5. Sampas±dan²yasuttavaººan±

S±riputtas²han±davaººan±

141. P±v±renti sañch±denti sar²ra½ eten±ti p±v±ro, vattha½. P±varaºa½ v± p±v±ro, “vattha½ dussan”ti pariy±yasadd± eteti dussameva p±v±ro, so etassa bahuvidho anekakoµippabhedo bhaº¹abh³to atth²ti dussap±v±riko. So kira pubbe daharak±le dussap±v±rabhaº¹ameva bahu½ pariggahetv± v±ºijja½ ak±si, tena na½ seµµhiµµh±ne µhitampi “p±v±riko” tveva sañj±nanti. Bhagavat²ti iti-saddo ±di-attho, pak±rattho v±, tena bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± therena vuttavacana½ sabba½ saªgaºh±ti. “Kasm± eva½ avoc±”ti tath±vacane k±raºa½ pucchitv± “somanassapavedanatthan”ti kasm± payojana½ vissajjita½, tayida½ amba½ puµµhassa labuja½ by±karaºasadisanti? Nayidameva½ cintetabba½. Y± hissa therassa tad± bhagavati somanassuppatti, s± niddh±ritar³p± k±raºabh±vena codit±, tasm± eva½ avoc±ti, s± eva ca yasm± niddh±ritar³p± pavedanavasena bhagavato sammukh± tath±vacana½ payojeti, tasm± “attano uppannasomanassapavedanatthan”ti payojanabh±vena vissajjita½.
Tatr±ti tasmi½ somanassapavedane. Vih±re niv±saparivattanavasena sunivatthaniv±sano. ¾bhujitv±ti ±bandhitv±.
Sam±pattito vuµµh±ya “aho santo vat±ya½ ariyavih±ro”ti sam±pattisukhapaccavekkhaºamukhena attano guºe anussaritu½ ±raddho, ±rabhitv± ca nesa½ ta½ ta½ s±maññavisesavibh±gavasena anussari. Tath± hi “sam±dh²”ti s±maññato gahitasseva “paµhama½ jh±nan”ti-±din± visesavibh±go, “paññ±”ti s±maññato ca gahitasseva “vipassan±ñ±ºan”ti-±din± visesavibh±go uddhaµo. “Lokiy±bhiññ±su dibbacakkhuñ±ºasseva gahaºa½ therassa itarehi s±tisayanti dassetun”ti vadanti, pubbeniv±sañ±ºampi pana “kappasatasahass±dhikass±”ti-±din± kiccavasena dassitameva, lakkhaºah±ravasena v± itaresa½ pettha gahitat± veditabb±.
Atthappabhedassa sallakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ atthe pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±. Tath± dhammappabhedassa sallakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ dhamme pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±. Niruttipabhedassa sallakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ niruttiya½ pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±. Paµibh±nappabhedassa sallakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±na karaºasamattha½ paµibh±ne pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge, (visuddhi. 2.428) ta½ sa½vaººan±su (visuddhi. µ². 2.428) vuttanayeneva veditabbo. S±vakavisaye paramukka½sagata½ ñ±ºa½ s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ viya sabbañeyyadhammesu. Tass±pi hi visu½ parikamma½ n±ma natthi, s±vakap±ramiy± pana sammadeva parip³ritatt± aggamaggasamadhigamenevassa samadhigamo hoti. Sabbaññutaññ±ºasseva samm±sambuddh±na½ y±va nisinnapallaªk± anussaratoti yojan±.
Bhagavato s²la½ niss±ya guºe anussaritum±raddhoti yojan±. Yasm± guº±na½ bahubh±vato nesa½ ekajjha½ ±p±th±gamana½ natthi, sati ca tasmi½ anir³pitar³peneva anussaraºena bhavitabba½, tasm± thero savisaye µhatv± te anupada½ sar³pato anussari, anussaranto ca sabbapaµhama½ s²la½ anussari, ta½ dassento “bhagavato s²la½ niss±y±”ti ±ha, s²la½ ±rabbh±ti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Yasm± cettha thero ekekavasena bhagavato guºe anussaritv± tato para½ catukkapañcak±divasena anussari, tasm± “catt±ro iddhip±de”ti vatv± tato para½ bojjhaªgabh±van±s±maññena indriyesu vattabbesu t±ni aggahetv± “catt±ro magge”ti-±di vutta½. Catuyoniparicchedakañ±ºa½ mah±s²han±dasutte (ma. ni. 1.152) ±gatanayeneva veditabba½. Catt±ro ariyava½s± ariyava½sasutte (a. ni. 4.28) ±gatanayeneva veditabb±.
