Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

D²ghanik±yo

Mah±vaggap±¼i

1. Mah±pad±nasutta½

Pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yuttakath±

1. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me karerikuµik±ya½. Atha kho sambahul±na½ bhikkh³na½ pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkant±na½ karerimaº¹alam±¼e sannisinn±na½ sannipatit±na½ pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutt± dhamm² kath± udap±di– “itipi pubbeniv±so, itipi pubbeniv±so”ti.
2. Assosi kho bhagav± dibb±ya sotadh±tuy± visuddh±ya atikkantam±nusik±ya tesa½ bhikkh³na½ ima½ kath±sall±pa½. Atha kho bhagav± uµµh±y±san± yena karerimaº¹alam±¼o tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di, nisajja kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “k±yanuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±; k± ca pana vo antar±kath± vippakat±”ti?
Eva½ vutte te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “idha, bhante, amh±ka½ pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkant±na½ karerimaº¹alam±¼e sannisinn±na½ sannipatit±na½ pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutt± dhamm² kath± udap±di– ‘itipi pubbeniv±so itipi pubbeniv±so’ti. Aya½ kho no, bhante, antar±kath± vippakat±. Atha bhagav± anuppatto”ti.
3. “Iccheyy±tha no tumhe, bhikkhave, pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ sotun”ti? “Etassa, bhagav±, k±lo; etassa, sugata, k±lo; ya½ bhagav± pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ kareyya, bhagavato sutv± [bhagavato vacana½ sutv± (sy±.)] bhikkh³ dh±ressant²”ti. “Tena hi, bhikkhave, suº±thadhuka½ manasi karothabh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
4. “Ito so, bhikkhave, ekanavutikappe ya½ [ekanavuto kappo (sy±. ka½. p².)] vipass² bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Ito so, bhikkhave, ekati½se kappe [ekati½ sakappo (s².) ekati½ so kappo (sy±. ka½. p².)] ya½ sikh² bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Tasmiññeva kho, bhikkhave, ekati½se kappe vessabh³ bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Imasmiññeva [imasmi½ (katthac²)] kho, bhikkhave, bhaddakappe kakusandho bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Imasmiññeva kho, bhikkhave, bhaddakappe koº±gamano bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Imasmiññeva kho, bhikkhave, bhaddakappe kassapo bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Imasmiññeva kho, bhikkhave, bhaddakappe aha½ etarahi araha½ samm±sambuddho loke uppanno.
5. “Vipass², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho khattiyo j±tiy± ahosi, khattiyakule udap±di. Sikh², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho khattiyo j±tiy± ahosi, khattiyakule udap±di. Vessabh³, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho khattiyo j±tiy± ahosi, khattiyakule udap±di. Kakusandho, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho br±hmaºo j±tiy± ahosi, br±hmaºakule udap±di. Koº±gamano, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho br±hmaºo j±tiy± ahosi, br±hmaºakule udap±di. Kassapo, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho br±hmaºo j±tiy± ahosi, br±hmaºakule udap±di. Aha½, bhikkhave, etarahi araha½ samm±sambuddho khattiyo j±tiy± ahosi½, khattiyakule uppanno.
6. “Vipass² bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho koº¹añño gottena ahosi. Sikh², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho koº¹añño gottena ahosi. Vessabh³, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho koº¹añño gottena ahosi. Kakusandho, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho kassapo gottena ahosi. Koº±gamano, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho kassapo gottena ahosi. Kassapo, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho kassapo gottena ahosi. Aha½, bhikkhave, etarahi araha½ samm±sambuddho gotamo gottena ahosi½.
7. “Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa as²tivassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Sikhissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa sattativassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Vessabhussa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa saµµhivassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Kakusandhassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa catt±l²savassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Koº±gamanassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa ti½savassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Kassapassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa v²sativassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Mayha½, bhikkhave, etarahi appaka½ ±yuppam±ºa½ paritta½ lahuka½; yo cira½ j²vati, so vassasata½ appa½ v± bhiyyo.
8. “Vipass², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho p±µaliy± m³le abhisambuddho. Sikh², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho puº¹ar²kassa m³le abhisambuddho. Vessabh³, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho s±lassa m³le abhisambuddho. Kakusandho, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho sir²sassa m³le abhisambuddho. Koº±gamano, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho udumbarassa m³le abhisambuddho. Kassapo, bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho nigrodhassa m³le abhisambuddho. Aha½, bhikkhave, etarahi araha½ samm±sambuddho assatthassa m³le abhisambuddho.
