9. ¾µ±n±µiyasuttavaººan±

Paµhamabh±ºav±ravaººan±

275. Eva½ me sutanti ±µ±n±µiyasutta½. Tatr±yamapubbapadavaººan±– catuddisa½ rakkha½ µhapetv±ti asurasen±ya niv±raºattha½ sakkassa dev±namindassa cat³su dis±su ±rakkha½ µhapetv±. Gumba½ µhapetv±ti balagumba½ µhapetv±. Ovaraºa½ µhapetv±ti cat³su dis±su ±rakkhake µhapetv±. Eva½ sakkassa dev±namindassa ±rakkha½ susa½vihita½ katv± ±µ±n±µanagare nisinn± satta buddhe ±rabbha ima½ paritta½ bandhitv± “ye satthu dhamma-±ºa½ amh±kañca r±ja-±ºa½ na suºanti, tesa½ idañcidañca kariss±m±”ti s±vana½ katv± attanopi cat³su dis±su mahatiy± ca yakkhasen±y±ti-±d²hi cat³hi sen±hi ±rakkha½ sa½vidahitv± abhikkant±ya rattiy±…pe… ekamanta½ nis²di½su.
Abhikkant±ya rattiy±ti ettha abhikkantasaddo khayasundar±bhir³pa-abbhanumodan±d²su dissati. Tattha “abhikkant±, bhante ratti, nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti (a. ni. 8.20) evam±d²su khaye dissati. “Aya½ imesa½ catunna½ puggal±na½ abhikkantataro paº²tataro c±”ti (a. ni. 4.100) evam±d²su sundare.
“Ko me vandati p±d±ni, iddhiy± yasas± jala½;
abhikkantena vaººena, sabb± obh±saya½ dis±”ti. (Vi. va. 857).
Evam±d²su abhir³pe. “Abhikkanta½, bho gotam±ti (p±r±. 15) evam±d²su abbhanumodane Idha pana khaye. Tena abhikkant±ya rattiy±, parikkh²º±ya rattiy±ti vutta½ hoti.
Abhikkantavaºº±ti idha abhikkantasaddo abhir³pe. Vaººasaddo pana chavithutikulavaggak±raºasaºµh±napam±ºar³p±yatan±d²su dissati. Tattha “suvaººavaººosi bhagav±”ti (ma. ni. 2.399) evam±d²su chaviya½. “Kad± saññ³¼h± pana te, gahapati, ime samaºassa gotamassa vaºº±”ti (ma. ni. 2.77) evam±d²su thutiya½. “Catt±rome bho gotama, vaºº±”ti (d². ni. 1.266) evam±d²su kulavagge. “Atha kena nu vaººena gandhathenoti vuccat²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.234) k±raºe. “Mahanta½ hatthir±javaººa½ abhinimminitv±”ti (sa½. ni. 1.138) evam±d²su saºµh±ne. “Tayo pattassa vaºº±”ti (p±r±. 602) evam±d²su pam±ºe. “Vaººo gandho raso oj±”ti evam±d²su r³p±yatane. So idha chaviya½ daµµhabbo. Tena “abhikkantavaºº± abhir³pacchav²”ti vutta½ hoti.
Kevalakappanti ettha kevalasaddo anavasesayebhuyya-aby±miss±natirekada¼hatthavisa½yog±di-anekattho. Tath± hissa “kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariyan”ti (p±r±. 1) evam±d²su anavasesat± attho. “Kevalakapp± ca aªgam±gadh± pah³ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ ±d±ya abhikkamituk±m± hont²”ti (mah±va. 43) evam±d²su yebhuyyat±. “Kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hot²”ti (mah±va. 1) evam±d²su aby±missat±. “Kevala½ saddh±mattaka½ n³na ayam±yasm±”ti (a. ni. 6.55) evam±d²su anatirekat±. “¾yasmato, bhante, anuruddhassa b±hiko n±ma saddhivih±riko kevalakappa½ saªghabhed±ya µhito”ti (a. ni. 4.243) evam±d²su da¼hatthat±. “Keval² vusitav± uttamapurisoti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 10.12) evam±d²su visa½yogo. Idha panassa anavasesattho adhippeto.
