Ariyava½sacatukkavaººan±

309. Ariyava½s±ti ariy±na½ va½s±. Yath± hi khattiyava½so, br±hmaºava½so, vessava½so, suddava½so, samaºava½so, kulava½so, r±java½so, eva½ ayampi aµµhamo ariyava½so ariyatanti ariyapaveº² n±ma hoti. So kho pan±ya½ ariyava½so imesa½ va½s±na½ m³lagandh±d²na½ k±¼±nus±ritagandh±dayo viya aggamakkh±yati. Ke pana te ariy± yesa½ ete va½s±ti? Ariy± vuccanti buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca tath±gatas±vak± ca, etesa½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Ito pubbe hi satasahassakapp±dhik±na½ catunna½ asaªkhyeyy±na½ matthake taºhaªkaro medhaªkaro saraºaªkaro d²paªkaroti catt±ro buddh± uppann±, te ariy±, tesa½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Tesa½ buddh±na½ parinibb±nato aparabh±ge asaªkhyeyya½ atikkamitv± koº¹añño n±ma buddho uppanno…pe… imasmi½ kappe kakusandho, koº±gamano, kassapo, amh±ka½ bhagav± gotamoti catt±ro buddh± uppann±. Tesa½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Apica at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ sabbabuddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Te kho panete aggaññ± agg±ti j±nitabb±. Rattaññ± d²gharatta½ pavatt±ti j±nitabb±. Va½saññ± va½s±ti j±nitabb±.
Por±º±ti na adhunuppattik±. Asa½kiºº± avikiºº± anapan²t±. Asa½kiººapubb± at²tabuddhehi na sa½kiººapubb±. “Ki½ imeh²”ti na apan²tapubb±? Na saªk²yant²ti id±nipi na apan²yanti. Na saªk²yissant²ti an±gatabuddhehipi na apan²yissanti, ye loke viññ³ samaºabr±hmaº±, tehi appaµikuµµh±, samaºehi br±hmaºehi viññ³hi anindit± agarahit±.
Santuµµho hot²ti paccayasantosavasena santuµµho hoti. Itar²tarena c²varen±ti th³lasukhumal³khapaº²tathirajiºº±na½ yena kenaci. Atha kho yath±laddh±d²na½ itar²tarena yena kenaci santuµµho hot²ti attho. C²varasmiñhi tayo santos±– yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantosoti. Piº¹ap±t±d²supi eseva nayo. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± s±maññaphale vuttanayeneva veditabb±. Ime tayo santose sandh±ya “santuµµho hoti, itar²tarena yath±laddh±d²su yena kenaci c²varena santuµµho hot²”ti vutta½.
Ettha ca c²vara½ j±nitabba½, c²varakkhetta½ j±nitabba½, pa½suk³la½ j±nitabba½, c²varasantoso j±nitabbo, c²varapaµisa½yutt±ni dhutaªg±ni j±nitabb±ni. Tattha c²vara½ j±nitabbanti khom±d²ni cha c²var±ni duk³l±d²ni cha anulomac²var±ni j±nitabb±ni. Im±ni dv±dasa kappiyac²var±ni. Kusac²ra½ v±kac²ra½ phalakac²ra½ kesakambala½ v±¼akambala½ potthako camma½ ul³kapakkha½ rukkhadussa½ lat±dussa½ erakadussa½ kadalidussa½ ve¼udussanti evam±d²ni pana akappiyac²var±ni. C²varakkhettanti “saªghato v± gaºato v± ñ±tito v± mittato v± attano v± dhanena pa½suk³la½ v±”ti eva½ uppajjanato cha khett±ni, aµµhannañca m±tik±na½ vasena aµµha khett±ni j±nitabb±ni. Pa½suk³lanti sos±nika½, p±paºika½, rathiya½ saªk±rak³µaka½, sotthiya½, sin±na½, tittha½, gatapacc±gata½, aggida¹¹ha½, gokh±yita½ upacikakh±yita½, und³rakh±yita½, antacchinna½, das±cchinna½, dhaj±haµa½, th³pa½, samaºac²vara½, s±muddiya½, ±bhisekiya½, panthika½, v±t±haµa½, iddhimaya½, devadattiyanti tev²sati pa½suk³l±ni veditabb±ni.
Ettha ca sotthiyanti gabbhamalaharaºa½. Gatapacc±gatanti matakasar²ra½ p±rupitv± sus±na½ netv± ±n²tac²vara½. Dhaj±haµanti dhaja½ uss±petv± tato ±n²ta½. Th³panti vammike p³jitac²vara½ S±muddiyanti samuddav²c²hi thala½ p±pita½. Panthikanti pantha½ gacchantehi corabhayena p±s±ºehi koµµetv± p±rutac²vara½. Iddhimayanti ehibhikkhuc²vara½. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
C²varasantosoti v²sati c²varasantos±, vitakkasantoso, gamanasantoso, pariyesanasantoso, paµil±bhasantoso, mattappaµiggahaºasantoso, loluppavivajjanasantoso, yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantoso, udakasantoso, dhovanasantoso, karaºasantoso, parim±ºasantoso, suttasantoso, sibbanasantoso, rajanasantoso, kappasantoso, paribhogasantoso, sannidhiparivajjanasantoso, vissajjanasantosoti.
