J±timahallakoti j±tiy± vu¹¹hataro addhagato vayo-anuppatto. So hi rattańńut±ya yebhuyyena j±tidhammakuladhammapadesu th±variyappattiy± j±tithero n±ma. Therakaraŗ± dhamm±ti s±sane thirabh±vakar± guŗ± paµipakkhanimmadanak±. Theroti vakkham±nesu dhammesu thirabh±vappatto. S²lav±ti p±sa½sena s±tisayena s²lena samann±gato, s²lasampannoti attho, etena duss²lyasaŖkh±tassa b±lyassa abh±vam±ha. Suttageyy±di bahu suta½ eten±ti bahussuto, eten±ssa sutavirahasaŖkh±tassa b±lyassa abh±va½, paµisaŖkh±nabalena ca patiµµhitabh±va½ vadati. “Catunna½ jh±n±na½ l±bh²”ti imin± n²varaŗ±disaŖkh±tassa b±lyassa abh±va½, bh±van±balena ca patiµµhitabh±va½ katheti. “¾sav±na½ khay±”ti-±din± avijj±saŖkh±tassa b±lyassa sabbaso abh±va½, kh²ŗ±savattherabh±vena patiµµhitabh±vańcassa dasseti. Na cettha samud±ye v±kyaparisam±pana½, atha kho pacceka½ v±kyaparisam±pananti dassento “eva½ vuttesu dhammes³”ti-±dim±ha. Theran±mako v± “thero”ti eva½ n±mako v±.
Anuggahavasena, p³j±vasena v± attano santaka½ parassa d²yati eten±ti d±na½, paricc±gacetan±. D±nameva d±namaya½. Padap³raŗamatta½ maya-saddo. Puńńańca ta½ yath±vuttenatthena kiriy± ca kammabh±vatoti puńńakiriy±. Paresa½ piyaman±pat±sevan²yat±d²na½ ±nisa½s±na½. Pubbe…pe… vasenev±ti saŖkh±rattike (d². ni. 3.305; d². ni. aµµha. 3.305) vuttad±namayas²lamayabh±van±mayacetan±vaseneva. Im±ni veditabb±n²ti sambandho. Etth±ti etesu puńńakiriyavatth³su. K±yena karontass±ti attano k±yena paricc±gapayoga½ pavattentassa. Tadatthanti d±nattha½. “Ima½ deyyadhamma½ deh²”ti v±ca½ nicch±rentassa. D±nap±rami½ ±vajjetv± v±ti yath± kevala½ “annad±n±d²ni dem²”ti d±nak±le ta½ d±namaya½ puńńakiriyavatthu hoti, eva½ “ima½ d±namaya½ samm±sambodhiy± paccayo hot³”ti d±nap±rami½ ±vajjetv± d±nak±lepi d±nas²seneva pavattitatt±. Vattas²se µhatv±ti “eta½ d±na½ n±ma mayha½ kulava½so kulatanti kulapaveŗ² kulac±rittan”ti c±rittas²le µhatv± dadato c±rittas²lamaya½. Yath± deyyadhammaparicc±gavasena pavattam±n±pi d±nacetan± vattas²se µhatv± dadato s²lamaya½ puńńakiriyavatthu hoti pubb±bhisaŖkh±rassa, aparabh±gacetan±ya ca tath± pavattatt±, eva½ deyyadhamme khayato, vayato sammasana½ paµµhapetv± dadato bh±van±maya½ puńńakiriyavatthu hoti pubbabh±gacetan±ya, deyyadhamme aparabh±gacetan±ya ca tath± pavattatt±.
