Pañhaveyy±karaºavaººan±

357. Ki½ sa½yojan±ti ki½ bandhan±, kena bandhanena baddh± hutv±. Puthuk±y±ti bahujan±. Aver±ti appaµigh±. Adaº¹±ti ±vudhadaº¹adhanadaº¹avinimutt±. Asapatt±ti apaccatthik±. Aby±pajj±ti vigatadomanass±. Viharemu averinoti aho vata kenaci saddhi½ averino vihareyy±ma, katthaci kopa½ na upp±detv± acchar±ya gahitaka½ jaªghasahassena saddhi½ paribhuñjeyy±m±ti d±na½ datv± p³ja½ katv± ca patthayanti. Iti ca nesa½ hot²ti evañca nesa½ aya½ patthan± hoti. Atha ca pan±ti eva½ patthan±ya satipi.
Iss±macchariyasa½yojan±ti parasampattikh²yanalakkhaº± iss±, attasampattiy± parehi s±dh±raºabh±vassa asahanalakkhaºa½ macchariya½, iss± ca macchariyañca sa½yojana½ etesanti iss±macchariyasa½yojan±. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±rato pana iss±macchariy±ni abhidhamme vutt±neva.
¾v±samacchariyena panettha yakkho v± peto v± hutv± tasseva ±v±sassa saªk±ra½ s²sena ukkhipitv± vicarati. Kulamacchariyena tasmi½ kule aññesa½ d±n±d²ni karonte disv± “bhinna½ vatida½ kula½ mam±”ti cintayato lohitampi mukhato uggacchati, kucchivirecanampi hoti, ant±nipi khaº¹±khaº¹±ni hutv± nikkhamanti. L±bhamacchariyena saªghassa v± gaºassa v± santake l±bhe macchar±yitv± puggalikaparibhogena paribhuñjitv± yakkho v± peto v± mah±-ajagaro v± hutv± nibbattati. Sar²ravaººaguºavaººamacchariyena pana pariyattidhammamacchariyena ca attanova vaººa½ vaººeti, na paresa½ vaººa½, “ki½ vaººo eso”ti ta½ ta½ dosa½ vadanto pariyattiñca kassaci kiñci adento dubbaººo ceva e¼am³go ca hoti.
Apica ±v±samacchariyena lohagehe paccati. Kulamacchariyena appal±bho hoti. L±bhamacchariyena g³thaniraye nibbattati. Vaººamacchariyena bhave nibbattassa vaººo n±ma na hoti. Dhammamacchariyena kukku¼aniraye nibbattati. Ida½ pana iss±macchariyasa½yojana½ sot±pattimaggena pah²yati. Y±va ta½ nappah²yati, t±va devamanuss± averat±d²ni patthayant±pi ver±d²hi na parimuccantiyeva.
Tiºº± mettha kaªkh±ti etasmi½ pañhe may± tumh±ka½ vacana½ sutv± kaªkh± tiºº±ti vadati, na maggavasena tiººakaªkhata½ d²peti. Vigat± katha½kath±ti ida½ katha½, ida½ kathanti ayampi katha½kath± vigat±.
358. Nid±n±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Piy±ppiyanid±nanti piyasattasaªkh±ranid±na½ macchariya½, appiyasattasaªkh±ranid±n± iss±. Ubhaya½ v± ubhayanid±na½. Pabbajitassa hi saddhivih±rik±dayo, gahaµµhassa putt±dayo hatthi-ass±dayo v± satt± piy± honti ke¼±yit± mam±yit±, muhuttampi te apassanto adhiv±setu½ na sakkoti. So añña½ t±disa½ piyasatta½ labhanta½ disv± issa½ karoti. “Imin± amh±ka½ kiñci kamma½ atthi, muhutta½ t±va na½ deth±”ti tameva aññehi y±cito “na sakk± d±tu½, kilamissati v± ukkaºµhissati v±”ti-±d²ni vatv± macchariya½ karoti. Eva½ t±va ubhayampi piyasattanid±na½ hoti. Bhikkhussa pana pattac²varaparikkh±raj±ta½, gahaµµhassa v± alaªk±r±di-upakaraºa½ piya½ hoti man±pa½, so aññassa t±disa½ uppajjam±na½ disv± “aho vatassa evar³pa½ na bhaveyy±”ti issa½ karoti, y±cito v±pi “mayampeta½ mam±yant± na paribhuñj±ma, na sakk± d±tun”ti macchariya½ karoti. Eva½ ubhayampi piyasaªkh±ranid±na½ hoti. Appiye pana te vuttappak±re satte ca saªkh±re ca labhitv± sacepissa te aman±p± honti, tath±pi kiles±na½ vipar²tavuttit±ya “µhapetv± ma½ ko añño evar³passa l±bh²”ti issa½ v± karoti, y±cito t±vak±likampi adadam±no macchariya½ v± karoti. Eva½ ubhayampi appiyasattasaªkh±ranid±na½ hoti.
