Pañhaby±karaºavaººan±

187. Gihibyañjanen±ti gihiliªgena. Kh²º±savo pana gihibyañjanena arahatta½ pattopi na tiµµhati vivekaµµh±nassa abh±v±ti adhipp±yo. Tassa vasen±ti bhummadevattabh±ve µhatv± arahattappattassa vasena. Aya½ pañhoti “abhabbo so nava µh±n±ni ajjh±caritun”ti aya½ pañho ±gato itarassa pabbajj±ya, parinibb±nena v± abhabbat±ya avuttasiddhatt±. Yadi eva½ katha½ bhikkhugahaºanti ±ha “bhinnadosatt±”ti-±di. Aparicchedanti apariyanta½, tayida½ suvipulanti ±ha “mahantan”ti. Ñeyyassa hi vipulat±ya ñ±ºassa vipulat± veditabb±, etena “aparicchedan”ti vuccam±nampi ñeyya½ satthu ñ±ºassa vasena paricchedamev±ti dassita½ hoti. Vuttañheta½ “ñ±ºapariyantika½ neyyan”ti (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) an±gate apaññ±pananti an±gate visaye ñ±ºassa apaññ±pana½. “Paccakkha½ viya katv±”ti kasm± viya-saddaggahaºa½ kata½, nanu buddh±na½ sabbampi ñ±ºa½ attano visaya½ paccakkhameva katv± pavattati ekappam±ºabh±vatoti? Saccameta½, “akkhan”ti pana cakkh±di-indriya½ vuccati, ta½ akkha½ pati vattat²ti cakkh±dinissita½ viññ±ºa½, tassa ca ±rammaºa½ “paccakkhan”ti loke niru¼hametanti ta½ nidassana½ katv± dassento “paccakkha½ viya katv±”ti avoca, na pana bhagavato ñ±ºassa appaccakkh±k±rena pavattanato. Tath± hi vadanti–
“¾vibh³ta½ pak±sana½, anupaddutacetasa½;
at²t±n±gate ñ±ºa½, paccakkh±na½ vasissat²”ti.
Aññattha vihitaken±ti aññasmi½ visaye pavattitena. Saªg±hetabbanti sama½ katv± kathayitabba½, kathana½ pana paññ±pana½ n±ma hot²ti paññ±petabbanti attho vutto. T±disanti satata½ samita½ pavattaka½. ѱºa½ n±ma natth²ti ±vajjanena vin± ñ±ºuppattiy± asambhavato. Ek±k±rena ca ñ±ºe pavattam±ne n±n±k±rassa visayassa avabodho na siy±. Ath±pi siy±, anirupitar³peneva avabodho siy±, tena ca ñ±ºa½ ñeyya½ aññ±tasadisameva siy±. Na hi “ida½ tan”ti vivekena anavabuddho attho ñ±to n±ma hoti, tasm± “carato ca tiµµhato c±”ti-±di b±lal±panamatta½. Ten±ha “yathariva b±l± abyatt±, eva½ maññant²”ti.
