Tividha-ok±s±dhigamavaŗŗan±

288. Sukhass±dhigam±y±ti jh±nasukhassa maggasukhassa phalasukhassa ca adhigam±ya. Sa½saµµhoti sampayuttacitto. Ariyadhammanti ariyena bhagavat± buddhena desita½ dhamma½. Suŗ±t²ti satthu sammukh± bhikkhubhikkhun²-±d²hi v± desiyam±na½ suŗ±ti. Yoniso manasikarot²ti up±yato pathato k±raŗato ‘aniccan’ti-±divasena manasi karoti. “Yoniso manasik±ro n±ma up±yamanasik±ro pathamanasik±ro, anicce aniccanti dukkhe dukkhanti anattani anatt±ti asubhe asubhanti sacc±nulomikena v± cittassa ±vaµµan± anv±vaµµan± ±bhogo samann±h±ro manasik±ro, aya½ vuccati yonisomanasik±ro”ti. Eva½ vutte yonisomanasik±re kamma½ ±rabhat²ti attho. Asa½saµµhoti vatthuk±mehipi kilesak±mehipi asa½saµµho viharati. Uppajjati sukhanti uppajjati paµhamajjh±nasukha½. Sukh± bhiyyo somanassanti sam±pattito vuµµhitassa jh±nasukhapaccay± apar±para½ somanassa½ uppajjati. Pamud±ti tuµµh±k±rato dubbalap²ti. P±mojjanti balavatara½ p²tisomanassa½. Paµhamo ok±s±dhigamoti paµhamajjh±na½ pańcan²varaŗ±ni vikkhambhetv± attano ok±sa½ gahetv± tiµµhati, tasm± “paµhamo ok±s±dhigamo”ti vutta½.
O¼±rik±ti ettha k±yavac²saŖkh±r± t±va o¼±rik± hontu, cittasaŖkh±r± katha½ o¼±rik±ti? Appah²natt±. K±yasaŖkh±r± hi catutthajjh±nena pah²yanti, vac²saŖkh±r± dutiyajjh±nena, cittasaŖkh±r± nirodhasam±pattiy±. Iti k±yavac²saŖkh±resu pah²nesupi te tiµµhantiyev±ti pah²ne up±d±ya appah²natt± o¼±rik± n±ma j±t±. Sukhanti nirodh± vuµµhahantassa uppanna½ catutthajjh±nikaphalasam±pattisukha½. Sukh± bhiyyo somanassati phalasam±pattito vuµµhitassa apar±para½ somanassa½. Dutiyo ok±s±dhigamoti catutthajjh±na½ sukha½ dukkha½ vikkhambhetv± attano ok±sa½ gahetv± tiµµhati, tasm± “dutiyo ok±s±dhigamo”ti vutta½. Dutiyatatiyajjh±n±ni panettha catutthe gahite gahit±neva hont²ti visu½ na vutt±n²ti.
Ida½ kusalanti-±d²su kusala½ n±ma dasakusalakammapath±. Akusalanti dasa-akusalakammapath±. S±vajjaduk±dayopi etesa½ vaseneva veditabb±. Sabbańceva paneta½ kaŗhańca sukkańca sappaµibh±gańc±ti kaŗhasukkasappaµibh±ga½. Nibb±nameva heta½ appaµibh±ga½. Avijj± pah²yat²ti vaµµapaµicch±dik± avijj± pah²yati. Vijj± uppajjat²ti arahattamaggavijj± uppajjati. Sukhanti arahattamaggasukhańceva phalasukhańca. Sukh± bhiyyo somanassanti phalasam±pattito vuµµhitassa apar±para½ somanassa½. Tatiyo ok±s±dhigamoti arahattamaggo sabbakilese vikkhambhetv± attano ok±sa½ gahetv± tiµµhati, tasm± “tatiyo ok±s±dhigamo”ti vutto. Sesamagg± pana tasmi½ gahite antogadh± ev±ti visu½ na vutt±.
Ime pana tayo ok±s±dhigam± aµµhati½s±rammaŗavasena vitth±retv± kathetabb±. Katha½? Sabb±ni ±rammaŗ±ni visuddhimagge vuttanayeneva upac±ravasena ca appan±vasena ca vavatthapetv± catuv²satiy± µh±nesu paµhamajjh±na½ “paµhamo ok±s±dhigamo”ti kathetabba½. Terasasu µh±nesu dutiyatatiyajjh±n±ni, pannarasasu µh±nesu catutthajjh±nańca nirodhasam±patti½ p±petv± “dutiyo ok±s±dhigamo”ti kathetabba½. Dasa upac±rajjh±n±ni pana maggassa padaµµh±nabh³t±ni tatiya½ ok±s±dhigama½ bhajanti. Apica t²su sikkh±su adhis²lasikkh± paµhama½ ok±s±dhigama½ bhajati, adhicittasikkh± dutiya½, adhipańń±sikkh± tatiyanti eva½ sikkh±vasenapi kathetabba½. S±mańńaphalepi c³¼as²lato y±va paµhamajjh±n± paµhamo ok±s±dhigamo dutiyajjh±nato y±va nevasańń±n±sańń±yatan± dutiyo vipassan±to y±va arahatt± tatiyo ok±s±dhigamoti eva½ s±mańńaphalasuttantavasenapi kathetabba½. T²su pana piµakesu vinayapiµaka½ paµhama½ ok±s±dhigama½ bhajati, suttantapiµaka½ dutiya½, abhidhammapiµaka½ tatiyanti eva½ piµakavasenapi kathetabba½.
Pubbe kira mah±ther± vass³pan±yik±ya imameva sutta½ paµµhapenti. Ki½ k±raŗ±? T²ŗi piµak±ni vibhajitv± kathetu½ labhiss±m±ti. Tepiµakena hi samodh±netv± kathentassa dukkathitanti na sakk± vattu½. Tepiµaka½ bhaj±petv± kathitameva ida½ sutta½ sukathita½ hot²ti.