mahato hitassa, mahato sukhassa, mahato atthassa, mahato yogakkhemassa nibbattibh±vato, santapaº²tanipuºa-atakk±vacarapaº¹itavedan²yabh±vato ca; abhiññ±na½ mah±sambh±rato, mah±visayato, mah±kiccato, mah±nubh±vato, mah±nibbattito ca, nibb±nassa madanimmadan±dimahattasiddhito mahantat± veditabb±.
Puthupaññ±ti etth±pi vuttanay±nus±rena attho veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– n±n±khandhesu ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti “aya½ r³pakkhandho n±ma…pe… aya½ viññ±ºakkhandho n±m±”ti eva½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½ n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tesupi “ekavidhena r³pakkhandho, ek±dasavidhena r³pakkhandho. Ekavidhena vedan±kkhandho, bahuvidhena vedan±kkhandho. Ekavidhena saññ±kkhandho. Ekavidhena saªkh±rakkhandho. Ekavidhena viññ±ºakkhandho, bahuvidhena viññ±ºakkhandho”ti eva½ ekekassa khandhassa at²t±dibhedavasen±pi n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tath± “ida½ cakkh±yatana½ n±ma…pe..ida½ dhamm±yatana½ n±ma. Tattha das±yatan± k±m±vacar±, dve catubh³mak±”ti eva½ ±yatan±na½ n±natta½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. N±n±dh±t³s³ti “aya½ cakkhudh±tu n±ma…pe… aya½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu n±ma. Tattha so¼asa dh±tuyo k±m±vacar±, dve dh±tuyo catubh³mik±”ti eva½ n±n±dh±t³su ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tayida½ up±dinnakadh±tuvasena vutta½. Paccekabuddh±nampi hi dvinnañca aggas±vak±na½ up±dinnakadh±t³su eva½ n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tañca kho ekadesatova, na nippadesato. Anup±dinnakadh±t³na½ pana lakkhaº±dimattameva j±nanti, na n±n±karaºa½. Sabbaññubuddh±nameva pana “im±ya n±madh±tuy± ussannatt± imassa rukkhassa khandho seto, imassa k±¼o, imassa maµµho, imassa bahalattaco imassa tanutaco. Imassa patta½ vaººasaºµh±n±divasena evar³pa½. Imassa puppha½ n²la½, imassa p²taka½, lohitaka½, od±ta½, sugandha½, duggandha½. Phala½ khuddaka½, mahanta½, d²gha½, vaµµa½, susaºµh±na½, dussaºµh±na½, maµµha½, pharusa½, sugandha½, duggandha½, madhura½, tittaka½, ambila½, kaµuka½, kas±va½. Kaºµako tikhiºo, atikhiºo, ujuko, kuµilo, kaºho, n²lo, od±to hot²”ti dh±tun±natta½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati.
N±n±paµiccasamupp±des³ti ajjhattabahiddh±bhedato ca n±n±pabhedesu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu. Avijj±di-aªg±ni hi pacceka½ paµiccasamupp±dasaññit±ni. Ten±ha saªkh±rapiµake “dv±dasa paccay± dv±dasa paµiccasamupp±d±”ti. N±n±suññatamanupalabbhes³ti n±n±sabh±vesu niccas±r±divirahitesu suññatabh±vesu tato eva itthipurisa-attattaniy±divasena anupalabbhanasabh±vesu pak±resu. Ma-k±ro hettha padasandhikaro. N±n±-atthes³ti atthapaµisambhid±ya visayabh³tesu paccayuppann±divasena n±n±vidhesu atthesu. Dhammes³ti dhammapaµisambhid±ya visayabh³tesu paccay±divasena n±n±vidhesu dhammesu. Nirutt²s³ti tesa½yeva atthadhamm±na½ niddh±raºavacanasaªkh±tesu n±n±nirutt²su. Paµibh±nes³ti atthapaµisambhid±d²su visayabh³tesu “im±ni ñ±º±ni idamatthajotak±n²”ti (vibha. 726, 729, 731, 732, 734, 736, 739) tath± tath± paµibh±nato upatiµµhanato “paµibh±n±n²”ti laddhan±mesu n±n±ñ±ºesu. “Puthun±n±s²lakkhandhes³”ti-±d²su s²lassa puthutta½ vuttameva, itaresa½ pana vuttanay±nus±rena suviññeyyatt± p±kaµameva. Ya½ pana abhinna½ ekameva nibb±na½, tattha upac±ravasena puthutta½ gahetabbanti ±ha “puthujjanas±dh±raºe dhamme samatikkamm±”ti, tenassa madanimmadan±dipariy±yena puthutta½ parid²pita½ hoti.
