Aµµha dhamm±

358. “Aµµha dhamm± bahuk±r±…pe… aµµha dhamm± sacchik±tabb±.
(Ka) “katame aµµha dhamm± bahuk±r±? Aµµha het³ aµµha paccay± ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattanti. Katame aµµha? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu satth±ra½ [satth±ra½ v± (sy±. ka.)] upaniss±ya viharati aññatara½ v± garuµµh±niya½ sabrahmac±ri½, yatthassa tibba½ hirottappa½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti pemañca g±ravo ca. Aya½ paµhamo hetu paµhamo paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya Paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Ta½ kho pana satth±ra½ upaniss±ya viharati aññatara½ v± garuµµh±niya½ sabrahmac±ri½ yatthassa tibba½ hirottappa½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti pemañca g±ravo ca. Te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± paripucchati paripañhati– ‘ida½, bhante, katha½? Imassa ko attho’ti? Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµañceva vivaranti, anutt±n²katañca utt±n² [anutt±nikatañca utt±ni½ (ka.)] karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µµh±niyesu dhammesu kaªkha½ paµivinodenti. Aya½ dutiyo hetu dutiyo paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya, vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Ta½ kho pana dhamma½ sutv± dvayena v³pak±sena samp±deti– k±yav³pak±sena ca cittav³pak±sena ca. Aya½ tatiyo hetu tatiyo paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu s²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno, aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v² sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±padesu. Aya½ catuttho hetu catuttho paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu bahussuto hoti sutadharo sutasannicayo. Ye te dhamm± ±dikaly±º± majjhekaly±º± pariyos±nakaly±º± s±tth± sabyañjan± kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ abhivadanti, tath±r³p±ssa dhamm± bahussut± honti dh±t± vacas± paricit± manas±nupekkhit± diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±. Aya½ pañcamo hetu pañcamo paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu ±raddhav²riyo viharati akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampad±ya, th±mav± da¼haparakkamo anikkhittadhuro kusalesu dhammesu. Aya½ chaµµho hetu chaµµho paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu satim± hoti paramena satinepakkena samann±gato. Cirakatampi cirabh±sitampi sarit± anussarit±. Aya½ sattamo hetu sattamo paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu, udayabbay±nupass² viharati– ‘iti r³pa½ iti r³passa samudayo iti r³passa atthaªgamo; iti vedan± iti vedan±ya samudayo iti vedan±ya atthaªgamo; iti saññ± iti saññ±ya samudayo iti saññ±ya atthaªgamo; iti saªkh±r± iti saªkh±r±na½ samudayo iti saªkh±r±na½ atthaªgamo; iti viññ±ºa½ iti viññ±ºassa samudayo iti viññ±ºassa atthaªgamo’ti. Aya½ aµµhamo hetu aµµhamo paccayo ±dibrahmacariyik±ya paññ±ya appaµiladdh±ya paµil±bh±ya, paµiladdh±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattati. Ime aµµha dhamm± bahuk±r±.
(Kha) “katame aµµha dhamm± bh±vetabb±? Ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±saªkappo, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²vo, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati, samm±sam±dhi. Ime aµµha dhamm± bh±vetabb±.
(Ga) “katame aµµha dhamm± pariññeyy±? Aµµha lokadhamm±– l±bho ca, al±bho ca, yaso ca, ayaso ca, nind± ca, pasa½s± ca, sukhañca, dukkhañca. Ime aµµha dhamm± pariññeyy±.
(Gha) “katame aµµha dhamm± pah±tabb±? Aµµha micchatt± micch±diµµhi, micch±saªkappo, micch±v±c±, micch±kammanto, micch±-±j²vo, micch±v±y±mo, micch±sati, micch±sam±dhi. Ime aµµha dhamm± pah±tabb±.
(©a) “katame aµµha dhamm± h±nabh±giy±? Aµµha kus²tavatth³ni. Idh±vuso, bhikkhun± kamma½ k±tabba½ hoti, tassa eva½ hoti– ‘kamma½ kho me k±tabba½ bhavissati, kamma½ kho pana me karontassa k±yo kilamissati, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati, na v²riya½ ±rabhati appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±ya. Ida½ paµhama½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhun± kamma½ kata½ hoti Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho kamma½ ak±si½, kamma½ kho pana me karontassa k±yo kilanto, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati, na v²riya½ ±rabhati…pe… ida½ dutiya½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhun± maggo gantabbo hoti. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘maggo kho me gantabbo bhavissati, magga½ kho pana me gacchantassa k±yo kilamissati, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati, na v²riya½ ±rabhati…pe… ida½ tatiya½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhun± maggo gato hoti. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho magga½ agam±si½, magga½ kho pana me gacchantassa k±yo kilanto, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati, na v²riya½ ±rabhati…pe… ida½ catuttha½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto na labhati l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto n±lattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½, tassa me k±yo kilanto akammañño, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti…pe… ida½ pañcama½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto labhati l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto alattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½ tassa me k±yo garuko akammañño, m±s±cita½ maññe, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati…pe… ida½ chaµµha½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhuno uppanno hoti appamattako ±b±dho, tassa eva½ hoti ‘uppanno kho me aya½ appamattako ±b±dho atthi kappo nipajjitu½, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati…pe… ida½ sattama½ kus²tavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu gil±n±vuµµhito hoti aciravuµµhito gelaññ±. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho gil±n±vuµµhito aciravuµµhito gelaññ±. Tassa me k±yo dubbalo akammañño, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²’ti. So nipajjati…pe… ida½ aµµhama½ kus²tavatthu. Ime aµµha dhamm± h±nabh±giy±.