Apac²ticetan± apacitisahagata½ apac²yati et±y±ti yath± nand²r±go eva nand²r±gasahagat±, yath±vutt±ya v± apacitiy± sahagata½ sahapavattanti apacitisahagata½ Apac±yanavasena pavatta½ puńńakiriyavatthu. Vayas± guŗehi ca vu¹¹hatar±na½ vattapaµipatt²su by±vaµo hoti y±ya cetan±ya, s± veyy±vacca½, veyy±vaccameva veyy±vaccasahagata½. Veyy±vaccasaŖkh±t±ya v± vattapaµipattiy± samuµµh±panavaseneva sahagata½ pavattanti veyy±vaccasahagata½, tath±pavatta½ puńńakiriyavatthu. Attano sant±ne patta½ puńńa½ anuppad²yati eten±ti patt±nuppad±na½. Tath± parena anuppadinnat±ya patta½ abbhanumodati eten±ti pattabbhanumodana½. Ananuppadinna½ pana kevala½ abbhanumod²yati eten±ti abbhanumodana½. Dhamma½ deseti et±y±ti desan±, desan±va desan±maya½. Suŗ±ti eten±ti savana½, savanameva savanamaya½. Diµµhiy± ń±ŗassa ujugamana½ diµµhijugata½. Sabbattha “puńńakiriyavatth³”ti pada½ apekkhitv± napu½sakaliŖgat±.
P³j±vasena s±m²cikiriy± apac±yana½ apaciti. Vayas± guŗehi ca jeµµh±na½ gil±n±nańca ta½ta½kiccakaraŗa½ veyy±vacca½. Ayametesa½ visesoti ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Catt±ro paccaye datv± sabbasatt±nanti ca ekadesato ukkaµµhaniddeso, ya½ kińci deyyadhamma½ datv±, puńńa½ v± katv± “katipay±na½, ekasseva v± patti hot³”ti pariŗ±manampi patt±nuppad±nameva. Ta½ na mahapphala½ taŗh±ya par±maµµhatt±. Paresa½ deseti hitapharaŗena muducitten±ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Evanti eva½ ima½ dhamma½ sutv± bahussuto hutv± pare dhammadesan±ya anuggaŗhiss±m²ti hitapharaŗena muducittena dhamma½ suŗ±ti. Evańhissa savana½ attano, paresańca samm±paµipattiy± paccayabh±vato mahapphala½ bhavissat²ti. Sabbesanti sabbesampi dasanna½ puńńakiriyavatth³na½. Niyamalakkhaŗanti mahapphalabh±vassa niy±makasabh±va½ Diµµhiy± ujubh±venev±ti “atthi, natth²”ti antadvayassa durasamuss±ritat±ya “atthi dinnan”ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.94; 3.136; vibha. 793) nayappavatt±ya samm±diµµhiy± ujukameva pavattiy±. D±n±d²su hi ya½ kińci im±ya eva samm±diµµhiy± parisodhita½ mah±jutika½ mah±vipph±ra½ bhavati.
Purimeheva t²h²ti p±¼iya½ ±gateheva t²hi. S²lamaye puńńakiriyavatthumhi saŖgaha½ gacchanti c±rittas²labh±vato. D±namaye saŖgaha½ gacchanti d±nasabh±vatt±, d±navisayatt± ca. K±ma½ desan± dhammad±nasabh±vato d±namaye saŖgaha½ gacchat²ti vattu½ yutt±, kusaladhamm±sevanabh±vato pana vimutt±yatanas²se µhatv± pavattit± viya savanena saddhi½ bh±van±maye saŖgaha½ gacchant²ti vutta½. “Diµµhijugata½ bh±van±maye”ti keci. Diµµhijugate eva ca attan± katassa puńńassa anussaraŗa½, tassa ca paresa½ atth±ya pariŗ±mana½, guŗapasa½s±, ańńehi kariyam±n±ya puńńakiriy±ya, samm±paµipattiy± ca anumodana½ saraŗagamananti eva½ ±dayo puńńavises± saŖgaha½ gacchanti diµµhijukammavaseneva tesa½ ijjhanato.
Parassa paµipattiy± sodhanattho anuyogo codan±, s± y±ni niss±ya pavattati, t±ni codan±vatth³ni diµµhasutaparisaŖkit±ni. Ten±ha “codan±k±raŗ±n²”ti. Diµµhen±ti ca hetumhi karaŗavacana½ diµµhena hetun±ti attho. Ki½ pana ta½ diµµhanti ±ha “v²tikkaman”ti Disv±ti ca dassanahet³ti ayamettha attho yath± “pańń±ya cassa disv±”ti. “Suten±”ti-±d²supi imin± nayena attho veditabbo. Parass±ti parato, parassa v± vacana½ sutv±. DiµµhaparisaŖkiten±ti diµµh±nugatena parisaŖkitena, tath± parisaŖkitena v± v²tikkamena. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Codeti vatthusandassanena v± sa½v±sappaµikkhepena v± s±m²cippaµikkhepena v±. Imasmi½ pana atthe vitth±riyam±ne atippapańco hot²ti ±ha “ayamettha saŖkhepo”ti. Vitth±ra½ pana icchant±na½ tassa adhigamup±ya½ dassento “vitth±ro pana…pe… veditabbo”ti ±ha.
