Parato sutv± paµilabhat²ti kamm±yatan±d²ni parena kariyam±n±ni, parena kat±ni v± disv±pi parassa kathayam±nassa vacana½ sutv±pi ±cariyasantike uggahetv±pi paµiladdh± sabb± parato sutv± paµiladdhan±m±ti veditabb±. Sam±pannass±ti sam±pattisamaªgissa, nidassanamattameta½. Vipassan±maggapaññ± hi idha “bh±van±paññ±”ti visesato icchit±ti.
¾vudha½ n±ma paµipakkhavimathanattha½ icchitabba½, r±g±disadiso ca paµipakkho natthi, tassa ca vimathana½ buddhavacanamev±ti “sutameva ±vudhan”ti vatv± “ta½ atthato tepiµaka½ buddhavacanan”ti ±ha. Id±ni tamattha½ vivaranto “ta½ h²”ti ±di½ vatv± “sut±vudho”ti-±din± (a. ni. 7.67) suttapadena samattheti. Tattha akusala½ pajahat²ti tadaªg±divasena akusala½ pariccajati. Kusala½ bh±vet²ti samathavipassan±dikusala½ dhamma½ upp±deti va¹¹heti ca. Suddha½ att±na½ pariharat²ti tena akusalappah±nena, t±ya ca kusalabh±van±ya r±g±disa½kilesato visuddha½ attabh±va½ pavatteti.
Vivekaµµhak±y±nanti gaºasaªgaºika½ vajjetv± tato apaka¹¹hitak±y±na½. Sv±ya½ k±yaviveko na kevala½ ek±k²bh±vo, atha kho paµhamajjh±n±di nekkhammayogatoti ±ha “nekkhamm±bhirat±nan”ti. Cittavivekoti kilesasaªgaºika½ pah±ya tato cittassa vivittat±. S± pana jh±navimokkh±d²na½ vasena hot²ti ±ha “parisuddhacitt±na½ paramavod±nappatt±nan”ti. Upadhivivekoti nibb±na½. Tadadhigamena hi puggalassa nirupadhit±. Ten±ha “nirupadh²na½ puggal±nan”ti, visaªkh±ragat±na½ adhigatanibb±n±na½, phalasam±pattisamaªg²nañc±ti attho. Sutampi avassayaµµheneva ±vudha½ vuttanti ±ha “ayamp²”ti. Tath± hi vutta½ “tañhi niss±y±”ti. K±mañcettha sutapavivek±pi paññ±vaseneva yath±dhippeta-±vudhattas±dhak± paññ± pana sutena, ekaccapavivekena v± vin±pi idh±dhippeta-±vudhattas±dhan²ti tato paññ± s±matthiyadassanattha½ visu½ ±vudhabh±vena vutt±. Ten±ha “yassa s± atthi, so na kutoc²”ti-±di.
N±ññ±ta½ avidita½ dhammanti anamatagge sa½s±ravaµµe na aññ±ta½ avidita½ amatadhamma½, catusaccadhammameva v± j±niss±m²ti paµipannassa imin± pubb±bhogena uppanna½ indriya½. Ya½ p±¼iya½ saªgahav±re “nava indriy±ni hont²”ti vutta½, ta½ pubb±bhogasiddha½ pavatti-±k±ravisesa½ d²petu½ vutta½, atthato pana maggasamm±diµµhi eva s±ti ±ha “sot±pattimaggañ±ºasseta½ adhivacanan”ti. Aññindriyanti ±j±nanaka-indriya½, paµhamamaggena ñ±tamariy±da½ anatikkamitv± tesa½yeva tena maggena ñ±t±na½ catusaccadhamm±na½ j±nanaka-indriyanti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha “aññ±bh³ta½ ±j±nanabh³ta½ indriyan”ti. ¾j±n±t²ti añño, aññassa bh³ta½, ±j±nanavasena v± bh³tanti aññabh³ta½. Aññ±t±v²s³ti j±nitabba½ catu-ariyasacca½ ±j±nitv± µhitesu. Ten±ha “j±nanakiccapariyos±nappattes³”ti, pariññ±dibhedassa j±nanakiccassa pariniµµh±nappattesu.
