Aµµhayath±bhuccavaººan±

296. Yath±bhucceti yath±bh³te yath±sabh±ve. Vaººeti guºe. Payirud±h±s²ti kathesi. Bahujanahit±ya paµipannoti katha½ paµipanno? D²paªkarap±dam³le aµµha dhamme samodh±netv± buddhatth±ya abhin²haram±nopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno n±ma hoti.
D±nap±ram², s²lap±ram², nekkhammap±ram², paññ±p±ram², v²riyap±ram², khantip±ram², saccap±ram², adhiµµh±nap±ram², mett±p±ram², upekkh±p±ram²ti kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni im± dasa p±ramiyo p³rentopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno.
Khantiv±dit±pasak±le, c³¼adhammap±lakum±rak±le, chaddantan±gar±jak±le, bh³ridattacampeyyasaªkhap±lan±gar±jak±le, mah±kapik±le ca t±dis±ni dukkar±ni karontopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno. Vessantarattabh±ve µhatv± sattasatakamah±d±na½ datv± sattasu µh±nesu pathavi½ kampetv± p±ram²k³µa½ gaºhantopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno. Tato anantare attabh±ve tusitapure y±vat±yuka½ tiµµhantopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno.
Tattha pañca pubbanimitt±ni disv± dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat±hi y±cito pañca mah±vilokan±ni viloketv± dev±na½ saªgahatth±ya paµiñña½ datv± tusitapur± cavitv± m±tukucchiya½ paµisandhi½ gaºhantopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno.
Dasa m±se m±tukucchiya½ vasitv± lumbin²vane m±tukucchito nikkhamantopi, ek³nati½savass±ni ag±ra½ ajjh±vasitv± mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± anomanad²t²re pabbajantopi, chabbass±ni padh±nena att±na½ kilametv± bodhipallaªka½ ±ruyha sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhantopi, sattasatt±ha½ bodhimaº¹e y±pentopi, isipatana½ ±gamma anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattentopi, yamakap±µih±riya½ karontopi, devorohaºa½ orohantopi, buddho hutv± pañcacatt±l²sa vass±ni tiµµhantopi, ±yusaªkh±ra½ ossajantopi, yamakas±l±namantare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yantopi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno. Y±vassa s±sapamatt±pi dh±tuyo dharanti, t±va bahujanahit±ya paµipannoti veditabbo. Sesapad±ni etasseva vevacan±ni. Tattha pacchima½ pacchima½ purimassa purimassa attho.
Neva at²ta½se samanupass±ma, na panetarah²ti at²tepi buddhato añña½ na samanupass±ma, an±gatepi na samanupass±ma, etarahi pana aññassa satthuno abh±vatoyeva aññatra tena bhagavat± na samanupass±m±ti ayamettha attho. Aµµhakath±yampi hi– “at²t±n±gat± buddh± amh±ka½ satth±r± sadis±yeva, ki½ sakko kathet²”ti vic±retv±– “etarahi bahujanahit±ya paµipanno satth± amh±ka½ satth±ra½ muñcitv± añño koci natthi, tasm± na pass±m±ti kathet²”ti vutta½. Yath± ca ettha, eva½ ito paresupi padesu ayamattho veditabbo. Sv±kkh±t±d²ni ca kusal±d²ni ca vuttatth±neva.
Gaªgodaka½ yamunodaken±ti gaªg±yamun±na½ sam±gamaµµh±ne udaka½ vaººenapi gandhenapi rasenapi sa½sandati sameti, majjhe bhinnasuvaººa½ viya ekasadisameva hoti, na mah±samudda-udakena sa½saµµhak±le viya visadisa½. Parisuddhassa nibb±nassa paµipad±pi parisuddh±va. Na hi daharak±le vejjakamm±d²ni katv± agocare caritv± mahallakak±le nibb±na½ daµµhu½ sakk±, nibb±nag±min² pana paµipad± parisuddh±va vaµµati ±k±s³pam±. Yath± hi ±k±sampi alagga½ parisuddha½ candimas³riy±na½ ±k±se icchiticchitaµµh±na½ gacchant±na½ viya nibb±na½ gacchantassa bhikkhuno paµipad±pi kule v± gaºe v± alagg± abaddh± ±k±s³pam± vaµµati. S± panes± t±dis±va bhagavat± paññatt± kathit± desit±. Tena vutta½– “sa½sandati nibb±nañca paµipad± c±”ti.
