9. Mah±satipaµµh±nasuttavaŗŗan±

Uddesav±rakath±vaŗŗan±

373. Eva½ me sutanti mah±satipaµµh±nasutta½. Tatr±yamapubbapadavaŗŗan±– ek±yano aya½, bhikkhave, maggoti kasm± bhagav± ida½ suttamabh±si? Kururaµµhav±s²na½ gambh²radesan±paµiggahaŗasamatthat±ya. Kururaµµhav±sino kira bhikkh³ bhikkhuniyo up±sak± up±sik±yo utupaccay±disampannatt± tassa raµµhassa sapp±ya-utupaccayasevanena nicca½ kallasar²r± kallacitt± ca honti. Te cittasar²rakallat±ya anuggahitapańń±bal± gambh²rakatha½ paµiggahetu½ samatth± honti. Tena nesa½ bhagav± ima½ gambh²radesan±paµiggahaŗasamatthata½ sampassanto ekav²satiy± µh±nesu kammaµµh±na½ arahatte pakkhipitv± ida½ gambh²rattha½ mah±satipaµµh±nasutta½ abh±si. Yath± hi puriso suvaŗŗacaŖkoµaka½ labhitv± tattha n±n±pupph±ni pakkhipeyya, suvaŗŗamańj³sa½ v± pana labhitv± sattaratan±ni pakkhipeyya, eva½ bhagav± kururaµµhav±siparisa½ labhitv± gambh²radesana½ desesi. Tenevettha ańń±nipi gambh²ratth±ni imasmi½ d²ghanik±ye mah±nid±na½ majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±na½, s±ropama½, rukkhopama½, raµµhap±la½, m±gaŗ¹iya½, ±neńjasapp±yanti ańń±nipi sutt±ni desesi.
Apica tasmi½ janapade catasso paris± pakatiy±va satipaµµh±nabh±van±nuyogamanuyutt± viharanti, antamaso d±sakammakaraparij±n±pi satipaµµh±napaµisa½yuttameva katha½ kathenti. Udakatitthasuttakantanaµµh±n±d²supi niratthakakath± n±ma nappavattati. Sace k±ci itth² “amma, tva½ katara½ satipaµµh±nabh±vana½ manasikaros²”ti pucchit± “na kińc²”ti vadati, ta½ garahanti “dhiratthu tava j²vita½, j²vam±n±pi tva½ matasadis±”ti. Atha na½ “m± d±ni puna evamak±s²”ti ovaditv± ańńatara½ satipaµµh±na½ uggaŗh±penti. Y± pana “aha½ asukasatipaµµh±na½ n±ma manasikarom²”ti vadati, tass± “s±dhu s±dh³”ti s±dhuk±ra½ katv± “tava j²vita½ suj²vita½, tva½ n±ma manussatta½ patt±, tavatth±ya samm±sambuddho uppanno”ti-±d²hi pasa½santi. Na kevalańcettha manussaj±tik±va satipaµµh±namanasik±rayutt±, te niss±ya viharant± tiracch±nagat±pi.
Tatrida½ vatthu– eko kira naµako suvapotaka½ gahetv± sikkh±pento vicarati. So bhikkhunupassaya½ upaniss±ya vasitv± gamanak±le suvapotaka½ pamussitv± gato. Ta½ s±maŗeriyo gahetv± paµijaggi½su. Buddharakkhito tissa n±ma½ aka½su. Ta½ ekadivasa½ purato nisinna½ disv± mah±ther² ±ha– “buddharakkhit±”ti. Ki½, ayyeti? Atthi te koci bh±van±manasik±roti? Natthi, ayyeti. ¾vuso, pabbajit±na½ santike vasantena n±ma vissaµµha-attabh±vena bhavitu½ na vaµµati, kocideva manasik±ro icchitabbo, tva½ pana ańńa½ na sakkhissasi, “aµµhi aµµh²”ti sajjh±ya½ karoh²ti. So theriy± ov±de µhatv± “aµµhi aµµh²”ti sajjh±yanto carati.
Ta½ ekadivasa½ p±tova toraŗagge nis²ditv± b±l±tapa½ tapam±na½ eko sakuŗo nakhapańjarena aggahesi. So “kiri kir²”ti saddamak±si. S±maŗeriyo sutv± “ayye buddharakkhito sakuŗena gahito, mocema nan”ti le¹¹u-±d²ni gahetv± anubandhitv± mocesu½ Ta½ ±netv± purato µhapita½ ther² ±ha– “buddharakkhita, sakuŗena gahitak±le ki½ cintes²”ti? Na, ayye, ańńa½ kińci cintesi½, aµµhipuńjova aµµhipuńja½ gahetv± gacchati, katarasmi½ µh±ne vippakirissat²ti, eva½ ayye aµµhipuńjameva cintesinti. S±dhu, s±dhu, buddharakkhita, an±gate bhavakkhayassa te paccayo bhavissat²ti. Eva½ tattha tiracch±nagat±pi satipaµµh±namanasik±rayutt±. Tasm± nesa½ bhagav± satipaµµh±nabuddhimeva janento ida½ suttamabh±si.
