Putt±pi tass±ti tass±pi t±dis±yeva putt±. P±¼iya½ pana “mahabbal±”ti likhanti. Aµµhakath±ya½ sabbav±resu “mah±bal±”ti p±µho.
“Purima½ disa½ dhataraµµho, dakkhiºena vir³¼hako;
pacchimena vir³pakkho, kuvero uttara½ disa½.
Catt±ro te mah±r±j±, samant± caturo dis±;
daddallam±n± aµµha½su, vane k±pilavatthave”ti.
Im± pana g±th± sabbasaªg±hikavasena vutt±.
Ayañcettha attho– dasasahassacakkav±¼e dhataraµµh± n±ma mah±r±j±no atthi. Te sabbepi koµisatasahassakoµisatasahassagandhabbapariv±r± ±gantv± puratthim±ya dis±ya kapilavatthumah±vanato paµµh±ya cakkav±¼agabbha½ p³retv± µhit±. Eva½ dakkhiºadis±d²su vir³¼hak±dayo. Tenev±ha– “samant± caturo dis±, daddallam±n± aµµha½s³”ti. Idañhi vutta½ hoti– “samant± cakkav±¼ehi ±gantv± caturo dis± pabbatamatthakesu aggikkhandh± viya suµµhu jalam±n± µhit±”ti. Te pana yasm± kapilavatthuvanameva sandh±ya ±gat±, tasm± cakkav±¼a½ p³retv± cakkav±¼ena samasam± µhit±pi– “vane k±pilavatthave”ti vutt±.
337. Tesa½ m±y±vino d±s±, ±gu½ vañcanik± saµh±ti tesa½ mah±r±j±na½ katap±papaµicch±danalakkhaº±ya m±y±ya yutt± kuµil±c±r± d±s± atthi, ye sammukhaparammukhavañcan±hi loka½ vañcanato “vañcanik±”ti ca, ker±µiyas±µheyyena samann±gatatt± “saµh±”ti ca vuccanti, tepi ±gat±ti attho. M±y± kuµeº¹u viµeº¹u, viµucca viµuµo sah±ti te d±s± sabbepi m±y±k±rak±va. N±mena panettha eko kuµeº¹u n±ma, eko viµeº¹u n±ma. P±¼iya½ pana “veµeº¹³”ti likhanti. Eko viµucca n±ma, eko viµuµo n±ma. Sah±ti sopi viµuµo tehi saheva ±gato.
Candano k±maseµµho ca, kinnighaº¹u nighaº¹u c±ti aparo kinnighaº¹u n±ma. P±¼iya½ pana “kinnughaº¹³”ti likhanti. Nighaº¹u c±ti añño nighaº¹u n±ma, ettak± d±s±. Ito pare pana–
“Pan±do opamañño ca, devasuto ca m±tali;
cittaseno ca gandhabbo, na¼o r±j± janesabho;
±gu½ pañcasikho ceva, timbar³ s³riyavacchas±”ti.–
Ime devar±j±no. Tattha devasutoti devas±rathi. Cittasenoti citto ca seno ca cittaseno ca. Gandhabboti aya½ cittaseno gandhabbak±yiko devaputto, na kevala½ cesa, sabbe pete pan±d±dayo gandhabb± eva. Na¼or±j±ti na¼ak±radevaputto n±meko. Janesabhoti janavasabho devaputto. ¾gu½ pañcasikho cev±ti pañcasikho ceva devaputto ±gato. Timbar³ti timbar³ n±ma gandhabbadevar±j±. S³riyavacchas±ti tasseva dh²t±.
Ete caññe ca r±j±no, gandhabb± saha r±jubh²ti ete ca n±mavasena vuttagandhabbar±j±no aññe ca etehi r±j³hi saddhi½ bah³ gandhabb±. Modam±n± abhikk±mu½, bhikkh³na½ samiti½ vananti haµµhatuµµhacitt± bhikkhusaªghasamiti½ ima½ vana½ ±gat±ti attho.
338. Ath±gu½ n±gas± n±g±, ves±l± sahatacchak±ti n±gasadahav±sik± ca ves±l²v±sik± ca n±g± saha tacchakan±gaparis±ya ±gat±ti attho. Kambalassatar±ti kambalo ca assataro ca. Ete kira sinerup±de vasanti, supaººehipi anuddharaº²y± mahesakkhan±g± p±y±g± saha ñ±tibh²ti pay±gatitthav±sino ca saha ñ±tisaªghena ±gat±.
Y±mun± dhataraµµh± c±ti yamunav±sino ca dhataraµµhakule uppann± n±g± ca. Er±vaºo mah±n±goti er±vaºo ca devaputto, j±tiy± n±go na hoti. N±gavoh±rena panesa vohariyati. Sop±g±ti sopi ±gato.
