Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “seyyath±pi n±m±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Gambh²ro utt±noti gambh²ro v± utt±no v±ti j±nanattha½. “Evamev±”ti-±di yath±dassit±ya upam±ya upameyyena sa½sandana½. Buddhaguºesu appamattavisayampi lokiyamah±janassa ñ±ºa½ apavattitar³peneva pavattati anavattitasabh±vatt±ti vutta½ “ekaby±ma…pe… veditabb±”ti. Tattha ñ±ta-udaka½ viy±ti pam±ºato ñ±ta-udaka½ viya. Ariy±na½ pana tattha attano visaye pavattanakañ±ºa½ pavattitar³peneva pavattati attano paµivedh±nur³pa½, abhin²h±r±nur³pañca avattitasabh±vatt±ti dassento “dasaby±mayotten±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha paµividdhasacc±nampi paµipakkhavidhamanapubbayogavisesavasena ñ±ºa½ s±tisaya½, mah±nubh±vañca hot²ti imamattha½ dassetu½ sot±pannañ±ºassa dasaby±ma-udaka½ opammabh±vena dassetv± tato paresa½ dasuttaradiguºadasaguºa-as²tiguºavisiµµha½ udaka½ opamma½ katv± dassita½. Nanu eva½ sante buddhaguº± parimitaparicchinn±, therena ca te paricchijja ñ±t±ti ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjat²ti dassento “tattha yath± so puriso”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha so purisoti so catur±s²tiby±masahassappam±ºena yottena catur±s²tiby±masahassaµµh±ne mah±samudde udaka½ minitv± µhito puriso. So hi therassa upam±bh±vena gahito. Dhammanvayen±ti anum±nañ±ºena. Tañhi siddha½ dhamma½ anugantv± pavattanato “dhammanvayo”ti vuccati, tath± anvayavasena atthassa bujjhanato anvayabuddhi, anumeyya½ anuminot²ti anum±na½, nidassane diµµhanayena anumeyya½ gaºh±t²ti “nayagg±ho”ti ca vuccati. Ten±ha “dhammanvayen±”ti-±di. Sv±ya½ dhammanvayo na yassa kassaci hoti, atha kho tath±r³passa aggas±vakassev±ti ±ha “s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe µhatv±”ti. Yadi thero buddhaguºe ekadesato paccakkhe katv± tadaññe nayagg±hena gaºhi, nanu eva½ sante buddhaguº± parimitaparicchinn± ±pann±ti? Nayida½ evanti dassento “anant± aparim±º±”ti.
“Saddahat²”ti vatv± puna tamevattha½ vibh±vento “therena hi…pe… bahutar±”ti ±ha. Katha½ pan±yamattho eva½ daµµhabboti eva½ adhipp±yabhedaka½ upam±ya saññ±petu½ “yath± katha½ viy±”ti-±di vutta½ “upam±yamidhekacce viññ³ puris± bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±nant²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.67) ito nava ito nav±ti ito majjhaµµh±nato y±va dakkhiºat²r± nava ito majjhaµµh±nato y±va uttarat²r± nava. Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ suttena samatthetu½ “buddhop²”ti g±tham±ha.
Yamakayuga¼amah±nad²mahogho viy±ti dvinna½ ekato sam±gatatt± yuga¼abh³t±na½ mah±nad²na½ mahogho viya.
