“Catubbhi aµµhajjhagam±, aµµh±hipi ca so¼asa;
so¼as±hi ca b±tti½sa, atriccha½ cakkam±sado;
icch±hatassa posassa, cakka½ bhamati matthake”ti; (j±. 1.1.104);
gahapat²ti pana gehas±miko vuccati; so m±tug±massa sayanavatth±laªk±r±di-anuppad±nena bah³pak±ro; ta½ aticaranto m±tug±mo niray±d²su nibbattati, tasm± sopi purimanayeneva anudahanaµµhena gahapatagg²ti vutto;
tattha vatthu– kassapabuddhassa k±le sot±pannassa up±sakassa bhariy± atic±rin² ahosi so ta½ paccakkhato disv± “kasm± tva½ eva½ karos²”ti ±ha; s± “sac±ha½ evar³pa½ karomi, aya½ me sunakho viluppam±no kh±dat³”ti vatv± k±laªkatv± kaººamuº¹akadahe vem±nikapet² hutv± nibbatt±; div± sampatti½ anubhavati, ratti½ dukkha½; tad± b±r±ºas²r±j± migava½ caranto arañña½ pavisitv± anupubbena kaººamuº¹akadaha½ sampatto t±ya saddhi½ sampatti½ anubhavati; s± ta½ vañcetv± ratti½ dukkha½ anubhavati; so ñatv± “kattha nu kho gacchat²”ti piµµhito piµµhito gantv± avid³re µhito kaººamuº¹akadahato nikkhamitv± ta½ “paµapaµan”ti kh±dam±na½ eka½ sunakha½ disv± asin± dvidh± chindi; dve ahesu½; puna chinne catt±ro; puna chinne aµµha; puna chinne so¼asa ahesu½; s± “ki½ karosi s±m²”ti ±ha; so “ki½ idan”ti ±ha; s± “eva½ akatv± khe¼apiº¹a½ bh³miya½ niµµhubhitv± p±dena gha½s±h²”ti ±ha; so tath± ak±si; sunakh± antaradh±yi½su; ta½ divasa½ tass± kamma½ kh²ºa½; r±j± vippaµis±r² hutv± gantu½ ±raddho; s± “mayha½, s±mi, kamma½ kh²ºa½ m± agam±”ti ±ha; r±j± asutv±va gato;
dakkhiºeyyagg²ti ettha pana dakkhiº±ti catt±ro paccay±, bhikkhusaªgho dakkhiºeyyo; so gih²na½ t²su saraºesu pañcasu s²lesu dasasu s²lesu m±t±pitu-upaµµh±ne dhammikasamaºabr±hmaºa-upaµµh±neti evam±d²su kaly±ºadhammesu niyojanena bah³pak±ro, tasmi½ micch±paµipann± gih² bhikkhusaªgha½ akkositv± paribh±sitv± niray±d²su nibbattanti, tasm± sopi purimanayeneva anudahanaµµhena dakkhiºeyyagg²ti vutto; imassa panatthassa vibh±vanattha½ vim±navatthusmi½ revat²vatthu vitth±retabba½;
“tividhena r³pasaªgaho”ti ettha tividhen±ti t²hi koµµh±sehi; saªgahoti j±tisañj±tikiriyagaºanavasena catubbidho saªgaho; tattha sabbe khattiy± ±gacchant³ti-±diko (ma. ni. 1.462) j±tisaªgaho; sabbe kosalak±ti-±diko sañj±tisaªgaho; sabbe hatth±roh±ti-±diko kiriyasaªgaho; cakkh±yatana½ katama½ khandhagaºana½ gacchat²ti? Cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchat²ti; hañci cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhena saªgahitanti aya½ gaºanasaªgaho, so idha adhippeto; tasm± tividhena r³pasaªgahoti t²hi koµµh±sehi r³pagaºan±ti attho;
sanidassan±d²su att±na½ ±rabbha pavattena cakkhuviññ±ºasaªkh±tena saha nidassanen±ti sanidassana½; cakkhupaµihananasamatthato saha paµighen±ti sappaµigha½; ta½ atthato r³p±yatanameva; cakkhuviññ±ºasaªkh±ta½ n±ssa nidassananti anidassana½; sot±dipaµihananasamatthato saha paµighen±ti sappaµigha½; ta½ atthato cakkh±yatan±d²ni nava ±yatan±ni; vuttappak±ra½ n±ssa nidassananti anidassana½; n±ssa paµighoti appaµigha½; ta½ atthato µhapetv± das±yatan±ni avasesa½ sukhumar³pa½;
tayo saªkh±r±ti sahaj±tadhamme ceva sampar±ye phaladhamme ca saªkharonti r±s² karont²ti saªkh±r±; abhisaªkharot²ti abhisaªkh±ro; puñño abhisaªkh±ro puññ±bhisaªkh±ro;
“tattha katamo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro? Kusal± cetan± k±m±vacar± r³p±vacar± d±namay± s²lamay± bh±van±may±”ti eva½ vutt±na½ aµµhanna½ k±m±vacarakusalamah±cittacetan±na½, pañcanna½ r³p±vacarakusalacetan±nañceta½ adhivacana½; ettha ca d±nas²lamay± aµµheva cetan± honti; bh±van±may± teras±pi; yath± hi paguºa½ dhamma½ sajjh±yam±no eka½ dve anusandhi½ gatopi na j±n±ti, pacch± ±vajjanto j±n±ti, evameva kasiºaparikamma½ karontassa paguºajjh±na½ paccavekkhantassa ñ±ºavippayutt±pi bh±van± hoti; tena vutta½ “bh±van±may± teras±p²”ti;