Tattha ek±yanoti ekamaggo. Maggassa hi–
“Maggo pantho patho pajjo, ańjasa½ vaµum±yana½;
n±v± uttaraset³ ca, kullo ca bhisisaŖkamo”ti.
Bah³ni n±m±ni. Sv±yamidha ayanan±mena vutto, tasm± ek±yano aya½, bhikkhave, maggoti ettha ekamaggo aya½, bhikkhave, maggo na dvidh± pathabh³toti evamattho daµµhabbo. Atha v± ekena ayitabboti ek±yano. Eken±ti gaŗasaŖgaŗika½ pah±ya v³pakaµµhena pavivittacittena. Ayitabbo paµipajjitabbo, ayanti v± eten±ti ayano, sa½s±rato nibb±na½ gacchant²ti attho. Ekassa ayano ek±yano. Ekass±ti seµµhassa. Sabbasattaseµµho ca bhagav±, tasm± bhagavatoti vutta½ hoti. Kińc±pi hi tena ańńepi ayanti, eva½ santepi bhagavatova so ayano tena upp±ditatt±. Yath±ha “so hi, br±hmaŗa, bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.79). Ayat²ti v± ayano, gacchati pavattat²ti attho. Ekasmi½ ayanoti ek±yano, imasmińńeva dhammavinaye pavattati, na ańńatth±ti vutta½ hoti. Yath±ha– “imasmi½ kho, subhadda, dhammavinaye ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo upalabbhat²”ti (d². ni. 2.214). Desan±bhedoyeva heso, atthato pana ekova. Apica eka½ ayat²ti ek±yano. Pubbabh±ge n±n±mukhabh±van±nayappavattopi aparabh±ge eka½ nibb±nameva gacchat²ti vutta½ hoti. Yath±ha brahm± sahampati–
Ek±yana½ j±tikhayantadass²,
magga½ paj±n±ti hit±nukamp²;
etena maggena tari½su pubbe,
tarissanti ye ca taranti oghanti. (Sa½. ni. 5.409).
Keci pana “na p±ra½ diguŗa½ yant²”ti g±th±nayena yasm± ekav±ra½ nibb±na½ gacchati, tasm± “ek±yano”ti vadanti, ta½ na yujjati. Imassa hi atthassa saki½ ayanoti imin± byańjanena bhavitabba½. Yadi pana eka½ ayanamassa ek± gati pavatt²ti eva½ attha½ yojetv± vucceyya, byańjana½ yujjeyya, attho pana ubhayath±pi na yujjati. Kasm±? Idha pubbabh±gamaggassa adhippetatt±. K±y±dicatu-±rammaŗappavatto hi pubbabh±gasatipaµµh±namaggo idh±dhippeto, na lokuttaro, so ca anekav±rampi ayati, anekańcassa ayana½ hoti.
Pubbepi ca imasmi½ pade mah±ther±na½ s±kacch± ahosiyeva. Tipiµakac³¼an±gatthero pubbabh±gasatipaµµh±namaggoti ±ha. ¾cariyo panassa tipiµakac³¼asumatthero missakamaggoti ±ha. Pubbabh±go bhanteti? Missako, ±vusoti. ¾cariye pana punappuna½ bhaŗante appaµib±hitv± tuŗh² ahosi. Pańha½ avinicchinitv±va uµµhahi½su. Ath±cariyatthero nah±nakoµµhaka½ gacchanto “may± missakamaggo kathito, c³¼an±go pubbabh±gamaggoti ±d±ya voharati, ko nu kho ettha nicchayo”ti suttanta½ ±dito paµµh±ya parivattento “yo hi koci bhikkhave, ime catt±ro satipaµµh±ne eva½ bh±veyya satta vass±n²”ti imasmi½ µh±ne sallakkhesi. Lokuttaramaggo uppajjitv± satta vass±ni tiµµham±no n±ma natthi, may± vutto missakamaggo na labbhati. C³¼an±gena diµµho pubbabh±gamaggova labbhat²ti ńatv± aµµhamiya½ dhammasavane saŖghuµµhe agam±si.
Por±ŗakatther± kira piyadhammasavan± honti, sadda½ sutv±va “aha½ paµhama½, aha½ paµhaman”ti ekappah±reneva osaranti. Tasmińca divase c³¼an±gattherassa v±ro, tena dhamm±sane nis²ditv± b²jani½ gahetv± pubbag±th±su vutt±su therassa ±sanapiµµhiya½ µhitassa etadahosi– “raho nis²ditv± na vakkh±m²”ti. Por±ŗakatther± hi anus³yak± honti. Na attano rucimeva ucchubh±ra½ viya eva½ ukkhipitv± vicaranti, k±raŗameva gaŗhanti, ak±raŗa½ vissajjenti. Tasm± thero “±vuso, c³¼an±g±”ti ±ha. So ±cariyassa viya saddoti dhamma½ µhapetv± “ki½ bhante”ti ±ha. ¾vuso, c³¼an±ga, may± vutto missakamaggo na labbhati, tay± vutto pubbabh±gasatipaµµh±namaggova labbhat²ti. Thero cintesi– “amh±ka½ ±cariyo sabbapariyattiko tepiµako sutabuddho, evar³pass±pi n±ma bhikkhuno aya½ pańho ±lu¼eti, an±gate mama bh±tik± ima½ pańha½ ±lu¼essant²ti sutta½ gahetv± ima½ pańha½ niccala½ kariss±m²”ti paµisambhid±maggato “ek±yanamaggo vuccati pubbabh±gasatipaµµh±namaggo”.
