Itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy±ti yena kenaci c²varena santuµµhiy±. Nevatt±nukka½set²ti “aha½ pa½suk³liko may± upasampadam±¼eyeva pa½suk³likaªga½ gahita½, ko may± sadiso atth²”ti attukka½sana½ na karoti. Na para½ vambhet²ti “ime panaññe bhikkh³ na pa½suk³lik±”ti v± “pa½suk³likaªgamattampi etesa½ natth²”ti v± eva½ para½ na vambheti. Yo hi tattha dakkhoti yo tasmi½ c²varasantose, vaººav±d±d²su v± dakkho cheko byatto. Analasoti s±taccakiriy±ya ±lasiyavirahito. Sampaj±no paµissatoti sampaj±napaññ±ya ceva satiy± ca yutto. Ariyava½se µhitoti ariyava½se patiµµhito.
Itar²tarena piº¹ap±ten±ti yena kenaci piº¹ap±tena. Etth±pi piº¹ap±to j±nitabbo. Piº¹ap±takkhetta½ j±nitabba½, piº¹ap±tasantoso j±nitabbo, piº¹ap±tapaµisa½yutta½ dhutaªga½ j±nitabba½. Tattha piº¹ap±toti “odano, kumm±so, sattu, maccho, ma½sa½, kh²ra½, dadhi, sappi, navan²ta½, tela½, madhu, ph±ºita½, y±gu, kh±dan²ya½, s±yan²ya½, lehan²yan”ti so¼asa piº¹ap±t±.
Piº¹ap±takkhettanti saªghabhatta½, uddesabhatta½, nimantana½, sal±kabhatta½, pakkhika½, uposathika½, p±µipadika½, ±gantukabhatta½, gamikabhatta½, gil±nabhatta½, gil±nupaµµh±kabhatta½, dhurabhatta½, kuµibhatta½, v±rabhatta½, vih±rabhattanti pannarasa piº¹ap±takkhett±ni.
Piº¹ap±tasantosoti piº¹ap±te vitakkasantoso, gamanasantoso, pariyesanasantoso paµil±bhasantoso, paµiggahaºasantoso, mattappaµiggahaºasantoso, loluppavivajjanasantoso, yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantoso, upak±rasantoso, parim±ºasantoso, paribhogasantoso, sannidhiparivajjanasantoso, vissajjanasantosoti pannarasa santos±.
Tattha s±dako bhikkhu mukha½ dhovitv± vitakketi. Piº¹ap±tikena pana gaºena saddhi½ carat± s±ya½ ther³paµµh±nak±le “sve kattha piº¹±ya cariss±m±ti asukag±me, bhante”ti, ettaka½ cintetv± tato paµµh±ya na vitakketabba½. Ekac±rikena vitakkam±¼ake µhatv± vitakketabba½. Tato para½ vitakkento ariyava½s± cuto hoti parib±hiro. Aya½ vitakkasantoso n±ma.
Piº¹±ya pavisantena “kuhi½ labhiss±m²”ti acintetv± kammaµµh±nas²sena gantabba½. Aya½ gamanasantoso n±ma.
Pariyesantena ya½ v± ta½ v± agahetv± lajji½ pesalameva gahetv± pariyesitabba½. Aya½ pariyesanasantoso n±ma.
D³ratova ±hariyam±na½ disv± “eta½ man±pa½, eta½ aman±pan”ti citta½ na upp±detabba½. Aya½ paµil±bhasantoso n±ma.
“Ima½ man±pa½ gaºhiss±mi, ima½ aman±pa½ na gaºhiss±m²”ti acintetv± ya½kiñci y±panamatta½ gahetabbameva, aya½ paµiggahaºasantoso n±ma.
Ettha pana deyyadhammo bahu, d±yako appa½ d±tuk±mo, appa½ gahetabba½. Deyyadhammo bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, pam±ºeneva gahetabba½. Deyyadhammo na bahu, d±yakopi appa½ d±tuk±mo, appa½ gahetabba½. Deyyadhammo na bahu, d±yako pana bahu½ d±tuk±mo, pam±ºena gahetabba½. Paµiggahaºasmiñhi matta½ aj±nanto manuss±na½ pas±da½ makkheti, saddh±deyya½ vinip±teti, s±sana½ na karoti, vij±tam±tuy±pi citta½ gahetu½ na sakkoti. Iti matta½ j±nitv±va paµiggahetabbanti aya½ mattappaµiggahaºasantoso n±ma.
Saddhakul±niyeva agantv± dv±rappaµip±µiy± gantabba½. Aya½ loluppavivajjanasantoso n±ma. Yath±l±bhasantos±dayo c²vare vuttanay± eva.
Piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± samaºadhamma½ anup±less±m²ti eva½ upak±ra½ ñatv± paribhuñjana½ upak±rasantoso n±ma.
Patta½ p³retv± ±n²ta½ na paµiggahetabba½, anupasampanne sati tena g±h±petabba½, asati har±petv± paµiggahaºamatta½ gahetabba½. Aya½ parim±ºasantoso n±ma.
“Jighacch±ya paµivinodana½ idamettha nissaraºan”ti eva½ paribhuñjana½ paribhogasantoso n±ma.
Nidahitv± na paribhuñjitabbanti aya½ sannidhiparivajjanasantoso n±ma.
Mukha½ anoloketv± s±raº²yadhamme µhitena vissajjetabba½. Aya½ vissajjanasantoso n±ma.
Piº¹ap±tapaµisa½yutt±ni pana pañca dhutaªg±ni– piº¹ap±tikaªga½, sapad±nac±rikaªga½, ek±sanikaªga½ pattapiº¹ikaªga½, khalupacch±bhattikaªganti. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge vutt±. Iti piº¹ap±tasantosamah±-ariyava½sa½ p³rayam±no bhikkhu im±ni pañca dhutaªg±ni gopeti. Im±ni gopento piº¹ap±tasantosamah±-ariyava½sena santuµµho hoti. “Vaººav±d²”ti-±d²ni vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni.
Sen±sanen±ti idha sen±sana½ j±nitabba½, sen±sanakkhetta½ j±nitabba½, sen±sanasantoso j±nitabbo, sen±sanapaµisa½yutta½ dhutaªga½ j±nitabba½. Tattha sen±sananti mañco, p²µha½, bhisi, bimbohana½, vih±ro, a¹¹hayogo, p±s±do, hammiya½, guh±, leºa½, aµµo, m±¼o ve¼ugumbo, rukkham³la½, yattha v± pana bhikkh³ paµikkamant²ti im±ni pannarasa sen±san±ni.
Sen±sanakkhettanti “saªghato v± gaºato v± ñ±tito v± mittato v± attano v± dhanena pa½suk³la½ v±”ti cha khett±ni.
Sen±sanasantosoti sen±sane vitakkasantos±dayo pannarasa santos±. Te piº¹ap±te vuttanayeneva veditabb±. Sen±sanapaµisa½yutt±ni pana pañca dhutaªg±ni– ±raññikaªga½, rukkham³likaªga½, abbhok±sikaªga½, sos±nikaªga½, yath±santatikaªganti. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge vutt±. Iti sen±sanasantosamah±-ariyava½sa½ p³rayam±no bhikkhu im±ni pañca dhutaªg±ni gopeti. Im±ni gopento sen±sanasantosamah±-ariyava½sena santuµµho hoti.
Gil±napaccayo pana piº¹ap±teyeva paviµµho. Tattha yath±l±bhayath±balayath±s±ruppasantoseneva santussitabba½. Nesajjikaªga½ bh±van±r±ma-ariyava½sa½ bhajati. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Pañca sen±sane vutt±, pañca ±h±ranissit±;
eko v²riyasa½yutto, dve ca c²varanissit±”ti.
Iti ±yasm± dhammasen±pati s±riputtatthero pathavi½ pattharam±no viya s±garakucchi½ p³rayam±no viya ±k±sa½ vitth±rayam±no viya ca paµhama½ c²varasantosa½ ariyava½sa½ kathetv± canda½ uµµh±pento viya s³riya½ ullaªghento viya ca dutiya½ piº¹ap±tasantosa½ kathetv± sineru½ ukkhipento viya tatiya½ sen±sanasantosa½ ariyava½sa½ kathetv± id±ni sahassanayappaµimaº¹ita½ catuttha½ bh±van±r±ma½ ariyava½sa½ kathetu½ puna capara½ ±vuso bhikkhu pah±n±r±mo hot²ti desana½ ±rabhi.
Tattha ±ramana½ ±r±mo, abhirat²ti attho. Pañcavidhe pah±ne ±r±mo ass±ti pah±n±r±mo. K±macchanda½ pajahanto ramati, nekkhamma½ bh±vento ramati, by±p±da½ pajahanto ramati…pe… sabbakilese pajahanto ramati, arahattamagga½ bh±vento ramat²ti eva½ pah±ne ratoti pah±narato Vuttanayeneva bh±van±ya ±r±mo ass±ti bh±van±r±mo. Bh±van±ya ratoti bh±van±rato.
