Magham±ºavavatthu

355. D²gharatta½ visuddho kho aya½ yakkhoti cirak±lato pabhuti visuddho. K²va cirak±lato? Anuppanne buddhe magadharaµµhe macalag±make magham±ºavak±lato paµµh±ya. Tad± kiresa ekadivasa½ k±lasseva vuµµh±ya g±mamajjhe manuss±na½ g±makammakaraºaµµh±na½ gantv± attano µhitaµµh±na½ p±danteneva pa½sukacavara½ apanetv± ramaº²yamak±si, añño ±gantv± tattha aµµh±si. So t±vatakeneva sati½ paµilabhitv± majjhe g±massa khalamaº¹alamatta½ µh±na½ sodhetv± v±luka½ okiritv± d±r³ni ±haritv± s²tak±le aggi½ karoti, dahar± ca mahallak± ca ±gantv± tattha nis²danti.
Athassa ekadivasa½ etadahosi– “maya½ nagara½ gantv± r±jar±jamah±matt±dayo pass±ma, imesupi candimas³riyesu ‘cando n±ma devaputto, s³riyo n±ma devaputto’ti vadanti. Ki½ nu kho katv± ete et± sampattiyo adhigat±”ti? Tato “n±ñña½ kiñci, puññakammameva katv±”ti cintetv± “may±pi eva½vidhasampattid±yaka½ puññakammameva kattabban”ti cintesi.
So k±lasseva vuµµh±ya y±gu½ pivitv± v±sipharasukud±lamusalahattho catumah±patha½ gantv± musalena p±s±ºe ucc±letv± pavaµµeti, y±n±na½ akkhapaµigh±tarukkhe harati, visama½ sama½ karoti, catumah±pathe s±la½ karoti, pokkharaºi½ khaºati, setu½ bandhati, eva½ divasa½ kamma½ katv± atthaªgate s³riye ghara½ eti. Ta½ añño pucchi– “bho, magha, tva½ p±tova nikkhamitv± s±ya½ araññato esi, ki½ kamma½ karos²”ti? Puññakamma½ karomi. Saggag±mimagga½ sodhem²ti. Kimida½, bho, puñña½ n±m±ti? Tva½ na j±n±s²ti? ¾ma, na j±n±m²ti. Nagara½ gatak±le diµµhapubb± te r±jar±jamah±matt±dayoti? ¾ma, diµµhapubb±ti. Puññakamma½ katv± tehi ta½ µh±na½ laddha½, ahampi eva½vidhasampattid±yaka½ kamma½ karomi. “Cando n±ma devaputto, s³riyo n±ma devaputto”ti sutapubba½ tay±ti? ¾ma sutapubbanti. Etassa saggassa gamanamagga½ aha½ sodhem²ti. Ida½ pana puññakamma½ ki½ taveva vaµµati, aññassa na vaµµat²ti? Na kassaceta½ v±ritanti. Yadi eva½ sve arañña½ gamanak±le mayhampi sadda½ deh²ti. Punadivase ta½ gahetv± gato, eva½ tasmi½ g±me tetti½sa manuss± taruºavay± sabbe tasseva anuvattak± ahesu½. Te ekacchand± hutv± puññakamm±ni karont± vicaranti. Ya½ disa½ gacchanti, magga½ sama½ karont± ekadivaseneva karonti, pokkharaºi½ khaºant±, s±la½ karont±, setu½ bandhant± ekadivaseneva niµµh±penti.
