Cakkaratanavaººan±

243. Uposatha½ vuccati aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ sabbadivasesu gahaµµhehi rakkhitabbas²la½, sam±d±navasena ta½ tassa atth²ti uposathiko, tassa uposathikassa. Ten±ha “sam±dinna-uposathaªgass±”ti. Tad±ti tasmi½ k±le. Kasmi½ pana k±leti? Yasmi½ k±le cakkavattibh±vasa½vattaniyad±nas²l±dipuññasambh±rasamud±gamasampanno p³ritacakkavattivatto k±lad²padesavisesapacc±j±tiy± ceva kular³pabhog±dhipateyy±diguºavisesasampattiy± ca tadanur³pe attabh±ve µhito hoti, tasmi½ k±le. T±dise hi k±le cakkavattibh±v² purisaviseso yath±vuttaguºasamann±gato r±j± khattiyo muddh±vasitto visuddhas²lo anuposatha½ satasahassavissajjan±din± samm±paµipatti½ paµipajjati, na yad± cakkaratana½ uppajjati, tad± eva. Ime ca vises± sabbacakkavatt²na½ s±dh±raºavasena vutt±. Ten±ha “p±tova…pe… dhammat±”ti. Bodhisatt±na½ pana cakkavattibh±v±vahaguº±pi cakkavattiguº±pi s±tisay±va honti.
Vuttappak±rapuññakammapaccayanti cakkavattibh±v±vahad±nadamasa½yam±dipuññakammahetuka½. N²lamaºisaªgh±tasadisanti indan²lamaºisañcayasam±na½. Dibb±nubh±vayuttatt±ti dassaneyyat±, manuññaghosat±, ±k±sag±mit±, obh±savissajjan±, appaµigh±tat±, rañño icchitatthanipphattik±raºat±ti evam±d²hi dibbasadisehi ±nubh±vehi samann±gatatt±, etena dibba½ viy±ti dibbanti dasseti. Na hi ta½ devalokapariy±panna½. Sahassa½ ar± etass±ti v± sahass±ra½. Sabbehi ±k±reh²ti sabbehi sundarehi paripuºº±vayave lakkhaºasampanne cakke icchitabbehi ±k±rehi. Parip³ranti paripuººa½, s± cass± p±rip³ri½ id±neva vitth±ressati.
Pan±¼²ti chidda½. Suddhasiniddhadantapantiy± nibbivar±y±ti adhipp±yo. Tass± pana pan±¼iy± samantato passassa rajatamayatt± s±rarajatamay± vutt±. Yasm± cassa cakkassa rathacakkassa viya antobh±vo n±ma natthi, tasm± vutta½ “ubhosupi b±hirantes³”ti. Kataparikkhep± hoti pan±¼²ti yojan±. N±bhipan±¼iparikkhepapaµµes³ti n±bhiparikkhepapaµµe ceva n±bhiy± pan±¼iparikkhepapaµµe ca.
Tesanti ar±na½. Ghaµak± n±ma alaªk±rabh³t± khuddakapuººaghaµ±. Tath± maºik± n±ma mutt±va¼ik±. Paricchedalekh± tassa tassa paricchedadassanavasena µhit± paricchinnalekh±. ¾di-saddena m±l±kamm±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Suvibhatt±nev±ti aññamañña½ asa½kiººatt± suµµhu vibhatt±ni.
“Suratt±”ti-±d²su surattaggahaºena mah±n±mavaººata½ paµikkhipati, suddhaggahaºena sa½ªkiliµµhata½, siniddhaggahaºena l³khata½. K±ma½ tassa cakkaratanassa nemimaº¹ala½ asandhikameva nibbatta½, sabbatthakameva pana kevala½ pav±¼avaººena ca sobhat²ti pakaticakkassa sandhiyuttaµµh±ne surattasuvaººapaµµ±dimay±hi vaµµaparicchedalekh±hi paññ±yam±n±hi sasandhik± viya dissant²ti ±ha “sandh²su panass±”ti-±di.
