2. Mah±nid±nasutta½

Paµiccasamupp±do

95. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± kur³su viharati kamm±sadhamma½ n±ma [kamm±sadamma½ n±ma (sy±.)] kur³na½ nigamo. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami, upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “acchariya½, bhante, abbhuta½, bhante! Y±va gambh²ro c±ya½, bhante, paµiccasamupp±do gambh²r±vabh±so ca, atha ca pana me utt±nakutt±nako viya kh±yat²”ti. “M± heva½, ±nanda, avaca, m± heva½, ±nanda, avaca. Gambh²ro c±ya½, ±nanda, paµiccasamupp±do gambh²r±vabh±so ca. Etassa, ±nanda, dhammassa ananubodh± appaµivedh± evamaya½ paj± tant±kulakaj±t± kulagaºµhikaj±t± [gul±guºµhikaj±t± (s². p².), guºagaºµhikaj±t± (sy±.)] muñjapabbajabh³t± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ sa½s±ra½ n±tivattati.
96. “‘Atthi idappaccay± jar±maraºan’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± jar±maraºan’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘j±tipaccay± jar±maraºan’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± j±t²’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± j±t²’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘bhavapaccay± j±t²’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± bhavo’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½ ‘Ki½paccay± bhavo’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘up±d±napaccay± bhavo’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± up±d±nan’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± up±d±nan’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘taºh±paccay± up±d±nan’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± taºh±’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± taºh±’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘vedan±paccay± taºh±’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± vedan±’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± vedan±’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘phassapaccay± vedan±’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± phasso’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± phasso’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘n±mar³papaccay± phasso’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± n±mar³pan’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± n±mar³pan’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pan’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
“‘Atthi idappaccay± viññ±ºan’ti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½. ‘Ki½paccay± viññ±ºan’ti iti ce vadeyya, ‘n±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºan’ti iccassa vacan²ya½.
97. “Iti kho, ±nanda, n±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½, n±mar³papaccay± phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±, vedan±paccay± taºh±, taºh±paccay± up±d±na½, up±d±napaccay± bhavo, bhavapaccay± j±ti j±tipaccay± jar±maraºa½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s± sambhavanti. Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.
98. “‘J±tipaccay± jar±maraºan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± j±tipaccay± jar±maraºa½. J±ti ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, seyyathida½– dev±na½ v± devatt±ya, gandhabb±na½ v± gandhabbatt±ya, yakkh±na½ v± yakkhatt±ya, bh³t±na½ v± bh³tatt±ya, manuss±na½ v± manussatt±ya, catuppad±na½ v± catuppadatt±ya, pakkh²na½ v± pakkhitt±ya, sar²sap±na½ v± sar²sapatt±ya [siri½sap±na½ siri½sapatt±ya (s². sy±.)], tesa½ tesañca hi, ±nanda, satt±na½ tadatt±ya j±ti n±bhavissa. Sabbaso j±tiy± asati j±tinirodh± api nu kho jar±maraºa½ paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo jar±maraºassa, yadida½ j±ti”.
99. “‘Bhavapaccay± j±t²’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± bhavapaccay± j±ti. Bhavo ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, seyyathida½– k±mabhavo v± r³pabhavo v± ar³pabhavo v±, sabbaso bhave asati bhavanirodh± api nu kho j±ti paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo j±tiy±, yadida½ bhavo”.
100. “‘Up±d±napaccay± bhavo’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± up±d±napaccay± bhavo. Up±d±nañca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici seyyathida½– k±mup±d±na½ v± diµµhup±d±na½ v± s²labbatup±d±na½ v± attav±dup±d±na½ v±, sabbaso up±d±ne asati up±d±nanirodh± api nu kho bhavo paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo bhavassa, yadida½ up±d±na½”.