Atha nesa½ g±mabhojako cintesi– “aha½ pubbe etesu sura½ pivantesu p±ºagh±t±d²ni karontesu ca kah±paº±divasena ceva daº¹abalivasena ca dhana½ labh±mi. Id±ni etesa½ puññakaraºak±lato paµµh±ya ettako ±yo natthi, handa ne r±jakule paribhind±m²”ti r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± core, mah±r±ja, pass±m²ti. Kuhi½, t±t±ti? Mayha½ g±meti. Ki½ cor± n±ma, t±t±ti? R±j±par±dhik± dev±ti. Ki½ j±tik±ti? Gahapatij±tik± dev±ti. Gahapatik± ki½ karissanti, tay± j±nam±nena kasm± mayha½ na kathitanti? Bhayena, mah±r±ja, na kathemi, id±ni m± mayha½ dosa½ kareyy±th±ti. Atha r±j± “aya½ mayha½ mah±rava½ ravat²”ti saddahitv± “tena hi gaccha, tvameva ne ±neh²”ti bala½ datv± pesesi. So gantv± divasa½ araññe kamma½ katv± s±yam±sa½ bhuñjitv± g±mamajjhe nis²ditv± “sve ki½ kamma½ kariss±ma, ki½ magga½ sama½ karoma, pokkharaºi½ khaº±ma, setu½ bandh±m±”ti mantayam±neyeva te pariv±retv± “m± phandittha, rañño ±º±”ti bandhitv± p±y±si. Atha kho nesa½ itthiyo “s±mik± kira vo ‘r±j±par±dhik± cor±’ti bandhitv± niyyant²”ti sutv± “aticirena k³µ± ete ‘puññakamma½ karom±’ti divase divase araññeva acchanti, sabbakammant± parih²n±, gehe na kiñci va¹¹hati, suµµhu baddh± suµµhu gahit±”ti vadi½su.
G±mabhojakopi te netv± rañño dassesi. R±j± anupaparikkhitv±yeva “hatthin± madd±peth±”ti ±ha. Tesu n²yam±nesu magho itare ±ha– “bho, sakkhissatha mama vacana½ k±tun”ti? Tava vacana½ karont±yevamha ima½ bhaya½ patt±, eva½ santepi tava vacana½ karoma, bhaºa bho, ki½ karom±ti? Ettha bho vaµµe carant±na½ n±ma nibaddha½ eta½, ki½ pana tumhe cor±ti? Na coramh±ti. Imassa lokassa saccakiriy± n±ma avassayo, tasm± sabbepi “yadi amhe cor±, hatth² maddatu, atha na cor±, m± maddat³”ti saccakiriya½ karoth±ti. Te tath± aka½su. Hatth² upagantumpi na sakkoti, viravanto pal±yati, hatthi½ tuttatomaraªkusehi koµµent±pi upanetu½ na sakkonti. “Hatthi½ upanetu½ na sakkom±”ti rañño ±rocesu½. Tena hi upari kaµena paµicch±detv± madd±peth±ti. Upari kaµe dinne diguºarava½ viravanto pal±yati.
R±j± sutv± pesuññak±raka½ pakkos±petv± ±ha– “t±ta, hatth² madditu½ na icchat²”ti? ¾ma, deva, jeµµhakam±ºavo manta½ j±n±ti, mantasseva ayam±nubh±voti. R±j± ta½ pakkos±petv± “manto kira te atth²”ti pucchi? Natthi, deva, mayha½ manto, saccakiriya½ pana maya½ karimha– “yadi amhe rañño cor±, maddatu, atha na cor±, m± maddat³”ti, saccakiriy±ya no esa ±nubh±voti. Ki½ pana, t±ta, tumhe kamma½ karoth±ti? Amhe, deva, magga½ sama½ karoma, catumah±pathe s±la½ karoma pokkharaºi½ khaº±ma, setu½ bandh±ma, evar³p±ni puññakamm±ni karont± vicarimh±ti.
