Catuvaººasuddhivaººan±

115. Mukhacchedakav±danti “br±hmaº± mah±brahmuno mukhato j±t±”ti v±dassa chedakav±da½. Ariyabh±ve asamatth±ti anariyabh±v±vah±. Pakatik±¼ak±ti sabh±veneva na suddh±. Kaºhoti kiliµµho upat±pako. Ten±ha “dukkhoti attho”ti.
Sukkabh±vo n±ma parisuddhat±ti ±ha “nikkilesabh±vena paº¹ar±”ti. Sukkoti na kiliµµho anupat±pakoti vutta½ “sukhoti attho”ti.
116. Ubhayavokiººeti vacanavipall±sena vuttanti ±ha “ubhayesu vokiººes³”ti. Miss²bh³tes³ti “kad±ci kaºh± dhamm±, kad±ci sukk± dhamm±”ti eva½ ekasmi½ sant±ne, ekasmi½yeva ca attabh±ve pavattiy± miss²bh³tesu, na pana ekajjha½ pavattiy±. Etth±ti anantaravuttadhamm±va anv±dhiµµh±ti ±ha “kaºhasukkadhammes³”ti. Yasm± ca te br±hmaº± na ceva te dhamme atikkant±, y±ya ca paµipad±ya atikkameyyu½, s±pi tesa½ paµipad± natthi, tasm± vutta½ “vattam±n±p²”ti. N±nuj±nanti ayath±bhuccav±dabh±vato. Anuj±nanañca n±ma abbhanumodananti tadabh±va½ dassentena “n±numodanti, na pasa½sant²”ti vutta½. Catunna½ vaºº±nanti niddh±raºe s±mivacana½. Tesanti pana sambandhepi v± s±mivacana½. Te ca br±hmaº± na evar³p± na edis±, y±diso arah± ekadesen±pi tena tesa½ sadisat±bh±vato, tasm± tena k±raºena nesa½ br±hmaº±na½ “br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo”ti v±da½ viññ³ yath±bh³tav±dino buddh±dayo ariy± n±nuj±nanti.
¾rakatt±d²h²ti ettha kiles±na½ ±rakatt± pah²nabh±vato d³ratt± araha½, kiles±r²na½ hatatt± araha½, sa½s±racakkassa ar±na½ hatatt± araha½, paccay±d²na½ arahatt± araha½, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±vena arahanti evamattho veditabbo. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.125 ±dayo), ta½ sa½vaººan±su (visuddhi. µ². 1.124) ca vuttanayena veditabbo ¾sav±na½ kh²ºatt±ti catunnampi ±sav±na½ anavasesato pah²natt±. Brahmacariyav±santi maggabrahmacariyav±sa½. Tassa v±sassa pariyositatt± vutthav±so, dasannampi v± ariyav±s±na½ vutthatt± vutthav±so. Vuttañheta½–
“Dasayime, bhikkhave, ariy±v±s±, yadariy± ±vasi½su v± ±vasanti v± ±vasissanti v±. Katame dasa? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu pañcaªgavippah²no hoti cha¼aªgasamann±gato ek±rakkho catur±passeno panuººapaccekasacco samavayasaµhesano an±vilasaªkappo passaddhak±yasaªkh±ro suvimuttacitto suvimuttapañño. Ime kho, bhikkhave, dasa ariy±v±s±”ti (a. ni. 10.19).
