Chaddis±paµicch±danakaº¹avaººan±

266. Iti bhagav± ettakena kath±maggena eva½ gahapatiputtassa ariyas±vako cat³hi k±raºehi akusala½ pah±ya chahi k±raºehi bhog±na½ ap±yamukha½ vajjetv± so¼asa mitt±ni sevanto ghar±v±sa½ saºµhapetv± d±rabharaºa½ karonto dhammikena ±j²vena j²vati, devamanuss±nañca antare aggikkhandho viya virocat²ti vajjan²yadhammavajjanattha½ sevitabbadhammasevanatthañca ov±da½ datv± id±ni namassitabb± cha dis± dassento kathañca gahapatiputt±ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha chaddis±paµicch±d²ti yath± chahi dis±hi ±gamanabhaya½ na ±gacchati, khema½ hoti nibbhaya½ eva½ viharanto “chaddis±paµicch±d²”ti vuccati. “Puratthim± dis± m±t±pitaro veditabb±”ti-±d²su m±t±pitaro pubbupak±rit±ya puratthim± dis±ti veditabb±. ¾cariy± dakkhiºeyyat±ya dakkhiº± dis±ti. Puttad±r± piµµhito anubandhanavasena pacchim± dis±ti. Mitt±macc± yasm± so mitt±macce niss±ya te te dukkhavisese uttarati, tasm± uttar± dis±ti. D±sakammakar± p±dam³le patiµµh±navasena heµµhim± dis±ti. Samaºabr±hmaº± guºehi upari µhitabh±vena uparim± dis±ti veditabb±.
267. Bhato ne bhariss±m²ti aha½ m±t±pit³hi thañña½ p±yetv± hatthap±de va¹¹hetv± mukhena siªgh±ºika½ apanetv± nah±petv± maº¹etv± bhato bharito jaggito, sv±ha½ ajja te mahallake p±dadhovananh±panay±gubhattad±n±d²hi bhariss±mi.
Kicca½ nesa½ kariss±m²ti attano kamma½ µhapetv± m±t±pit³na½ r±jakul±d²su uppanna½ kicca½ gantv± kariss±mi. Kulava½sa½ saºµhapess±m²ti m±t±pit³na½ santaka½ khettavatthuhiraññasuvaºº±di½ avin±setv± rakkhantopi kulava½sa½ saºµhapeti n±ma. M±t±pitaro adhammikava½sato h±retv± dhammikava½se µhapentopi, kulava½sena ±gat±ni sal±kabhatt±d²ni anupacchinditv± pavattentopi kulava½sa½ saºµhapeti n±ma. Ida½ sandh±ya vutta½– “kulava½sa½ saºµhapess±m²”ti.
D±yajja½ paµipajj±m²ti m±t±pitaro attano ov±de avattam±ne micch±paµipanne d±rake vinicchaya½ patv± aputte karonti, te d±yajj±rah± na honti. Ov±de vattam±ne pana kulasantakassa s±mike karonti, aha½ eva½ vattiss±m²ti adhipp±yena “d±yajja½ paµipajj±m²”ti vutta½.
Dakkhiºa½ anuppadass±m²ti tesa½ pattid±na½ katv± tatiyadivasato paµµh±ya d±na½ anuppadass±mi. P±p± niv±rent²ti p±º±tip±t±d²na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yika½ ±d²nava½ vatv±, “t±ta, m± evar³pa½ kar²”ti niv±renti, katampi garahanti. Kaly±ºe nivesent²ti an±thapiº¹iko viya lañja½ datv±pi s²lasam±d±n±d²su nivesenti. Sippa½ sikkh±pent²ti attano ov±de µhitabh±va½ ñatv± va½s±nugata½ mudd±gaºan±disippa½ sikkh±penti. Patir³pen±ti kulas²lar³p±d²hi anur³pena.
Samaye d±yajja½ niyy±dent²ti samaye dhana½ denti. Tattha niccasamayo k±lasamayoti dve samay±. Niccasamaye denti n±ma “uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya ima½ gaºhitabba½ gaºha, aya½ te paribbayo hotu, imin± kusala½ karoh²”ti denti. K±lasamaye denti n±ma sikh±µhapana-±v±haviv±h±disamaye denti. Apica pacchime k±le maraºamañce nipannassa “imin± kusala½ karoh²”ti dent±pi samaye denti n±ma. Paµicchann± hot²ti ya½ puratthimadisato bhaya½ ±gaccheyya, yath± ta½ n±gacchati, eva½ pihit± hoti. Sace hi putt± vippaµipann±, assu, m±t±pitaro daharak±lato paµµh±ya jaggan±d²hi samm± paµipann±, ete d±rak±, m±t±pit³na½ appatir³p±ti eta½ bhaya½ ±gaccheyya. Putt± samm± paµipann±, m±t±pitaro vippaµipann±, m±t±pitaro putt±na½ n±nur³p±ti eta½ bhaya½ ±gaccheyya. Ubhosu vippaµipannesu duvidhampi ta½ bhaya½ hoti. Samm± paµipannesu sabba½ na hoti. Tena vutta½– “paµicchann± hoti khem± appaµibhay±”ti.
