Akusalakammapathadasakavaººan±

347. Pathabh³tatt±ti tesa½ pavattanup±yatt± maggabh³tatt±. Methunasam±c±res³ti sad±rasantosaparad±ragamanavasena duvidhesu methunasam±c±resu. Tepi hi k±metabbato k±m± n±ma. Methunavatth³s³ti methunassa vatth³su tesu sattesu. Micch±c±roti g±rayh±c±ro. G±rayhat± cassa ekantanih²nat±ya ev±ti ±ha “ekantanindito l±mak±c±ro”ti. Asaddhamm±dhipp±yen±ti asaddhammasevan±dhipp±yena.
Sagottehi rakkhit± gottarakkhit±. Sahadhammikehi rakkhit± dhammarakkhit±. Sass±mik± s±rakkh±. Yass± gamane raññ± daº¹o µhapito, s± saparidaº¹±. Bhariy±bh±vattha½ dhanena k²t± dhanakk²t±. Chandena vasant² chandav±sin². Bhogattha½ vasant² bhogav±sin². Paµattha½ vasant² paµav±sin². Udakapatta½ ±masitv± gahit± odapattakin². Cumbaµa½ apanetv± gahit± obhatacumbaµ±. Karamar±n²t± dhaj±haµ±. Taªkhaºik± muhuttik±. Abhibhavitv± v²tikkame micch±c±ro mah±s±vajjo, na tath± dvinna½ sam±nacchandat±ya. “Abhibhavitv± v²tikkamane satipi maggenamaggapaµipatti-adhiv±sane purimuppannasevan±bhisandhipayog±bh±vato micch±c±ro na hoti abhibhuyyam±nass±”ti vadanti. Sevanacitte sati payog±bh±vo appam±ºa½ yebhuyyena itthiy± sevanapayogassa abh±vato. Tasmi½ asati puretara½ sevanacittassa upaµµh±panepi tass± micch±c±ro na siy±, tath± purisassapi sevanapayog±bh±veti. Tasm± attano ruciy± pavattitassa vasena tayo balakk±rena pavattitassa vasena tayoti sabbepi aggahitaggahaºena “catt±ro sambh±r±”ti vutta½.
Upasaggavasena atthavisesav±cino dh±tusadd±ti “abhijjh±yat²”ti padassa “parabhaº¹±bhimukh²”ti-±din± attho vutto. Tattha tanninnat±y±ti tasmi½ parabhaº¹e lubbhanavasena ninnat±y±ti ayamettha adhipp±yo veditabbo. Abhipubbo v± jh±-saddo lubbhane niru¼ho daµµhabbo. Upasaggavasena atthavisesav±cino eva dh±tusadd±. Adinn±d±nassa appas±vajjamah±s±vajjat± brahmaj±lavaººan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. c³¼as²lavaººan±) vutt±ti ±ha “adinn±d±na½ viya appas±vajj±, mah±s±vajj± c±”ti. Tasm± “yassa bhaº¹a½ abhijjh±yati, tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajjat±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajjat±”ti-±din± appas±vajjamah±s±vajjavibh±go veditabbo. Attano pariº±mana½ cittenev±ti veditabba½.
Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti yo na½ upp±deti, tassa ya½ pati citta½ upp±deti, tassa tassa sati samav±ye hitasukha½ vin±seti. Pharusav±c±ya appas±vajjamah±s±vajjat± brahmaj±lavaººan±ya½ vibh±vit±ti ±ha “pharusav±c± viy±”ti-±di. Tasm± “ya½ pati citta½ by±p±deti, tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajjo, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajjo”ti-±din± tadubhayavibh±go veditabbo. “Aho vat±”ti imin± parassa accant±ya vin±sacintana½ d²peti. Evañhi ssa d±ruºappavattiy± kammapathappavatti.
Yath±bhuccagahaº±bh±ven±ti y±th±vagahaºassa abh±vena anicc±disabh±vassa nicc±dito gahaºena. Micch± passat²ti vitatha½ passati. “Samphappal±po viy±”ti imin± ±sevanassa mandat±ya appas±vajjata½, mahantat±ya mah±s±vajjata½ dasseti. Gahit±k±ravipar²tat±ti micch±diµµhiy± gahit±k±ravipar²tabh±vo. Vatthunoti tassa ayath±bh³tasabh±vam±ha. Tath±bh±ven±ti gahit±k±reneva vipar²t±k±reneva. Tassa diµµhigatikassa, tassa v± vatthuno upaµµh±na½, “evameta½ na ito aññath±”ti.
Dhammatoti sabh±vato. Koµµh±satoti phassapañcamak±d²su cittaªgakoµµh±sesu ye koµµh±s± honti, tatoti attho.
Cetan±dhamm±ti cetan±sabh±v±.