Vussat²ti v± vusita½, ariyamaggo, ariyaphalañca, ta½ etassa atth²ti atisayavacanicch±vasena arah± “vusitav±”ti vutto. Karaº²ya½ n±ma pariññ±pah±nasacchikiriy±bh±van± dukkhassanta½ k±tuk±mehi ekantato kattabbatt±, ta½ pana yasm± cat³hi maggehi pacceka½ cat³su saccesu k±tabba½ kata½, tasm± vutta½ “cat³hi…pe… katakaraº²yo”ti. Os²d±panaµµhena bh±r± viy±ti bh±r±, kiles±, khandh± ca. Vuttañhi “bh±r± have pañcakkhandh±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.22) oh±ritoti apan²to. Sako attho sadatthoti ettha da-k±ro padasandhikaro. K±ma½ diµµhi-±dayopi sa½yojan±ni eva, tath±pi taºh±ya bhavasa½yojanaµµho s±tisayo. Yath±ha “avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±nan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 2.125, 126, 127, 132, 134, 136, 142; 3.5.520; kath±. 75) tato s± eva sutte (d². ni. 2.400; ma. ni. 1.93, 133; 3.373; sa½. ni. 3.1081; paµi. ma. 1.34 ±dayo) samudayasaccabh±vena vutt±, tasm± vutta½ “bhavasa½yojana½ vuccati taºh±”ti. Sammadaññ± vimuttoti samm± aññ±ya j±nanabh³t±ya aggamaggapaññ±ya samm± yath±bh³ta½ ya½ yath± j±nitabba½, ta½ tath± j±nitv± vimutto. Imasmi½ loketi imasmi½ sattaloke. Idhattabh±veti imasmi½ attabh±ve, parattabh±veti parasmi½ attabh±ve, idhaloke, paraloke c±ti attho.
117. Antaravirahit±ti vibh±gavirahit±. Ten±ha “attano kulena sadis±”ti. Anuyant²ti anuyant±, anuyant± eva ±nuyant±, anuvattak±. Ten±ha “vasavattino”ti.
118. Niviµµh±ti saddheyyavatthusmi½ anupavisanavasena niviµµh±. Tato eva tasmi½ adhika½ nivisanato abhiniviµµh±. Acalaµµhit±ti acalabh±ve µhit±.
Yanti ya½ kathetabbadhamma½ anupadh±retv±, tadatthañca appaccakkha½ katv± kathana½, eta½ aµµh±na½ ak±raºa½ tassa bodhim³leyeva samucchinnatt±. Vicchindajananatthanti ratanattayasaddh±ya vicchindassa upp±danattha½, aññathatt±y±ti attho. Soti m±ro. Mus±v±da½ k±tu½ n±sakkh²ti ±gataphalassa ariyas±vakassa purato mus± vattu½ na visahi, tasm± ±ma m±rosm²ti paµij±ni. Sil±pathaviyanti ratanamayasil±pathaviya½. Sineru½ kira pariv±retv± µhito bh³mippadeso sattaratanamayo, “suvaººamayo”ti keci, s± vitth±rato, ubbedhato anekayojanasahassaparim±º± ativiya niccal±. Ki½ tva½ etth±ti ki½ k±raº± tva½ ettha. “Ýhito”ti acchara½ pahari. Ýh±tu½ asakkontoti ariyas±vakassa purato µh±tu½ asakkonto. Ayañhi ariyadhamm±dhigamassa ±nubh±vo, ya½ m±ropi n±ma mah±nubh±vo ujuka½ paµipparitu½ na sakkoti.
