Cakkaratanavaººan±

243. S²sa½ nh±tass±ti s²sena saddhi½ gandhodakena nah±tassa. Uposathikass±ti sam±dinna-uposathaªgassa. Uparip±s±davaragatass±ti p±s±davarassa upari gatassa, subhojana½ bhuñjitv± p±s±davarassa uparimah±tale sirigabbha½ pavisitv± s²l±ni ±vajjantassa. Tad± kira r±j± p±tova satasahassa½ vissajjetv± mah±d±na½ datv± so¼asahi gandhodakaghaµehi s²sa½ nah±yitv± katap±tar±so suddha½ uttar±saªga½ eka½sa½ karitv± uparip±s±dassa sirisayane pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nisinno attano d±n±dimaya½ puññasamud±ya½ ±vajjanto nis²di. Aya½ sabbacakkavatt²na½ dhammat±.
Tesa½ ta½ ±vajjant±na½yeva vuttappak±rapuññakammapaccaya-utusamuµµh±na½ n²lamaºisaªgh±tasadisa½ p±c²nasamuddajalatala½ bhindam±na½ viya, ±k±sa½ alaªkurum±na½ viya dibba½ cakkaratana½ p±tubhavati. Ta½ mah±sudassanass±pi tatheva p±turahosi. Tayida½ dibb±nubh±vayuttatt± dibbanti vutta½. Sahassa½ assa ar±nanti sahass±ra½. Saha nemiy±, saha n±bhiy± c±ti sanemika½ san±bhika½. Sabbehi ±k±rehi paripuººanti sabb±k±raparip³ra½.
Tattha cakkañca ta½ ratijananaµµhena ratanañc±ti cakkaratana½. Y±ya pana ta½ n±bhiy± “san±bhikan”ti vutta½, s± indan²lamay± hoti, majjhe panass± s±rarajatamay± pan±¼i, y±ya suddhasiniddhadantapantiy± hasam±n± viya virocati, majjhe chiddena viya candamaº¹alena, ubhosupi b±hirantesu rajatapaµµena kataparikkhep± hoti. Tesu panassa n±bhipan±¼iparikkhepapaµµesu yuttayuttaµµh±nesu paricchedalekh± suvibhatt±va hutv± paññ±yanti. Aya½ t±va assa n±bhiy± sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Yehi pana ta½– “arehi sahass±ran”ti vutta½, te sattaratanamay± s³riyarasmiyo viya pabh±sampann± honti, tesampi ghaµakamaºikaparicchedalekh±d²ni suvibhatt±neva hutv± paññ±yanti. Ayamassa ar±na½ sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Y±ya pana ta½ nemiy±– “sanemikan”ti vutta½, s± b±las³riyarasmikal±pasiri½ avahasam±n± viya surattasuddhasiniddhapav±¼amay± hoti. Sandh²su panass± sañjh±r±gasassirik± rattajambunadapaµµ± vaµµaparicchedalekh± suvibhatt± hutv± paññ±yanti. Ayamassa nemiy± sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Nemimaº¹alapiµµhiya½ panassa dasanna½ dasanna½ ar±na½ antare dhamanava½so viya anto susiro chiddamaº¹alakhacito v±tag±h² pav±¼adaº¹o hoti, yassa v±teritassa sukusalasamann±hatassa pañcaªgikat³riyassa viya saddo vaggu ca rajan²yo ca kaman²yo ca madan²yo ca hoti. Tassa kho pana pav±¼adaº¹assa upari setacchatta½ ubhosu passesu samosaritakusumad±m±na½ dve pantiyoti eva½ samosaritakusumad±mapantisatadvayapariv±rasetacchattasatadh±rin± pav±¼adaº¹asatena