Anucchavika½ katv±ti yoya½ mama pas±do buddhaguºe ±rabbha og±¼ho hutv± uppanno, ta½ anucchavika½ anur³pa½ katv±. Paµiggahetu½ sampaµicchitu½ añño koci na sakkhissati y±th±vato anavabujjhanato. Paµiggahetu½ sakkoti tassa hetuto, paccayato, sabh±vato, kiccato, phalato sammadeva paµivijjhanato. P³rattanti puººabh±vo. Paggharaºak±leti vikiraºak±le, patanak±leti attho. “Pasanno”ti imin± pas±dassa vattam±nat± d²pit±ti “uppannasaddho”ti imin±pi saddh±ya paccuppannat± pak±sit±ti ±ha “eva½ saddah±m²ti attho”ti. Abhiññ±yat²ti abhiñño, adhiko abhiñño bhiyyobhiñño, so eva atisayavacanicch±vasena “bhiyyobhiññataro”ti vuttoti ±ha “bhiyyataro abhiññ±to”ti. Dutiyavikappe pana abhij±n±t²ti abhiññ±, abhivisiµµh± paññ±, bhiyyo abhiññ± etass±ti bhiyyobhiñño, so eva atisayavacanicch±vasena bhiyyobhiññataro, sv±yamassa atisayo abhiññ±ya bhiyyobh±vakatoti ±ha “bhiyyatar±bhiñño v±”ti. Sambujjhati et±y±ti sambodhi, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, aggamaggañ±ºañca. Sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi aggamaggañ±ºa½, aggamaggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ sambodhi n±ma. Tattha padh±navasena tadatthadassane paµhamavikappo, padaµµh±navasena dutiyavikappo. Kasm± panettha arahattamaggañ±ºasseva gahaºa½, nanu heµµhim±nipi bhagavato maggañ±º±ni sav±sanameva yath±saka½ paµipakkhavidhamanavasena pavatt±ni. Sav±sanappah±nañhi ñeyy±varaºappah±nanti? Saccameta½, ta½ pana aparipuººa½ paµipakkhavidhamanassa vippakatabh±vatoti ±ha “arahattamaggañ±ºe v±”ti. Aggamaggavasena cettha ariy±na½ bodhittayap±rip³r²ti dassetu½ “arahattamaggeneva h²”ti-±di vutta½. Nippades±ti anavases±. Gahit± hont²ti arahattamaggena gahitena adhigatena gahit± adhigat± honti. Sabbanti tehi adhigantabba½. Ten±ti sambodhin± sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nena arahattamaggañ±ºena.
142. Kh±dan²y±na½ u¼±rat± s±taras±nubh±ven±ti ±ha “madhure ±gacchat²”ti. Pasa½s±ya u¼±rat± visiµµhabh±ven±ti ±ha “seµµhe”ti, obh±sassa u¼±rat± mahantabh±ven±ti vutta½ “vipule”ti. Usabhassa ayanti ±sabh², idha pana ±sabh² viy±ti ±sabh². Ten±ha “usabhassa v±c±sadis²”ti. Yena pana guºenass± ta½sadisat±, ta½ dassetu½ “acal± asampavedh²”ti vutta½. Yato kutoci anussavana½ anussavo. Vijj±µµh±nesu kataparicay±na½ ±cariy±na½ ta½ tamattha½ viññ±pent² paveº² ±cariyaparampar±. Kevala½ attano matiy± “itikira eva½kir±”ti parikappan± itikira. Piµakassa ganthassa sampad±nato saya½ sampad±nabh±vena gahaºa½ piµakasampad±na½. Yath±sut±na½ atth±na½ ±k±rassa parivitakkana½ ±k±raparivitakko. Tatheva “evametan”ti diµµhiy± nijjh±nakkhamana½ diµµhinijjh±nakkhanti. ¾gam±dhigamehi vin± takkamagga½ niss±ya takkana½ takko. Anum±navidhi½ niss±ya nayagg±ho. Yasm± buddhavisaye µhatv± bhagavato aya½ therassa codan±, therassa ca so avisayo, tasm± “paccakkhato ñ±ºena paµivijjhitv± viy±”ti vutta½. S²han±do viy±ti s²han±do, ta½sadisat± cassa seµµhabh±vena, so cettha eva½ veditabboti dassento “s²han±do”ti-±dim±ha. Neva dandh±yanten±ti na mand±yantena. Na bhaggar±yanten±ti aparisaªkantena.
Anuyogad±panatthanti anuyoga½ sodh±petu½. Vimaddakkhamañhi s²han±da½ nadanto atthato tattha anuyoga½ sodheti n±ma. Anuyuñjanto ca na½ sodh±peti n±ma. D±tunti sodhetu½. Keci “d±natthan”ti attha½ vadanti, tadayutta½. Na hi yo s²han±da½ nadati, so eva tattha anuyoga½ det²ti yujjati. Nigha½sananti vimaddana½. Dhamam±nanti t±payam±na½, t±panañcettha gaggariy± dham±panas²sena vadati. Sabbe teti sabbe te at²te niruddhe samm±sambuddhe, teneta½ dasseti– ye te ahesu½ at²ta½ addh±na½ tava abhin²h±rato ora½ samm±sambuddh±, tesa½ t±va s±vakañ±ºagocare dhamme paricchindanto m±r±dayo viya buddh±na½ lokiyacittac±ra½ tva½ j±neyy±si. Ye pana te abbhat²t± tato parato chinnavaµum± chinnapapañc± pariy±diººavaµµ± sabbadukkhav²tivatt± samm±sambuddh±, tesa½ sabbesampi s±vakañ±ºassa avisayabh³te dhamme katha½ j±nissas²ti.