Kappasaddo pan±ya½ abhisaddahanavoh±rak±lapaññattichedanavikappalesasamantabh±v±di-anekattho. Tath± hissa “okappaniyameta½ bhoto gotamassa. Yath± ta½ arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti (ma. ni. 1.387) evam±d²su abhisaddahanamattho. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pañcahi samaºakappehi phala½ paribhuñjitun”ti (c³¼ava. 250) evam±d²su voh±ro. “Yena suda½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti (ma. ni. 1.387) evam±d²su k±lo. “Icc±yasm± kappo”ti (su. ni. 1098) evam±d²su paññatti. “Alaªkato kappitakesamass³”ti (vi. va. 1094) evam±d²su chedana½. “Kappati dvaªgulakappo”ti (c³¼ava. 446) evam±d²su vikappo, atthi kappo nipajjitun”ti (a. ni. 8.80) evam±d²su leso. “Kevalakappa½ ve¼uvana½ obh±setv±”ti (sa½. ni. 1.94) evam±d²su samantabh±vo. Idha pana samantabh±vo attho adhippeto. Tasm± “kevalakappa½ gijjhak³µan”ti ettha anavasesa½ samantato gijjhak³µanti evamattho daµµhabbo.
Obh±setv±ti vattham±l±laªk±rasar²rasamuµµhit±ya ±bh±ya pharitv±, candim± viya s³riyo viya ca ekobh±sa½ ekapajjota½ karitv±ti attho. Ekamanta½ nis²di½s³ti devat±na½ dasabalassa santike nisinnaµµh±na½ n±ma na bahu, imasmi½ pana sutte parittag±ravavasena nis²di½su.
276. Vessavaºoti kiñc±pi catt±ro mah±r±j±no ±gat±, vessavaºo pana dasabalassa viss±siko kath±pavattane byatto susikkhito, tasm± vessavaºo mah±r±j± bhagavanta½ etadavoca. U¼±r±ti mahesakkh±nubh±vasampann±. P±º±tip±t± veramaºiy±ti p±º±tip±te diµµhadhammikasampar±yika½ ±d²nava½ dassetv± tato veramaºiy± dhamma½ deseti. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Tattha santi u¼±r± yakkh± niv±sinoti tesu sen±sanesu santi u¼±r± yakkh± nibaddhav±sino. ¾µ±n±µiyanti ±µ±n±µanagare baddhatt± eva½n±ma½. Ki½ pana bhagavato apaccakkhadhammo n±ma atth²ti, natthi. Atha kasm± vessavaºo “uggaºh±tu, bhante, bhagav±”ti-±dim±ha? Ok±sakaraºattha½. So hi bhagavanta½ ima½ paritta½ s±vetu½ ok±sa½ k±rento evam±ha. Satthu kathite ima½ paritta½ garu bhavissat²tipi ±ha. Ph±suvih±r±y±ti gamanaµµh±n±d²su cat³su iriy±pathesu sukhavih±r±ya.
277. Cakkhumantass±ti na vipass²yeva cakkhum±, sattapi buddh± cakkhumanto, tasm± ekekassa buddhassa et±ni satta satta n±m±ni honti. Sabbepi buddh± cakkhumanto, sabbe sabbabh³t±nukampino, sabbe nh±takilesatt± nh±tak±. Sabbe m±rasen±pamaddino, sabbe vusitavanto, sabbe vimutt±, sabbe aªgato rasm²na½ nikkhantatt± aªg²ras±. Na kevalañca buddh±na½ et±neva satta n±m±ni asaªkhyeyy±ni n±m±ni saguºena mahesinoti vutta½.
Vessavaºo pana attano p±kaµan±mavasena evam±ha. Te jan±ti idha kh²º±sav± jan±ti adhippet±. Apisuº±th±ti desan±s²samattameta½, amus± apisuº± apharus± mantabh±ºinoti attho Mahatt±ti mahantabh±va½ patt±. “Mahant±”tipi p±µho, mahant±ti attho. V²tas±rad±ti niss±rad± vigatalomaha½s±.