(Ca) “katame aµµha dhamm± visesabh±giy±? Aµµha ±rambhavatth³ni. Idh±vuso, bhikkhun± kamma½ k±tabba½ hoti, tassa eva½ hoti– ‘kamma½ kho me k±tabba½ bhavissati, kamma½ kho pana me karontena na sukara½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ manasik±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±y±’ti. So v²riya½ ±rabhati appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±ya. Ida½ paµhama½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhun± kamma½ kata½ hoti. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho kamma½ ak±si½, kamma½ kho pan±ha½ karonto n±sakkhi½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ manasik±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… ida½ dutiya½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhun± maggo gantabbo hoti. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘maggo kho me gantabbo bhavissati, magga½ kho pana me gacchantena na sukara½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ manasik±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… ida½ tatiya½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhun± maggo gato hoti. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho magga½ agam±si½, magga½ kho pan±ha½ gacchanto n±sakkhi½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ manasik±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… ida½ catuttha½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto na labhati l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto n±lattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½ tassa me k±yo lahuko kammañño, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… ida½ pañcama½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto labhati l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto alattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½. Tassa me k±yo balav± kammañño, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… ida½ chaµµha½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhuno uppanno hoti appamattako ±b±dho. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘uppanno kho me aya½ appamattako ±b±dho µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ me ±b±dho pava¹¹heyya, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… ida½ sattama½ ±rambhavatthu.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu gil±n± vuµµhito hoti aciravuµµhito gelaññ±. Tassa eva½ hoti– ‘aha½ kho gil±n± vuµµhito aciravuµµhito gelaññ±, µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ me ±b±dho paccud±vatteyya, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±y±’ti. So v²riya½ ±rabhati appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±ya. Ida½ aµµhama½ ±rambhavatthu. Ime aµµha dhamm± visesabh±giy±.
(Cha) “katame aµµha dhamm± duppaµivijjh±? Aµµha akkhaº± asamay± brahmacariyav±s±ya. Idh±vuso, tath±gato ca loke uppanno hoti araha½ samm±sambuddho, dhammo ca desiyati opasamiko parinibb±niko sambodhag±m² sugatappavedito. Ayañca puggalo niraya½ upapanno hoti. Aya½ paµhamo akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, tath±gato ca loke uppanno hoti araha½ samm±sambuddho, dhammo ca desiyati opasamiko parinibb±niko sambodhag±m² sugatappavedito, ayañca puggalo tiracch±nayoni½ upapanno hoti. Aya½ dutiyo akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½…pe… pettivisaya½ upapanno hoti. Aya½ tatiyo akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½…pe… aññatara½ d²gh±yuka½ devanik±ya½ upapanno hoti. Aya½ catuttho akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½…pe… paccantimesu janapadesu pacc±j±to hoti milakkhesu aviññ±t±resu, yattha natthi gati bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²na½ up±sak±na½ up±sik±na½. Aya½ pañcamo akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½…pe… ayañca puggalo majjhimesu janapadesu pacc±j±to hoti, so ca hoti micch±diµµhiko vipar²tadassano– ‘natthi dinna½, natthi yiµµha½, natthi huta½, natthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko, natthi aya½ loko, natthi paro loko, natthi m±t±, natthi pit±, natthi satt± opap±tik±, natthi loke samaºabr±hmaº± sammaggat± samm±paµipann± ye imañca loka½ parañca loka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedent²’ti. Aya½ chaµµho akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½…pe… ayañca puggalo majjhimesu janapadesu pacc±j±to hoti so ca hoti duppañño ja¼o e¼am³go, nappaµibalo subh±sitadubbh±sit±namatthamaññ±tu½. Aya½ sattamo akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya.