Chandanid±nanti ettha pariyesanachando, paµil±bhachando, paribhogachando, sannidhichando, vissajjanachandoti pañcavidho chando.
Katamo pariyesanachando? Idhekacco atitto chandaj±to r³pa½ pariyesati, sadda½. Gandha½. Rasa½. Phoµµhabba½ pariyesati, dhana½ pariyesati. Aya½ pariyesanachando.
Katamo paµil±bhachando? Idhekacco atitto chandaj±to r³pa½ paµilabhati, sadda½. Gandha½. Rasa½. Phoµµhabba½ paµilabhati, dhana½ paµilabhati. Aya½ paµil±bhachando.
Katamo paribhogachando? Idhekacco atitto chandaj±to r³pa½ paribhuñjati, sadda½. Gandha½. Rasa½. Phoµµhabba½ paribhuñjati, dhana½ paribhuñjati. Aya½ paribhogachando.
Katamo sannidhichando? Idhekacco atitto chandaj±to dhanasannicaya½ karoti “±pad±su bhavissat²”ti. Aya½ sannidhichando.
Katamo vissajjanachando? Idhekacco atitto chandaj±to dhana½ vissajjeti, hatth±roh±na½, ass±roh±na½, rathik±na½, dhanuggah±na½– “ime ma½ rakkhissanti gopissanti mam±yissanti sampariv±rayissant²”ti. Aya½ vissajjanachando. Ime pañca chand±. Idha taºh±mattameva, ta½ sandh±ya ida½ vutta½.
Vitakkanid±noti ettha “l±bha½ paµicca vinicchayo”ti (d². ni. 2.110) eva½ vutto vinicchayavitakko vitakko n±ma. Vinicchayoti dve vinicchay± taºh±vinicchayo ca, diµµhivinicchayo ca. Aµµhasata½ taºh±vicarita½ taºh±vinicchayo n±ma. Dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo diµµhivinicchayo n±m±ti eva½ vuttataºh±vinicchayavasena hi iµµh±niµµhapiy±ppiyavavatth±na½ na hoti. Tadeva hi ekaccassa iµµha½ hoti, ekaccassa aniµµha½ paccantar±jamajjhimadesar±j³na½ gaº¹upp±damigama½s±d²su viya. Tasmi½ pana taºh±vinicchayavinicchite paµiladdhavatthusmi½ “ettaka½ r³passa bhavissati, ettaka½ saddassa, ettaka½ gandhassa, ettaka½ rasassa, ettaka½ phoµµhabbassa bhavissati, ettaka½ mayha½ bhavissati, ettaka½ parassa bhavissati, ettaka½ nidahiss±mi, ettaka½ parassa dass±m²”ti vavatth±na½ vitakkavinicchayena hoti. Ten±ha “chando kho, dev±naminda, vitakkanid±no”ti.
Papañcasaññ±saªkh±nid±noti tayo papañc± taºh±papañco, m±napapañco, diµµhipapañcoti. Tattha aµµhasatataºh±vicarita½ taºh±papañco n±ma. Navavidho m±no m±napapañco n±ma. Dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo diµµhipapañco n±ma. Tesu idha taºh±papañco adhippeto. Kenaµµhena papañco? Mattapamatt±k±rap±panaµµhena papañco. Ta½sampayutt± saññ± papañcasaññ±. Saªkh± vuccati koµµh±so “saññ±nid±n± hi papañcasaªkh±”ti-±d²su viya. Iti papañcasaññ±saªkh±nid±noti papañcasaññ±koµµh±sanid±no vitakkoti attho.
Papañcasaññ±saªkh±nirodhas±ruppag±mininti etiss± papañcasaññ±saªkh±ya khay± nirodho v³pasamo, tassa s±ruppañceva tattha g±mini½ c±ti saha vipassan±ya magga½ pucchati.