Nemimaº¹alapiµµhiyanti nemimaº¹alassa piµµhipadese. ¾k±sac±ribh±vato hissa tattha v±tagg±h² pav±¼adaº¹o hoti. Dasanna½ dasanna½ ar±na½ antareti dasanna½ dasanna½ ar±na½ antare sam²pe padese. Chiddamaº¹alakhacitoti maº¹alasaºµh±nachiddavicitto. Sukusalasamann±hatass±ti suµµhu kusalena sippin± pahatassa, v±ditass±ti attho. Vagg³ti manoramo. Rajan²yoti suºant±na½ r±gupp±dako. Kaman²yoti kanto. Samosaritakusumad±m±ti olambitasugandhakusumad±m±. Nemiparikkhepass±ti nemipariyantaparikkhepassa. N±bhipan±¼iy± dvinna½ pass±na½ vasena “dvinnampi n±bhipan±¼²nan”ti vutta½. Ek± eva hi s± pan±¼i. Yeh²ti yehi dv²hi mukhehi. Puna yeh²ti yehi muttakal±pehi.
Odh±payam±nanti sotu½ avahit±ni kurum±na½.
Cando purato cakkaratana½ pacch±ti eva½ pubb±pariyena pubb±parabh±vena.
Antepurass±ti anur±dhapure rañño antepurassa. Uttaras²hapañjarasadiseti tad± rañño p±s±de t±disassa uttaradis±ya s²hapañjarassa labbham±natt± vutta½. Sukhena sakk±ti kiñci an±ruhitv±, sar²rañca anullaªghitv± yath±µhiteneva hatthena pupphamuµµhiyo khipitv± sukhena sakk± hoti p³jetu½.
N±n±vir±garatanappabh±samujjalanti n±n±vidhavicittavaººaratanobh±sapabhassara½. ¾k±sa½ abbhuggantv± pavatteti ±gantv± µhitaµµh±nato upari ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± pavatte.
244. R±j±yutt±ti rañño kicce ±yuttakapuris±.
Sineru½ v±mapassena katv± tassa dhuratara½ gacchanto “v±mapassena sineru½ pah±y±”ti vutta½.
Vinibbedhen±ti tiriya½ vinivijjhanavasena. Sannivesakkhamoti khandh±v±rasannivesayogyo. Sulabh±h±rupakaraºoti sukheneva laddhabbadhaññagorasad±rutiº±dibhojanas±dhano.
Paracakkanti parassa rañño sen±, ±º± v±.
¾gamananandanoti ±gamanena nandijanano. Gamanena socet²ti gamanasocano. Upakappeth±ti upar³pari kappetha, sa½vidahatha upaneth±ti attho. Upaparikkhitv±ti hetutopi sabh±vatopi phalatopi diµµhadhammikasampar±yik±di-±d²navatopi v²ma½sitv±. Vibh±venti paññ±ya attha½ vibh³ta½ karont²ti vibh±vino, paññavanto. Anuyant±ti anuvattak±, anuvattakabh±veneva, pana rañño ca mah±nubh±vena te jigucchanavasena p±pato anoramant±pi ekacce ottappavasena oramant²ti veditabba½.
Ogaccham±nanti os²danta½. Yojanamattanti vitth±rato yojanamatta½ padesa½. Gambh²rabh±vena pana yath± bh³mi dissati, eva½ ogacchati. Ten±ha “mah±samuddatalan”ti-±di. Ante cakkaratana½ udakena sen±ya anajjhottharaºattha½. Puratthimo mah±samuddo pariyanto etass±ti puratthimamah±samuddapariyanto, ta½ puratthimamah±samuddapariyanta½, puratthimamah±samudda½ pariyanta½ katv±ti attho.
C±turant±y±ti catusamuddant±ya, puratthimadis±dicatukoµµh±sant±ya v±. Sobhayam±na½ viy±ti viya-saddo nip±tamatta½. Attano acchariyaguºehi sobhantameva hi ta½ tiµµhati. P±¼iyampi hi “upasobhayam±na½” tveva vutta½.