“Puna capara½…pe… ayañca puggalo majjhimesu janapadesu pacc±j±to hoti, so ca hoti paññav± aja¼o ane¼am³go, paµibalo subh±sitadubbh±sit±namatthamaññ±tu½. Aya½ aµµhamo akkhaºo asamayo brahmacariyav±s±ya. Ime aµµha dhamm± duppaµivijjh±.
(Ja) “katame aµµha dhamm± upp±detabb±? Aµµha mah±purisavitakk±– appicchass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo mahicchassa. Santuµµhass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo asantuµµhassa. Pavivittass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo saªgaºik±r±massa. ¾raddhav²riyass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo kus²tassa. Upaµµhitasatiss±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo muµµhassatissa. Sam±hitass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo asam±hitassa Paññavato [paññ±vato (s². p².)] aya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo duppaññassa. Nippapañcass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo papañc±r±mass±ti [nippapañc±r±massa aya½ dhammo nippapañcaratino, n±ya½ dhammo papañc±r±massa papañcaratinoti (s². sy±. p².) aªguttarepi tatheva dissati. Aµµhakath±µ²k± pana oloketabb±] ime aµµha dhamm± upp±detabb±.
(Jha) “katame aµµha dhamm± abhiññeyy±? Aµµha abhibh±yatan±ni– ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati paritt±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti– eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ paµhama½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati appam±º±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti– eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ dutiya½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati paritt±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ tatiya½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati appam±º±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ catuttha½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati n²l±ni n²lavaºº±ni n²lanidassan±ni n²lanibh±s±ni. Seyyath±pi n±ma um±puppha½ n²la½ n²lavaººa½ n²lanidassana½ n²lanibh±sa½. Seyyath± v± pana ta½ vattha½ b±r±ºaseyyaka½ ubhatobh±gavimaµµha½ n²la½ n²lavaººa½ n²lanidassana½ n²lanibh±sa½, evameva ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati n²l±ni n²lavaºº±ni n²lanidassan±ni n²lanibh±s±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ pañcama½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati p²t±ni p²tavaºº±ni p²tanidassan±ni p²tanibh±s±ni. Seyyath±pi n±ma kaºik±rapuppha½ p²ta½ p²tavaººa½ p²tanidassana½ p²tanibh±sa½. Seyyath± v± pana ta½ vattha½ b±r±ºaseyyaka½ ubhatobh±gavimaµµha½ p²ta½ p²tavaººa½ p²tanidassana½ p²tanibh±sa½ evameva ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati p²t±ni p²tavaºº±ni p²tanidassan±ni p²tanibh±s±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ chaµµha½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati lohitak±ni lohitakavaºº±ni lohitakanidassan±ni lohitakanibh±s±ni. Seyyath±pi n±ma bandhuj²vakapuppha½ lohitaka½ lohitakavaººa½ lohitakanidassana½ lohitakanibh±sa½, seyyath± v± pana ta½ vattha½ b±r±ºaseyyaka½ ubhatobh±gavimaµµha½ lohitaka½ lohitakavaººa½ lohitakanidassana½ lohitakanibh±sa½, evameva ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati lohitak±ni lohitakavaºº±ni lohitakanidassan±ni lohitakanibh±s±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ sattama½ abhibh±yatana½.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati od±t±ni od±tavaºº±ni od±tanidassan±ni od±tanibh±s±ni. Seyyath±pi n±ma osadhit±rak± od±t± od±tavaºº± od±tanidassan± od±tanibh±s±, seyyath± v± pana ta½ vattha½ b±r±ºaseyyaka½ ubhatobh±gavimaµµha½ od±ta½ od±tavaººa½ od±tanidassana½ od±tanibh±sa½, evameva ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati od±t±ni od±tavaºº±ni od±tanidassan±ni od±tanibh±s±ni, ‘t±ni abhibhuyya j±n±mi pass±m²’ti eva½saññ² hoti. Ida½ aµµhama½ abhibh±yatana½. Ime aµµha dhamm± abhiññeyy±.
(Ña) “katame aµµha dhamm± sacchik±tabb±? Aµµha vimokkh±– r³p² r³p±ni passati. Aya½ paµhamo vimokkho.
“Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati. Aya½ dutiyo vimokkho.
“Subhanteva adhimutto hoti. Aya½ tatiyo vimokkho.
“Sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ catuttho vimokkho.
“Sabbaso ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ viññ±ºan’ti viññ±ºañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ pañcamo vimokkho.
“Sabbaso viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ chaµµho vimokkho.
“Sabbaso ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ samatikkamma nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ sattamo vimokkho.
“Sabbaso nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ samatikkamma saññ±vedayitanirodha½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ aµµhamo vimokkho. Ime aµµha dhamm± sacchik±tabb±.
“Iti ime as²ti dhamm± bh³t± tacch± tath± avitath± anaññath± samm± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±.