tattha d±namay±d²su “d±na½ ±rabbha d±namadhikicca y± uppajjati cetan± sañcetan± cetayitatta½, aya½ vuccati d±namayo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro; s²la½ ±rabbha, bh±vana½ ±rabbha, bh±vanamadhikicca y± uppajjati cetan± sañcetan± cetayitatta½, aya½ vuccati bh±van±mayo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro”ti aya½ saªkhepadesan±;
c²var±d²su pana cat³su paccayesu r³p±d²su v± chasu ±rammaºesu ann±d²su v± dasasu d±navatth³su ta½ ta½ dentassa tesa½ upp±danato paµµh±ya pubbabh±ge, paricc±gak±le, pacch± somanassacittena anussaraºe c±ti t²su k±lesu pavatt± cetan± d±namay± n±ma; s²lap³raºatth±ya pana pabbajiss±m²ti vih±ra½ gacchantassa, pabbajantassa manoratha½ matthaka½ p±petv± pabbajito vatamhi s±dhu s±dh³ti ±vajjantassa, p±timokkha½ sa½varantassa, c²var±dayo paccaye paccavekkhantassa, ±p±thagatesu r³p±d²su cakkhudv±r±d²ni sa½varantassa, ±j²va½ sodhentassa ca pavatt± cetan± s²lamay± n±ma;
paµisambhid±ya½ vuttena vipassan±maggena “cakkhu½ aniccato dukkhato anattato bh±ventassa…pe… mana½; r³pe; dhamme; cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºa½; cakkhusamphassa½…pe… manosamphassa½; cakkhusamphassaja½ vedana½…pe… manosamphassaja½ vedana½; r³pasañña½ jar±maraºa½ aniccato dukkhato anattato bh±ventassa pavatt± cetan± bh±van±may± n±m±”ti aya½ vitth±rakath±;
apuñño ca so abhisaªkh±ro c±ti apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro; dv±dasa-akusalacittasampayutt±na½ cetan±na½ eta½ adhivacana½; vuttampi ceta½ “tattha katamo apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro? Akusalacetan± k±m±vacar±, aya½ vuccati apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro”ti; ±neñja½ niccala½ santa½ vip±kabh³ta½ ar³pameva abhisaªkharot²ti ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro; catunna½ ar³p±vacarakusalacetan±na½ eta½ adhivacana½; yath±ha “tattha katamo ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro? Kusalacetan± ar³p±vacar±, aya½ vuccati ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro”ti;
puggalattike sattavidho purisapuggalo, tisso sikkh± sikkhat²ti sekkho; kh²º±savo sikkhitasikkhatt± puna na sikkhissat²ti asekkho; puthujjano sikkh±hi parib±hiyatt± nevasekkho n±sekkho;
therattike j±timahallako gih² j±titthero n±ma; “catt±rome, bhikkhave, therakaraº± dhamm±; idha, bhikkhave, thero s²lav± hoti, bahussuto hoti, catunna½ jh±n±na½ l±bh² hoti, ±sav±na½ khay± bahussuto hoti, catunna½ jh±n±na½ l±bh² hoti, ±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharati; ime kho, bhikkhave, catt±ro therakaraº± dhamm±”ti (a. ni. 4.22); eva½ vuttesu dhammesu ekena v± anekehi v± samann±gato dhammathero n±ma; aññataro theran±mako bhikkh³ti eva½ theran±mako v±, ya½ v± pana mahallakak±le pabbajita½ s±maºer±dayo disv± thero theroti vadanti, aya½ sammutithero n±ma;
puññakiriyavatth³su d±nameva d±namaya½; puññakiriy± ca s± tesa½ tesa½ ±nisa½s±na½ vatthu c±ti puññakiriyavatthu; itaresupi dv²su eseva nayo; atthato pana pubbe vuttad±namayacetan±divaseneva saddhi½ pubbabh±ga-aparabh±gacetan±hi im±ni t²ºi puññakiriyavatth³ni veditabb±ni; ekamekañcettha pubbabh±gato paµµh±ya k±yena karontassa k±yakamma½ hoti; tadattha½ v±ca½ nicch±rentassa vac²kamma½; k±yaªgav±caªga½ acopetv± manas± cintentassa manokamma½; ann±d²ni dentassa c±pi annad±n±d²ni dem²ti v± d±nap±rami½ ±vajjetv± v± d±nak±le d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti; vattas²se µhatv± dadato s²lamaya½; khayato vayato sammasana½ paµµhapetv± dadato bh±van±maya½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti;