Aya½ tumhe kimattha½ pisuºes²ti? Amh±ka½ pamattak±le idañcidañca labhati, appamattak±le ta½ natthi, etena k±raºen±ti. T±ta, aya½ hatth² n±ma tiracch±no, sopi tumh±ka½ guºe j±n±ti. Aha½ manusso hutv±pi na j±n±mi, tumh±ka½ vasanag±ma½ tumh±ka½yeva puna aharaº²ya½ katv± demi, ayampi hatth² tumh±ka½yeva hotu, pesuññak±rakopi tumh±ka½yeva d±so hotu. Ito paµµh±ya mayhampi puññakamma½ karoth±ti dhana½ datv± vissajjesi. Te dhana½ gahetv± v±rena v±rena hatthi½ ±ruyha gacchant± mantayanti “bho puññakamma½ n±ma an±gatabhavatth±ya kariyati, amh±ka½ pana anto-udake pupphita½ n²luppala½ viya imasmiññeva attabh±ve vip±ka½ deti. Id±ni atireka½ puñña½ kariss±m±”ti, ki½ karom±ti? Catumah±pathe th±vara½ katv± mah±janassa vissamanas±la½ karoma, itth²hi pana saddhi½ apattika½ katv± kariss±ma, amhesu hi “cor±”ti gahetv± n²yam±nesu itth²na½ ek±pi cint±mattakampi akatv± “subaddh± sugahit±”ti uµµhahi½su, tasm± t±sa½ patti½ na dass±m±ti. Te attano geh±ni gantv± hatthino tetti½sapiº¹a½ denti, tetti½sa tiºamuµµhiyo ±haranti, ta½ sabba½ hatthissa kucchip³ra½ j±ta½. Te arañña½ pavisitv± rukkhe chindanti, chinna½ chinna½ hatth² ka¹¹hitv± sakaµapathe µhapesi. Te rukkhe tacchetv± s±l±ya kamma½ ±rabhi½su.
Maghassa gehe suj±t±, sudhamm±, citt±, nand±ti catasso bhariy±yo ahesu½. Sudhamm± va¹¹haki½ pucchati– “t±ta, ime sah±y± k±lasseva gantv± s±ya½ enti, ki½ kamma½ karont²”ti? “S±la½ karonti, amm±”ti. “T±ta, mayhampi s±l±ya patti½ katv± deh²”ti. “Itth²hi apattika½ karom±”ti ete vadant²ti. S± va¹¹hakissa aµµha kah±paºe datv± “t±ta, yena kenaci up±yena mayha½ pattika½ karoh²”ti ±ha. So “s±dhu amm±”ti vatv± puretara½ v±sipharasu½ gahetv± g±mamajjhe µhatv± “ki½ bho ajja imasmimpi k±le na nikkhamath±”ti ucc±sadda½ katv± “sabbe magga½ ±ru¼h±”ti ñatv± “gacchatha t±va tumhe, mayha½ papañco atth²”ti te purato katv± añña½ magga½ ±ruyha kaººik³paga½ rukkha½ chinditv± tacchetv± maµµha½ katv± ±haritv± sudhamm±ya gehe µhapesi– “may± deh²ti vuttadivase n²haritv± dadeyy±s²”ti.
Atha niµµhite dabbasambh±rakamme bh³mikammato paµµh±ya cayabandhanathambhuss±pana saªgh±µayojana kaººikamañcabandhanesu katesu so va¹¹hak² kaººikamañce nis²ditv± cat³hi dis±hi gop±nasiyo ukkhipitv± “bho eka½ pamuµµha½ atth²”ti ±ha. Ki½ bho pamuµµha½, sabbameva tva½ pamussas²ti. Im± bho gop±nasiyo kattha patiµµhahissant²ti? Kaººik± n±ma laddhu½ vaµµat²ti. Kuhi½ bho id±ni sakk± laddhunti? Kul±na½ gehe sakk± laddhunti. ¾hiº¹ant± pucchath±ti. Te antog±ma½ pavisitv± pucchitv± sudhamm±ya gharadv±re “imasmi½ ghare kaººik± atth²”ti ±ha½su. S± “atth²”ti ±ha. Handa m³la½ gaºh±h²ti. M³la½ na gaºh±mi, sace mama patti½ karotha, dass±m²ti. Etha bho m±tug±massa patti½ na karoma, arañña½ gantv± rukkha½ chindiss±m±ti nikkhami½su.