“Paµip±µiy± satt±”ti ettha nanu cetan± abhidhamme kammapathesu na vutt±ti paµip±µiy± sattanna½ kammapathabh±vo na yuttoti? Na, avacanassa aññahetukatt±. Na hi tattha cetan±ya akammapathappattatt± (dha. sa. m³laµ². akusalakammapathakath±vaººan±) kammapathar±simhi avacana½, kad±ci pana kammapatho hoti, na sabbad±ti kammapathabh±vassa aniyatatt± avacana½. Yad± pana kammapatho hoti, tad± kammapathar±sisaªgaho na niv±rito.
Etth±ha– yadi cetan±ya sabbad± kammapathabh±v±bh±vato aniyato kammapathabh±voti kammapathar±simhi avacana½, nanu abhijjh±d²nampi kammapathabh±va½ appatt±na½ atthit±ya aniyato kammapathabh±voti tesampi kammapathar±simhi avacana½ ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati kammapathat±ta½sabh±gat± hi tesa½ tattha vuttatt±. Yadi eva½ cetan±pi tattha vattabb± siy±ti? Saccameta½, s± pana p±º±tip±t±dik±v±ti p±kaµo tass± kammapathabh±voti na vutta½ siy±. Cetan±ya hi “cetan±ha½, bhikkhave, kamma½ vad±mi (a. ni. 6.63; kath±. 539), tividh±, bhikkhave, k±yasañcetan± akusala½ k±yakamman”ti (kath±. 539) vacanato kammabh±vo p±kaµo; kamma½yeva ca sugatiduggat²na½, taduppajjanasukhadukkh±nañca pathabh±vena pavatta½ “kammapatho”ti vuccat²ti p±kaµo tass± kammapathabh±vo. Abhijjh±d²na½ pana cetan±sam²hanabh±vena sucaritaduccaritabh±vo, cetan±janitabh±vena [cetan±janitata½bandhatibh±vena (dha. sa. anuµ². akusalakammapath±vaººan±)] sugatiduggatitaduppajjanasukhadukkh±na½ pathabh±vo c±ti na tath± p±kaµo kammapathabh±voti te eva tena sabh±vena dassetu½ abhidhamme cetan± kammapathabh±ve na vutt±, atath±j±tiyatt± v± cetan± tehi saddhi½ na vutt±ti daµµhabba½. M³la½ patv±ti m³ladesana½ patv±, m³lasabh±vesu dhammesu desiyam±nes³ti attho.
“Adinn±d±na½ satt±rammaºan”ti ida½ “pañcasikkh±pad± paritt±rammaº± ev±”ti im±ya pañhapucchakap±¼iy± (vibha. 715) virujjhati. Yañhi p±º±tip±t±diduss²lyassa ±rammaºa½ tadeva ta½veramaºiy± ±rammaºa½. V²tikkamitabbavatthuto eva hi virat²ti. Satt±rammaºanti v± sattasaªkh±tasaªkh±r±rammaºa½, tameva up±d±ya vuttanti na koci virodho. Tath± hi vutta½ sammohavinodaniya½ “y±ni sikkh±pad±ni ettha ‘satt±rammaº±n²’ti vutt±ni, t±ni yasm± sattoti saªkha½ gate saªkh±reyeva ±rammaºa½ karont²”ti. (Vibha. aµµha. 714) esa nayo ito paresupi. Visabh±gavatthuno “itth² puriso”ti gahetabbato “satt±rammaºo”ti eke. “Eko diµµho, dve sut±”ti-±din± samphappal±pena diµµhasutamutaviññ±tavasena. Tath± abhijjh±ti ettha tath±-saddo “diµµhasutamutaviññ±tavasen±” tidampi upasa½harati, na sattasaªkh±r±rammaºatameva dassan±divasena abhijjh±yanato. “Natthi satt± opap±tik±”ti (d². ni. 1.171) pavattam±n±pi micch±diµµhi tebh³makadhammavisay± ev±ti adhipp±yenass± saªkh±r±rammaºat± vutt±. Katha½ pana micch±diµµhiy± sabbe tebh³makadhamm± ±rammaºa½ hot²ti? S±dh±raºato. “Natthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko”ti (d². ni. 1.171; ma. ni. 2.94) pavattam±n±ya atthato r³p±r³p±vacaradhamm±pi gahit± eva hont²ti.
Sukhabahulat±ya r±j±no hasam±n±pi “gh±teth±”ti vadanti h±so pana nesa½ attav³pasam±di-aññavisayoti ±ha “sanniµµh±paka…pe… hot²”ti. Majjhattavedano na hoti, sukhavedanova ettha sambhavat²ti. Mus±v±do lobhasamuµµh±no sukhavedano v± siy± majjhattavedano v±, dosasamuµµh±no dukkhavedano v±ti mus±v±do tivedano. Imin± nayena sesesupi yath±raha½ vedan±bhedo veditabbo.
Dosamohavasena dvim³lakoti sampayuttam³lameva sandh±ya vutta½. Tassa hi m³laµµhena upak±rakabh±vo. Nid±nam³le pana gayham±ne “lobhamohavasenap²”ti vattabba½ siy±. ¾misakiñjakkhahetupi p±ºa½ hananti. Tenev±ha– “lobho nid±na½ kamm±na½ samuday±y±”ti-±di (a. ni. 3.34). Sesesupi eseva nayo.