Padh±niyaªg±dayo saªg²ti (d². ni. 3.317) dasuttarasuttesu (d². ni. 3.355) ±gamissanti. Cha s±raº²ya dhamm± parinibb±nasutte (d². ni. 2.141) ±gat± eva. Sukha½ supan±dayo (a. ni. 11.15; paµi. ma. 2.22) ek±dasa mett±nisa½s± “Ida½ dukkha½ ariyasaccan”ti-±din± sa½. ni. 5.1081, mah±va. 15, paµi. ma. 2.30) cat³su ariyasaccesu tiparivattavasena ±gat± dv±dasa dhammacakk±k±r±. Maggaphalesu pavatt±ni aµµha ñ±º±ni, cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni c±ti cuddasa buddhañ±º±ni. Pañcadasa vimuttiparip±caniy± dhamm± meghiyasuttavaººan±ya½ (ud±. aµµha. 31) gahetabb±, so¼asavidh± ±n±p±nassati ±n±p±nassatisutte (ma. ni. 3.148), aµµh±rasa buddhadhamm± (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5; d². ni. aµµha. 3.305) eva½ veditabb±–
At²ta½se buddhassa bhagavato appaµihata½ ñ±ºa½, an±gata½se, paccuppanna½se buddhassa bhagavato appaµihata½ ñ±ºa½. Imehi t²hi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato sabba½ k±yakamma½ ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ ñ±º±nuparivatti, sabba½ vac²kamma½, sabba½ manokamma½ ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ ñ±º±nuparivatti. Imehi chahi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato natthi chandassa h±ni, natthi dhammadesan±ya h±ni, natthi v²riyassa h±ni, natthi sam±dhissa h±ni, natthi paññ±ya h±ni, natthi vimuttiy± h±ni. Imehi dv±dasahi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato natthi dav±, natthi rav±, natthi apphuµµha½, natthi veg±yitatta½, natthi aby±vaµamano, natthi appaµisaªkh±nupekkh±ti.
Tattha “natthi dav±ti khi¹¹±dhipp±yena kiriy± natthi. Natthi rav±ti sahas± kiriy± natth²”ti vadanti. Sahas± pana kiriy± dav±, “añña½ kariss±m²”ti aññassa karaºa½ rav±. Natthi apphuµanti ñ±ºena aphusita½ natthi. Natthi veg±yitattanti turitakiriy± natthi. Natthi aby±vaµamanoti niratthakacittasamud±c±ro natthi. Natthi appaµisaªkh±nupekkh±ti aññ±ºupekkh± natthi. Keci pana “natthi dhammadesan±ya h±n²”ti apaµhitv± “natthi chandassa h±ni, natthi v²riyassa h±ni, natthi satiy± [sattiy± (vibha. m³laµ². suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±)] h±n²”ti paµhanti.
Jar±maraº±d²su ek±dasasu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu pacceka½ catusaccayojan±vasena pavatt±ni catucatt±l²sa ñ±º±niyeva (sa½. ni. 2.33) sukhavises±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vato ñ±ºavatth³ni. Vuttañheta½–
“Yato kho bhikkhave ariyas±vako eva½ jar±maraºa½ paj±n±ti, eva½ jar±maraºasamudaya½ paj±n±ti, eva½ jar±maraºanirodha½ paj±n±ti, eva½ jar±maraºanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ paj±n±t²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.33).
Jar±maraºasamudayoti cettha j±ti adhippet±. Sesapadesu bhav±dayo veditabb±.
Kusalacittupp±desu phass±dayo paropaºº±sa kusaladhamm±.
“J±tipaccay± jar±maraºan”ti ñ±ºa½, “asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºan”ti ñ±ºa½, at²tampi addh±na½ “j±tipaccay± jar±maraºan”ti ñ±ºa½, “asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºan”ti ñ±ºa½, an±gatampi addh±na½ “j±tipaccay± jar±maraºan”ti ñ±ºa½, “asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºan”ti ñ±ºa½. “Yampi ida½ dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, tampi khayadhamma½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhamman”ti ñ±ºanti eva½ jar±maraº±d²su ek±dasasu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu pacceka½ satta satta katv± sattasattati ñ±ºavatth³ni (sa½. ni. 2.34) veditabb±ni. Tattha yamp²ti chabbidhampi paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ vipassan±rammaºabh±vena ekajjha½ gahetv± vutta½. Dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti chapi ñ±º±ni saªkhipitv± vutta½ ñ±ºa½. “Khayadhamman”ti-±din± pana pak±rena pavattañ±ºassa dassana½, vipassan±dassanato vipassan± paµivipassan±dassanamattamev±ti na ta½ “aªgan”ti vadanti, p±¼iya½ (sa½. ni. 2.34) pana sabbattha ñ±ºavasena aªg±na½ vuttatt± “nirodhadhammanti ñ±ºan”ti iti-saddena pak±setv± vutta½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ sattama½ ñ±ºanti ayamattho dissati. Na hi yampi ida½ dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, tampi ñ±ºanti sambandho hoti ñ±ºaggahaºena etasmi½ ñ±ºabh±vadassanassa anadhippetatt±, “khayadhamma½…pe… nirodhadhamman”ti etesa½ sambandhabh±vappasaªgo c±ti. Catuv²sati…pe… vajirañ±ºanti ettha keci t±va ±hu “bhagav± devasika½ dv±dasakoµisatasahassakkhattu½ mah±karuº±sam±patti½ sam±pajjati, dv±dasakoµisatasahassakkhattumeva ca arahattaphalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, t±sa½ purecara½, sahavacarañca ñ±ºa½ paµipakkhehi abhejjata½, mahattañca up±d±ya mah±vajirañ±ºa½ n±ma. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
‘Tath±gata½ bhikkhave, arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½ dve vitakk± bahula½ samud±caranti– khemo ca vitakko, paviveko ca vitakko’ti (itivu. 38).