Maggo eva m³la½ maggam³la½, tassa. Sañj±tatt± uppannatt±. Tena maggam³lena patiµµhitasant±ne laddhapatiµµh±. Bhagavato desan±dhamma½ niss±ya ariy±ya j±tiy± j±to “bhagavanta½ niss±ya ariyabh³miya½ j±to”ti vutto. “Ure vasitv±”ti ida½ dhammaghosassa urato samuµµh±nat±ya vutta½. Ure v±y±majanit±bhij±tit±ya v± oraso. Mukhato j±tena j±to “mukhato j±to”ti vutto. K±raºak±raºepi hi k±raºe viya voh±ro hoti “tiºehi bhatta½ siddhan”ti. Keci pana “vimokkhamukhassa vasena j±tatt± mukhato j±to”ti vadanti, tatth±pi vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Purimenatthena yonijo, sedajo, mukhajoti t²su sambandhesu mukhajena sambandhena bhagavato puttabh±vo vibh±vito. Atthadvayen±pi dhammajabh±voyeva d²pito. Ariyadhammappattito laddhaviseso hutv± pavatto taduttarak±liko khandhasant±no “ariyadhammato j±to”ti veditabbo, ariyadhamma½ v± maggaphala½ niss±ya, upaniss±ya ca j±to sabbopi dhammappabandho “ariyadhammato j±to”ti gahetabbo. Tesa½ pana ariyadhamm±na½ apariyositakiccat±ya ariyabh±vena abhinibbattimatta½ up±d±ya “ariyadhammato j±tatt±”ti vutta½. Pariyositakiccat±ya tath± nibbattip±rip³ri½ up±d±ya “nimmitatt±”ti vutta½, yato “dhammajo dhammanimmito”ti vutta½. “Navalokuttaradhammad±ya½ ±diyat²ti dhammad±y±do” tipi p±µho. Ass±ti “bhagavatomhiputto”ti-±din± vuttassa v±kyassa. Attha½ dassentoti bh±vattha½ pak±sento. Tath±gatassa anaññas±dh±raºas²l±didhammakkhandhassa sam³hanivesavasena dhammak±yat±ya na kiñci vattabba½ atthi, satthuµµh±niyassa pana dhammak±yata½ dassetu½ “kasm± tath±gato dhammak±yoti vutto”ti sayameva puccha½ samuµµh±petv± “tath±gato h²”ti-±din± tamattha½ vissajjeti. Hadayena cintetv±ti “ima½ dhamma½ imassa desess±m²”ti tassa upagatassa veneyyajanassa bodhanattha½ cittena cintetv±. V±c±ya abhin²har²ti saddhammadesan±v±c±ya karav²karutamañjun± brahmassarena veneyyasant±n±bhimukha½ tadajjh±say±nur³pa½ hitamattha½ n²hari upanesi. Ten±ti tena k±raºena eva½saddhamm±dhimuttibh±vena. Ass±ti tath±gatassa. Dhammamayatt±ti dhammabh³tatt±. Idh±dhippetadhammo seµµhaµµhena brahmabh³toti ±ha “dhammak±yatt± eva brahmak±yo”ti. Sabbaso adhamma½ pajahitv± anavasesato dhammo eva bh³toti dhammabh³to. Tath±r³po ca yasm± sabh±vato dhammo ev±ti vattabbata½ arahat²ti ±ha “dhammasabh±vo”ti.
119. Seµµhacchedakav±danti “br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo”ti (d². ni. 3.116) eva½ vuttaseµµhabh±vacchedakav±da½. Aparenapi nayen±ti yath±vuttaseµµhacchedakav±dato aparenapi por±ºakalokuppattidassananayena. Seµµhaccheda…pe… dassetunti sopi hi “br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²n± aññe vaºº±”ti, “br±hmaº± brahmuno putt± oras± mukhato j±t± brahmaj±”ti (d². ni. 3.114) ca eva½ pavatt±ya micch±diµµhiy± viniveµhano j±tibr±hmaº±na½ seµµhabh±vassa chedanato seµµhacchedanav±do n±ma hot²ti dassetunti attho.
Itthabh±vanti ima½ pak±rata½ manussabh±va½. S±maññajotan± hi visese avatiµµhati, pakaraºavasena v± ayamattho avacchinno daµµhabbo. Maneneva nibbatt±ti b±hirapaccayena vin± kevala½ upac±rajh±namanas±va nibbatt±. Y±ya upac±rajjh±nacetan±ya te tattha nibbatt±, n²varaºavikkhambhan±din± u¼±ro tass± pavattiviseso, tasm± jh±naphalakappo tass± phalavisesoti ±ha “brahmaloke viy±”ti-±di. “Saya½pabh±”ti pad±na½ tattha s³riy±lok±d²hi vin± andhak±ra½ vidhamant± sayameva pabh±sant²ti saya½pabh±, antalikkhe ±k±se carant²ti antalikkhacar±, tadaññak±m±vacarasatt±na½ viya sar²rassa vicaraºaµµh±nassa asubhat±bh±vato subha½, subheva tiµµhant²ti subhaµµh±yinoti attho veditabbo.