K±m³papattiyoti k±mehi upapannat±, samann±gatat±ti attho. Samann±gamo ca tesa½ paµisevana½, samadhigamo c±ti ±ha “k±m³pasevan± k±mapaµil±bh± v±”ti. Paccupaµµhitak±m±ti dutiyatatiyar±s²na½ viya saya½, parehi ca animmit±. Uµµh±nakammaphal³paj²vibh±vato pana tadubhayavasena paccupaµµhit± k±m± etesanti paccupaµµhitak±m±. Te pana tesa½ yebhuyyena nibaddh±ni hont²ti “nibaddhak±m±”ti vutta½. Catudevalokav±sinoti c±tumah±r±jikato paµµh±ya y±va tusit± dev±. Vinip±tik±ti ±p±yik±. Paranimmit± k±m± etesanti paranimmitak±m±.
Pakatisevanavasen±ti anum±nato j±nana½ vadati, na paccakkhato. Vasa½ vattent²ti yath±ruci p±tabyata½ ±pajjanti. “Methuna½ paµisevant²”ti ida½ pana keciv±dapaµisedhanattha½ vutta½. Ten±ha “keci pan±”ti-±di. Te “y±m±na½ ańńamańńa½ ±liŖgitamattena tusit±na½ hatth±masanamattena, nimm±narat²na½ hasitamattena, paranimmitavasavatt²na½ olokitamattena k±makicca½ ijjhat²”ti vadanti. “Itaresa½ dvinna½ dvaya½dvayasam±pattiy± v±”ti vadanti t±disassa k±mesu virajjanassa tesu abh±vato, k±m±nańca uttaruttari paŗ²tapaŗ²tatarapaŗ²tatamabh±vato. Kevala½ pana nissand±bh±vo tesa½ vattabbo. K±makiccanti taŖkhaŗikapari¼±h³pasam±vaha½ phassasukha½. K±m±ti k±m³pabhog±. P±katik± ev±ti heµµhimehi ekasadis± eva. EkasaŖkh±tanti ekar³pa½ sam±nar³panti, samańń±ta½ sam±nabh±vanti v± attho.
Sukhapaµil±bh±ti sukhasamadhigam±. Heµµh±ti paµhamajjh±nabh³mito heµµh± manussesu, devesu v±. Paµhamajjh±nasukhanti kusalapaµhamajjh±na½. Bh³mivasenapi heµµhuparibh±vo labbhateva brahmak±yikesu, brahmapurohitesu v± kusalajjh±na½ nibbattetv± brahmapurohitesu, mah±brahmesu v± vip±kasukh±nubhavanassa labbhanato. Ettha ca dutiyatatiyajjh±nabh³mivasena dutiyatatiyasukh³papatt²na½ vuccam±natt± paµhamajjh±nabh³mivaseneva paµhamajjh±nasukh³papatti vutt±. Tint±ti temit±, jh±nasukhena ceva jh±nasamuµµh±napaŗ²tar³paphuµµhak±yena ca paŗ²t± vitt±ti attho. Tenev±ha “samantato tint±”ti-±di. Yasm± kusalasukhato vip±kasukha½ santatarat±ya paŗ²tatara½ bahulańca pavattati, tasm± vutta½ “idampi vip±kajjh±nasukha½ eva sandh±ya vuttan”ti. Tesanti ±bhassar±na½. Sapp²tikassa sukhassa ativiya u¼±rabh±vato tena ajjhotthatacitt±na½ bhavalobho mah± uppajjati. Santamev±ti vitakkavic±rasaŖkhobhap²ti-ubbil±vivigamena ativiya upasanta½yeva. Tath± santabh±veneva hi ta½ attano paccayehi padh±nabh±va½ n²tat±ya “paŗ²tan”ti vuccati. Ten±ha “paŗ²tamev±”ti. Atappakena sukhap±ramippattena sukhena sa½yutt±ya tus±ya p²tiy± it± pavatt±ti tusit±. Yasm± te tato uttari sukhassa abh±vato eva na patthenti, tasm± vutta½ “tato…pe… santuµµh± hutv±”ti. Tatiyajjh±nasukhanti tatiyajjh±navip±kasukha½.