Evañca pana vatv± bhagav± siªg±laka½ etadavoca– “na kho te, gahapatiputta, pit± lokasammata½ puratthima½ disa½ namass±peti. M±t±pitaro pana puratthimadis±sadise katv± namass±peti. Ayañhi te pitar± puratthim± dis± akkh±t±, no aññ±”ti.
268. Uµµh±nen±ti ±san± uµµh±nena. Antev±sikena hi ±cariya½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± ±san± vuµµh±ya paccuggamana½ katv± hatthato bhaº¹aka½ gahetv± ±sana½ paññapetv± nis²d±petv± b²janap±dadhovanap±damakkhan±ni k±tabb±ni. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “uµµh±nen±”ti. Upaµµh±nen±ti divasassa tikkhattu½ upaµµh±nagamanena. Sippuggahaºak±le pana avassakameva gantabba½ hoti. Suss³s±y±ti saddahitv± savanena. Asaddahitv± suºanto hi visesa½ n±dhigacchati. P±ricariy±y±ti avasesakhuddakap±ricariy±ya. Antev±sikena hi ±cariyassa p±tova vuµµh±ya mukhodakadantakaµµha½ datv± bhattakiccak±lepi p±n²ya½ gahetv± paccupaµµh±n±d²ni katv± vanditv± gantabba½. Kiliµµhavatth±d²ni dhovitabb±ni, s±ya½ nah±nodaka½ paccupaµµhapetabba½. Aph±suk±le upaµµh±tabba½. Pabbajitenapi sabba½ antev±sikavatta½ k±tabba½. Ida½ sandh±ya vutta½– “p±ricariy±y±”ti. Sakkacca½ sippapaµiggahaºen±ti sakkacca½ paµiggahaºa½ n±ma thoka½ gahetv± bahuv±re sajjh±yakaraºa½, ekapadampi visuddhameva gahetabba½.
Suvin²ta½ vinent²ti “eva½ te nis²ditabba½, eva½ µh±tabba½, eva½ kh±ditabba½, eva½ bhuñjitabba½, p±pamitt± vajjetabb±, kaly±ºamitt± sevitabb±”ti eva½ ±c±ra½ sikkh±penti vinenti. Suggahita½ g±h±pent²ti yath± suggahita½ gaºh±ti, eva½ atthañca byañjanañca sodhetv± payoga½ dassetv± gaºh±penti. Mitt±maccesu paµiy±dent²ti “aya½ amh±ka½ antev±siko byatto bahussuto may± samasamo, eta½ sallakkheyy±th±”ti eva½ guºa½ kathetv± mitt±maccesu patiµµhapenti.
Dis±su paritt±ºa½ karont²ti sippasikkh±panenevassa sabbadis±su rakkha½ karonti. Uggahitasippo hi ya½ ya½ disa½ gantv± sippa½ dasseti, tattha tatthassa l±bhasakk±ro uppajjati. So ±cariyena kato n±ma hoti, guºa½ kathentopissa mah±jano ±cariyap±de dhovitv± vasita-antev±siko vata ayanti paµhama½ ±cariyasseva guºa½ kathenti, brahmalokappam±ºopissa l±bho uppajjam±no ±cariyasantakova hoti. Apica ya½ vijja½ parijappitv± gacchanta½ aµaviya½ cor± na passanti, amanuss± v± d²ghaj±ti-±dayo v± na viheµhenti, ta½ sikkh±pent±pi dis±su paritt±ºa½ karonti. Ya½ v± so disa½ gato hoti, tato kaªkha½ upp±detv± attano santika½ ±gatamanusse “etissa½ dis±ya½ amh±ka½ antev±siko vasati, tassa ca mayhañca imasmi½ sippe n±n±karaºa½ natthi, gacchatha tameva pucchath±”ti eva½ antev±sika½ paggaºhant±pi tassa tattha l±bhasakk±ruppattiy± paritt±ºa½ karonti n±ma, patiµµha½ karont²ti attho. Sesamettha purimanayeneva yojetabba½.