Ma½sacakkhu cakkhupas±doti ma½sacakkhu n±ma catasso dh±tuyo, vaººo, gandho, raso, oj±, sambhavo, saºµh±na½, j²vita½, bh±vo, k±yappas±do, cakkhupas±doti eva½ cuddasasambh±ro ma½sapiº¹o.
Kasiº±loka½ va¹¹hetv± tattha r³padassanato “dibbacakkhu ±lokanissita½ ñ±ºan”ti vutta½. Dibbacakkhupaññ±vinimutt± eva lokiyapaññ± paññ±cakkh³ti ayamattho avuttasiddho dibbacakkhussa visu½ gahitatt±ti vutta½ “paññ±cakkhu lokiyalokuttarapaññ±”ti.
Adhika½ visiµµha½ s²lanti adhis²la½. Sikkhitabbatoti ±sevitabbato. Adhis²la½ n±ma anavasesak±yikav±casikasa½varabh±vato, maggas²lassa padaµµh±nabh±vato ca. Adhicitta½ maggasam±dhissa adhiµµh±nabh±vato. Adhipaññ± maggapaññ±ya adhiµµh±nabh±vato. Id±ni nesa½ adhis²l±dibh±va½ k±raºena paµip±detu½ “anuppannepi h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha anuppanneti appavatte. Adhis²lameva nibb±n±dhigamassa paccayabh±vato. Sam±pann±ti ettha “nibb±na½ patthayanten±”ti pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
“Kaly±ºak±r² kaly±ºa½, p±pak±r² ca p±paka½;
anubhoti dvayampetu½, anubandhañhi k±rakan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.256).
Eva½ at²te, an±gate ca vaµµam³lakadukkhasallakkhaºavasena sa½vegavatthut±ya vimutti-±kaªkh±ya paccayabh³t± kammassakat±paññ± adhipaññ±”ti vadanti. Lokiyas²l±d²na½ adhis²l±dibh±vo pariy±yen±ti nippariy±yameva ta½ dassetu½ “sabba½ v±”ti-±di vutta½.
Pañcadv±rikak±yoti pañcadv±resu k±yo phass±didhammasam³ho. K±yo ca so bh±vitabh±vena bh±van± c±ti k±yabh±van± n±ma. Yasm± kh²º±sav±na½ aggamagg±dhigamanena sabbasa½kiles± pah²n±ti pah²nak±lato paµµh±ya sabbaso ±sevan±bh±vato natthi tesa½ bh±viniy±pi cakkhusotaviññeyy± dhamm±, pageva k±¼ak±, tasm± pañcadv±rikak±yo subh±vito eva hoti. Tena vutta½ “kh²º±savassa hi…pe… subh±vito hot²”ti. Na aññesa½ viya dubbal± dubbalabh±vakar±na½ kiles±na½ sabbaso pah²natt±.
Vipassan± dassan±nuttariya½ anicc±nupassan±divasena saªkh±r±na½ sammadeva dassanato. Maggo paµipad±nuttariya½ taduttaripaµipad±ya abh±vato. Phala½ vimutt±nuttariya½ akuppabh±vato. Phala½ v± dassan±nuttariya½ divasampi nibb±na½ paccakkhato disv± pavattanato. Nibb±na½ vimutt±nuttariya½ sabbasaªkhatavinissaµatt±. Dassana-sadda½ kammas±dhana½ gahetv± nibb±nassa dassan±nuttariyat± vutt±ti dassento “tato uttarañhi daµµhabba½ n±ma natth²”ti ±ha. Natthi ito uttaranti anuttara½, anuttarameva anuttariyanti ±ha “uttama½ jeµµhakan”ti.