An±gatabuddh±na½ pan±ti pana-saddo visesatthajotano, tena at²tesu t±va khandh±na½ bh³tapubbatt± tattha siy± ñ±ºassa savisaye gati, an±gatesu pana sabbaso asañj±tesu kathanti imamattha½ joteti. Ten±ha “an±gat±p²”ti-±di “Cittena paricchinditv± vidit±”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu at²t±n±gate satt±he eva pavatta½ citta½ cetopariyañ±ºassa visayo, na tato paranti? Nayida½ cetopariyañ±ºakiccavasena vutta½, atha kho pubbeniv±sa-an±gata½sañ±ºavasena vutta½, tasm± n±ya½ doso.
Viditaµµh±ne na karoti sikkh±padeneva t±disassa paµikkhepassa paµikkhittatt±, setugh±tato ca. Katha½ pana thero dvayasambhave paµikkhepameva ak±si, na vibhajja by±k±s²ti ±ha “thero kir±”ti-±di. P±ra½ pariyanta½ minot²ti p±ram², s± eva ñ±ºanti p±ramiñ±ºa½, s±vak±na½ p±ramiñ±ºa½ s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½, tasmi½. S±vak±na½ ukka½sapariyantagate j±nane n±ya½ anuyogo, atha kho sabbaññutaññ±ºe sabbaññut±ya j±nane. Keci pana “s±vakap±ramiñ±ºeti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºavisaye”ti attha½ vadanti. Tath± sesapadesupi. S²la ..pe… samatthanti s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimuttisaªkh±tak±raº±na½ j±nanasamattha½. Buddhas²l±dayo hi buddh±na½ buddhakiccassa, parehi “buddh±”ti j±nanassa ca k±raºa½.
143. Anum±nañ±ºa½ viya sa½sayapiµµhika½ ahutv± “idamidan”ti yath±sabh±vato ñeyya½ dh±reti nicchinot²ti dhammo, paccakkhañ±ºanti ±ha “dhammassa paccakkhato ñ±ºass±”ti. Anu-et²ti anvayoti ±ha “anuyoga½ anugantv±”ti. Paccakkhasiddhañhi attha½ anugantv± anum±nañ±ºassa pavatti diµµhena adiµµhassa anum±nanti veditabbo. Vidite vedakampi ñ±ºa½ atthato viditameva hot²ti “anum±nañ±ºa½ nayagg±ho vidito”ti vutta½. Viditoti viddho paµiladdho, adhigatoti attho. Appam±ºoti aparim±ºo mah±visayatt±. Ten±ha “apariyanto”ti. Ten±ti apariyantatt±, tena v± apariyantena ñ±ºena, eteneva thero ya½ ya½ anumeyyamattha½ ñ±tuk±mo hoti, tattha tatthassa asaªgamappaµihaµa-anum±nañ±ºa½ pavattat²ti dasseti. Ten±ha “so imin±”ti-±di. Tattha imin±ti imin± k±raºena. P±k±rassa thirabh±va½ uddhamuddha½ ±pet²ti uddh±pa½, p±k±ram³la½. ¾di-saddena p±k±radv±rabandhaparikh±d²na½ saªgaho veditabbo. Paccante bhava½ paccantima½. Paº¹itadov±rikaµµh±niya½ katv± thero att±na½ dasset²ti dassento “ekadv±ranti kasm± ±h±”ti codana½ samuµµh±pesi. Yass± paññ±ya vasena puriso “paº¹ito”ti vuccati, ta½ paº¹iccanti ±ha “paº¹iccena samann±gato”ti. Ta½ta½itikattabbat±su chekabh±vo byattabh±vo veyyattiya½. Medhati sammosa½ hi½sati vidhamat²ti medh±, s± etassa atth²ti medh±v². Ýh±ne µh±ne uppatti etiss± atth²ti µh±nuppattik±, µh±naso uppajjanakapaññ±. Anupariy±yanti eten±ti anupariy±yo, so eva pathoti anupariy±yapatho, parito p±k±rassa anusa½y±yanamaggo. P±k±rabh±g± sandh±tabb± etth±ti p±k±rasandhi, p±k±rassa phullitappadeso. So pana heµµhimantena dvinnampi iµµhak±na½ vigamena eva½ vuccat²ti ±ha “dvinna½ iµµhak±na½ apagataµµh±nan”ti. Chinnaµµh±nanti chinnabhinnappadeso, chinnaµµh±na½ v±. Tañhi “vivaran”ti vuccati.