269. Tatiyadis±v±re samm±nan±y±ti devam±te tissam±teti eva½ sambh±vitakath±kathanena. Anavam±nan±y±ti yath± d±sakammakar±dayo pothetv± viheµhetv± kathenti, eva½ h²¼etv± vim±netv± akathanena. Anaticariy±y±ti ta½ atikkamitv± bahi aññ±ya itthiy± saddhi½ paricaranto ta½ aticarati n±ma, tath± akaraºena. Issariyavossaggen±ti itthiyo hi mah±lat±sadisampi ±bharaºa½ labhitv± bhatta½ vic±retu½ alabham±n± kujjhanti, kaµacchu½ hatthe µhapetv± tava ruciy± karoh²ti bhattagehe vissaµµhe sabba½ issariya½ vissaµµha½ n±ma hoti, eva½ karaºen±ti attho. Alaªk±r±nuppad±nen±ti attano vibhav±nur³pena alaªk±rad±nena. Susa½vihitakammant±ti y±gubhattapacanak±l±d²ni anatikkamitv± tassa tassa s±dhuka½ karaºena suµµhu sa½vihitakammant±. Saªgahitaparijan±ti samm±nan±d²hi ceva paheºakapesan±d²hi ca saªgahitaparijan±. Idha parijano n±ma s±mikassa ceva attano ca ñ±tijano. Anatic±rin²ti s±mika½ muñcitv± añña½ manas±pi na pattheti. Sambhatanti kasiv±ºijj±d²ni katv± ±bhatadhana½. Dakkh± ca hot²ti y±gubhattasamp±dan±d²su chek± nipuº± hoti. Analas±ti nikkosajj±. Yath± aññ± kus²t± nisinnaµµh±ne nisinn±va honti µhitaµµh±ne µhit±va, eva½ ahutv± vipph±ritena cittena sabbakicc±ni nipph±deti. Sesamidh±pi purimanayeneva yojetabba½.
270. Catutthadis±v±re avisa½v±danat±y±ti yassa yassa n±ma½ gaºh±ti, ta½ ta½ avisa½v±detv± idampi amh±ka½ gehe atthi, idampi atthi, gahetv± gacch±h²ti eva½ avisa½v±detv± d±nena. Aparapaj± cassa paµip³jent²ti sah±yassa puttadh²taro paj± n±ma, tesa½ pana puttadh²taro ca nattupanattak± ca aparapaj± n±ma. Te paµip³jenti ke¼±yanti mam±yanti maªgalak±l±d²su tesa½ maªgal±d²ni karonti. Sesamidh±pi purimanayeneva veditabba½.
271. Yath±bala½ kammantasa½vidh±nen±ti daharehi k±tabba½ mahallakehi, mahallakehi v± k±tabba½ daharehi, itth²hi k±tabba½ purisehi, purisehi v± k±tabba½ itth²hi ak±retv± tassa tassa bal±nur³peneva kammantasa½vidh±nena. Bhattavetan±nuppad±nen±ti aya½ khuddakaputto, aya½ ekavih±r²ti tassa tassa anur³pa½ sallakkhetv± bhattad±nena ceva paribbayad±nena ca. Gil±nupaµµh±nen±ti aph±sukak±le kamma½ ak±retv± sapp±yabhesajj±d²ni datv± paµijagganena. Acchariy±na½ ras±na½ sa½vibh±gen±ti acchariye madhurarase labhitv± sayameva akh±ditv± tesampi tato sa½vibh±gakaraºena. Samaye vossaggen±ti niccasamaye ca k±lasamaye ca vossajjanena. Niccasamaye vossajjana½ n±ma sakaladivasa½ kamma½ karont± kilamanti. Tasm± yath± na kilamanti, eva½ vela½ ñatv± vissajjana½. K±lasamaye vossaggo n±ma chaºanakkhattak²¼±d²su alaªk±rabhaº¹akh±dan²yabhojan²y±d²ni datv± vissajjana½. Dinn±d±yinoti corik±ya kiñci agahetv± s±mikehi dinnasseva ±d±yino. Sukatakammakar±ti “ki½ etassa kammena katena, na maya½ kiñci labh±m±”ti anujjh±yitv± tuµµhahaday± yath± ta½ kamma½ sukata½ hoti, eva½ k±rak±. Kittivaººahar±ti parisamajjhe kath±ya sampatt±ya “ko amh±ka½ s±mikehi sadiso atthi, maya½ attano d±sabh±vampi na j±n±ma, tesa½ s±mikabh±vampi na j±n±ma, eva½ no anukampant²”ti guºakath±h±rak±. Sesamidh±pi purimanayeneva yojetabba½.
