Kusaladhammadesan±vaŗŗan±

145. Anuttarabh±voti seµµhabh±vo. Anuttaro bhagav± yena guŗena, so anuttarabh±vo, ta½ anuttariya½. Yasm± tass±pi guŗassa kińci uttaritara½ natthi eva, tasm± vutta½ “s± tumh±ka½ desan± anuttar±ti vadat²”ti. Kusalesu dhammes³ti kusaladhammanimitta½. Nimittatthe hi eta½ bhumma½, tasm± kusaladhammadesan±hetupi bhagav±va anuttaroti attho. Bh³mi½ dassentoti visaya½ dassento. Kusaladhammadesan±ya hi kusal± dhamm± visayo. Vuttapadeti “kusalesu dhammes³”ti eva½ vuttav±kye, eva½ v± vuttadhammakoµµh±se. “Pańcadh±”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu chekaµµhenapi kusala½ icchitabba½ “kusalo tva½ rathassa aŖgapaccaŖg±nan”ti-±d²s³ti (ma. ni. 2.87)? Saccameta½, so pana chekaµµho kosallasambh³taµµheneva saŖgahitoti visu½ na gahito. “Kacci nu bhoto kusala½, kacci bhoto an±mayan”ti (j±. 1.15.146; 2.22.2008) j±take ±gatatt± “j±takapariy±ya½ patv± ±rogyaµµhena kusala½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. “Ta½ ki½ mańńatha, gahapatayo, ime dhamm± kusal± v± akusal± v± s±vajj± v± anavajj± v±”ti-±d²su suttapadesesu “kusal±”ti vuttadhamm± eva “anavajj±”ti vutt±ti ±ha “suttantapariy±ya½ patv± anavajjaµµhena kusala½ vaµµat²”ti. Abhidhamme “kosallan”ti pańń± ±gat±ti yonisomanasik±rahetukassa kusalassa kosallasamm³taµµho, darath±bh±vad²panato niddarathaµµho, “kusalassa katatt± upacitatt±”ti vatv± iµµhavip±kaniddisanato sukhavip±kaµµho ca abhidhammanayasiddhoti ±ha “abhidhamma…pe… vip±kaµµhen±”ti. B±hitikasutte (ma. ni. 2.358) bhagavato k±yasam±c±r±dike vaŗŗentena dhammabhaŗ¹±g±rikena “yo kho mah±r±ja k±yasam±c±ro anavajjo”ti kusalo k±yasam±c±ro rańńo pasenadissa vutto. Na hi bhagavato sukhavip±kakamma½ atth²ti sabbas±vajjarahit± k±yasam±c±r±dayo “kusal±”ti vutt±, idha pana “kusalesu dhammes³”ti bodhipakkhiyadhamm± “kusal±”ti vutt±, te ca samathavipassan± maggasampayutt± ekantena sukhavip±k± ev±ti avajjarahitat±matta½ up±d±ya anavajjattho kusala-saddoti ±ha “imasmi½ pana…pe… daµµhabban”ti. Evańca katv± “phalasatipaµµh±na½ pana idha anadhippetan”ti idańca vacana½ samatthita½ hoti savip±kasseva gahaŗanti katv±.
“Cuddasavidhen±”ti-±di satipaµµh±ne (d². ni. 2.376; ma. ni. 1.109) vuttanayena veditabba½. Paggahaµµhen±ti kusalapakkhassa paggaŗhanasabh±vena. Kiccavasen±ti anuppann±kusal±nupp±dan±dikiccavasena. Tato eva cassa catubbidhat±. Ijjhanaµµhen±ti nippajjanasabh±vena. Chand±dayo eva iddhip±desu visiµµhasabh±v±, itare avisiµµh±, tesampi viseso chand±dikatoti ±ha “chand±divasena n±n±sabh±v±”ti.
Adhimokkh±disabh±vavasen±ti pas±d±dhimokkh±disalakkhaŗavasena. Upatthambhanaµµhen±ti sampayuttadhamm±na½ upatthambhanakabh±vena. Akampiyaµµhen±ti paµipakkhehi akampiyasabh±vena. Salakkhaŗen±ti adhimokkh±disabh±vena. Niyy±naµµhen±ti sa½kilesapakkhato, vaµµac±rakato ca niggamanaµµhena. Upaµµh±n±din±ti upaµµh±nadhammavicayapaggahasampiy±yanapassambhanasam±dh±na-ajjhupekkhanasaŖkh±tena attano sabh±vena. Hetuµµhen±ti nibb±nassa samp±pakahetubh±vena. Dassan±din±ti dassan±bhiniropanapariggahasamuµµh±panavod±panapaggahupaµµh±nasam±dh±nasaŖkh±tena attano sabh±vena.
S±sanassa pariyos±nadassanatthanti s±sana½ n±ma nippariy±yato sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm±. Tattha ye samathavipassan±sahagat±, te s±sanassa ±di, maggapariy±pann± majjhe, phalabh³t± pariyos±na½, ta½dassanattha½. Ten±ha “s±sanassa h²”ti-±di.
Puna etad±nuttariya½ bhanteti yath±raddh±ya desan±ya nigamana½. Vuttasseva atthassa puna vacanańhi nigamana½ vutta½. Ta½ desananti ta½ kusalesu dhammesu desan±ppak±ra½, desan±vidhi½, desetabbańca, sakala½ v± sampuŗŗa½ anavasesa½ abhij±n±ti abhivisiµµhena ń±ŗena j±n±ti, asesa½ abhij±nanato eva uttari upari abhińńeyya½ natthi. Itoti bhagavat± abhińń±tato. Ańńo paramatthavasena dhammo v± pańńattivasena puggalo v± aya½ n±ma ya½ bhagav± na j±n±t²ti ida½ natthi na upalabbhati sabbasseva sammadeva tumhehi abhińń±tatt±. Kusalesu dhammesu abhij±nane, desan±yańca bhagavato uttaritaro natthi.