Imesu pana cat³su ariyava½sesu purimehi t²hi terasanna½ dhutaªg±na½ catupaccayasantosassa ca vasena sakala½ vinayapiµaka½ kathita½ hoti. Bh±van±r±mena avasesa½ piµakadvaya½. Ima½ pana bh±van±r±mata½ ariyava½sa½ kathentena bhikkhun± paµisambhid±magge nekkhammap±¼iy± kathetabbo. D²ghanik±ye dasuttarasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo. Majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo. Abhidhamme niddesapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Tattha paµisambhid±magge nekkhammap±¼iy±ti so nekkhamma½ bh±vento ramati, k±macchanda½ pajahanto ramati. Aby±p±da½ by±p±da½. ¾lokasañña½, thinamiddha½. Avikkhepa½ uddhacca½. Dhammavavatth±na½, vicikiccha½. ѱºa½, avijja½. P±mojja½, arati½. Paµhama½ jh±na½, pañca n²varaºe. Dutiya½ jh±na½, vitakkavic±re. Tatiya½ jh±na½, p²ti½. Catuttha½ jh±na½, sukhadukkhe. ¾k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ bh±vento ramati, r³pasañña½ paµighasañña½ n±nattasañña½ pajahanto ramati. Viññ±ºañc±yatanasam±patti½…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti½ bh±vento ramati, ±kiñcaññ±yatanasañña½ pajahanto ramati.
Anicc±nupassana½ bh±vento ramati, niccasañña½ pajahanto ramati. Dukkh±nupassana½, sukhasañña½. Anatt±nupassana½, attasañña½. Nibbid±nupassana½, nandi½. Vir±g±nupassana½, r±ga½. Nirodh±nupassana½, samudaya½. Paµinissagg±nupassana½, ±d±na½. Khay±nupassana½, ghanasañña½. Vay±nupassana½, ±y³hana½. Vipariº±m±nupassana½, dhuvasañña½. Animitt±nupassana½, nimitta½. Apaºihit±nupassana½, paºidhi½. Suññat±nupassana½ abhinivesa½. Adhipaññ±dhammavipassana½, s±r±d±n±bhinivesa½. Yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½, sammoh±bhinivesa½. ¾d²nav±nupassana½, ±lay±bhinivesa½. Paµisaªkh±nupassana½, appaµisaªkha½. Vivaµµ±nupassana½, sa½yog±bhinivesa½. Sot±pattimagga½ diµµhekaµµhe kilese. Sakad±g±mimagga½, o¼±rike kilese. An±g±mimagga½, aºusahagate kilese. Arahattamagga½ bh±vento ramati, sabbakilese pajahanto ramat²ti eva½ paµisambhid±magge nekkhammap±¼iy± kathetabbo.
D²ghanik±ye dasuttarasuttantapariy±yen±ti eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati, eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramati…pe… dasa dhamme bh±vento ramati, dasa dhamme pajahanto ramati. Katama½ eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati? K±yagat±sati½ s±tasahagata½. Ima½ eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati. Katama½ eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramati? Asmim±na½. Ima½ eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramati. Katame dve dhamme…pe… katame dasa dhamme bh±vento ramati? Dasa kasiº±yatan±ni. Ime dasa dhamme bh±vento ramati. Katame dasa dhamme pajahanto ramati? Dasa micchatte. Ime dasa dhamme pajahanto ramati. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²ti eva½ d²ghanik±ye dasuttarasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yen±ti ek±yano, bhikkhave, maggo satt±na½ visuddhiy±, sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±ya, dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaªgam±ya, ñ±yassa adhigam±ya, nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±ya yadida½ catt±ro satipaµµh±n±. Katame catt±ro? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati… vedan±su vedan±nupass²… citte citt±nupass²… dhammesu dhamm±nupass²… ‘atthi dhamm±’ti v± panassa sati paccupaµµhit± hoti y±vadeva ñ±ºamatt±ya paµissatimatt±ya anissito ca viharati na ca kiñci loke up±diyati. Evampi, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hoti bh±van±rato, pah±n±r±mo hoti pah±narato. Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gacchanto v± gacch±m²ti paj±n±ti…pe… puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyath±pi passeyya sar²ra½ sivathik±ya cha¹¹ita½…pe… p³t²ni cuººakaj±t±ni. So imameva k±ya½ upasa½harati, ayampi kho k±yo eva½dhammo eva½bh±v² eva½anat²toti. Iti ajjhatta½ v± k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati…pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²ti eva½ majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Abhidhamme niddesapariy±yen±ti sabbepi saªkhate aniccato dukkhato rogato gaº¹ato…pe… sa½kilesikadhammato passanto ramati. Aya½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²ti eva½ niddesapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Neva att±nukka½set²ti ajja me saµµhi v± sattati v± vass±ni anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±ti vipassan±ya kamma½ karontassa, ko may± sadiso atth²ti eva½ attukka½sana½ na karoti. Na para½ vambhet²ti anicca½ dukkhanti vipassan±mattakampi natthi, ki½ ime vissaµµhakammaµµh±n± carant²ti eva½ para½ vambhana½ na karoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
310. Padh±n±n²ti uttamav²riy±ni. Sa½varapadh±nanti cakkh±d²ni sa½varantassa uppannav²riya½. Pah±napadh±nanti k±mavitakk±dayo pajahantassa uppannav²riya½. Bh±van±padh±nanti bojjhaªge bh±ventassa uppannav²riya½. Anurakkhaº±padh±nanti sam±dhinimitta½ anurakkhantassa uppannav²riya½.