samupasobhitanemiparikkhepassa dvinnampi n±bhipan±¼²na½ anto dve s²hamukh±ni honti, yehi t±lakkhandhappam±º± puººacandakiraºakal±pasassir²k± taruºaravisam±narattakambalageº¹ukapariyant± ±k±sagaªg±gatisobha½ avahasam±n± viya dve muttakal±p± olambanti. Yehi cakkaratanena saddhi½ ±k±se samparivattam±nehi t²ºi cakk±ni ekato parivattant±ni viya kh±yanti. Ayamassa sabbaso sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Ta½ paneta½ eva½ sabb±k±raparip³ra½ pakatiy± s±yam±sabhatta½ bhuñjitv± attano attano gharadv±re paññatt±sanesu nis²ditv± pavattakath±sall±pesu manussesu v²thicatukk±d²su k²¼am±ne d±rakajane n±ti-uccena n±tin²cena vanasaº¹amatthak±sannena ±k±sappadesena upasobhayam±na½ viya, rukkhas±khagg±ni dv±dasayojanato paµµh±ya suyyam±nena madhurassarena satt±na½ sot±ni odh±payam±na½ yojanato paµµh±ya n±nappabh±samudayasamujjalena vaººena nayan±ni sam±ka¹¹hanta½ viya, rañño cakkavattissa puññ±nubh±va½ ugghosayanta½ viya, r±jadh±niy± abhimukha½ ±gacchati.
Athassa cakkaratanassa saddasavaneneva– “kuto nu kho, kassa nu kho aya½ saddo”ti ±vajjitahaday±na½ puratthimadisa½ ±lokayam±n±na½ tesa½ manuss±na½ aññataro aññatara½ evam±ha “passatha, bho, acchariya½, aya½ puººacando pubbe eko uggacchati, ajjeva pana attadutiyo uggato, etañhi r±jaha½samithunamiva puººacandamithuna½ pubb±pariyena gaganatala½ abhilaªghat²”ti. Tamañño ±ha– “ki½ kathesi, samma, kuhi½ n±ma tay± dve puººacand± ekato uggacchant± diµµhapubb±, nanu esa tapan²yara½sidh±ro piñcharakiraºo div±karo uggato”ti, tamañño hasita½ katv± evam±ha– “ki½ ummattosi, nanu id±neva div±karo atthaªgato, so katha½ ima½ puººacanda½ anubandham±no uggacchissati? Addh± paneta½ anekaratanappabh±samudayujjala½ ekass±pi puññavato vim±na½ bhavissat²”ti. Te sabbepi apas±rayant± aññe evam±ha½su– “bho, ki½ bahu½ vilapatha, nev±ya½ puººacando, na s³riyo na devavim±na½. Na hetesa½ evar³p± sirisampatti atthi, cakkaratanena pana etena bhavitabban”ti.
Eva½ pavattasall±passeva tassa janassa candamaº¹ala½ oh±ya ta½ cakkaratana½ abhimukha½ hoti. Tato tehi– “kassa nu kho ida½ nibbattan”ti vutte bhavanti vatt±ro– “na kassaci aññassa, nanu amh±ka½ mah±r±j± p³ritacakkavattivatto, tasseta½ nibbattan”ti. Atha so ca mah±jano, yo ca añño passati, sabbo cakkaratanameva anugacchati. Ta½ c±pi cakkaratana½ raññoyeva atth±ya attano ±gatabh±va½ ñ±petuk±ma½ viya sattakkhattu½ p±k±ramatthakeneva nagara½ anusa½y±yitv±, atha rañño antepura½ padakkhiºa½ katv±, antepurassa ca uttaras²hapañjarasadise µh±ne yath± gandhapupph±d²hi sukhena sakk± hoti p³jetu½, eva½ akkh±hata½ viya tiµµhati.