Sati½ anussarat²ti sat±nus±ri, satiy±nuvattanavasena pavattañ±ºa½. Ten±ha “pubbeniv±s±nussatisampayuttakan”ti ѱºa½ peses²ti ñ±ºa½ pavattesi. Sabbatthakameva ñeyy±varaºassa suppah²natt± appaµihata½ aniv±rita½ ñ±ºa½ gacchati pavattaticceva attho. “Bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesu ñ±ºan”ti (c³¼ani. 211) vacanato catumaggañ±ºa½ bodhi, tato tassa adhigatatt± uppajjanaka½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ “bodhija½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjat²”ti vutta½. Bodhija½ bodhim³le j±ta½ catumaggañ±ºa½, tañca kho an±gata½ ±rabbha uddissa tassa appavatti-attha½ tath±gatassa uppajjati tassa uppannatt± ±yati½ punabbhav±bh±vato. Katha½ tath±gato an±gatamaddh±na½ ±rabbha at²raka½ ñ±ºadassana½ paññ±pet²ti? At²tassa pana addhuno mahantat±ya at²raka½ ñ±ºadassana½ tattha paññ±pet²ti ko ettha virodho. Titthiy± pana imamattha½ y±th±vato aj±nant±– “tayida½ ki½ su, tayida½ katha½s³”ti attano aññ±ºameva p±kaµa½ karonti. Tasm± bhagavat± sasantatipariy±pannadhammappavatti½ sandh±ya “aññavihitaka½ ñ±ºadassanan”ti-±di vutta½. Itara½ pana sandh±ya vuccam±ne sati tath±r³pe payojane an±gatampi addh±na½ ±rabbha at²rakameva ñ±ºadassana½ paññ±peyya bhagav±ti anatthasa½hitanti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “na idhalokattha½ v± paralokattha½ v± nissitan”ti. Ya½ pana satt±na½ anatth±vahatt± anatthasa½hita½, tattha setugh±to tath±gatassa. “Bh±ratayuddhas²t±haraºasadisan”ti imin± tass± kath±ya yebhuyyena abh³tatthata½ d²peti. Sahetukanti ñ±pakena hetun± sahetuka½. So pana hetu yena nidassanena s±dh²yati, ta½ tassa k±raºanti tena sak±raºa½ katv±. Yath± hi paµiññ±tatthas±dhanato hetu, eva½ s±dhaka½ nidassananti. Yuttapattak±leyev±ti yutt±na½ pattak±le eva. Ye hi veneyy± tass± kath±ya yutt± anucchavik±, tesa½yeva yojane sandh±ya v± kath±ya patto upak±r±vaho k±lo, tad± eva kathet²ti attho.
188. “Tath± tatheva gadanato”ti imin± “tath±gato”ti ±me¹italopen±ya½ niddesoti dasseti. Tath± tathev±ti ca dhamma-atthasabh±v±nur³pa½, veneyyajjh±say±nur³pañc±ti adhipp±yo. Diµµhanti r³p±yatana½ daµµhabbato, tena ya½ diµµha½, ya½ dissati, ya½ dakkhati, ya½ sati samav±ye passeyya½, ta½ sabba½ “diµµha½” tveva gahita½ k±lavisesassa an±maµµhabh±vato. “Sutan”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Sutanti sadd±yatana½ sotabbato. Mutanti sanissayena gh±n±di-indriyena saya½ patv± p±puºitv± gahetabba½. Ten±ha “patv± gahetabbato”ti. Viññ±tanti vij±nitabba½, ta½ pana diµµh±divinimutta½ viññeyyanti ±ha “sukhadukkh±didhamm±yatanan”ti. Pattanti yath± tath± patta½, hatthagata½ adhigatanti attho. Ten±ha “pariyesitv± v± apariyesitv± v±”ti. Pariyesitanti pattiy±mattha½ pariyiµµha½, ta½ pana patta½ v± siy± appatta½ v± ubhayath±pi pariyesitamev±ti ±ha “patta½ v± appatta½ v±”ti. Padadvayen±pi dvippak±rampi patta½, dvippak±rampi pariyesita½, tena tena pak±rena tath±gatena abhisambuddhanti dasseti. Cittena anusañcaritanti copana½ ap±petv± citteneva anusa½carita½, parivitakkitanti attho. P²takanti ±d²ti ±di-saddena lohitaka-od±t±di sabba½ r³p±rammaºavibh±ga½ saªgaºh±ti. Sumanoti r±gavasena, lobhavasena, saddh±divasena v± sumano. Dummanoti by±p±davitakkavasena, vihi½s±vitakkavasena v± dummano. Majjhattoti aññ±ºavasena v± ñ±ºavasena v± majjhatto. Eseva nayo sabbattha. Tattha tattha ±di-saddena saªkhasaddo paºavasaddo, pattagandho pupphagandho, pattaraso phalaraso, up±dinna½ anup±dinna½, majjhattavedan± kusalakamma½ akusalakammanti eva½ ±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Appattanti ñ±ºena asampatta½, aviditanti attho. Ten±ha “ñ±ºena asacchikatan”ti. Tatheva gatatt±ti tatheva ñ±tatt± abhisambuddhatt±. Gata-saddena ekattha½ buddhi-atthanti attho. “Gati-atth± hi dh±tavo buddhi-atth± bhavant²”ti akkharacintak±.