Hitanti mett±pharaºena hita½. Ya½ namassant²ti ettha yanti nip±tamatta½. Mahattanti mahanta½. Ayameva v± p±µho, ida½ vutta½ hoti “ye c±pi loke kilesanibb±nena nibbut± yath±bh³ta½ vipassisu½, vijj±diguºasampannañca hita½ devamanuss±na½ gotama½ namassanti, te jan± apisuº±, tesampi namatth³”ti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana te jan± apisuº±ti te buddh± apisuº±ti eva½ paµhamag±th±ya buddh±na½yeva vaººo kathito, tasm± paµhamag±th± sattanna½ buddh±na½ vasena vutt±. Dutiyag±th±ya “gotaman”ti desan±mukhamattameta½. Ayampi hi sattanna½yeva vasena vutt±ti veditabb±. Ayañhettha attho– loke paº¹it± devamanuss± ya½ namassanti gotama½, tassa ca tato purim±nañca buddh±na½ namatth³ti.
278. Yato uggacchat²ti yato µh±nato udeti. ¾diccoti aditiy± putto, vevacanamatta½ v± eta½ s³riyasaddassa. Mahanta½ maº¹ala½ ass±ti maº¹al²mah±. Yassa cuggaccham±nass±ti yamhi uggaccham±ne. Sa½var²pi nirujjhat²ti ratti antaradh±yati. Yassa cuggateti yasmi½ uggate.
Rahadoti udakarahado. Tatth±ti yato uggacchati s³riyo, tasmi½ µh±ne. Samuddoti yo so rahadoti vutto, so na añño, atha kho samuddo. Saritodakoti visaµodako, sarit± n±nappak±r± nadiyo assa udake paviµµh±ti v± saritodako. Eva½ ta½ tattha j±nant²ti ta½ rahada½ tattha eva½ j±nanti Kinti j±nanti? Samuddo saritodakoti eva½ j±nanti.
Itoti sineruto v± tesa½ nisinnaµµh±nato v±. Janoti aya½ mah±jano. Ekan±m±ti indan±mena ekan±m±. Sabbesa½ kira tesa½ sakkassa devarañño n±mameva n±mamaka½su. As²ti dasa eko c±ti ekanavutijan±. Indan±m±ti indoti eva½n±m±. Buddha½ ±diccabandhunanti kilesanidd±pagamanen±pi buddha½. ¾diccena sam±nagottat±yapi ±diccabandhuna½. Kusalena samekkhas²ti anavajjena nipuºena v± sabbaññutaññ±ºena mah±jana½ olokesi. Amanuss±pi ta½ vandant²ti amanuss±pi ta½ “sabbaññutaññ±ºena mah±jana½ olokes²”ti vatv± vandanti. Suta½ neta½ abhiºhasoti eta½ amhehi abhikkhaºa½ suta½. Jina½ vandatha gotama½, jina½ vand±ma gotamanti amhehi puµµh± jina½ vand±ma gotamanti vadanti.
279. Yena pet± pavuccant²ti pet± n±ma k±laªkat±, te yena dis±bh±gena n²hariyant³ti vuccanti. Pisuº± piµµhima½sik±ti pisuº±v±c± ceva piµµhima½sa½ kh±dant± viya parammukh± garahak± ca. Ete ca yena n²hariyant³ti vuccanti, sabbepi hete dakkhiºadv±rena n²haritv± dakkhiºato nagarassa ¹ayhantu v± chijjantu v± haññantu v±ti eva½ vuccanti. Ito s± dakkhiº± dis±ti yena dis±bh±gena te pet± ca pisuº±dik± ca n²hariyant³ti vuccanti, ito s± dakkhiº± dis±. Itoti sineruto v± tesa½ nisinnaµµh±nato v±. Kumbhaº¹±nanti te kira dev± mahodar± honti, rahassaªgampi ca nesa½ kumbho viya mahanta½ hoti. Tasm± kumbhaº¹±ti vuccanti.