Paµipann±nanti paµipad±ya µhit±na½. Vusitavatanti vutthav±s±na½ etesa½. Laddhasah±yoti etesa½ tattha tattha saha ayanato sah±yo. “Adutiyo asah±yo appaµisamo”ti ida½ pana asadisaµµhena vutta½. Apanujj±ti tesa½ majjhepi phalasam±pattiy± viharanto cittena apanujja, apanujjeva ek±r±mata½ anuyutto viharat²ti attho.
Abhinipphanno kho pana tassa bhagavato l±bhoti tassa bhagavato mah±l±bho uppanno. Kad± paµµh±ya uppanno? Abhisambodhi½ patv± sattasatt±ha½ atikkamitv± isipatane dhammacakka½ pavattetv± anukkamena devamanuss±na½ damana½ karontassa tayo jaµile pabb±jetv± r±jagaha½ gatassa bimbis±radamanato paµµh±ya uppanno. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “tena kho pana samayena bhagav± sakkato hoti garukato m±nito p³jito apacito l±bh² c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.70). Satasahassakapp±dhikesu cat³su asaªkhyeyyesu ussannapuññanissandasamuppanno l±bhasakk±ro mahogho viya ajjhottharam±no ±gacchati.
Ekasmi½ kira samaye r±jagahe s±vatthiya½ s±kete kosambiya½ b±r±ºasiya½ bhagavato paµip±µibhatta½ n±ma uppanna½, tattheko– “aha½ sata½ vissajjetv± d±na½ dass±m²”ti paººa½ likhitv± vih±radv±re bandhi. Añño– aha½ dve sat±ni. Añño– aha½ pañca sat±ni. Añño– aha½ sahassa½. Añño– aha½ dve sahass±ni. Añño– aha½ pañca. Dasa. V²sati. Paññ±sa½; añño– aha½ satasahassa½. Añño– aha½ dve satasahass±ni vissajjetv± d±na½ dass±m²”ti paººa½ likhitv± vih±radv±re bandhi. Janapadac±rika½ carantampi ok±sa½ labhitv±– “d±na½ dass±m²”ti sakaµ±ni p³retv± mah±jano anubandhiyeva. Yath±ha– “tena kho pana samayena j±napad± manuss± bahu½ loºampi telampi taº¹ulampi kh±dan²yampi sakaµesu ±ropetv± bhagavato piµµhito piµµhito anubandh± honti– ‘yattha paµip±µi½ labhiss±ma, tattha bhatta½ kariss±m±’ti” (mah±va. 282). Eva½ aññ±nipi khandhake ca vinaye ca bah³ni vatth³ni veditabb±ni.
Asadisad±ne panesa l±bho matthaka½ patto. Ekasmi½ kira samaye bhagavati janapadac±rika½ caritv± jetavana½ sampatte r±j± nimantetv± d±na½ ad±si. Dutiyadivase n±gar± ada½su. Puna tesa½ d±nato atireka½ r±j±, tassa d±nato atireka½ n±gar±ti eva½ bah³su divasesu gatesu r±j± cintesi– “ime n±gar± divase divase atirekatara½ karonti, pathavissaro pana r±j± n±garehi d±ne par±jitoti garah± bhavissat²”ti. Athassa mallik± up±ya½ ±cikkhi. So r±jaªgaºe s±lakaly±ºipadarehi maº¹apa½ k±retv± ta½ n²luppalehi ch±detv± pañca ±sanasat±ni paññ±petv± pañca hatthisat±ni ±san±na½ pacch±bh±ge µhapetv± ekekena hatthin± ekekassa bhikkhuno setacchatta½ dh±r±pesi. Dvinna½ dvinna½ ±san±na½ antare sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹it± ekek± khattiyadh²t± catujj±tiyagandha½ pisati. Niµµhita½ niµµhita½ majjhaµµh±ne gandhambaºe pakkhipati, ta½ apar± khattiyadh²t± n²luppalahatthakena samparivatteti. Eva½ ekekassa bhikkhuno tisso tisso khattiyadh²taro pariv±r±, apar± sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹it± itth² t±lavaºµa½ gahetv± b²jati, aññ± dhamakaraºa½ gahetv± udaka½ pariss±veti, aññ± pattato udaka½ harati. Bhagavato catt±ri anaggh±ni ahesu½. P±dakathalik± ±dh±rako apassenaphalaka½ chattap±damaº²ti im±ni catt±ri anaggh±ni ahesu½. Saªghanavakassa deyyadhammo satasahassa½ agghati. Tasmiñca d±ne aªgulim±latthero saªghanavako ahosi. Tassa ±sanasam²pe ±n²to hatth² ta½ upagantu½ n±sakkhi. Tato rañño ±rocesu½. R±j±– “añño hatth² natth²”ti? Duµµhahatth² pana atthi, ±netu½ na sakk±ti. Samm±sambuddho– saªghanavako kataro mah±r±j±ti? Aªgulim±latthero bhagav±ti. Tena hi ta½ duµµhahatthi½ ±netv± µhapetu, mah±r±j±ti. Hatthi½ maº¹ayitv± ±nayi½su. So therassa tejena n±s±v±tasañcaraºamattampi k±tu½ n±sakkhi. Eva½ nirantara½ satta divas±ni d±na½ d²yittha. Sattame divase r±j± dasabala½ vanditv±– “bhagav± mayha½ dhamma½ deseth±”ti ±ha.