Eva½ µhitassa panassa v±tap±nachidd±d²hi pavisitv± n±n±vir±garatanappabh±samujjala½ antop±s±da½ alaªkurum±na½ pabh±sam³ha½ disv± dassanatth±ya sañj±t±bhil±so r±j± hoti. Parijanopissa piyavacanap±bhatena ±gantv± tamattha½ nivedeti. Atha r±j± balavap²tip±mojjaphuµasar²ro pallaªka½ mocetv± uµµh±y±san± s²hapañjarasam²pa½ gantv± ta½ cakkaratana½ disv± “suta½ kho pana metan”ti-±dika½ cintana½ cintayati. Mah±sudassanass±pi sabba½ ta½ tatheva ahosi. Tena vutta½– “disv± rañño mah±sudassanassa…pe… assa½ nu kho aha½ r±j± cakkavatt²”ti. Tattha so hoti r±j± cakkavatt²ti kitt±vat± cakkavatt² hot²ti? Ekaªguladvaªgulamattampi cakkaratane ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± pavatte id±ni tassa pavatt±panattha½ ya½ k±tabba½, ta½ dassento atha kho ±nand±ti-±dim±ha.
244. Tattha uµµh±y±san±ti nisinn±sanato uµµhahitv± cakkaratanasam²pa½ ±gantv±. Suvaººabhiªk±ra½ gahetv±ti hatthisoº¹asadisapan±¼i½ suvaººabhiªk±ra½ ukkhipitv±. Anvadeva r±j± mah±sudassano saddhi½ caturaªginiy± sen±y±ti sabbacakkavatt²nañhi udakena abbhukkiritv±– “abhivijin±tu bhava½ cakkaratanan”ti vacanasamanantarameva veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± cakkaratana½ pavattati. Yassa pavatti samak±lameva so r±j± cakkavatt² n±ma hoti. Pavatte pana cakkaratane ta½ anubandham±nova r±j± cakkavattiy±navara½ ±ruyha veh±sa½ abbhuggacchati. Athassa chattac±mar±dihattho parijano ceva antepurajano ca tato n±n±k±rakañcukakavac±disann±havibh³sitena vividh±bharaºappabh±samujjalena samussitaddhajapaµ±kapaµimaº¹itena attano attano balak±yena saddhi½ upar±jasen±patipabhutayopi veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± r±j±nameva pariv±renti.
R±jayutt± pana janasaªgahattha½ nagarav²th²su bheriyo car±penti– “t±t±, amh±ka½ rañño cakkaratana½ nibbatta½, attano vibhav±nur³pena maº¹itapas±dhik± sannipatath±”ti. Mah±jano pana pakatiy± cakkaratanasaddeneva sabbakicc±ni pah±ya gandhapupph±d²ni ±d±ya sannipatitova sopi sabbo veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± r±j±nameva pariv±reti. Yassa yassa hi raññ± saddhi½ gantuk±mat±citta½ uppajjati, so so ±k±sagatova hoti. Eva½ dv±dasayojan±y±mavitth±r± paris± hoti. Tattha ekapurisopi chinnabhinnasar²ro v± kiliµµhavattho v± natthi. Sucipariv±ro hi r±j± cakkavatt². Cakkavattiparis± n±ma vijj±dharapuris± viya ±k±se gaccham±n± indan²lamaºitale vippakiººaratanasadis± hoti. Mah±sudassanass±pi tatheva ahosi. Tena vutta½– “anvadeva r±j± mah±sudassano saddhi½ caturaªginiy± sen±y±”ti.
Ta½ pana cakkaratana½ rukkhagg±na½ upar³pari n±ti-uccena n±tin²cena gaganappadesena pavattati. Yath± rukkh±na½ pupphaphalapallavehi atthik±, t±ni sukhena gahetu½ sakkonti. Yath± ca bh³miya½ µhit± “esa r±j±, esa upar±j±, esa sen±pat²”ti sallakkhetu½ sakkonti. Ýh±n±d²su ca iriy±pathesu yo yena icchati, so teneva gacchati. Cittakamm±disippapasut± cettha attano attano kicca½ karont±yeva gacchanti. Yatheva hi bh³miya½, tath± tesa½ sabbakicc±ni ±k±seva ijjhanti. Eva½ cakkavattiparisa½ gahetv± ta½ cakkaratana½ v±mapassena sineru½ pah±ya mah±samuddassa uparibh±gena sattasahassayojanappam±ºa½ pubbavideha½ gacchati.