apar±nipi satta puññakiriyavatth³ni apacitisahagata½ puññakiriyavatthu, veyy±vaccasahagata½, patt±nuppad±na½, pattabbhanumodana½, desan±maya½, savanamaya½, diµµhijugata½ puññakiriyavatth³ti; tattha mahallaka½ disv± paccuggamanapattac²varappaµiggahaºa-abhiv±danamaggasampad±n±divasena apacitisahagata½ veditabba½; vu¹¹hatar±na½ vattappaµipattikaraºavasena, g±ma½ piº¹±ya paviµµha½ bhikkhu½ disv± patta½ gahetv± g±me bhikkha½ sam±dapetv± upasa½haraºavasena, “gaccha bhikkh³na½ patta½ ±har±”ti sutv± vegena gantv± patt±haraº±divasena ca veyy±vaccasahagata½ veditabba½; catt±ro paccaye datv± sabbasatt±na½ patti hot³ti pavattanavasena patt±nuppad±na½ veditabba½; parehi dinn±ya pattiy± s±dhu suµµh³ti anumodan±vasena pattabbhanumodana½ veditabba½; eko “eva½ ma½ ‘dhammakathiko’ti j±nissant²”ti icch±ya µhatv± l±bhagaruko hutv± deseti, ta½ na mahapphala½; eko attano paguºadhamma½ apacc±s²sam±no paresa½ deseti, ida½ desan±maya½ puññakiriyavatthu n±ma; eko suºanto “iti ma½ ‘saddho’ti j±nissant²”ti suº±ti, ta½ na mahapphala½; eko “eva½ me mahapphala½ bhavissat²”ti hitappharaºena muducittena dhamma½ suº±ti, ida½ savanamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu; diµµhijugata½ pana sabbesa½ niyamalakkhaºa½; ya½kiñci puñña½ karontassa hi diµµhiy± ujubh±veneva mahapphala½ hoti;
iti imesa½ sattanna½ puññakiriyavatth³na½ purimeheva t²hi saªgaho veditabbo; ettha hi apacitiveyy±vacc±ni s²lamaye; pattid±napattabbhanumodan±ni d±namaye; desan±savan±ni bh±van±maye; diµµhijugata½ t²supi saªgaha½ gacchati;
codan±vatth³n²ti codan±k±raº±ni; diµµhen±ti ma½sacakkhun± v± dibbacakkhun± v± v²tikkama½ disv± codeti; suten±ti pakatisotena v± dibbasotena v± parassa sadda½ sutv± codeti; parisaªk±ya v±ti diµµhaparisaªkitena v± sutaparisaªkitena v± mutaparisaªkitena v± codeti; ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabbo;
k±m³papattiyoti k±m³pasevan± k±mappaµil±bh± v±; paccupaµµhitak±m±ti nibaddhak±m± nibaddh±rammaº±; seyyath±pi manuss±ti yath± manuss±; manuss± hi nibaddheyeva vatthusmi½ vasa½ vattenti yattha paµibaddhacitt± honti, satampi sahassampi datv± m±tug±ma½ ±netv± nibaddhabhoga½ bhuñjanti; ekacce dev± n±ma catudevalokav±sino; tepi nibaddhavatthusmi½yeva vasa½ vattenti; ekacce vinip±tik± n±ma nerayike µhapetv± avases± macchakacchap±dayopi hi nibaddhavatthusmi½yeva vasa½ vattenti; maccho attano macchiy± kacchapo kacchapiy±ti nimminitv± nimminitv±ti n²lap²t±divasena y±disa½ y±disa½ attano r³pa½ icchanti, t±disa½ t±disa½ nimminitv± ±yasmato anuruddhassa purato man±pak±yik± devat± viya; nimm±narat²ti eva½ saya½ nimmite nimmite nimm±ne rati etesanti nimm±narat²; paranimmitak±m±ti parehi nimmitak±m±; tesañhi mana½ ñatv± pare yath±rucita½ k±mabhoga½ nimminanti, te tattha vasa½ vattenti; katha½ parassa mana½ j±nant²ti? Pakatisevanavasena; yath± hi kusalo s³do rañño bhuñjantassa ya½ ya½ so bahu½ gaºh±ti, ta½ ta½ tassa ruccat²ti j±n±ti, eva½ pakatiy± abhirucit±rammaºa½ ñatv± t±disaka½yeva nimminanti; te tattha vasa½ vattenti, methuna½ sevanti; keci pana ther± “hasitamattena olokitamattena ±liªgitamattena ca tesa½ k±makicca½ ijjhat²”ti vadanti, ta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “eta½ pana natth²”ti paµikkhitta½; na hi k±yena aphusantassa phoµµhabba½ k±makicca½ s±dheti; channampi hi k±m±vacar±na½ k±m± p±katik± eva; vuttampi ceta½–