Dasa dhamm±

360. “Dasa dhamm± bahuk±r±…pe… dasa dhamm± sacchik±tabb±.
(Ka) “katame dasa dhamm± bahuk±r±? Dasa n±thakaraº±dhamm±– idh±vuso, bhikkhu s²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno, aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v² sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±padesu, ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu s²lav± hoti…pe… sikkhati sikkh±padesu. Ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu bahussuto …pe… diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±, ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu bahussuto…pe… ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu kaly±ºamitto hoti kaly±ºasah±yo kaly±ºasampavaªko. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… kaly±ºasampavaªko. Ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu suvaco hoti sovacassakaraºehi dhammehi samann±gato, khamo padakkhiºagg±h² anus±sani½. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… anus±sani½. Ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu y±ni t±ni sabrahmac±r²na½ ucc±vac±ni ki½karaº²y±ni tattha dakkho hoti analaso tatrup±y±ya v²ma½s±ya samann±gato, ala½ k±tu½, ala½ sa½vidh±tu½. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… ala½ sa½vidh±tu½. Ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu dhammak±mo hoti piyasamud±h±ro abhidhamme abhivinaye u¼±rap±mojjo. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… u¼±rap±mojjo. Ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu santuµµho hoti itar²tarehi c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu …pe… ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu ±raddhav²riyo viharati…pe… kusalesu dhammesu. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu satim± hoti, paramena satinepakkena samann±gato, cirakatampi cirabh±sitampi sarit± anussarit±. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu paññav± hoti udayatthag±miniy± paññ±ya samann±gato, ariy±ya nibbedhik±ya samm± dukkhakkhayag±miniy±. Ya½p±vuso, bhikkhu…pe… ayampi dhammo n±thakaraºo. Ime dasa dhamm± bahuk±r±.
(Kha) “katame dasa dhamm± bh±vetabb±? Dasa kasiº±yatan±ni– pathav²kasiºameko sañj±n±ti uddha½ adho tiriya½ advaya½ appam±ºa½. ¾pokasiºameko sañj±n±ti…pe… tejokasiºameko sañj±n±ti… v±yokasiºameko sañj±n±ti… n²lakasiºameko sañj±n±ti… p²takasiºameko sañj±n±ti… lohitakasiºameko sañj±n±ti… od±takasiºameko sañj±n±ti… ±k±sakasiºameko sañj±n±ti… viññ±ºakasiºameko sañj±n±ti uddha½ adho tiriya½ advaya½ appam±ºa½ Ime dasa dhamm± bh±vetabb±.
(Ga) “katame dasa dhamm± pariññeyy±? Das±yatan±ni– cakkh±yatana½, r³p±yatana½, sot±yatana½, sadd±yatana½, gh±n±yatana½, gandh±yatana½, jivh±yatana½, ras±yatana½, k±y±yatana½, phoµµhabb±yatana½. Ime dasa dhamm± pariññeyy±.
(Gha) “katame dasa dhamm± pah±tabb±? Dasa micchatt±– micch±diµµhi, micch±saªkappo, micch±v±c±, micch±kammanto, micch±-±j²vo, micch±v±y±mo, micch±sati, micch±sam±dhi, micch±ñ±ºa½, micch±vimutti. Ime dasa dhamm± pah±tabb±.
(©a) “katame dasa dhamm± h±nabh±giy±? Dasa akusalakammapath±– p±º±tip±to, adinn±d±na½, k±mesumicch±c±ro, mus±v±do, pisuº± v±c±, pharus± v±c±, samphappal±po, abhijjh±, by±p±do, micch±diµµhi. Ime dasa dhamm± h±nabh±giy±.
(Ca) “katame dasa dhamm± visesabh±giy±? Dasa kusalakammapath±– p±º±tip±t± veramaº², adinn±d±n± veramaº², k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº², mus±v±d± veramaº², pisuº±ya v±c±ya veramaº², pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaº², samphappal±p± veramaº², anabhijjh±, aby±p±do, samm±diµµhi. Ime dasa dhamm± visesabh±giy±.
(Cha) “katame dasa dhamm± duppaµivijjh±? Dasa ariyav±s±– idh±vuso bhikkhu pañcaªgavippah²no hoti, cha¼aªgasamann±gato, ek±rakkho, catur±passeno, paºunnapaccekasacco, samavayasaµµhesano, an±vilasaªkappo, passaddhak±yasaªkh±ro, suvimuttacitto, suvimuttapañño.