Khemavitakko hi bhagavato mah±karuº±sam±patti½ p³retv± µhito, pavivekavitakko arahattaphalasam±patti½. Buddh±nañhi bhavaªgapariv±so lahuko, matthakappatto sam±patt²su vas²bh±vo, tasm± sam±pajjanavuµµh±n±ni katipayacittakkhaºeheva ijjhanti. Pañca r³p±vacarasam±pattiyo catasso ar³pasam±pattiyo appamaññ±sam±pattiy± saddhi½ dasa, nirodhasam±patti, arahattaphalasam±patti c±ti dv±daset± sam±pattiyo bhagav± pacceka½ divase divase koµisatasahassakkhattu½ purebhatta½ sam±pajjati, tath± pacch±bhattan”ti. “Eva½ sam±pajjitabbasam±pattisañc±ritañ±ºa½ mah±vajirañ±ºa½ n±m±”ti keci.
Apare pana “ya½ ta½ bhagavat± abhisambodhidivase pacchimay±me paµiccasamupp±damukhena paµilomanayena jar±maraºato paµµh±ya ñ±ºa½ ot±retv± anupadadhammavipassana½ ±rabhantena yath± n±ma puriso suvidugga½ mah±gahana½ mah±vana½ chindanto antarantar± nis±nasil±ya½ pharasu½ sunisita½ karoti, evameva nis±nasil±sadisiyo sam±pattiyo antarantar± sam±pajjitv± ñ±ºassa tikkhavisadas³rabh±va½ samp±detu½ anulomapaµilomato pacceka½ paµiccasamupp±daªgavasena sammasanto divase divase lakkhakoµilakkhakoµiphalasam±pattiyo sam±pajjati, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ ‘catuv²sati…pe… mah±vajirañ±ºa½ niss±y±’ti”. Nanu bhagavato sam±pattisam±pajjane parikamme payojana½ natth²ti? Nayida½ ekantika½. Tath± hi vedan±paµippaº±man±d²su savisesa½ parikammapubbaªgamena sam±pattiyo sam±pajji. Apare pana “lokiyasam±pattisam±pajjane parikammena payojana½ natthi. Lokuttarasam±pattisam±pajjane tajja½ parikamma½ icchitabbamev±”ti vadanti.
“Aparampar±”ti pada½ yesa½ desan±ya atthi, te aparampariy±va. Kusalapaññattiyanti kusaladhamm±na½ paññ±pane. Anuttaroti uttamo. Upanissaye µhatv±ti ñ±º³panissaye µhatv± y±diso pubb³panissayo pubbayogo, tattha patiµµh±ya. Mahantato saddahati paµipakkhavigamena ñ±ºassa viya saddh±yapi tikkhavisadabh±v±pattito. Avasesa-arahanteh²ti pakatis±vakehi. As²ti mah±ther± paramatthad²paniya½ therag±th±vaººan±ya½ n±mato uddhaµ±. Catt±ro mah±ther±ti mah±kassapa-anuruddhamah±kacc±namah±koµµhikatther±. Tesupi aggas±vakesu s±riputtatthero paññ±ya visiµµhabh±vato. S±riputtattheratopi eko paccekabuddho tikkhavisadañ±ºo abhin²h±ramahantat±ya sambhatañ±ºasambh±ratt±. Satipi paccekabodhiy± avisesesu bah³su ekajjha½ sannipatitesu pubbayogavasena lokiye visaye siy± kassaci ñ±ºassa visiµµhat±ti dassetu½ “sace pan±”ti-±di vutta½. “Sabbaññubuddhova buddhaguºe mahantato saddahat²”ti ida½ heµµh± ±gatadesan±sotavasena vutta½. Buddh± hi buddhaguºe mahatta½ paccakkhatova passanti, na saddahanavasena.