280. Yattha coggacchati s³riyoti yasmi½ dis±bh±ge s³riyo attha½ gacchati.
281. Yen±ti yena dis±bh±gena. Mah±ner³ti mah±sineru pabbatar±j±. Sudassanoti sovaººamayatt± sundaradassano. Sinerussa hi p±c²napassa½ rajatamaya½, dakkhiºapassa½ maºimaya½ pacchimapassa½ phalikamaya½, uttarapassa½ sovaººamaya½, ta½ manuññadassana½ hoti. Tasm± yena dis±bh±gena sineru sudassanoti ayametthattho. Manuss± tattha j±yant²ti tattha uttarakurumhi manuss± j±yanti. Amam±ti vatth±bharaºap±nabhojan±d²supi mamattavirahit±. Apariggah±ti itthipariggahena apariggah±. Tesa½ kira “aya½ mayha½ bhariy±”ti mamatta½ na hoti, m±tara½ v± bhagini½ v± disv± chandar±go nuppajjati.
Napi n²yanti naªgal±ti naªgal±nipi tattha “kasikamma½ kariss±m±”ti na khetta½ n²yanti. Akaµµhap±kimanti akaµµhe bh³mibh±ge araññe sayameva j±ta½. Taº¹ulapphalanti taº¹ul±va tassa phala½ hoti.
Tuº¹ik²re pacitv±n±ti ukkhaliya½ ±kiritv± niddhumaªg±rena aggin± pacitv±. Tattha kira jotikap±s±º± n±ma honti. Atha kho te tayo p±s±ºe µhapetv± ta½ ukkhali½ ±ropenti. P±s±ºehi tejo samuµµhahitv± ta½ pacati. Tato bhuñjanti bhojananti tato ukkhalito bhojanameva bhuñjanti, añño s³po v± byañjana½ v± na hoti, bhuñjant±na½ citt±nuk³loyevassa raso hoti. Te ta½ µh±na½ sampatt±na½ dentiyeva, macchariyacitta½ n±ma na hoti. Buddhapaccekabuddh±dayopi mahiddhik± tattha gantv± piº¹ap±ta½ gaºhanti.
G±vi½ ekakhura½ katv±ti g±vi½ gahetv± ekakhura½ v±hanameva katv±. Ta½ abhiruyha vessavaºassa paric±rak± yakkh±. Anuyanti disodisanti t±ya t±ya dis±ya caranti. Pasu½ ekakhura½ katv±ti µhapetv± g±vi½ avasesacatuppadaj±tika½ pasu½ ekakhura½ v±hanameva katv± disodisa½ anuyanti.
Itthi½ v± v±hana½ katv±ti yebhuyyena gabbhini½ m±tug±ma½ v±hana½ karitv±. Tass± piµµhiy± nis²ditv± caranti. Tass± kira piµµhi onamitu½ sahati. Itar± pana itthiyo y±ne yojenti. Purisa½ v±hana½ katv±ti purise gahetv± y±ne yojenti. Gaºhant± ca samm±diµµhike gahetu½ na sakkonti. Yebhuyyena paccantimamilakkhuv±sike gaºhanti. Aññataro kirettha j±napado ekassa therassa sam²pe nis²ditv± nidd±yati, thero “up±saka ativiya nidd±yas²”ti pucchi. “Ajja, bhante, sabbaratti½ vessavaºad±sehi kilamitomh²”ti ±ha.
Kum±ri½ v±hana½ katv±ti kum±riyo gahetv± ekakhura½ v±hana½ katv± rathe yojenti. Kum±rav±hanepi eseva nayo. Pac±r± tassa r±jinoti tassa rañño paric±rik±. Hatthiy±na½ assay±nanti na kevala½ goy±n±d²niyeva, hatthi-assay±n±d²nipi abhiruhitv± vicaranti. Dibba½ y±nanti aññampi nesa½ bahuvidha½ dibbay±na½ upaµµhitameva hoti, et±ni t±va nesa½ upakappanay±n±ni. Te pana p±s±de varasayanamhi nipann±pi p²µhasivik±d²su ca nisinn±pi vicaranti. Tena vutta½ “p±s±d± sivik± cev±”ti. Mah±r±jassa yasassinoti eva½ ±nubh±vasampannassa yasassino mah±r±jassa et±ni y±n±ni nibbattanti.