“Kathañc±vuso bhikkhu pañcaªgavippah²no hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno k±macchando pah²no hoti, by±p±do pah²no hoti, thinamiddha½ pah²na½ hoti, uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²na½ hoti, vicikicch± pah²n± hoti. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu pañcaªgavippah²no hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu cha¼aªgasamann±gato hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti na dummano, upekkhako viharati sato sampaj±no. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya neva sumano hoti na dummano, upekkhako viharati sato sampaj±no. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu cha¼aªgasamann±gato hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu ek±rakkho hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu sat±rakkhena cetas± samann±gato hoti. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu ek±rakkho hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu catur±passeno hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu saªkh±yeka½ paµisevati, saªkh±yeka½ adhiv±seti, saªkh±yeka½ parivajjeti, saªkh±yeka½ vinodeti. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu catur±passeno hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu paºunnapaccekasacco hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno y±ni t±ni puthusamaºabr±hmaº±na½ puthupaccekasacc±ni, sabb±ni t±ni nunn±ni honti paºunn±ni catt±ni vant±ni mutt±ni pah²n±ni paµinissaµµh±ni. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu paºunnapaccekasacco hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu samavayasaµµhesano hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno k±mesan± pah²n± hoti, bhavesan± pah²n± hoti, brahmacariyesan± paµippassaddh±. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu samavayasaµµhesano hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso bhikkhu an±vilasaªkapp± hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno k±masaªkappo pah²no hoti, by±p±dasaªkappo pah²no hoti, vihi½s±saªkappo pah²no hoti. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu an±vilasaªkappo hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu passaddhak±yasaªkh±ro hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n± pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam± adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu passaddhak±yasaªkh±ro hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu suvimuttacitto hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno r±g± citta½ vimutta½ hoti, dos± citta½ vimutta½ hoti, moh± citta½ vimutta½ hoti. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu suvimuttacitto hoti.
“Kathañc±vuso, bhikkhu suvimuttapañño hoti? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu ‘r±go me pah²no ucchinnam³lo t±l±vatthukato anabh±va½kato ±yati½ anupp±dadhammo’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Doso me pah²no…pe… ±yati½ anupp±dadhammo’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Moho me pah²no …pe… ±yati½ anupp±dadhammo’ti paj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bhikkhu suvimuttapañño hoti. Ime dasa dhamm± duppaµivijjh±.
(Ja) “katame dasa dhamm± upp±detabb±? Dasa saññ±– asubhasaññ±, maraºasaññ±, ±h±repaµik³lasaññ±, sabbaloke-anabhiratisaññ±, aniccasaññ±, anicce dukkhasaññ±, dukkhe anattasaññ±, pah±nasaññ±, vir±gasaññ±, nirodhasaññ±. Ime dasa dhamm± upp±detabb±.
(Jha) “katame dasa dhamm± abhiññeyy±? Dasa nijjaravatth³ni– samm±diµµhissa micch±diµµhi nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±diµµhipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti. Samm±saªkappassa micch±saªkappo…pe… samm±v±cassa micch±v±c±… samm±kammantassa micch±kammanto… samm±-±j²vassa micch±-±j²vo… samm±v±y±massa micch±v±y±mo… samm±satissa micch±sati… samm±sam±dhissa micch±sam±dhi… samm±ñ±ºassa micch±ñ±ºa½ nijjiººa½ hoti. Samm±vimuttissa micch±vimutti nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±vimuttipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti. Ime dasa dhamm± abhiññeyy±.
(Ña) “katame dasa dhamm± sacchik±tabb±? Dasa asekkh± dhamm±– asekkh± samm±diµµhi, asekkho samm±saªkappo, asekkh± samm±v±c±, asekkho samm±kammanto, asekkho samm±-±j²vo, asekkho samm±v±y±mo, asekkh± samm±sati, asekkho samm±sam±dhi, asekkha½ samm±ñ±ºa½, asekkh± samm±vimutti. Ime dasa dhamm± sacchik±tabb±.
“Iti ime satadhamm± bh³t± tacch± tath± avitath± anaññath± samm± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±”ti. Idamavoc±yasm± s±riputto. Attaman± te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Dasuttarasutta½ niµµhita½ ek±dasama½.

P±thikavaggo [p±µikavaggo (s². sy±. p².)] niµµhito.

Tassudd±na½–
P±thiko ca [p±µikañca (sy±. ka½.)] udumbara½ [p±µikodumbar²ceva (s². p².)], cakkavatti aggaññaka½;
sampas±danap±s±da½ [sampas±dañca p±s±da½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)], mah±purisalakkhaºa½.
Siªg±l±µ±n±µiyaka½ saªg²ti ca dasuttara½;
ek±dasahi suttehi, p±thikavaggoti vuccati.

P±thikavaggap±¼i niµµhit±.

T²hi vaggehi paµimaº¹ito sakalo

D²ghanik±yo samatto.