Tattha yo vinibbedhena dv±dasayojan±ya, parikkhepato chatti½sayojan±ya paris±ya sannivesakkhamo sulabh±h±r³pakaraºo ch±yudakasampanno sucisamatalo ramaº²yo bh³mibh±go, tassa uparibh±ge ta½ cakkaratana½ akkh±hata½ viya tiµµhati. Atha tena saññ±ºena so mah±jano otaritv± yath±ruci nah±nabhojan±d²ni sabbakicc±ni karonto v±sa½ kappeti. Mah±sudassanass±pi sabba½ tatheva ahosi. Tena vutta½– “yasmi½ kho pan±nanda, padese cakkaratana½ patiµµh±ti, tattha so r±j± mah±sudassano v±sa½ upagacchi saddhi½ caturaªginiy± sen±y±”ti.
Eva½ v±sa½ upagate cakkavattimhi ye tattha r±j±no, te “paracakka½ ±gatan”ti sutv±pi na balak±ya½ sannip±tetv± yuddhasajj± honti. Cakkaratanassa hi uppattisamanantarameva natthi so satto n±ma, yo paccatthikasaññ±ya ta½ r±j±na½ ±rabbha ±vudha½ ukkhipitu½ visaheyya. Ayam±nubh±vo cakkaratanassa.
Cakk±nubh±vena hi tassa rañño,
ar² ases± damatha½ upenti;
arindama½ n±ma nar±dhipassa,
teneva ta½ vuccati tassa cakkanti.
Tasm± sabbepi te r±j±no attano attano rajjasirivibhav±nur³pa½ p±bhata½ gahetv± ta½ r±j±na½ upagamma onatasir± attano mo¼imaºippabh±bhisekena tassa p±dap³ja½ karont±– “ehi kho, mah±r±j±”ti-±d²hi vacanehi tassa ki½k±rapaµis±vita½ ±pajjanti. Mah±sudassanass±pi tatheva aka½su. Tena vutta½– “ye kho, pan±nanda, puratthim±ya dis±ya…pe… anus±sa, mah±r±j±”ti.
Tattha sv±gatanti su ±gata½. Ekasmiñhi ±gate socanti, gate nandanti. Ekasmi½ ±gate nandanti, gate socanti, t±diso tva½ ±gamananandano, gamanasocano. Tasm± tava ±gamana½ su-±gamananti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ vutte pana r±j± cakkavatt² n±pi– “ettaka½ n±ma me anuvassa½ bali½ upakappeth±”ti vadati, n±pi aññassa bhoga½ acchinditv± aññassa deti. Attano pana dhammar±jabh±vassa anur³p±ya paññ±ya p±º±tip±t±d²ni upaparikkhitv± peman²yena mañjun± sarena– “passatha t±t±, p±º±tip±to n±mesa ±sevito bh±vito bahul²kato nirayasa½vattaniko hot²”ti-±din± nayena dhamma½ desetv± “p±ºo na hantabbo”ti-±dika½ ov±da½ deti. Mah±sudassanopi tatheva ak±si, tena vutta½– “r±j± mah±sudassano evam±ha– ‘p±ºo na hantabbo…pe… yath±bhuttañca bhuñjath±’ti”. Ki½ pana sabbepi rañño ima½ ov±da½ gaºhant²ti? Buddhass±pi t±va sabbe na gaºhanti, rañño ki½ gaºhissant²ti. Tasm± ye paº¹it± vibh±vino, te gaºhanti. Sabbe pana anuyant± bhavanti. Tasm± ye kho pan±nand±ti-±dim±ha.
