Suppatiµµhitap±dat±lakkhaºavaººan±

201. Purima½ j±tinti-±d²su pubbe nivutthakkhandh± j±tavasena “j±t²”ti vutt±. Tath± bhavanavasena “bhavo”ti, nivutthavasena ±layaµµhena v± “niketo”ti. Tiººampi pad±na½ pubbe nivutthakkhandhasant±ne µhitoti attho. Id±ni yasm± ta½ khandhasant±na½ devalok±d²supi vattati. Lakkhaºanibbattanasamattha½ pana kusalakamma½ tattha na sukara½, manussabh³tasseva sukara½. Tasm± yath±bh³tena ya½ kamma½ kata½, ta½ dassento pubbe manussabh³to sam±noti ±ha. Ak±raºa½ v± eta½. Hatthi-assamigamahi½sav±nar±dibh³topi mah±puriso p±ramiyo p³retiyeva. Yasm± pana evar³pe attabh±ve µhitena katakamma½ na sakk± sukhena d²petu½, manussabh±ve µhitena katakamma½ pana sakk± sukhena d²petu½. Tasm± “pubbe manussabh³to sam±no”ti ±ha.
Da¼hasam±d±noti thiragahaºo. Kusalesu dhammes³ti dasakusalakammapathesu. Avatthitasam±d±noti niccalagahaºo anivattitagahaºo. Mah±sattassa hi akusalakammato aggi½ patv± kukkuµapatta½ viya citta½ paµikuµati, kusala½ patv± vit±na½ viya pas±riyati. Tasm± da¼hasam±d±no hoti avatthitasam±d±no. Na sakk± kenaci samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kusalasam±d±na½ vissajj±petu½.
Tatrim±ni vatth³ni– pubbe kira mah±puriso kalandakayoniya½ nibbatti. Atha deve vuµµhe ogho ±gantv± kul±vaka½ gahetv± samuddameva pavesesi. Mah±puriso “puttake n²hariss±m²”ti naªguµµha½ temetv± temetv± samuddato udaka½ bahi khipi. Sattame divase sakko ±vajjitv± tattha ±gamma “ki½ karos²”ti pucchi? So tassa ±rocesi. Sakko mah±samuddato udakassa dunn²haraº²yabh±va½ kathesi. Bodhisatto t±disena kus²tena saddhi½ kathetumpi na vaµµati. “M± idha tiµµh±”ti apas±resi. Sakko “anomapurisena gahitagahaºa½ na sakk± vissajj±petun”ti tuµµho tassa puttake ±netv± ad±si. Mah±janakak±lepi mah±samudda½ taram±no “kasm± mah±samudda½ taras²”ti devat±ya puµµho “p±ra½ gantv± kulasantake raµµhe rajja½ gahetv± d±na½ d±tu½ tar±m²”ti ±ha. Tato devat±ya– “aya½ mah±samuddo gambh²ro ceva puthulo ca, kad± na½ tarissat²”ti vutte so ±ha “taveso mah±samuddasadiso, mayha½ pana ajjh±saya½ ±gamma khuddakam±tik± viya kh±yati. Tva½yeva ma½ dakkhissasi samudda½ taritv± samuddap±rato dhana½ ±haritv± kulasantaka½ rajja½ gahetv± d±na½ dadam±nan”ti. Devat± “anomapurisena gahitagahaºa½ na sakk± vissajj±petun”ti bodhisatta½ ±liªgetv± haritv± uyy±ne nipajj±pesi. So chatta½ uss±petv± divase divase pañcasatasahassaparicc±ga½ katv± aparabh±ge nikkhamma pabbajito. Eva½ mah±satto na sakk± kenaci samaºena v±…pe… brahmun± v± kusalasam±d±na½ vissajj±petu½. Tena vutta½– “da¼hasam±d±no ahosi kusalesu dhammesu avatthitasam±d±no”ti.
Id±ni yesu kusalesu dhammesu avatthitasam±d±no ahosi, te dassetu½ k±yasucariteti-±dim±ha. D±nasa½vibh±geti ettha ca d±nameva diyyanavasena d±na½, sa½vibh±gakaraºavasena sa½vibh±go. S²lasam±d±neti pañcas²ladasas²lacatup±risuddhis²lap³raºak±le. Uposath³pav±seti c±tuddasik±dibhedassa uposathassa upavasanak±le. Matteyyat±y±ti m±tuk±tabbavatte. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Aññataraññataresu c±ti aññesu ca evar³pesu. Adhikusales³ti ettha atthi kusal±, atthi adhikusal±. Sabbepi k±m±vacar± kusal± kusal± n±ma, r³p±vacar± adhikusal±. Ubhopi te kusal± n±ma, ar³p±vacar± adhikusal±. Sabbepi te kusal± n±ma, s±vakap±ram²paµil±bhapaccay± kusal± adhikusal± n±ma. Tepi kusal± n±ma, paccekabodhipaµil±bhapaccay± kusal± adhikusal±. Tepi kusal± n±ma, sabbaññutaññ±ºappaµil±bhapaccay± pana kusal± idha “adhikusal±”ti adhippet±. Tesu adhikusalesu dhammesu da¼hasam±d±no ahosi avatthitasam±d±no.