Magg±naµµhaŖgiko seµµho, sacc±na½ caturo pad±;
vir±go seµµho dhamm±na½, dvipad±nańca cakkhum±.
Eseva maggo natthańńo, dassanassa visuddhiy±;
etańhi tumhe paµipajjatha, m±rasenappamaddana½;
etańhi tumhe paµipann±, dukkhassanta½ karissath±ti.–
Sutta½ ±haritv± µhapesi.
Maggoti kenaµµhena maggo? Nibb±nagamanaµµhena nibb±natthikehi maggan²yaµµhena ca. Satt±na½ visuddhiy±ti r±g±d²hi malehi abhijjh±visamalobh±d²hi ca upakkilesehi kiliµµhacitt±na½ satt±na½ visuddhatth±ya. Tath± hi imin±va maggena ito satasahassakapp±dhik±na½ catunna½ asaŖkhyeyy±na½ upari ekasmi½yeva kappe nibbatte taŗhaŖkaramedhaŖkarasaraŗaŖkarad²paŖkaran±make buddhe ±di½ katv± sakyamunipariyos±n± aneke samm±sambuddh± anekasat± paccekabuddh± gaŗanapatha½ v²tivatt± ariyas±vak± c±ti ime satt± sabbe cittamala½ pav±hetv± paramavisuddhi½ patt±. R³pamalavasena pana sa½kilesavod±napańńattiyeva natthi. Tath± hi–
“R³pena sa½kiliµµhena, sa½kilissanti m±ŗav±;
r³pe suddhe visujjhanti, anakkh±ta½ mahesin±.
Cittena sa½kiliµµhena, sa½kilissanti m±ŗav±;
citte suddhe visujjhanti, iti vutta½ mahesin±”.
Yath±ha– “cittasa½kiles±, bhikkhave, satt± sa½kilissanti, cittavod±n± visujjhant²”ti. Tańca cittavod±na½ imin± satipaµµh±namaggena hoti. Ten±ha “satt±na½ visuddhiy±”ti.
Sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±ti sokassa ca paridevassa ca samatikkam±ya pah±n±y±ti attho, ayańhi maggo bh±vito santatimah±matt±d²na½ viya sokasamatikkam±ya, paµ±c±r±d²na½ viya paridevasamatikkam±ya sa½vattati. Ten±ha “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±”ti. Kińc±pi hi santatimah±matto–
“Ya½ pubbe ta½ visodhehi, pacch± te m±tu kińcana½;
majjhe ce no gahessasi, upasanto carissas²”ti. (Su. ni. 945).
Ima½ g±tha½ sutv±va saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ patto. Paµ±c±r±–
“Na santi putt± t±ŗ±ya, na pit± n±pi bandhav±;
antaken±dhipannassa, natthi ń±t²su t±ŗat±”ti. (Dha. pa. 288).
Ima½ g±tha½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµhit±. Yasm± pana k±yavedan±cittadhammesu kańci dhamma½ an±masitv± bh±van± n±ma natthi, tasm± tepi imin±va maggena sokaparideve samatikkant±ti veditabb±.
Dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaŖgam±y±ti k±yikadukkhassa cetasikadomanassassa c±ti imesa½ dvinna½ atthaŖgam±ya, nirodh±y±ti attho. Ayańhi maggo bh±vito tissatther±d²na½ viya dukkhassa, sakk±d²na½ viya ca domanassassa atthaŖgam±ya sa½vattati.
Tatr±ya½ atthad²pan±– s±vatthiya½ kira tisso n±ma kuµumbikaputto catt±l²sa hirańńakoµiyo pah±ya pabbajitv± ag±make arańńe viharati. Tassa kaniµµhabh±tu bhariy± “gacchatha, na½ j²vit± voropeth±”ti pańcasate core pesesi. Te gantv± thera½ pariv±retv± nis²di½su. Thero ±ha– “kasm± ±gatattha up±sak±”ti? Ta½ j²vit± voropess±m±ti. P±µibhoga½ me up±sak±, gahetv± ajjekaratti½ j²vita½ deth±ti. Ko te, samaŗa, imasmi½ µh±ne p±µibhogo bhavissat²ti? Thero mahanta½ p±s±ŗa½ gahetv± dve ³ruµµh²ni bhinditv± “vaµµati up±sak± p±µibhogo”ti ±ha. Te apakkamitv± caŖkamanas²se aggi½ katv± nipajji½su. Therassa vedana½ vikkhambhetv± s²la½ paccavekkhato parisuddha½ s²la½ niss±ya p²tip±mojja½ uppajji. Tato anukkamena vipassana½ va¹¹hento tiy±maratti½ samaŗadhamma½ katv± aruŗuggamane arahatta½ patto ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–