Sesoti vutt±vaseso pañcakanayena, catukkanayena ca tividho sam±dhi, imin± eva ca sam±dhittay±padesena suttantesupi pañcakanayo ±gato ev±ti veditabba½. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ paramatthamañj³s±ya½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. µ². 1.38) vuttameva, tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
¾gacchati n±ma½ etasm±ti ±gamana½, tato ±gamanato. Saguºatoti sarasato. ¾rammaºatoti ±rammaºadhammato. Anattato abhinivisitv±ti “sabbe saªkh±r± anatt±”ti vipassana½ paµµhapetv±. Anattato disv±ti paµhama½ saªkh±r±na½ “anatt±”ti anattalakkhaºa½ paµivijjhitv±. Anattato vuµµh±t²ti vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±ya anatt±k±rato pavatt±ya maggavuµµh±na½ p±puº±ti. Asuññatattak±rak±na½ kiles±na½ abh±v±ti att±bhinivesapaccay±na½ diµµhekaµµh±na½ kiles±na½ vikkhambhanato vipassan± suññat± n±ma attasuññat±ya y±th±vato gahaºato. Nanu eva½ vipassan±ya saguºato suññat±, na ±gamanatoti nippariy±yato natth²ti? Saccameta½ n±mal±bhe, na pana n±mad±neti n±ya½ doso. Atha v± suttantakath± n±ma pariy±yakath±, na abhidhammakath± viya nippariy±y±ti bhiyyopi na koci doso.
Yasm± saguºato, ±rammaºato ca n±mal±bhe saªkaro hoti ekasseva n±mantaral±bhasambhavato. ¾gamanato pana n±mal±bhe saªkaro natthi n±mantaral±bh±bh±vato, asambhavato ca, tasm± “aparo”ti-±di vutta½. Nimittak±rakakiles±bh±v±ti niccanimitt±digg±hakapaccay±na½ kiles±na½ vikkhambhanato. K±mañc±ya½ vipassan± niccanimitt±di½ uggh±µent² pavattati, saªkh±ranimittassa pana avissajjanato na nippariy±yato animittan±ma½ labhat²ti. Pariy±yena paneta½ vutta½. Tath± hi nippariy±yadesanatt± abhidhamme maggassa animittan±ma½ uddhaµa½. Sutte ca–
“Animittañca bh±vehi, m±n±nusayamujjaha;
tato m±n±bhisamay±, upasanto carissas²”ti. (Su. ni. 344; sa½. ni. 1.212).

Animittapariy±yo ±gato. Paºidhik±rakakiles±bh±v±ti sukhapaºidhi-±dipaccay±na½ kiles±na½ vikkhambhanato.

R±g±d²hi suññatt±ti samucchedavasena pajahanato r±g±d²hi vivittatt±. R±g±dayo eva r±ganimitt±d²ni. Purimuppann± hi r±g±dayo parato uppajjanakar±g±d²na½ k±raºa½ hoti. R±g±dayo eva tath± paºidh±nassa paccayabh±vato r±gapaºidhi-±dayo. Nibb±na½ visaªkh±rabh±veneva sabbasaªkh±ravinissaµatt± r±g±d²hi suñña½, r±g±dinimittapaºidhivirahitañc±ti daµµhabba½. Ettha ca saªkh±rupekkh± s±nulom± vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±, s± suññato vipassant² “suññat±”ti vuccati, dukkhato passant² taºh±paºidhisosanato “appaºihit±”ti. S± magg±dhigam±ya ±gamanapaµipad±µh±ne µhatv± maggassa “suññata½ animitta½ appaºihitan”ti n±ma½ deti. ¾gamanato ca n±me laddhe saguºato ca ±rammaºato ca n±ma½ siddhameva hoti, na pana saguº±rammaºehi n±mal±bhe sabbattha ±gamanato n±ma½ siddha½ hot²ti paripuººan±masiddhihetutt±, “saguº±rammaºehi sabbesampi n±mattayayogo, na ±gamanato”ti vavatth±nakaratt± ca nippariy±yato ±gamanatova n±mal±bho padh±na½, na itarehi, pariy±yato pana tidh± n±mal±bho icchitabboti aµµhakath±ya½ “tividh± kath±”ti-±din± aya½ vic±ro katoti daµµhabba½.