Kiliµµhanti mal²na½. Upat±pent²ti kilesapari¼±hena sant±penti. Vib±dhent²ti p²¼enti. Uppann±ya paññ±ya n²varaºehi na kiñci k±tu½ sakk±ti ±ha “anuppann±ya paññ±ya uppajjitu½ na dent²”ti. Tasm±ti paccay³pagh±tena uppajjitu½ appad±nato. Cat³su satipaµµh±nesu suµµhu µhapitacitt±ti catubbidh±yapi satipaµµh±nabh±van±ya sammadeva µhapitacitt±. Yath±sabh±vena bh±vetv±ti avipar²tasabh±vena yath± paµipakkh± samucchijjanti, eva½ bh±vetv±.
Purimanaye satipaµµh±n±ni, bojjhaªg± ca missak± adhippet±ti tato aññath± vattu½ “apicetth±”ti-±di vutta½. Missak±ti samathavipassan±maggavasena missak±. “Cat³su satipaµµh±nesu suppatiµµhitacitt±”ti-±dito vuttatt± satipaµµh±ne vipassan±ti gahetv± “satta bojjhaªge yath±bh³ta½ bh±vetv±”ti vuttatt±, maggapariy±pann±na½yeva ca nesa½ nippariy±yabojjhaªgabh±vato, tesu ca sabbaso adhigatesu lokan±thena sabbaññutaññ±ºampi adhigatameva hot²ti “bojjhaªge maggo, sabbaññutaññ±ºañc±ti gahite sundaro pañho bhaveyy±”ti mah±sivatthero ±ha, na paneva½ gahita½ por±ºeh²ti adhipp±yo. It²ti vuttappak±rapar±masana½. Theroti s±riputtatthero.
Tatth±ti tesu paccantanagar±d²su. Nagara½ viya nibb±na½ tadatthikehi upagantabbato, upagat±nañca parissayarahitasukh±dhigamanaµµh±nato. P±k±ro viya s²la½ tadupagat±na½ parito ±rakkhabh±vato. Pariy±yapatho viya hir² s²lap±k±rassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato. Vuttañheta½ “pariy±yapathoti kho bhikkhu hiriy± eta½ adhivacanan”ti. Dv±ra½ viya ariyamaggo nibb±nanagarappavesana-añjasabh±vato. Paº¹itadov±riko viya dhammasen±pati nibb±nanagarapaviµµhapavisanak±na½ satt±na½ sallakkhaºato. Dinnoti d±pito, sodhitoti attho.
144. Nipphattidassanatthanti siddhidassanattha½, adhigamadassanatthanti attho. “Pañcanavutip±saº¹e”ti ida½ yasm± thero paribb±jako hutv± tato pubbeva nibb±napariyesana½ caram±no te te p±saº¹ino upasaªkamitv± nibb±na½ pucchi, te n±ssa citta½ ±r±dhesu½, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Te pana p±saº¹± heµµh± vutt± eva. Tatthev±ti tassayeva bh±gineyyassa desiyam±n±ya desan±ya. Parassa va¹¹hita½ bhatta½ bhuñjanto viya s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ hatthagata½ ak±si adhigacchi. Uttaruttaranti heµµhimassa heµµhimassa uttaraºato atikkamanato uttaruttara½, tato eva padh±nabh±va½ p±pitat±ya paº²tapaº²ta½. Uttaruttaranti v± upar³pari. Paº²tapaº²tanti paº²tatara½, paº²tatamañc±ti attho. Kaºhanti k±¼aka½ sa½kilesadhamma½. Sukkanti od±ta½ vod±nadhamma½. Savipakkha½ katv±ti pah±tabbapah±yakabh±vadassanavasena yath±kkama½ ubhaya½ savipakkha½ katv±. “Aya½ kaºhadhammo, imassa aya½ pah±yako”ti eva½ kaºha½ paµib±hitv± desan±vasena n²haritv± sukka½, “aya½ sukkadhammo, imin± aya½ pah±tabbo”ti eva½ sukka½ paµib±hitv± kaºha½. Sa-uss±hanti phalupp±danasamatthat±vasena saby±p±ra½. Ten±ha “savip±kan”ti. Vip±kadhammanti attho.