272. Mettena k±yakammen±ti-±d²su mettacitta½ paccupaµµhapetv± kat±ni k±yakamm±d²ni mett±ni n±ma vuccanti. Tattha bhikkh³ nimantess±m²ti vih±ragamana½ dhamakaraºa½ gahetv± udakapariss±vana½, piµµhiparikammap±daparikamm±dikaraºañca metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma. Bhikkh³ piº¹±ya paviµµhe disv± “sakkacca½ y±gu½ detha, bhatta½ deth±”ti-±divacanañceva, s±dhuk±ra½ datv± dhammasavanañca sakkacca½ paµisanth±rakaraº±d²ni ca metta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma. “Amh±ka½ kul³pakatther± aver± hontu aby±pajj±”ti eva½ cintana½ metta½ manokamma½ n±ma. An±vaµadv±rat±y±ti apihitadv±rat±ya. Tattha sabbadv±r±ni vivaritv±pi s²lavant±na½ ad±yako ak±rako pihitadv±royeva. Sabbadv±r±ni pana pidahitv±pi tesa½ d±yako k±rako vivaµadv±royeva. Iti s²lavantesu gehadv±ra½ ±gatesu santa½yeva natth²ti avatv± d±tabba½. Eva½ an±vaµadv±rat± n±ma hoti.
¾mis±nuppad±nen±ti purebhatta½ paribhuñjitabbaka½ ±misa½ n±ma, tasm± s²lavant±na½ y±gubhattasampad±nen±ti attho. Kaly±ºena manas± anukampant²ti “sabbe satt± sukhit± hontu aver± arog± aby±pajj±”ti eva½ hitapharaºena. Apica upaµµh±k±na½ geha½ aññe s²lavante sabrahmac±r² gahetv± pavisant±pi kaly±ºena cetas± anukampanti n±ma. Suta½ pariyod±pent²ti ya½ tesa½ pakatiy± suta½ atthi, tassa attha½ kathetv± kaªkha½ vinodenti, tathatt±ya v± paµipajj±penti. Sesamidh±pi purimanayeneva yojetabba½.
273. Alamattoti puttad±rabharaºa½ katv± ag±ra½ ajjh±vasanasamattho. Paº¹itoti dis±namassanaµµh±ne paº¹ito hutv±. Saºhoti sukhumatthadassanena saºhav±c±bhaºanena v± saºho hutv±. Paµibh±nav±ti dis±namassanaµµh±ne paµibh±nav± hutv± niv±tavutt²ti n²cavutti. Atthaddhoti thambharahito. Uµµh±nakoti uµµh±nav²riyasampanno. Analasoti nikkosajjo. Acchinnavutt²ti nirantarakaraºavasena akhaº¹avutti. Medh±v²ti µh±nuppattiy± paññ±ya samann±gato.
Saªg±hakoti cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi saªgahakaro. Mittakaroti mittagavesano. Vadaññ³ti pubbak±rin±, vuttavacana½ j±n±ti. Sah±yakassa ghara½ gatak±le “mayha½ sah±yakassa veµhana½ detha, s±µaka½ detha, manuss±na½ bhattavetana½ deth±”ti vuttavacanamanussaranto tassa attano geha½ ±gatassa tattaka½ v± tato atireka½ v± paµikatt±ti attho. Apica sah±yakassa ghara½ gantv± ima½ n±ma gaºhiss±m²ti ±gata½ sah±yaka½ lajj±ya gaºhitu½ asakkonta½ anicch±ritampi tassa v±ca½ ñatv± yena atthena so ±gato, ta½ nipph±dento vadaññ³ n±ma. Yena yena v± pana sah±yakassa ³na½ hoti, oloketv± ta½ ta½ dentopi vadaññ³yeva. Net±ti ta½ ta½ attha½ dassento paññ±ya net±. Vividh±ni k±raº±ni dassento net²ti vinet±. Punappuna½ net²ti anunet±.
Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ puggale. Rathass±º²va y±yatoti yath± ±ºiy± satiyeva ratho y±ti, asati na y±ti, eva½ imesu saªgahesu satiyeva loko vattati, asati na vattati. Tena vutta½– “ete kho saªgah± loke, rathass±º²va y±yato”ti.
Na m±t± puttak±raº±ti yadi m±t± ete saªgahe puttassa na kareyya, puttak±raº± m±na½ v± p³ja½ v± na labheyya.
Saªgah± eteti upayogavacane paccatta½. “Saªgahe ete”ti v± p±µho. Sammapekkhant²ti samm± pekkhanti. P±sa½s± ca bhavant²ti pasa½san²y± ca bhavanti.
274. Iti bhagav± y± dis± sandh±ya te gahapatiputta pit± ±ha “dis± namasseyy±s²”ti, im± t± cha dis±. Yadi tva½ pitu vacana½ karosi, im± dis± namass±ti dassento siªg±lassa pucch±ya µhatv± desana½ matthaka½ p±petv± r±jagaha½ piº¹±ya p±visi Siªg±lakopi saraºesu patiµµh±ya catt±l²sakoµidhana½ buddhas±sane vikiritv± puññakamma½ katv± saggapar±yaºo ahosi. Imasmiñca pana sutte ya½ gih²hi kattabba½ kamma½ n±ma, ta½ akathita½ natthi, gihivinayo n±m±ya½ suttanto. Tasm± ima½ sutv± yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±nassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±n²ti.

Sumaªgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Siªg±lasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.