Sucibh±voti kiles±sucivigamena suddhabh±vo asa½kiliµµhabh±vo. Ten±ha “tiººa½ sucarit±na½ vasena veditabbo”ti.
Munino et±n²ti moneyy±ni. Yehi dhammehi ubhayahitamunanato muni n±ma hoti, te eva½ vutt±ti ±ha “munibh±vakar± moneyyapaµipad± dhamm±”ti. Tattha yasm± k±yena akattabbassa akaraºa½, kattabbassa ca karaºa½, “atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.377; ma. ni. 1.110; 3.153; a. ni. 6.29; 10.60; vibha. 356; khu. p±. 3.1; netti. 47) k±yasaªkh±tassa ±rammaºassa j±nana½, k±yassa ca samudayato atthaªgamato ass±dato ±d²navato nissaraºato ca y±th±vato parij±nana½, tath± parij±nanavasena pavatto vipassan±maggo, tena ca k±ye chandar±gassa pajahana½, k±yasaªkh±ra½ nirodhetv± pattabbasam±patti c±ti sabbe ete k±yamukhena pavatt± moneyyapaµipad± dhamm± k±yamoneyya½ n±ma. Tasm± tamattha½ dassetu½ “tividhak±yaduccaritassa pah±nan”ti-±din± p±¼i ±gat±. Sesadvayepi eseva nayo. Tattha copanav±cañceva saddav±cañca ±rabbha pavatt± paññ± v±c±rammaºe ñ±ºa½. Tassa v±c±ya samuday±dito parij±nana½ v±c±pariññ±. Ek±s²tividha½ lokiyacitta½ ±rabbha pavattañ±ºa½ man±rammaºe ñ±ºa½. Tassa samuday±dito parij±nana½ manopariññ±ti ayameva viseso.
Ayanti ito sampattiyoti ±yo, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ abhibuddh²ti ±ha “±yoti vu¹¹h²”ti. Apenti sampattiyo eten±ti ap±yo, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ h±n²ti ±ha “ap±yoti avu¹¹h²”ti. Tassa tass±ti ±yassa ca ap±yassa ca. K±raºa½ up±yo upeti upagacchati etena ±yo, ap±yo c±ti. Tattha duvidh± vu¹¹hi anatthah±nito, atthuppattito ca, tath± avu¹¹hi atthah±nito, anatthuppattito ca. Tesa½ paj±nan±ti tesa½ ±y±p±yasaññit±na½ yath±vuttappabhed±na½ vu¹¹hi-avu¹¹h²na½ y±th±vato paj±nan±. Kosalla½ kusalat± nipuºat±. Tadubhayampi p±¼ivaseneva dassetu½ “vuttañhetan”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha ida½ vuccat²ti y± imesa½ akusaladhamm±na½ anuppattinirodhesu, kusaladhamm±nañca uppattibhiyyobh±vesu paññ±, ida½ ±yakosalla½ n±ma vuccati. Id±ni ap±yakosallampi p±¼ivaseneva dassetu½ “tattha kataman”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ida½ vuccat²ti y± imesa½ kusaladhamm±na½ anuppajjananirujjhanesu, akusaladhamm±nañca uppattibhiyyobh±vesu paññ±, ida½ ap±yakosalla½ n±ma vuccat²ti. Etth±ha-±yakosalla½ t±va paññ± hotu, ap±yakosalla½ katha½ paññ± n±ma j±t±ti eva½ maññati “ap±yupp±danasamatthat± ap±yakosalla½ n±m±”ti, ta½ pana tassa matimatta½. Paññav± eva hi “mayha½ eva½ manasi karoto anuppann± kusal± dhamm± nuppajjanti, uppann± nirujjhanti. Anuppann± akusal± dhamm± uppajjanti, uppann± va¹¹hant²”ti paj±n±ti, so eva½ ñatv± anuppanne akusale dhamme na upp±deti, uppanne pajahati. Anuppanne kusale dhamme upp±deti, uppanne bh±van±p±rip³ri½ p±peti. Eva½ ap±yakosallampi paññ± ev±ti. Sabb±p²ti ±yakosallapakkhik±pi ap±yakosallapakkhik±pi. Tatrup±y±ti tatra tatra karaº²ye up±yabh³t±.