Tato va¹¹hak² “ki½ na laddh±, t±ta, kaººik±”ti pucchi. Te tamattha½ ±rocayi½su. Va¹¹hak² kaººikamañce nisinnova ±k±sa½ ulloketv± “bho ajja nakkhatta½ sundara½, ida½ añña½ sa½vacchara½ atikkamitv± sakk± laddhu½, tumhehi ca dukkhena ±bhat± dabbasambh±r±, te sakalasa½vaccharena imasmiññeva µh±ne p³tik± bhavissanti. Devaloke nibbattak±le tass±pi ekasmi½ koºe s±l± hotu, ±haratha nan”ti ±ha. S±pi y±va te na puna ±gacchanti, t±va kaººik±ya heµµhimatale “aya½ s±l± sudhamm± n±m±”ti akkhar±ni chind±petv± ahatena vatthena veµhetv± µhapesi. Kammik± ±gantv±– “±hara, re kaººika½ ya½ hotu ta½ hotu. Tuyhampi patti½ kariss±m±”ti ±ha½su. S± n²haritv± “t±t±, y±va aµµha v± so¼asa v± gop±nasiyo na ±rohanti, t±va ima½ vattha½ m± nibbeµhayitth±”ti vatv± ad±si. Te “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± gahetv± gop±nasiyo ±ropetv±va vattha½ nibbeµhesu½.
Eko mah±g±mikamanusso uddha½ ullokento akkhar±ni disv± “ki½, bho, idan”ti akkharaññu½ manussa½ pakkos±petv± dassesi. So “sudhamm± n±ma aya½ s±l±”ti ±ha. “Haratha, bho, maya½ ±dito paµµh±ya s±la½ katv± n±mamattampi na labh±ma, es± ratanamattena kaººikarukkhena s±la½ attano n±mena k±ret²”ti viravanti. Va¹¹hak² tesa½ viravant±na½yeva gop±nasiyo pavesetv± ±ºi½ datv± s±l±kamma½ niµµh±pesi.
S±la½ tidh± vibhaji½su, ekasmi½ koµµh±se issar±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ aka½su, ekasmi½ duggat±na½, ekasmi½ gil±n±na½. Tetti½sa jan± tetti½sa phalak±ni paññapetv± hatthissa sañña½ ada½su– “±gantuko ±gantv± yassa atthate phalake nis²dati, ta½ gahetv± phalakas±mikasseva gehe patiµµhapehi. Tassa p±daparikammapiµµhiparikammakh±dan²yabhojan²yasayan±ni sabb±ni phalakas±mikasseva bh±ro bhavissat²”ti. Hatth² ±gat±gata½ gahetv± phalakas±mikassa geha½ neti, so tassa ta½ divasa½ kattabba½ karoti.
Magham±ºavo s±lato avid³re µh±ne kovi¼±rarukkha½ rop±pesi, m³le cassa p±s±ºaphalaka½ atthari. Nand± n±massa bhariy± avid³re pokkharaºi½ khaº±pesi, citt± m±l±vacche rop±pesi, sabbajeµµhik± pana ±d±sa½ gahetv± attabh±va½ maº¹ayam±n±va vicarati. Magho ta½ ±ha– “bhadde, sudhamm±, s±l±ya pattik± j±t±, nand± pokkharaºi½ khaº±pesi, citt± m±l±vacche rop±pesi. Tava pana puññakamma½ n±ma natthi, eka½ puñña½ karohi, bhadde”ti s± “tva½ kassa k±raº± karosi, nanu tay± kata½ mayhamev±”ti vatv± attabh±vamaº¹anameva anuyuñjati.