Tattha s±dakabhikkhun± tem±sa½ nibaddhav±sa½ vasitv± ekam±samatta½ vitakketu½ vaµµati. So hi pav±retv± c²varam±se c²vara½ karoti. Pa½suk³liko a¹¹ham±seneva karoti. Iti m±sa¹¹ham±samatta½ vitakkana½ vitakkasantoso. Vitakkasantosena pana santuµµhena bhikkhun± p±c²nakkhaº¹ar±jiv±sikapa½suk³likattherasadisena bhavitabba½.
Thero kira cetiyapabbatavih±re cetiya½ vandiss±m²ti ±gato cetiya½ vanditv± cintesi “mayha½ c²vara½ jiººa½ bah³na½ vasanaµµh±ne labhiss±m²”ti. So mah±vih±ra½ gantv± saªghatthera½ disv± vasanaµµh±na½ pucchitv± tattha vuttho punadivase c²vara½ ±d±ya ±gantv± thera½ vandi. Thero ki½ ±vusoti ±ha. G±madv±ra½, bhante, gamiss±m²ti. Ahamp±vuso, gamiss±m²ti. S±dhu, bhanteti gacchanto mah±bodhidv±rakoµµhake µhatv± puññavant±na½ vasanaµµh±ne man±pa½ labhiss±m²ti cintetv± aparisuddho me vitakkoti tatova paµinivatti. Punadivase ambaªgaºasam²pato, punadivase mah±cetiyassa uttaradv±rato, tatheva paµinivattitv± catutthadivase therassa santika½ agam±si. Thero imassa bhikkhuno vitakko na parisuddho bhavissat²ti c²vara½ gahetv± tena saddhi½yeva pañha½ puccham±no g±ma½ p±visi. Tañca ratti½ eko manusso ucc±rapalibuddho s±µakeyeva vacca½ katv± ta½ saªk±raµµh±ne cha¹¹esi. Pa½suk³likatthero ta½ n²lamakkhik±hi samparikiººa½ disv± añjali½ paggahesi. Mah±thero “ki½, ±vuso, saªk±raµµh±nassa añjali½ paggaºh±s²”ti? “N±ha½, bhante, saªk±raµµh±nassa añjali½ paggaºh±mi, mayha½ pitu dasabalassa paggaºh±mi, puººad±siy± sar²ra½ p±rupitv± cha¹¹ita½ pa½suk³la½ tumbamatte p±ºake vidhunitv± sus±nato gaºhantena dukkara½ kata½, bhante”ti. Mah±thero “parisuddho vitakko pa½suk³likass±”ti cintesi. Pa½suk³likattheropi tasmi½yeva µh±ne µhito vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± t²ºi phal±ni patto ta½ s±µaka½ gahetv± c²vara½ katv± p±rupitv± p±c²nakkhaº¹ar±ji½ gantv± aggaphala½ arahatta½ p±puºi.
C²varatth±ya gacchantassa pana “kattha labhiss±m²”ti acintetv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva gamana½ gamanasantoso n±ma.
Pariyesantassa pana yena v± tena v± saddhi½ apariyesitv± lajji½ pesala½ bhikkhu½ gahetv± pariyesana½ pariyesanasantoso n±ma.
Eva½ pariyesantassa ±hariyam±na½ c²vara½ d³rato disv± “eta½ man±pa½ bhavissati, eta½ aman±pan”ti eva½ avitakketv± th³lasukhum±d²su yath±laddheneva santussana½ paµil±bhasantoso n±ma.
Eva½ laddha½ gaºhantass±pi “ettaka½ dupaµµassa bhavissati, ettaka½ ekapaµµass±”ti attano pahonakamatteneva santussana½ mattappaµiggahaºasantoso n±ma.
C²vara½ pariyesantassa pana “asukassa gharadv±re man±pa½ labhiss±m²”ti acintetv± dv±rapaµip±µiy± caraºa½ loluppavivajjanasantoso n±ma.
L³khapaº²tesu yena kenaci y±petu½ sakkontassa yath±laddheneva y±pana½ yath±l±bhasantoso n±ma.
Attano th±ma½ j±nitv± yena y±petu½ sakkoti, tena y±pana½ yath±balasantoso n±ma.