Tassañca parisati k±¼o ca juºho c±ti dve amacc± honti. K±¼o cintesi– “nassati r±jakulassa santaka½, ki½ n±mete ettak± jan± karissanti, bhuñjitv± vih±ra½ gantv± nidd±yissanteva, ida½ pana eko r±japuriso labhitv± ki½ n±ma na kareyya, aho nassati rañño santakan”ti. Juºho cintesi– “mahanta½ ida½ r±jattana½ n±ma, ko añño ida½ k±tu½ sakkhissati? Ki½ r±j± n±ma so, yo r±jattane µhitopi evar³pa½ d±na½ d±tu½ na sakkot²”ti. Bhagav± paris±ya ajjh±saya½ olokento tesa½ dvinna½ ajjh±saya½ viditv±– “sace ajja juºhassa ajjh±sayena dhammakatha½ kathemi, k±¼assa sattadh± muddh± phalissati May± kho pana satt±nuddayat±ya p±ramiyo p³rit±. Juºho aññasmimpi divase mayi dhamma½ kathayante maggaphala½ paµivijjhissati, id±ni pana k±¼a½ olokess±m²”ti rañño catuppadikameva g±tha½ abh±si–
“Na ve kadariy± devaloka½ vajanti,
b±l± have nappasa½santi d±na½;
dh²ro ca d±na½ anumodam±no,
teneva so hoti sukh² paratth±”ti. (Dha. pa. 177).
R±j± anattamano hutv±– “may± mah±d±na½ dinna½, satth± ca me mandameva dhamma½ kathesi, n±sakkhi½ maññe dasabalassa citta½ gahetun”ti. So bhuttap±tar±so vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± pucchi– “may±, bhante, mahanta½ d±na½ dinna½, anumodan± ca me na mahat² kat±, ko nu kho me, bhante, doso”ti? Natthi, mah±r±ja, tava doso, paris± pana aparisuddh±, tasm± dhamma½ na desesinti. Kasm± pana bhagav± paris± na suddh±ti? Satth± dvinna½ amacc±na½ parivitakka½ ±rocesi. R±j± k±¼a½ pucchi– “eva½, t±ta, k±¼±”ti? “Eva½, mah±r±j±”ti. “Mayi mama santaka½ dadam±ne tava katara½ µh±na½ rujjati, na ta½ sakkomi passitu½, pabb±jetha na½ mama raµµhato”ti ±ha. Tato juºha½ pakkos±petv± pucchi– “eva½ kira, t±ta, cintes²”ti? “¾ma, mah±r±j±”ti. “Tava citt±nur³pameva hot³”ti tasmi½yeva maº¹ape eva½ paññattesuyeva ±sanesu pañca bhikkhusat±ni nis²d±petv± t±yeva khattiyadh²taro pariv±r±petv± r±jagehato dhana½ gahetv± may± dinnasadisameva satta divas±ni d±na½ deh²ti. So tath± ad±si. Datv± sattame divase– “dhamma½ bhagav± deseth±”ti ±ha.
Satth± dvinnampi d±n±na½ anumodana½ ekato katv± dve mah±nadiyo ekoghapuºº± kurum±no viya mah±dhammadesana½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne juºho sot±panno ahosi. R±j± pas²ditv± dasabalassa b±hiravatthu½ n±ma ad±si. Eva½ abhinipphanno kho pana tassa bhagavato l±bhoti veditabbo.