Magho y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± tato cavitv± t±vati½sabhavane sakko hutv± nibbatti, tepi tetti½sa g±mikamanuss± k±laªkatv± tetti½sa devaputt± hutv± tasseva santike nibbatt±. Sakkassa vejayanto n±ma p±s±do satta yojanasat±ni uggacchi, dhajo t²ºi yojanasat±ni uggacchi, kovi¼±rarukkhassa nissandena samant± tiyojanasataparimaº¹alo pañcadasayojanapariº±hakkhandho p±ricchattako nibbatti, p±s±ºaphalakassa nissandena p±ricchattakam³le saµµhiyojanik± paº¹ukambalasil± nibbatti. Sudhamm±ya kaººikarukkhassa nissandena tiyojanasatik± sudhamm± devasabh± nibbatti. Nand±ya pokkharaºiy± nissandena paññ±sayojan± nand± n±ma pokkharaº² nibbatti. Citt±ya m±l±vacchavatthunissandena saµµhiyojanika½ cittalat±vana½ n±ma uyy±na½ nibbatti.
Sakko devar±j± sudhamm±ya devasabh±ya yojanike suvaººapallaªke nisinno tiyojanike setacchatte dh±riyam±ne tehi devaputtehi t±hi devakaññ±hi a¹¹hatiy±hi n±µakakoµ²hi dv²su devalokesu devat±hi ca pariv±rito mah±sampatti½ olokento t± tisso itthiyo disv± “im± t±va paññ±yanti, suj±t± kuhin”ti olokento “aya½ mama vacana½ akatv± girikandar±ya bakasakuºik± hutv± nibbatt±”ti disv± devalokato otaritv± tass± santika½ gato. S± disv±va sañj±nitv± adhomukh± j±t±. “B±le, id±ni ki½ s²sa½ na ukkhipasi? Tva½ mama vacana½ akatv± attabh±vameva maº¹ayam±n± v²tin±mesi. Sudhamm±ya ca nand±ya ca citt±ya ca mah±sampatti nibbatt±, ehi amh±ka½ sampatti½ pass±”ti devaloka½ netv± nand±ya pokkharaºiy± pakkhipitv± pallaªke nis²di.
N±µakitthiyo “kuhi½ gatattha, mah±r±j±”ti pucchi½su. So an±rocetuk±mopi t±hi nipp²¼iyam±no “suj±t±ya santikan”ti ±ha. Kuhi½ nibbatt±, mah±r±j±ti? Kandarap±deti. Id±ni kuhinti? Nand±pokkharaºiya½ me vissaµµh±ti. Etha, bho, amh±ka½ ayya½ pass±m±ti sabb± tattha agama½su. S± pubbe sabbajeµµhik± hutv± t± avamaññittha. Id±ni t±pi ta½ disv±– “passatha, bho amh±ka½ ayy±ya mukha½ kakkaµakavijjhanas³lasadisan”ti-±d²ni vadantiyo ke¼i½ aka½su. S± ativiya aµµiyam±n± sakka½ devar±j±na½ ±ha– “mah±r±ja, im±ni suvaººarajatamaºivim±n±ni v± nand±pokkharaº² v± mayha½ ki½ karissati, j±tibh³miyeva mah±r±ja satt±na½ sukh±, ma½ tattheva kandarap±de vissajjeh²”ti. Sakko ta½ tattha vissajjetv± “mama vacana½ karissas²”ti ±ha. Kariss±mi, mah±r±j±ti. Pañca s²l±ni gahetv± akhaº¹±ni katv± rakkha, katip±hena ta½ et±sa½ jeµµhika½ kariss±m²ti. S± tath± ak±si.
Sakko katip±hassa accayena “sakk± nu kho s²la½ rakkhitun”ti gantv± macchar³pena utt±nako hutv± tass± purato udakapiµµhe osarati, s± “matamacchako bhavissat²”ti gantv± s²se aggahesi. Maccho naªguµµha½ c±lesi. S± “j²vati maññe”ti udake vissajjesi. Sakko ±k±se µhatv± “s±dhu, s±dhu, rakkhasi sikkh±pada½, eva½ ta½ rakkham±na½ katip±heneva n±µak±na½ jeµµhika½ kariss±m²”ti ±ha. Tass±pi pañca vassasat±ni ±yu ahosi. Ekadivasampi udarap³ra½ n±lattha½, sukkhitv± parisukkhitv± mil±yam±n±pi s²la½ akhaº¹etv± k±laªkatv± b±r±ºasiya½ kumbhak±ragehe nibbatti.