Tassa tikicchanatthanti acc±yikassa kiccassa, bhayassa v± pariharaºattha½ µh±nuppattiyak±raºaj±nanavasenev±ti µh±ne taªkhaºe eva uppatti etassa atth²ti µh±nuppattika½, µh±naso uppajjanakak±raºa½, tassa j±nanavaseneva.
Majjan±k±ravasena pavattam±n±ti attano vatthuno madan²yat±ya madassa ±pajjan±k±rena pavattam±n± uººatiyo. Nirogoti arogo. M±nakaraºanti m±nassa upp±dana½. Yobbane µhatv±ti yobbane patiµµh±ya, yobbana½ apass±y±ti attho. Sabbesampi j²vita½ n±ma maraºapabhaªgura½ dukkh±nubandhañca, tadubhaya½ anoloketv±, pabandhaµµhitipaccay± sulabhatañca niss±ya uppajjanakamado j²vitamadoti dassetu½ “cira½ j²vin”ti-±di vutta½.
Adhipati vuccati jeµµhako, issaroti attho. Tato adhipatito ±gata½ ±dhipateyya½. Ki½ ta½? P±passa akaraºa½. Ten±ha “ettakomh²”ti-±di. Tattha s²l±dayo lokiy± eva daµµhabb±, tasm± vimuttiy±ti lokiyavimuttiy±. Jeµµhakanti issara½, garunti attho. Ettha ca att±na½, dhammañca adhipati½ katv± p±passa akaraºa½ hiriy± vasena veditabba½. Loka½ adhipati½ katv± akaraºa½ ottappassa vasena.
Kath±vatth³n²ti kath±ya pavattiµµh±n±ni. Yasm± tehi vin± kath± nappavattati, tasm± “kath±k±raº±n²”ti vutta½. Addh±na-saddassa attho heµµh± vutto eva, so panatthato dhammappavattimatta½ Dhamm± cettha khandh± eva, tabbinimutt± ca tesa½ gati natth²ti ±ha “at²ta½ dhamma½, at²takkhandheti attho”ti. Ayañca addh± n±ma dis±di viya atthato dhammappavatti½ up±d±ya paññattimatta½, na up±d± na bh³tadhammoti tamattha½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Tamavijjhanaµµhena viditakaraºaµµhen±”ti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “pubbeniv±s±”ti-±di vutta½. Pubbeniv±santi pubbe nivutthakkhandhe. Tamanti mohatama½. Vijjhat²ti vihanati, pajahat²ti attho. Teneva ca paµicch±dakatamavijjhanena pubbeniv±sañca vidita½ p±kaµa½ karot²ti vijj±ti. Tanti cut³pap±ta½.
Upapattidevavisesabh±v±vaho vih±roti katv± dibbo vih±ro. Nanu eva½ aññamaññ±nampi dibbavih±rabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? Na t±sa½ sattesu hit³pasa½h±r±divasena pavattiy± savisesa½ niddosaµµhena, seµµhaµµhena ca brahmavih±rasamaññ±ya niru¼habh±vato. Suvisuddhito paµipakkhasamucchindanavasena araº²yato pattabbato, ariyabh±vappattiy± v± anantara½ ariyo. Ariy±na½ ayanti v± ariyo vih±ro.
Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.

Tikavaººan± niµµhit±.