Kaµatt± upacitatt±ti ettha sakimpi kata½ katameva, abhiºhakaraºena pana upacita½ hoti. Ussannatt±ti piº¹²kata½ r±s²kata½ kamma½ ussannanti vuccati. Tasm± “ussannatt±”ti vadanto may± katakammassa cakkav±¼a½ atisamb±dha½, bhavagga½ atin²ca½, eva½ me ussanna½ kammanti dasseti. Vipulatt±ti appam±ºatt±. Imin± “ananta½ aparim±ºa½ may± kata½ kamman”ti dasseti. Adhiggaºh±t²ti adhibhavati, aññehi devehi atireka½ labhat²ti attho. Paµilabhat²ti adhigacchati.
Sabb±vantehi p±dataleh²ti ida½ “sama½ p±da½ bh³miya½ nikkhipat²”ti etassa vitth±ravacana½. Tattha sabb±vanteh²ti sabbapadesavantehi, na ekena padesena paµhama½ phusati, na ekena pacch±, sabbeheva p±datalehi sama½ phusati, sama½ uddharati. Sacepi hi tath±gato “anekasataporisa½ naraka½ akkamiss±m²”ti p±da½ abhin²harati. T±vadeva ninnaµµh±na½ v±tap³rit± viya kamm±rabhast± unnamitv± pathavisama½ hoti. Unnataµµh±nampi anto pavisati. “D³re akkamiss±m²”ti abhin²harantassa sineruppam±ºopi pabbato suseditavettaªkuro viya onamitv± p±dasam²pa½ ±gacchati. Tath± hissa yamakap±µih±riya½ katv± “yugandharapabbata½ akkamiss±m²”ti p±de abhin²haµe pabbato onamitv± p±dasam²pa½ ±gato. Sopi ta½ akkamitv± dutiyap±dena t±vati½sabhavana½ akkami. Na hi cakkalakkhaºena patiµµh±tabbaµµh±na½ visama½ bhavitu½ sakkoti. Kh±ºu v± kaºµako v± sakkhar± v± kathal± v± ucc±rapass±vakhe¼asiªgh±ºik±d²ni v± purimatara½ v± apagacchanti, tattha tattheva v± pathavi½ pavisanti. Tath±gatassa hi s²latejena puññatejena dhammatejena dasanna½ p±ram²na½ ±nubh±vena aya½ mah±pathav² samm± mudupupph±bhikiºº± hoti.
202. S±garapariyantanti s±garas²ma½. Na hi tassa rajja½ karontassa antar± rukkho v± pabbato v± nad² v± s²m± hoti mah±samuddova s²m±. Tena vutta½ “s±garapariyantan”ti. Akhilamanimittamakaºµakanti niccora½. Cor± hi kharasamphassaµµhena khil±, upaddavapaccayaµµhena nimitt±, vijjhanaµµhena kaºµak±ti vuccanti. Iddhanti samiddha½. Ph²tanti sabbasampattiph±liphulla½. Khemanti nibbhaya½. Sivanti nirupaddava½. Nirabbudanti abbudavirahita½, gumba½ gumba½ hutv± carantehi corehi virahitanti attho. Akkhambhiyoti avikkhambhan²yo. Na na½ koci µh±nato c±letu½ sakkoti. Paccatthiken±ti paµipakkha½ icchantena. Pacc±mitten±ti paµiviruddhena amittena. Ubhayampeta½ sapattavevacana½. Abbhantareh²ti anto uµµhitehi r±g±d²hi.
B±hireh²ti samaº±d²hi. Tath± hi na½ b±hir± devadattakok±lik±dayo samaº±pi soºadaº¹ak³µadaº¹±dayo br±hmaº±pi sakkasadis± devat±pi satta vass±ni anubandham±no m±ropi bak±dayo brahm±nopi vikkhambhetu½ n±sakkhi½su.
Ett±vat± bhagavat± kammañca kammasarikkhakañca lakkhaºañca lakkhaº±nisa½so ca vutto hoti. Kamma½ n±ma satasahassakapp±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni da¼hav²riyena hutv± kata½ kamma½. Kammasarikkhaka½ n±ma da¼hena hutv± katabh±va½ sadevako loko j±n±t³ti suppatiµµhitap±damah±purisalakkhaºa½. Lakkhaºa½ n±ma suppatiµµhitap±dat±. Lakkhaº±nisa½so n±ma paccatthikehi avikkhambhan²yat±.
203. Tattheta½ vuccat²ti tattha vutte kamm±dibhede aparampi ida½ vuccati, g±th±bandha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Et± pana g±th± por±ºakatther± “±nandattherena µhapit± vaººan±g±th±”ti vatv± gat±. Aparabh±ge ther± “ekapadiko atthuddh±ro”ti ±ha½su.
Tattha sacceti vac²sacce. Dhammeti dasakusalakammapathadhamme. Dameti indriyadamane. Sa½yameti s²lasa½yame. “Soceyyas²l±layuposathesu c±”ti ettha k±yasoceyy±di tividha½ soceyya½. ¾layabh³ta½ s²lameva s²l±layo. Uposathakamma½ uposatho. Ahi½s±y±ti avihi½s±ya. Samattam±car²ti sakala½ acari.
Anvabh²ti anubhavi. Veyyañjanik±ti lakkhaºap±µhak±. Par±bhibh³ti pare abhibhavanasamattho. Sattubh²ti sapattehi akkhambhiyo hoti.
Na so gacchati j±tu khambhananti so eka½seneva aggapuggalo vikkhambhetabbata½ na gacchati. Es± hi tassa dhammat±ti tassa hi es± dhammat± aya½ sabh±vo.