Vivekanissitanti-±d²su viveko vir±go nirodhoti t²ºipi nibb±nassa n±m±ni. Nibb±nañhi upadhivivekatt± viveko. Ta½ ±gamma r±g±dayo virajjant²ti vir±go. Nirujjhant²ti nirodho. Tasm± “vivekanissitan”ti-±d²su ±rammaºavasena adhigantabbavasena v± nibb±nanissitanti attho. Vossaggapariº±minti ettha dve vossagg± paricc±gavossaggo ca pakkhandanavossaggo ca. Tattha vipassan± tadaªgavasena kilese ca khandhe ca pariccajat²ti paricc±gavossaggo. Maggo ±rammaºavasena nibb±na½ pakkhandat²ti pakkhandanavossaggo. Tasm± vossaggapariº±minti yath± bh±viyam±no satisambojjhaªgo vossaggatth±ya pariºamati, vipassan±bh±vañca maggabh±vañca p±puº±ti, eva½ bh±vet²ti ayamettha attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
Bhadrakanti bhaddaka½. Sam±dhinimitta½ vuccati aµµhikasaññ±divasena adhigato sam±dhiyeva. Anurakkhat²ti sam±dhiparibandhakadhamme r±gadosamohe sodhento rakkhati. Ettha ca aµµhikasaññ±dik± pañceva saññ± vutt±. Imasmi½ pana µh±ne dasapi asubh±ni vitth±retv± kathetabb±ni. Tesa½ vitth±ro visuddhimagge vuttoyeva.
Dhamme ñ±ºanti ekapaµivedhavasena catusaccadhamme ñ±ºa½ catusaccabbhantare nirodhasacce dhamme ñ±ºañca Yath±ha– “tattha katama½ dhamme ñ±ºa½? Cat³su maggesu cat³su phalesu ñ±ºan”ti (vibha. 796). Anvaye ñ±ºanti catt±ri sacc±ni paccakkhato disv± yath± id±ni, eva½ at²tepi an±gatepi imeva pañcakkhandh± dukkhasacca½, ayameva taºh± samudayasacca½, ayameva nirodho nirodhasacca½, ayameva maggo maggasaccanti eva½ tassa ñ±ºassa anugatiya½ ñ±ºa½. Ten±ha “so imin± dhammena ñ±tena diµµhena pattena viditena pariyog±¼hena at²t±n±gatena naya½ net²”ti. Pariye ñ±ºanti paresa½ cittaparicchede ñ±ºa½. Yath±ha– “tattha katama½ pariye ñ±ºa½? Idha bhikkhu parasatt±na½ parapuggal±na½ cetas± ceto paricca j±n±t²”ti (vibha. 796) vitth±retabba½. Ýhapetv± pana im±ni t²ºi ñ±º±ni avasesa½ sammutiñ±ºa½ n±ma. Yath±ha– “tattha katama½ sammutiñ±ºa½? Ýhapetv± dhamme ñ±ºa½ µhapetv± anvaye ñ±ºa½ µhapetv± paricchede ñ±ºa½ avasesa½ sammutiñ±ºan”ti (vibha. 796).
Dukkhe ñ±º±d²hi arahatta½ p±petv± ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ catusaccakammaµµh±na½ kathita½. Tattha dve sacc±ni vaµµa½, dve vivaµµa½, vaµµe abhiniveso hoti, no vivaµµe. Dv²su saccesu ±cariyasantike pariyatti½ uggahetv± kamma½ karoti, dv²su saccesu “nirodhasacca½ n±ma iµµha½ kanta½ man±pa½, maggasacca½ n±ma iµµha½ kanta½ man±pan”ti savanavasena kamma½ karoti. Dv²su saccesu uggahaparipucch±savanadh±raºasammasanapaµivedho vaµµati, dv²su savanapaµivedho vaµµati. T²ºi kiccavasena paµivijjhati, eka½ ±rammaºavasena. Dve sacc±ni duddasatt± gambh²r±ni, dve gambh²ratt± duddas±ni.