Man±pa½ aññassa datv± attano yena kenaci y±pana½ yath±s±ruppasantoso n±ma.
“Kattha udaka½ man±pa½, kattha aman±pan”ti avic±retv± yena kenaci dhovanupagena udakena dhovana½ udakasantoso n±ma. Paº¹umattikagerukap³tipaººarasakiliµµh±ni pana udak±ni vajjetu½ vaµµati.
Dhovantassa pana muggar±d²hi apaharitv± hatthehi madditv± dhovana½ dhovanasantoso n±ma. Tath± asujjhanta½ paºº±ni pakkhipitv± t±pita-udaken±pi dhovitu½ vaµµati.
Eva½ dhovitv± karontassa ida½ th³la½, ida½ sukhumanti akopetv± pahonakan²h±reneva karaºa½ karaºasantoso n±ma.
Timaº¹alappaµicch±danamattasseva karaºa½ parim±ºasantoso n±ma.
C²varakaraºatth±ya pana man±pasutta½ pariyesiss±m²ti avic±retv± rathik±d²su v± devaµµh±ne v± ±haritv± p±dam³le v± µhapita½ ya½kiñcideva sutta½ gahetv± karaºa½ suttasantoso n±ma.
Kusibandhanak±le pana aªgulamatte sattav±re na vijjhitabba½, eva½ karontassa hi yo bhikkhu sah±yo na hoti, tassa vattabhedopi natthi. Tivaªgulamatte pana sattav±re vijjhitabba½, eva½ karontassa maggapaµipannen±pi sah±yena bhavitabba½. Yo na hoti, tassa vattabhedo. Aya½ sibbanasantoso n±ma.
Rajantena pana k±¼akacchak±d²ni pariyesantena na rajitabba½. Somavakkal±d²su ya½ labhati, tena rajitabba½. Alabhantena pana manussehi araññe v±ka½ gahetv± cha¹¹itarajana½ v± bhikkh³hi pacitv± cha¹¹itakasaµa½ v± gahetv± rajitabba½, aya½ rajanasantoso n±ma.
N²lakaddamak±¼as±mesu ya½kiñci gahetv± hatthipiµµhe nisinnassa paññ±yam±nakapakaraºa½ kappasantoso n±ma.
Hirikop²napaµicch±danamattavasena paribhuñjana½ paribhogasantoso n±ma.
Dussa½ pana labhitv± sutta½ v± s³ci½ v± k±raka½ v± alabhantena µhapetu½ vaµµati, labhantena na vaµµati. Katampi sace antev±sik±d²na½ d±tuk±mo hoti, te ca asannihit± y±va ±gaman± µhapetu½ vaµµati. ¾gatamattesu d±tabba½. D±tu½ asakkontena adhiµµh±tabba½. Aññasmi½ c²vare sati paccattharaºampi adhiµµh±tu½ vaµµati. Anadhiµµhitameva hi sannidhi hoti. Adhiµµhita½ na hot²ti mah±s²vatthero ±ha. Aya½ sannidhiparivajjanasantoso n±ma.
Vissajjantena pana na mukha½ oloketv± d±tabba½. S±raº²yadhamme µhatv± vissajjitabbanti aya½ vissajjanasantoso n±ma.
C²varapaµisa½yutt±ni dhutaªg±ni n±ma pa½suk³likaªgañceva tec²varikaªgañca. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimaggato veditabb±. Iti c²varasantosamah±-ariyava½sa½ p³rayam±no bhikkhu im±ni dve dhutaªg±ni gopeti. Im±ni gopento c²varasantosamah±-ariyava½sena santuµµho hoti.
Vaººav±d²ti eko santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaººa½ na katheti, eko na santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaººa½ katheti, eko neva santuµµho hoti, na santosassa vaººa½ katheti, eko santuµµho ceva hoti, santosassa ca vaººa½ katheti, ta½ dassetu½ “itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy± ca vaººav±d²”ti vutta½.
Anesananti d³teyyapahinagaman±nuyogappabheda½ n±nappak±ra½ anesana½. Appatir³panti ayutta½. Aladdh± c±ti alabhitv±. Yath± ekacco “katha½ nu kho c²vara½ labhiss±m²”ti. Puññavantehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ekato hutv± kohañña½ karonto uttasati paritasati, santuµµho bhikkhu eva½ aladdh± c²vara½ na paritasati. Laddh± c±ti dhammena samena labhitv±. Agadhitoti vigatalobhagiddho. Amucchitoti adhimattataºh±ya muccha½ an±panno. Anajjh±pannoti taºh±ya anotthato apariyonaddho. ¾d²navadass±v²ti anesan±pattiyañca gedhitaparibhoge ca ±d²nava½ passam±no. Nissaraºapaññoti “y±vadeva s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti vutta½ nissaraºameva paj±nanto.