Satta ariyapańń±ti aµµhamakato paµµh±ya sattanna½ ariy±na½ tesa½ tesa½ ±veŗikapańń±. Żhapetv± lokuttara½ pańńa½ avases± pańń± n±ma. Sabb±pi tebh³mik± pańń± “sekkh±”tipi na vattabb±, “asekkh±”tipi na vattabb±ti nevasekkh±n±sekkh±, puthujjanapańń±.
Yogavihites³ti pańń±vihitesu pańń±pariŗ±mitesu up±yapańń±ya samp±ditesu. Kamm±yatanes³ti ettha kammameva kamm±yatana½, kammańca ta½ ±yatanańca ±j²v±d²nanti v± kamm±yatana½. Esa nayo sipp±yatanesupi. Tattha ca duvidha½ kamma½ h²nańca va¹¹hakikamm±di, ukkaµµhańca kasiv±ŗijj±di. Sippampi duvidha½ h²nańca na¼ak±rasipp±di, ukkaµµhańca muddagaŗan±di. Vijj±va vijj±µµh±na½, ta½ dhammikameva n±gamaŗ¹alaparittaphudhamanakamantasadisa½ veditabba½. T±ni panet±ni ekacce paŗ¹it± bodhisattasadis± manuss±na½ ph±suvih±ra½ ±kaŖkhant± neva ańńehi kariyam±n±ni passanti, na v± kat±ni uggaŗhanti. Na karont±na½ suŗanti, atha kho attano dhammat±ya cint±ya karonti. Pańńavantehi attano dhammat±ya cint±ya kat±nipi ańńehi uggaŗhitv± karontehi katasadis±neva honti. Kammassakatanti “ida½ kamma½ satt±na½ saka½, ida½ no sakan”ti eva½ j±nanań±ŗa½. Sacc±nulomikanti vipassan±ń±ŗa½. Tańhi saccapaµivedhassa anulomanato “sacc±nulomikan”ti vuccati. Id±nissa pavattan±k±ra½ dassetu½ “r³pa½ aniccanti v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha -saddena aniyamatthena dukkh±nattalakkhaŗ±nipi gahit±nev±ti daµµhabba½ n±nantariyakabh±vato. Yańhi anicca½, ta½ dukkha½. Ya½ dukkha½, tadanatt±ti [(sijjhanato) adhikap±µho viya dissati]. Ya½ evar³panti ya½ eva½ heµµh± niddiµµhasabh±va½. “Anulomika½ khantin”ti-±d²ni pańń±vevacan±ni S± hi heµµh± vutt±na½ kamm±yatan±d²na½ pańcanna½ k±raŗ±na½ apaccan²kadassanena anulomanato, tath± satt±na½ hitacariy±ya maggasaccassa, paramatthasaccassa ca nibb±nassa avilomanato anulomet²ti ca anulomik±. Sabb±nipi et±ni k±raŗ±ni khamati sahati daµµhu½ sakkot²ti khanti. Passat²ti diµµhi. Rocet²ti ruci. Mun±t²ti muti. Pekkhat²ti pekkh±. Te ca kamm±yatan±dayo dhamm± nijjh±yam±n± et±ya nijjh±na½ khamant²ti dhammanijjh±nakkhanti. Parato asutv± paµilabhat²ti ańńassa upadesavacana½ asutv± sayameva cintento paµilabhati. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ cint±may± pańń± n±ma vuccati. S± panes± abhińń±t±na½ bodhisatt±nameva uppajjati. Tatth±pi sacc±nulomikań±ŗa½ dvinnameva bodhisatt±na½ antimabhavik±na½, sesapańń± sabbesampi p³ritap±ram²na½ mah±pańń±na½ uppajjati.