101. “‘Taºh±paccay± up±d±nan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½ tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± taºh±paccay± up±d±na½. Taºh± ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, seyyathida½– r³pataºh± saddataºh± gandhataºh± rasataºh± phoµµhabbataºh± dhammataºh±, sabbaso taºh±ya asati taºh±nirodh± api nu kho up±d±na½ paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo up±d±nassa, yadida½ taºh±”.
102. “‘Vedan±paccay± taºh±’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± vedan±paccay± taºh±. Vedan± ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, seyyathida½– cakkhusamphassaj± vedan± sotasamphassaj± vedan± gh±nasamphassaj± vedan± jivh±samphassaj± vedan± k±yasamphassaj± vedan± manosamphassaj± vedan±, sabbaso vedan±ya asati vedan±nirodh± api nu kho taºh± paññ±yeth±”ti “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo taºh±ya, yadida½ vedan±”.
103. “Iti kho paneta½, ±nanda, vedana½ paµicca taºh±, taºha½ paµicca pariyesan±, pariyesana½ paµicca l±bho, l±bha½ paµicca vinicchayo, vinicchaya½ paµicca chandar±go, chandar±ga½ paµicca ajjhos±na½, ajjhos±na½ paµicca pariggaho, pariggaha½ paµicca macchariya½, macchariya½ paµicca ±rakkho. ¾rakkh±dhikaraºa½ daº¹±d±nasatth±d±nakalahaviggahaviv±datuva½tuva½pesuññamus±v±d± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti.
104. “‘¾rakkh±dhikaraºa½ [±rakkha½ paµicca ±rakkh±dhikaraºa½ (sy±.)] daº¹±d±nasatth±d±nakalahaviggahaviv±datuva½tuva½pesuññamus±v±d± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavant²’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± ±rakkh±dhikaraºa½ daº¹±d±nasatth±d±nakalahaviggahaviv±datuva½tuva½pesuññamus±v±d± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti. ¾rakkho ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso ±rakkhe asati ±rakkhanirodh± api nu kho daº¹±d±nasatth±d±nakalahaviggahaviv±datuva½tuva½pesuññamus±v±d± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhaveyyun”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo daº¹±d±nasatth±d±nakalahaviggahaviv±datuva½tuva½pesuññamus±v±d±na½ anekesa½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sambhav±ya yadida½ ±rakkho.
105. “‘Macchariya½ paµicca ±rakkho’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± macchariya½ paµicca ±rakkho. Macchariyañca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici sabbaso macchariye asati macchariyanirodh± api nu kho ±rakkho paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo ±rakkhassa, yadida½ macchariya½”.
106. “‘Pariggaha½ paµicca macchariyan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± pariggaha½ paµicca macchariya½. Pariggaho ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso pariggahe asati pariggahanirodh± api nu kho macchariya½ paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo macchariyassa, yadida½ pariggaho”.
107. “‘Ajjhos±na½ paµicca pariggaho’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± ajjhos±na½ paµicca pariggaho. Ajjhos±nañca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso ajjhos±ne asati ajjhos±nanirodh± api nu kho pariggaho paññ±yeth±”ti “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo pariggahassa– yadida½ ajjhos±na½”.
108. “‘Chandar±ga½ paµicca ajjhos±nan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± chandar±ga½ paµicca ajjhos±na½. Chandar±go ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso chandar±ge asati chandar±ganirodh± api nu kho ajjhos±na½ paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo ajjhos±nassa, yadida½ chandar±go”.
109. “‘Vinicchaya½ paµicca chandar±go’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± vinicchaya½ paµicca chandar±go. Vinicchayo ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso vinicchaye asati vinicchayanirodh± api nu kho chandar±go paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½ bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo chandar±gassa, yadida½ vinicchayo”.
110. “‘L±bha½ paµicca vinicchayo’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± l±bha½ paµicca vinicchayo. L±bho ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso l±bhe asati l±bhanirodh± api nu kho vinicchayo paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo vinicchayassa, yadida½ l±bho”.