Abhinipphanno silokoti vaººaguºakittana½. Sopi bhagavato dhammacakkappavattanato paµµh±ya abhinipphanno. Tato paµµh±ya hi bhagavato khattiy±pi vaººa½ kathenti. Br±hmaº±pi gahapatayopi n±g± supaºº± gandhabb± devat± brahm±nopi kitti½ vatv±– “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din±. Aññatitthiy±pi vararojassa sahassa½ datv± samaºassa gotamassa avaººa½ katheh²ti uyyojesu½. So sahassa½ gahetv± dasabala½ p±datalato paµµh±ya y±va kesant± apalokayam±no likkh±mattampi vajja½ adisv±– “vippakiººadvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºe as²ti-anubyañjanavibh³site by±mappabh±parikkhitte suphullitap±ricchattakat±r±gaºasamujjalita-antalikkhavicittakusumasassirikanandanavanasadise anavajja-attabh±ve avaººa½ vadantassa mukhampi viparivatteyya, muddh±pi sattadh± phaleyya, avaººa½ vattu½ up±yo natthi, vaººameva vadiss±m²”ti p±datalato paµµh±ya y±va kesant± atirekapadasahassena vaººameva kathesi. Yamakap±µih±riye panesa vaººo n±ma matthaka½ patto. Eva½ abhinipphanno silokoti.
Y±va maññe khattiy±ti khattiy± br±hmaº± vess± sudd± n±g± supaºº± yakkh± asur± dev± brahm±noti sabbeva te sampiy±yam±nar³p± haµµhatuµµh± viharanti. Vigatamado kho pan±ti ettak± ma½ jan± sampiy±yam±nar³p± viharant²ti na madapamatto hutv± dav±divasena ±h±ra½ ±h±reti, aññadatthu vigatamado kho pana so bhagav± ±h±ra½ ±h±reti.
Yath±v±d²ti ya½ v±c±ya vadati, tadanvayamevassa k±yakamma½ hoti. Yañca k±yena karoti, tadanvayamevassa vac²kamma½ hoti. K±yo v± v±ca½, v±c± v± k±ya½ n±tikkamati, v±c± k±yena, k±yo ca v±c±ya sameti. Yath± ca–
“V±mena s³karo hoti, dakkhiºena aj±migo;
sarena nelako hoti, vis±ºena jaraggavo”ti.–
Aya½ s³karayakkho s³kare disv± s³karasadisa½ v±mapassa½ dassetv± te gahetv± kh±dati, aj±mige disv± ta½sadisa½ dakkhiºapassa½ dassetv± te gahetv± kh±dati, nelakavacchake disv± vacchakarava½ ravanto te gahetv± kh±dati, goºe disv± tesa½ vis±ºasadis±ni vis±º±ni m±petv± te d³ratova– “goºo viya dissat²”ti eva½ upagate gahetv± kh±dati. Yath± ca dhammikav±yasaj±take sakuºehi puµµho v±yaso– “aha½ v±tabhakkho, v±tabhakkhat±ya mukha½ vivaritv± p±ºak±nañca maraºabhayena ekeneva p±dena µhito, tasm± tumhepi–
“Dhamma½ caratha bhadda½ vo, dhamma½ caratha ñ±tayo;
dhammac±r² sukha½ seti, asmi½ loke paramhi c±”ti.
Sakuºesu viss±sa½ upp±desi, tato–
“Bhaddako vat±ya½ pakkh², dijo paramadhammiko;
ekap±dena tiµµhanto, dhammo dhammoti bh±sat²”ti.
Eva½ viss±sam±gate sakuºe kh±dittha. Tena tesa½ v±c± k±yena, k±yo ca v±c±ya na sameti, na eva½ bhagavato. Bhagavato pana v±c± k±yena, k±yo ca v±c±ya sametiyev±ti dasseti.