Tassa ca nagar± ahu antalikkhe sum±pit±ti tassa rañño ±k±se suµµhu m±pit± ete ±µ±n±µ±dik± nagar± ahesu½, nagar±ni bhavi½s³ti attho. Ekañhissa nagara½ ±µ±n±µ± n±ma ±si, eka½ kusin±µ± n±ma, eka½ parakusin±µ± n±ma, eka½ n±µas³riy± n±ma, eka½ parakusiµan±µ± n±ma.
Uttarena kasivantoti tasmi½ µhatv± uju½ uttaradis±ya kasivanto n±ma añña½ nagara½. Janoghamaparena c±ti etassa aparabh±ge janogha½ n±ma añña½ nagara½. Navanavatiyoti aññampi navanavatiyo n±ma eka½ nagara½. Apara½ ambara-ambaravatiyo n±ma. ¾¼akamand±ti aparampi ±¼akamand± n±ma r±jadh±n².
Tasm± kuvero mah±r±j±ti aya½ kira anuppanne buddhe kuvero n±ma br±hmaºo hutv± ucchuvappa½ k±retv± satta yant±ni yojesi. Ekiss±ya yantas±l±ya uµµhita½ ±ya½ ±gat±gatassa mah±janassa datv± puñña½ ak±si. Avasesas±l±hi tattheva bahutaro ±yo uµµh±si, so tena pas²ditv± avasesas±l±supi uppajjanaka½ gahetv± v²sati vassasahass±ni d±na½ ad±si. So k±la½ katv± c±tumah±r±jikesu kuvero n±ma devaputto j±to. Aparabh±ge vis±º±ya r±jadh±niy± rajja½ k±resi. Tato paµµh±ya vessavaºoti vuccati.
Paccesanto pak±sent²ti paµi-esanto visu½ visu½ atthe upaparikkham±n± anus±sam±n± aññe dv±dasa yakkharaµµhik± pak±senti. Te kira yakkharaµµhik± s±sana½ gahetv± dv±dasanna½ yakkhadov±rik±na½ nivedenti. Yakkhadov±rik± ta½ s±sana½ mah±r±jassa nivedenti. Id±ni tesa½ yakkharaµµhik±na½ n±ma½ dassento tatol±ti-±dim±ha. Tesu kira eko tatol± n±ma, eko tattal± n±ma, eko tatotal± n±ma, eko ojasi n±ma, eko tejasi n±ma, eko tatojas² n±ma. S³ro r±j±ti eko s³ro n±ma, eko r±j± n±ma, eko s³ror±j± n±ma, ariµµho nem²ti eko ariµµho n±ma, eko nemi n±ma, eko ariµµhanemi n±ma.
Rahadopi tattha dharaº² n±m±ti tattha paneko n±mena dharaº² n±ma udakarahado atthi, paºº±sayojan± mah±pokkharaº² atth²ti vutta½ hoti. Yato megh± pavassant²ti yato pokkharaºito udaka½ gahetv± megh± pavassanti. Vass± yato pat±yant²ti yato vuµµhiyo avattharam±n± nigacchanti. Meghesu kira uµµhitesu tato pokkharaºito pur±ºa-udaka½ bhassati. Upari megho uµµhahitv± ta½ pokkharaºi½ navodakena p³reti. Pur±ºodaka½ heµµhima½ hutv± nikkhamati. Paripuºº±ya pokkharaºiy± val±hak± vigacchanti. Sabh±p²ti sabh±. Tass± kira pokkharaºiy± t²re s±lavatiy± n±ma lat±ya parikkhitto dv±dasayojaniko ratanamaº¹apo atthi, ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
Payirup±sant²ti nis²danti. Tattha niccaphal± rukkh±ti tasmi½ µh±ne ta½ maº¹apa½ pariv±retv± sad± phalit± ambajambu-±dayo rukkh± niccapupphit± ca campakam±l±dayoti dasseti. N±n±dijagaº±yut±ti vividhapakkhisaªghasam±kul±. May³rakoñc±bhirud±ti may³rehi koñcasakuºehi ca abhirud± upag²t±.