Atha ta½ cakkaratana½ eva½ pubbavidehav±s²na½ ov±de dinne katap±tar±se cakkavattibalena veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± puratthimasamudda½ ajjhog±hati. Yath± yath± ca ta½ ajjhog±hati, tath± tath± agadagandha½ gh±yitv± saªkhittaphaºo n±gar±j± viya, saªkhitta-³mivipph±ra½ hutv± ogaccham±na½ mah±samuddasalila½ yojanamatta½ ogantv± antosamudde ve¼uriyabhitti viya tiµµhati. Taªkhaºaññeva ca tassa rañño puññasiri½ daµµhuk±m±ni viya mah±samuddatale vippakiºº±ni n±n±ratan±ni tato tato ±gantv± ta½ padesa½ p³rayanti. Atha s± r±japaris± ta½ n±n±ratanaparip³ra½ mah±samuddatala½ disv± yath±ruci ucchaªg±d²hi ±diyati, yath±ruci ±dinnaratan±ya pana paris±ya ta½ cakkaratana½ paµinivattati. Paµinivattam±ne ca tasmi½ paris± aggato hoti, majjhe r±j±, ante cakkaratana½. Tampi jalanidhijala½ palobhiyam±namiva cakkaratanasiriy±, asaham±namiva ca tena viyoga½ nemimaº¹alapariyanta½ abhihananta½ nirantarameva upagacchati. Eva½ r±j± cakkavatt² puratthimamah±samuddapariyanta½ pubbavideha½ abhivijinitv± dakkhiºasamuddapariyanta½ jambud²pa½ vijetuk±mo cakkaratanadesitena maggena dakkhiºasamudd±bhimukho gacchati. Mah±sudassanopi tatheva agam±si. Tena vutta½– “atha kho, ±nanda, cakkaratana½ puratthima½ samudda½ ajjhog±hetv± paccuttaritv± dakkhiºa½ disa½ pavatt²”ti.
Eva½ pavattam±nassa pana tassa pavattanavidh±na½, sen±sanniveso, paµir±j±gamana½, tesa½ anus±sanippad±na½ dakkhiºasamudda-ajjhog±hana½ samuddasalilassa ogaccham±na½ ratan±na½ ±d±nanti sabba½ purimanayeneva veditabba½.
Vijinitv± pana ta½ dasasahassayojanappam±ºa½ jambud²pa½ dakkhiºasamuddatopi paccuttaritv± sattayojanasahassappam±ºa½ aparagoy±na½ vijetu½ pubbe vuttanayeneva gantv± tampi samuddapariyanta½ tatheva abhivijinitv± pacchimasamuddatopi uttaritv± aµµhayojanasahassappam±ºa½ uttarakuru½ vijetu½ tatheva gantv± tampi samuddapariyanta½ tatheva abhivijiya uttarasamuddato paccuttarati.
Ett±vat± raññ± cakkavattin± c±turant±ya pathaviy± ±dhipacca½ adhigata½ hoti. So eva½ vijitavijayo attano rajjasirisampattidassanattha½ sapariso uddha½ gaganatala½ abhilaªghitv± suvikasitapadumakumudapuº¹ar²kavanavicitte catt±ro j±tassare viya pañcasatapañcasataparittad²papariv±re catt±ro mah±d²pe oloketv± cakkaratanadesiteneva maggena yath±nukkama½ attano r±jadh±ni½ pacc±gacchati. Atha ta½ cakkaratana½ antepuradv±ra½ sobhayam±na½ viya hutv± tiµµhati.
Eva½ patiµµhite pana tasmi½ cakkaratane r±jantepure ukk±hi v± d²pik±hi v± kiñci karaº²ya½ na hoti, cakkaratanobh±soyeva ratti½ andhak±ra½ vidhamatiyeva. Ye pana andhak±ratthik± honti, tesa½ andhak±rameva hoti. Mah±sudassanass±pi sabbameta½ tatheva ahosi. Tena vutta½– “dakkhiºa½ samudda½ ajjhog±hetv±…pe… evar³pa½ cakkaratana½ p±turahos²”ti.