Tiºº± tarit± vicikicch± ass±ti tiººavicikiccho. “Kathamida½ kathamidan”ti evar³p± vigat± katha½kath± ass±ti vigatakatha½katho. Yath± hi mah±jano– “aya½ rukkho, ki½ rukkho n±ma, aya½ g±mo, aya½ janapado, ida½ raµµha½, ki½ raµµha½ n±ma, kasm± nu kho aya½ rukkho ujukkhandho, aya½ vaªkakkhandho, kasm± kaºµako koci ujuko hoti, koci vaªko, puppha½ kiñci sugandha½, kiñci duggandha½, phala½ kiñci madhura½, kiñci amadhuran”ti sakaªkhova hoti, na eva½ satth±. Satth± hi– “imesa½ n±ma dh±t³na½ ussannussannatt± ida½ eva½ hot²”ti vigatakatha½kathova Yath± ca paµhamajjh±n±dil±bh²na½ dutiyajjh±n±d²su kaªkh± hoti. Paccekabuddh±nampi hi sabbaññutaññ±ºe y±th±vasanniµµh±n±bh±vato voh±ravasena kaªkh± n±ma hotiyeva, na eva½ buddhassa. So hi bhagav± sabbattha vigatakatha½kathoti dasseti.
Pariyositasaªkappoti yath± keci s²lamattena, keci vipassan±mattena, keci paµhamajjh±nena…pe… keci nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiy±, keci sot±pannabh±vamattena…pe… keci arahattena, keci s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºena, keci paccekabodhiñ±ºena pariyositasaªkapp± paripuººamanorath± honti, na eva½ mama satth±. Mama pana satth± sabbaññutaññ±ºena pariyositasaªkappoti dasseti.
Ajjh±saya½ ±dibrahmacariyanti karaºatthe paccattavacana½, adhik±sayena uttamanissayabh³tena ±dibrahmacariyena por±ºabrahmacariyabh³tena ca ariyamaggena tiººavicikiccho vigatakatha½katho pariyositasaªkappoti attho. “Pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½ sacc±ni abhisambujjhi, tattha ca sabbaññuta½ patto, balesu ca vas²bh±van”ti hi vacanato pariyositasaªkappat±pi bhagavato ariyamaggeneva nipphann±ti.
297. Yathariva bhagav±ti yath± bhagav±, eva½ ekasmi½ jambud²patale cat³su dis±su c±rika½ caram±n± aho vata catt±ro jin± dhamma½ deseyyunti pacc±sisam±n± vadanti. Ath±pare t²su maº¹alesu ekato vicaraºabh±va½ ±kaªkham±n± tayo samm±sambuddh±ti ±ha½su. Apare– “dasa p±ramiyo n±ma p³retv± catunna½ tiººa½ v± uppatti dullabh±, sace pana eko nibaddhav±sa½ vasanto dhamma½ deseyya, eko c±rika½ caranto, evampi jambud²po sobheyya ceva, bahuñca hitasukhamadhigaccheyy±”ti cintetv± aho vata, m±ris±ti ±ha½su.
298. Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so yanti ettha µh±na½ avak±soti ubhayameta½ k±raº±dhivacanameva. K±raºañhi tiµµhati ettha tad±yattavuttit±ya phalanti µh±na½. Ok±so viya cassa ta½ tena vin± aññattha abh±vatoti avak±so. Yanti karaºatthe paccatta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti “yena k±raºena ekiss± lokadh±tuy± dve buddh± ekato uppajjeyyu½, ta½ k±raºa½ natth²”ti.
Ettha ca–
“Y±vat± candimas³riy±, pariharanti dis± bhanti virocan±;
t±va sahassadh± loko, ettha te vattate vaso”ti. (Ma. ni. 1.503)–
G±th±ya ekacakkav±¼ameva ek± lokadh±tu. “Sahass² lokadh±tu akampitth±”ti (a. ni. 3.126) ±gataµµh±ne cakkav±¼asahassa½ ek± lokadh±tu. “¾kaªkham±no, ±nanda, tath±gato tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu½ sarena viññ±peyya, obh±sena ca phareyy±”ti (a. ni. 3.81) ±gataµµh±ne tisahassimah±sahass² ek± lokadh±tu. “Ayañca dasasahass² lokadh±t³”ti (ma. ni. 3.201) ±gataµµh±ne dasacakkav±¼asahass±ni ek± lokadh±tu. Ta½ sandh±ya ekiss± lokadh±tuy±ti ±ha. Ettakañhi j±tikhetta½ n±ma. Tatr±pi µhapetv± imasmi½ cakkav±¼e jambud²passa majjhimadesa½ na aññatra buddh± uppajjanti j±tikhettato pana para½ buddh±na½ uppattiµµh±nameva na paññ±yati. Yenatthen±ti yena pav±raºasaªgahatthena.