Tasmi½ desite dhammeti tasmi½ vuttanayena bhagav± tumhehi desite dhamme ekacca½ dhamma½ n±ma s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ j±nitv± paµivijjhitv±. Ta½j±nane hi vutte catusaccadhammaj±nana½ avuttasiddhanti. “Catusaccadhammes³”ti ida½ por±ºaµµhakath±ya½ vutt±k±radassana½. Vipakkho pana parato ±gamissati. Etth±ti “dhammesu niµµha½ agaman”ti etasmi½ pade. Therasall±poti ther±na½ sall±pasadiso vinicchayav±do K±¼avallav±s²ti k±¼avallavih±rav±s². Id±n²ti etarahi “id±ha½ bhante”ti-±divacanak±le. Imasmi½ pana µh±neti “dhammesu niµµha½ agaman”ti imasmi½ padese, imasmi½ v± niµµh±nak±raºabh³te yoniso parivitakkane. “Imasmi½ pana µh±ne buddhaguºesu niµµhaªgato”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu s±vakap±ramiñ±ºasamadhigatak±le eva thero buddhaguºesu niµµhaªgatoti? Saccameta½, id±ni pana ta½ p±kaµa½ j±tanti eva½ vutta½. Sabbanti “catusaccadhammes³”ti-±di sumattherena vutta½ sabba½. Arahatte niµµhaªgatoti etth±pi vuttanayeneva anuyogaparih±r± veditabb±. Yadipi dhammasen±pati “s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ may± samadhigatan”ti ito pubbepi j±n±tiyeva, id±ni pana asaªkhyeyy±parimeyyabhede buddhaguºe nayagg±havasena pariggahetv± kiccasiddhiy± tasmi½ ñ±ºe niµµhaªgato ahos²ti dassento “mah±sivatthero…pe… dhammes³ti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe niµµhaªgato”ti avoca.
Buddhaguº± pana nayato ±gat±, te nayagg±hato y±th±vato j±nanto s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe tath±j±nanavasena niµµhaªgatatt± s±vakap±ramiñ±ºameva tassa apar±paruppattivasena, tena tena bh±vetabbakiccabahut±vasena ca “dhammes³”ti puthuvacanena vutta½. Anant±parimeyy±na½ anaññavisay±na½ buddhaguº±na½ nayato pariggaºhanena therassa s±tisayo bhagavati pas±do uppajjat²ti ±ha “bhiyyosomatt±y±”ti-±di. “Suµµhu akkh±to”ti vatv± ta½ evassa suµµhu akkh±tata½ dassetu½ “niyy±niko maggo”ti vutta½. Sv±kkh±tat± hi dhammassa yadattha½ desito, tadatthas±dhanena veditabb±. Phalatth±ya niyy±t²ti anantaravip±katt±, attano uppattisamanantarameva phalanipph±danavasena pavattat²ti attho. Vaµµac±rakato niyy±t²ti v± niyy±niko, niyy±nas²loti v±. R±gadosamohanimmadanasamatthoti idh±pi “pasannosmi bhagavat²ti dasset²”ti ±netv± sambandho. Vaªk±d²ti ±di-saddena jimhakuµile, aññe ca paµipattidose saªgaºh±ti. Bhagav± tumh±ka½ buddhasubuddhat± viya dhammasudhammat±, saªghasuppaµipatti ca dhammesu niµµhaªgamanena s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe niµµhaªgatatt± mayha½ suµµhu vibh³t± sup±kaµ± j±t±ti dassento thero “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno saªghoti pas²din”ti avoca.