Eva½ visayavasena paññ±ya mahatta½, puthutta½ dassetv± id±ni sampayuttadhammavasena h±sabh±va½, pavatti-±k±ravasena javanabh±va½, kiccavasena tikkh±dibh±va½ dassetu½ “katam± h±sapaññ±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha h±sabahuloti p²tibahulo. Sesapad±ni tasseva vevacan±ni. S²la½ parip³ret²ti haµµhapahaµµho udaggudaggo hutv± µhapetv± indriyasa½vara½ tassa visu½ vuttatt± anavasesas²la½ parip³reti. P²tisomanassasahagat± hi paññ± abhirativasena ±rammaºe phullitavikasit± viya pavattati, na eva½ upekkh±sahagat±. Puna s²lakkhandhanti ariyas²lakkhandham±ha. “Sam±dhikkhandhan”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Sabba½ ta½ r³pa½ aniccato khippa½ javat²ti y± r³padhamme “anicc±”ti s²ghavegena pavattati, paµipakkhad³rabh±vena pubb±bhisaªkh±rassa s±tisayatt± indena vissaµµhavajira½ viya lakkhaºa½ avirajjhant² adandh±yant² r³pakkhandhe aniccalakkhaºa½ vegas± paµivijjhati, s± javanapaññ± n±m±ti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Eva½ lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±vasena javanapañña½ dassetv± balavavipassan±vasena dassetu½ “r³pan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha khayaµµhen±ti yattha yattha uppajjati, tattha tattheva bhijjanato khayasabh±vatt±. Bhayaµµhen±ti bhay±nakabh±vato. As±rakaµµhen±ti as±rakabh±vato attas±ravirahato, niccas±r±divirahato ca. Tulayitv±ti tulanabh³t±ya vipassan±paññ±ya tuletv±. T²rayitv±ti t±ya eva t²raºabh³t±ya t²rayitv±. Vibh±vayitv±ti y±th±vato pak±setv± paccakkha½ katv±. Vibh³ta½ katv±ti p±kaµa½ katv±. R³panirodheti r³pakkhandhanirodhahetubh³te nibb±ne ninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vena. Id±ni sikh±ppattavipassan±vasena javanapañña½ dassetu½ puna “r³pan”ti-±di vutta½. “Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±vasen±”ti keci.
ѱºassa tikkhabh±vo n±ma savisesa½ paµipakkhapah±nena veditabboti. “Khippa½ kilese chindat²ti tikkhapaññ±”ti vatv± te pana kilese vibh±gena dassento “uppanna½ k±mavitakkan”ti-±dim±ha. Tikkhapañño khipp±bhiñño hoti, paµipad± cassa na calat²ti ±ha “ekasmi½ ±sane catt±ro ariyamagg±…pe… adhigat± hont²”ti-±di.
“Sabbe saªkh±r± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±, saªkhat± paµiccasamuppann± khayadhamm± vayadhamm± vir±gadhamm± nirodhadhamm±”ti y±th±vato dassanena saccappaµivedho ijjhati, na aññath±ti k±raºamukhena nibbedhikapañña½ dassetu½ “sabbasaªkh±resu ubbegabahulo hot²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ubbegabahuloti vuttanayena sabbasaªkh±resu abhiºhapavattasa½vego. Utt±sabahuloti ñ±ºutt±savasena sabbasaªkh±resu bahuso utr±sam±naso etena ±d²nav±nupassanam±ha. “Ukkaºµhanabahulo”ti pana imin± nibbid±nupassanam±ha “aratibahulo”ti-±din± tass± eva apar±paruppatti½. Bahimukhoti sabbasaªkh±rato bahibh³ta½ nibb±na½ uddissa pavattañ±ºamukho, tath± v± pavattitavimokkhamukho. Nibbijjhana½ nibbedho, so etiss± atthi, nibbijjhat²ti v± nibbedhik±, s± eva paññ± nibbedhikapaññ±. Ya½ panettha atthato avibhatta½, ta½ heµµh± vuttanayatt±, utt±natthatt± ca suviññeyyameva.
217. Pabbajita½ up±sit±ti ettha y±disa½ pabbajita½ up±sato paññ±paµil±bho hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “paº¹ita½ pabbajitan”ti vutta½. Up±sanañcettha upaµµh±navasena icchita½, na upanis²danamatten±ti ±ha “payirup±sit±”ti. Atthanti hita½. Abbhantara½ karitv±ti abbhantaragata½ katv±. Ten±ha “atthayuttan”ti. Bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso c±ya½, hit³pasañhita½ katv±ti attho. Antara-saddo v± cittapariy±yo “yassantarato na santi kop±”ti-±d²su (ud±. 20) viya. Tasm± atthantaroti hitajjh±sayoti attho.
Paµil±bhatth±ya gaten±ti paµil±bhatth±ya pavattena, paµil±bhasa½vattaniyen±ti attho. Upp±de ca nimitte ca chek±ti upp±davidhimhi ceva nimittavidhimhi ca kusal±. Upp±danimittakovidat±s²sena cettha lakkhaºakosallameva dasseti. Atha v± sesalakkhaº±na½ nibbattiy± buddh±na½, cakkavatt²nañca upp±do anum²yati, y±ni tehi laddhabba-±nisa½s±ni nimitt±ni tasmi½ upp±de ca nimitte ca anuminan±divasena chek± nipuº±ti attho. Ñatv± passissat²ti ñ±ºena j±nitv± passissati, na cakkhuviññ±ºen±ti adhipp±yo.
Atth±nus±san²s³ti atth±na½ hit±na½ anus±san²su. Yasm± anatthapaµivajjanapubbik± satt±na½ atthapaµipatti, tasm± anatthopi paricchijja gahetabbo, j±nitabbo c±ti vutta½ “atth±nattha½ parigg±hak±ni ñ±º±n²”ti, yato “±yup±yakosalla½ viya ap±yakosallampi icchitabban”ti vutta½.