Ye n±gar±je sahas± harant²ti ye ime vuttappak±re n±ge lobh±bhibh³t± s±hasa½ katv± haranti gaºhanti. Dibb± dij± pakkh² visuddhacakkh³ti dibb±nubh±vato dibb± m±tukucchito ca aº¹akosato c±ti dve v±re j±t±ti dij± pakkhayuttat±ya pakkh² yojanasatantarepi yojanasahassantarepi n±ge dassanasamatthacakkhut±ya visuddhacakkh³. Veh±yas± te vanamajjhappatt±ti te ±k±seneva ima½ mah±vana½ sampatt±. Citr± supaºº± iti tesa n±manti tesa½ “citrasupaºº±”ti n±ma½.
Abhaya½ tad± n±gar±j±nam±si, supaººato khemamak±si buddhoti tasm± sabbepi te aññamañña½ saºh±hi v±c±hi upavhayant± mitt± viya bandhav± viya ca samullapant± sammodam±n± ±liªgant± hatthe gaºhant± a½sak³µe hattha½ µhapent± haµµhatuµµhacitt±. N±g± supaºº± saraºamaka½su buddhanti buddha½yeva saraºa½ gat±.
339. Jit± vajirahatthen±ti indena devaraññ± jit±. Samudda½ asur±sit±ti mah±samuddav±sino suj±t±ya asurakaññ±ya k±raº± sabbepi bh±taro v±savassete, iddhimanto yasassino.
Tesu k±lakañc± mah±bhism±ti k±lakañc± ca mahante bhi½sane attabh±ve m±petv± ±gami½su. Asur± d±naveghas±ti d±naveghas± n±ma aññe dhanuggaha-asur±. Vepacitti sucitti ca, pah±r±do namuc² sah±ti vepacitti-asuro, sucitti-asuro c±ti ete ca asur± namuci ca m±ro devaputto etehi saheva ±gato. Ime asur± mah±samuddav±sino, aya½ paranimmitadevalokav±s², kasm± etehi sah±gatoti? Acchandikatt±. Tepi hi acchandik± abhabb±, ayampi t±disoyeva. Tasm± dh±tuso sa½sandam±no ±gato.
Satañca baliputt±nanti balino mah±-asurassa putt±na½ sata½. Sabbe verocan±mak±ti sabbe attano m±tulassa r±husseva n±madhar±. Sannayhitv± balisenanti attano balisena½ sannayhitv± sabbe katasann±h±va hutv±. R±hubhaddamup±gamunti r±hu-asurinda½ upasaªkami½su. Samayo d±ni bhaddanteti bhadda½ tava hotu, samayo te bhikkh³na½ samiti½ vana½ upasaªkamitv± bhikkhusaªgha½ dassan±y±ti attho.
340. ¾po ca dev± pathav², tejo v±yo tad±gamunti ±pokasiº±d²su parikamma½ katv± nibbatt± ±poti-±din±mak± dev± ±gamu½. Varuº± v±raº± dev±, somo ca yasas± sah±ti varuºadevat± v±raºadevat±, somadevat±ti eva½ n±mak± ca dev± yasas± n±ma devena sah±gat±ti attho. Mett±karuº±k±yik±ti mett±jh±ne ca karuº±jh±ne ca parikamma½ katv± nibbattadev±. ¾gu½ dev± yasassinoti etepi mah±yas± dev± ±gat±.
Dasete dasadh± k±y±, sabbe n±nattavaººinoti te dasadh± µhit± dasa devak±y± sabbe n²l±divasena n±nattavaºº± ±gat±ti attho.
Veº¹³ ca dev±ti veº¹udevat± ca. Sahali c±ti sahalidevat± ca. Asam± ca duve yam±ti asamadevat± ca dve ca yamak± dev±. Candassupanis± dev±, candam±gu½ purakkhatv±ti candanissitak± dev± canda½ purato katv± ±gat±. Tath± s³riyanissitak± dev± s³riya½ purakkhatv±. Nakkhatt±ni purakkhatv±ti nakkhattanissit±pi dev± nakkhatt±ni purato katv± ±gat±. ¾gu½ mandaval±hak±ti v±taval±hak±, abbhaval±hak±, uºhaval±hak± ete sabbepi val±hak±yik± “mandaval±hak±” n±ma vuccanti. Tepi ±gat±ti attho. Vas³na½ v±savo seµµho, sakkop±g± purindadoti vas³na½ devat±na½ seµµho v±savo yo sakkoti ca, purindadoti ca vuccati, sopi ±gato.