J²vañj²vakasaddetth±ti “j²va j²v±”ti eva½ viravant±na½ j²vañj²vakasakuº±nampi ettha saddo atthi. Oµµhavacittak±ti “uµµhehi, citta, uµµhehi citt±”ti eva½ vassam±n± uµµhavacittakasakuº±pi tattha vicaranti. Kukkuµak±ti vanakukkuµak±. Ku¼²rak±ti suvaººakakkaµak±. Vaneti padumavane. Pokkharas±tak±ti pokkharas±tak± n±ma sakuº±.
Sukas±¼ikasaddetth±ti suk±nañca s±¼ik±nañca saddo ettha. Daº¹am±ºavak±ni c±ti manussamukhasakuº±. Te kira dv²hi hatthehi suvaººadaº¹a½ gahetv± eka½ pokkharapatta½ akkamitv± anantare pokkharapatte suvaººadaº¹a½ nikkhipant± vicaranti. Sobhati sabbak±la½ s±ti s± pokkharaº² sabbak±la½ sobhati. Kuverana¼in²ti kuverassa na¼in² padumasarabh³t±, s± dharaº² n±ma pokkharaº² sad± nirantara½ sobhati.
282. Yassa kassac²ti ida½ vessavaºo ±µ±n±µiya½ rakkha½ niµµhapetv± tass± parikamma½ dassento ±ha. Tattha suggahit±ti atthañca byañjanañca parisodhetv± suµµhu uggahit±. Samatt± pariy±put±ti padabyañjan±ni ah±petv± paripuººa½ uggahit±. Atthampi p±¼impi visa½v±detv± sabbaso v± pana appaguºa½ katv± bhaºantassa hi paritta½ tejavanta½ na hoti, sabbaso paguºa½ katv± bhaºantasseva tejavanta½ hoti. L±bhahetu uggahetv± bhaºantass±pi attha½ na s±dheti, nissaraºapakkhe µhatv± metta½ purec±rika½ katv± bhaºantasseva atth±ya hot²ti dasseti. Yakkhapac±roti yakkhaparic±rako.
Vatthu½ v±ti gharavatthu½ v±. V±sa½ v±ti tattha nibaddhav±sa½ v±. Samitinti sam±gama½. An±vayhanti na ±v±hayutta½. Avivayhanti na viv±hayutta½. Tena saha ±v±haviv±ha½ na kareyyunti attho. Att±hipi paripuºº±h²ti “ka¼±rakkhi ka¼±radant±”ti eva½ etesa½ attabh±va½ upanetv± vutt±hi paripuººabyañjan±hi paribh±s±hi paribh±seyyu½ yakkha-akkosehi n±ma akkoseyyunti attho. Rittampissa pattanti bhikkh³na½ pattasadisameva lohapatta½ hoti. Ta½ s²se nikkujjita½ y±va galav±µak± bhassati. Atha na½ majjhe ayokh²lena ±koµenti.
Caº¹±ti kodhan±. Ruddh±ti viruddh±. Rabhas±ti karaºuttariy±. Neva mah±r±j±na½ ±diyant²ti vacana½ na gaºhanti, ±ºa½ na karonti. Mah±r±j±na½ purisak±nanti aµµhav²satiyakkhasen±pat²na½. Purisak±nanti yakkhasen±pat²na½ ye manass± tesa½. Avaruddh± n±m±ti pacc±mitt± verino. Ujjh±petabbanti paritta½ vatv± amanusse paµikkam±petu½ asakkontena etesa½ yakkh±na½ ujjh±petabba½, ete j±n±petabb±ti attho.