Sakko “kuhi½ nibbatt±”ti olokento disv± “tato idha ±netu½ na sakk±, j²vitavuttimass± dass±m²”ti suvaººa-e¼±luk±na½ y±naka½ p³retv± majjhe g±massa mahallakavesena nis²ditv± “e¼±luk±ni gaºhath±”ti ukkuµµhimak±si. Samant± g±mav±sik± ±gantv± “dehi, t±t±”ti ±ha½su. Aha½ s²larakkhak±na½ demi, tumhe s²la½ rakkhath±ti. T±ta maya½ s²la½ n±ma k²disantipi na j±n±ma, m³lena deh²ti. “S²larakkhak±na½yeva damm²”ti ±ha. “Etha, re kosi aya½ e¼±lukamahallako”ti sabbe nivatti½su.
S± d±rik± pucchi– “amma, tumhe e¼±lukatth±ya gat± tucchahatth±va ±gat±”ti. Kosi, amma, e¼±lukamahallako “aha½ s²larakkhak±na½ damm²”ti vadati, n³nimassa d±rik± s²la½ kh±ditv± vattanti, maya½ s²lameva na j±n±m±ti. S± “mayha½ ±n²ta½ bhavissat²”ti gantv± “e¼±luka½, t±ta, deh²”ti ±ha. “Tva½ s²l±ni rakkhasi amm±”ti? “¾ma, t±ta rakkh±m²”ti. Ida½ may± tuyhameva ±bhatanti gehadv±re y±nena saddhi½ µhapetv± pakk±mi. S±pi y±vaj²va½ s²la½ rakkhitv± cavitv± vepacitti-asurassa dh²t± hutv± nibbatti. S²lanissandena p±s±dik± ahosi. So “dh²tuviv±hamaªgala½ kariss±m²”ti asure sannip±tesi.
Sakko “kuhi½ nibbatt±”ti olokento “asurabhavane nibbatt±, ajjass± viv±hamaªgala½ karissant²”ti disv± “id±ni ya½kiñci katv± ±netabb± may±”ti asuravaººa½ nimminitv± gantv± asur±na½ antare aµµh±si. “Tava s±mika½ vadeh²”ti tass± hatthe pit± pupphad±ma½ ad±si “ya½ icchasi, tass³pari khip±h²”ti. S± olokent² sakka½ disv± pubbasanniv±sena sañj±tasineh± “aya½ me s±miko”ti tass³pari d±ma½ khipi. So ta½ b±h±ya gahetv± ±k±se uppati, tasmi½ khaºe asur± sañj±ni½su. Te “gaºhatha, gaºhatha, jarasakka½, veriko amh±ka½, na maya½ etassa d±rika½ dass±m±”ti anubandhi½su. Vepacitti pucchi “ken±haµ±”ti? “Jarasakkena mah±r±j±”ti. “Avasesesu ayameva seµµho, apeth±”ti ±ha. Sakko na½ netv± a¹¹hatiyakoµin±µak±na½ jeµµhikaµµh±ne µhapesi. S± sakka½ vara½ y±ci– “mah±r±ja, mayha½ imasmi½ devaloke m±t± v± pit± v± bh±t± v± bhagin² v± natthi, yattha yattha gacchasi, tattha tattha ma½ gahetv±va gaccha mah±r±j±”ti. Sakko “s±dh³”ti paµiñña½ ad±si.
Eva½ macalag±make magham±ºavak±lato paµµh±ya visuddhabh±vamassa sampassanto bhagav± “d²gharatta½ visuddho kho aya½ yakkho”ti ±ha. Atthasañhitanti atthanissita½ k±raºanissita½.