9. “Vipassissa bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa khaº¹atissa½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Sikhissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa abhibh³sambhava½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Vessabhussa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa soºuttara½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Kakusandhassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa vidhurasañj²va½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Koº±gamanassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa bhiyyosuttara½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Kassapassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa tissabh±radv±ja½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Mayha½, bhikkhave, etarahi s±riputtamoggall±na½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½.
10. “Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½. Eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassa½, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi bhikkhusatasahassa½, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi as²tibhikkhusahass±ni. Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa ime tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½ sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
“Sikhissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½. Eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi bhikkhusatasahassa½, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi as²tibhikkhusahass±ni, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi sattatibhikkhusahass±ni. Sikhissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa ime tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½ sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
“Vessabhussa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½. Eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi as²tibhikkhusahass±ni, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi sattatibhikkhusahass±ni, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi saµµhibhikkhusahass±ni. Vessabhussa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa ime tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½ sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
“Kakusandhassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi catt±l²sabhikkhusahass±ni. Kakusandhassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa aya½ eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
“Koº±gamanassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi ti½sabhikkhusahass±ni. Koº±gamanassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa aya½ eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
“Kassapassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi v²satibhikkhusahass±ni. Kassapassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa aya½ eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
“Mayha½, bhikkhave, etarahi eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi a¹¹hate¼as±ni bhikkhusat±ni. Mayha½, bhikkhave, aya½ eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½.
11. “Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa asoko n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Sikhissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa khemaªkaro n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Vessabhussa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa upasanto n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Kakusandhassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa buddhijo n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Koº±gamanassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa sotthijo n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Kassapassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa sabbamitto n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Mayha½, bhikkhave, etarahi ±nando n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko.
12. “Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa bandhum± n±ma r±j± pit± ahosi. Bandhumat² n±ma dev² m±t± ahosi janetti [janett² (sy±.)]. Bandhumassa rañño bandhumat² n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.
“Sikhissa bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa aruºo n±ma r±j± pit± ahosi. Pabh±vat² n±ma dev² m±t± ahosi janetti. Aruºassa rañño aruºavat² n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.
“Vessabhussa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa suppatito n±ma [suppat²to n±ma (sy±.)] r±j± pit± ahosi. Vassavat² n±ma [yasavat² n±ma (sy±. p².)] dev² m±t± ahosi janetti. Suppatitassa rañño anoma½ n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.
“Kakusandhassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa aggidatto n±ma br±hmaºo pit± ahosi. Vis±kh± n±ma br±hmaº² m±t± ahosi janetti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhave, samayena khemo n±ma r±j± ahosi. Khemassa rañño khemavat² n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.
“Koº±gamanassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa yaññadatto n±ma br±hmaºo pit± ahosi. Uttar± n±ma br±hmaº² m±t± ahosi janetti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhave, samayena sobho n±ma r±j± ahosi. Sobhassa rañño sobhavat² n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.
“Kassapassa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa brahmadatto n±ma br±hmaºo pit± ahosi. Dhanavat² n±ma br±hmaº² m±t± ahosi janetti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhave, samayena kik² n±ma [ki½ k² n±ma (sy±.)] r±j± ahosi. Kikissa rañño b±r±ºas² n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.
“Mayha½, bhikkhave, etarahi suddhodano n±ma r±j± pit± ahosi. M±y± n±ma dev² m±t± ahosi janetti. Kapilavatthu n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahos²”ti. Idamavoca bhagav±, ida½ vatv±na sugato uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi.
13. Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ acirapakkantassa bhagavato ayamantar±kath± udap±di– “acchariya½, ±vuso, abbhuta½, ±vuso, tath±gatassa mahiddhikat± mah±nubh±vat±. Yatra hi n±ma tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarissati, n±matopi anussarissati, gottatopi anussarissati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarissati, s±vakayugatopi anussarissati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarissati– ‘eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²”’ti.
“Ki½ nu kho, ±vuso, tath±gatasseva nu kho es± dhammadh±tu suppaµividdh±, yass± dhammadh±tuy± suppaµividdhatt± tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarati, n±matopi anussarati, gottatopi anussarati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarati, s±vakayugatopi anussarati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarati– ‘eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²’ti, ud±hu devat± tath±gatassa etamattha½ ±rocesu½, yena tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarati, n±matopi anussarati, gottatopi anussarati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarati, s±vakayugatopi anussarati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarati– ‘eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²”’ti. Ayañca hida½ tesa½ bhikkh³na½ antar±kath± vippakat± hoti.
14. Atha kho bhagav± s±yanhasamaya½ paµisall±n± vuµµhito yena karerimaº¹alam±¼o tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Nisajja kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “k±yanuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±; k± ca pana vo antar±kath± vippakat±”ti?
Eva½ vutte te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “idha, bhante, amh±ka½ acirapakkantassa bhagavato aya½ antar±kath± udap±di– ‘acchariya½, ±vuso, abbhuta½, ±vuso, tath±gatassa mahiddhikat± mah±nubh±vat±, yatra hi n±ma tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarissati, n±matopi anussarissati, gottatopi anussarissati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarissati, s±vakayugatopi anussarissati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarissati– “eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²”ti. Ki½ nu kho, ±vuso, tath±gatasseva nu kho es± dhammadh±tu suppaµividdh±, yass± dhammadh±tuy± suppaµividdhatt± tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarati, n±matopi anussarati, gottatopi anussarati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarati, s±vakayugatopi anussarati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarati– “eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²”ti. Ud±hu devat± tath±gatassa etamattha½ ±rocesu½, yena tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarati, n±matopi anussarati, gottatopi anussarati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarati, s±vakayugatopi anussarati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarati– ‘eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²’ti? Aya½ kho no, bhante, antar±kath± vippakat±, atha bhagav± anuppatto”ti.
15. “Tath±gatasseves±, bhikkhave, dhammadh±tu suppaµividdh±, yass± dhammadh±tuy± suppaµividdhatt± tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarati, n±matopi anussarati, gottatopi anussarati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarati, s±vakayugatopi anussarati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarati– ‘eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²’ti. Devat±pi tath±gatassa etamattha½ ±rocesu½, yena tath±gato at²te buddhe parinibbute chinnapapañce chinnavaµume pariy±dinnavaµµe sabbadukkhav²tivatte j±titopi anussarati, n±matopi anussarati, gottatopi anussarati, ±yuppam±ºatopi anussarati, s±vakayugatopi anussarati, s±vakasannip±tatopi anussarati– ‘eva½jacc± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itipi, eva½n±m± eva½gott± eva½s²l± eva½dhamm± eva½paññ± eva½vih±r² eva½vimutt± te bhagavanto ahesu½ itip²’ti.
“Iccheyy±tha no tumhe, bhikkhave, bhiyyosomatt±ya pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ sotun”ti? “Etassa, bhagav±, k±lo; etassa, sugata, k±lo; ya½ bhagav± bhiyyosomatt±ya pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ kareyya, bhagavato sutv± bhikkh³ dh±ressant²”ti. “Tena hi, bhikkhave suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha, bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
16. “Ito so, bhikkhave, ekanavutikappe ya½ vipass² bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho loke udap±di. Vipass², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho khattiyo j±tiy± ahosi, khattiyakule udap±di. Vipass², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho koº¹añño gottena ahosi. Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa as²tivassasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºa½ ahosi. Vipass², bhikkhave, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho p±µaliy± m³le abhisambuddho. Vipassissa, bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa khaº¹atissa½ n±ma s±vakayuga½ ahosi agga½ bhaddayuga½. Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½. Eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassa½, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi bhikkhusatasahassa½, eko s±vak±na½ sannip±to ahosi as²tibhikkhusahass±ni. Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa ime tayo s±vak±na½ sannip±t± ahesu½ sabbesa½yeva kh²º±sav±na½. Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa asoko n±ma bhikkhu upaµµh±ko ahosi aggupaµµh±ko. Vipassissa, bhikkhave, bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa bandhum± n±ma r±j± pit± ahosi. Bandhumat² n±ma dev² m±t± ahosi janetti. Bandhumassa rañño bandhumat² n±ma nagara½ r±jadh±n² ahosi.