111. “‘Pariyesana½ paµicca l±bho’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± pariyesana½ paµicca l±bho. Pariyesan± ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, sabbaso pariyesan±ya asati pariyesan±nirodh± api nu kho l±bho paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo l±bhassa, yadida½ pariyesan±”.
112. “‘Taºha½ paµicca pariyesan±’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± taºha½ paµicca pariyesan±. Taºh± ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, seyyathida½– k±mataºh± bhavataºh± vibhavataºh±, sabbaso taºh±ya asati taºh±nirodh± api nu kho pariyesan± paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo pariyesan±ya, yadida½ taºh±. Iti kho, ±nanda, ime dve dhamm± [ime dhamm± (ka.)] dvayena vedan±ya ekasamosaraº± bhavanti”.
113. “‘Phassapaccay± vedan±’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± ‘phassapaccay± vedan±. Phasso ca hi, ±nanda, n±bhavissa sabbena sabba½ sabbath± sabba½ kassaci kimhici, seyyathida½– cakkhusamphasso sotasamphasso gh±nasamphasso jivh±samphasso k±yasamphasso manosamphasso, sabbaso phasse asati phassanirodh± api nu kho vedan± paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo vedan±ya, yadida½ phasso”.
114. “‘N±mar³papaccay± phasso’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± n±mar³papaccay± phasso. Yehi, ±nanda, ±k±rehi yehi liªgehi yehi nimittehi yehi uddesehi n±mak±yassa paññatti hoti, tesu ±k±resu tesu liªgesu tesu nimittesu tesu uddesesu asati api nu kho r³pak±ye adhivacanasamphasso paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Yehi, ±nanda, ±k±rehi yehi liªgehi yehi nimittehi yehi uddesehi r³pak±yassa paññatti hoti, tesu ±k±resu…pe… tesu uddesesu asati api nu kho n±mak±ye paµighasamphasso paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Yehi, ±nanda, ±k±rehi…pe… yehi uddesehi n±mak±yassa ca r³pak±yassa ca paññatti hoti tesu ±k±resu…pe… tesu uddesesu asati api nu kho adhivacanasamphasso v± paµighasamphasso v± paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Yehi, ±nanda, ±k±rehi…pe… yehi uddesehi n±mar³passa paññatti hoti, tesu ±k±resu …pe… tesu uddesesu asati api nu kho phasso paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo phassassa, yadida½ n±mar³pa½”.
115. “‘Viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½. Viññ±ºañca hi, ±nanda, m±tukucchismi½ na okkamissatha, api nu kho n±mar³pa½ m±tukucchismi½ samuccissath±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Viññ±ºañca hi, ±nanda, m±tukucchismi½ okkamitv± vokkamissatha, api nu kho n±mar³pa½ itthatt±ya abhinibbattissath±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Viññ±ºañca hi, ±nanda, daharasseva sato vocchijjissatha kum±rakassa v± kum±rik±ya v±, api nu kho n±mar³pa½ vuddhi½ vir³¼hi½ vepulla½ ±pajjissath±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo n±mar³passa– yadida½ viññ±ºa½”.
116. “‘N±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, tad±nanda, imin±peta½ pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± n±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºa½. Viññ±ºañca hi, ±nanda, n±mar³pe patiµµha½ na labhissatha, api nu kho ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºa½ dukkhasamudayasambhavo [j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo (s². sy±. p².)] paññ±yeth±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda, eseva hetu eta½ nid±na½ esa samudayo esa paccayo viññ±ºassa yadida½ n±mar³pa½. Ett±vat± kho, ±nanda, j±yetha v± j²yetha [jiyyetha (ka.)] v± m²yetha [miyyetha (ka.)] v± cavetha v± upapajjetha v±. Ett±vat± adhivacanapatho, ett±vat± niruttipatho, ett±vat± paññattipatho, ett±vat± paññ±vacara½, ett±vat± vaµµa½ vattati itthatta½ paññ±pan±ya yadida½ n±mar³pa½ saha viññ±ºena aññamaññapaccayat± pavattati.