Dasete dasadh± k±y±ti etepi dasa devak±y± dasadh±va ±gat±. Sabbe n±nattavaººinoti n²l±divasena n±nattavaºº±.
Ath±gu½ sahabh³ dev±ti atha sahabh³ n±ma dev± ±gat±. Jalamaggisikh±riv±ti aggisikh± viya jalant±. Jalamaggi ca sikh±riv±ti im±ni tesa½ n±m±n²tipi vutta½. Ariµµhak± ca roj± c±ti ariµµhakadev± ca rojadev± ca. Um±pupphanibh±sinoti um±pupphadev± n±ma ete dev± Um±pupphasadis± hi tesa½ sar²r±bh±, tasm± “um±pupphanibh±sino”ti vuccanti.
Varuº± sahadhamm± c±ti ete ca dve jan±. Accut± ca anejak±ti accutadevat± ca anejakadevat± ca. Suleyyarucir± ±gunti suleyy± ca rucir± ca ±gat±. ¾gu½ v±savanesinoti v±savanes²dev± n±ma ±gat±. Dasete dasadh± k±y±ti etepi dasadevak±y± dasadh±va ±gat±.
Sam±n± mah±sam±n±ti sam±n± ca mah±sam±n± ca. M±nus± m±nusuttam±ti m±nus± ca m±nusuttam± ca. Khi¹¹±padosik± ±gu½, ±gu½ manopadosik±ti khi¹¹±padosik± manopadosik± ca dev± ±gat±.
Ath±gu½ harayo dev±ti haridev± n±ma ±gat±. Ye ca lohitav±sinoti lohitav±sino ca ±gat±. P±rag± mah±p±rag±ti ete ca duvidh± ±gat±. Dasete dasadh± k±y±ti etepi dasadevak±y± dasadh±va ±gat±.
Sukk± karambh± aruº±, ±gu½ veghanas± sah±ti ete sukk±dayo tayo, tehi saha veghanas± ca ±gat±. Od±tagayh± p±mokkh±ti od±tagayh± n±ma p±mokkhadev± ±gat±. ¾gu½ dev± vicakkhaº±ti vicakkhaº± n±ma dev± ±gat±.
Sad±matt± h±ragaj±ti sad±matt± ca h±ragaj± ca. Missak± ca yasassinoti yasasampann± missakadev± ca. Thanaya½ ±ga pajjunnoti pajjunno ca devar±j± thanayanto ±gato. Yo dis± abhivassat²ti yo ya½ ya½ disa½ y±ti, tattha tattha devo vassati. Dasete dasadh± k±y±ti etepi dasadevak±y± dasadh± ±gat±.
Khemiy± tusit± y±m±ti khemiy± dev± tusitapurav±sino ca y±m±devalokav±sino ca. Kathak± ca yasassinoti yasasampann± kathakadev± ca. P±¼iya½ pana “kaµµhak± c±”ti likhanti. Lamb²tak± l±maseµµh±ti lambitakadev± ca l±maseµµhadev± ca. Jotin±m± ca ±sav±ti pabbatamatthake katana¼aggikkhandho viya jotam±n± jotidev± n±ma atthi, te ca ±s± ca dev± ±gat±ti attho. P±¼iya½ pana “j±tin±m±”ti likhanti. ¾s± devat± chandavasena ±sav±ti vutt±. Nimm±naratino ±gu½, ath±gu½ paranimmit±. Dasete dasadh± k±y±ti etepi dasa devak±y± dasadh±va ±gat±.
Saµµhete devanik±y±ti ete ca ±po ca dev±ti-±dik± cha dasak± saµµhi devanik±y± sabbe n²l±divasena n±nattavaººino. N±manvayena ±gacchunti n±mabh±gena n±makoµµh±sena ±gat±. Ye caññe sadis± sah±ti ye ca aññepi tehi sadis± vaººatopi n±matopi et±dis±yeva sesacakkav±¼esu dev±, tepi ±gat±yev±ti ekapadeneva kal±pa½ viya puµaka½ viya ca katv± sabb± devat± niddisati.
Eva½ dasasu lokadh±tusahassesu devak±ye niddisitv± id±ni yadattha½ te ±gat±, ta½ dassento pavuµµhaj±tinti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– pavuµµh± vigat± j±ti ass±ti ariyasaªgho pavuµµhaj±ti n±ma, ta½ pavuµµhaj±ti½ r±gadosamohakh²l±na½ abh±v± akh²la½ catt±ro oghe taritv± µhitatt± oghatiººa½ catunna½ ±sav±na½ abh±vena an±sava½ ariyasaªgha½ dakkhema passiss±ma. Tesaññeva ogh±na½ tiººatt± oghatara½ ±gu½ akaraºato n±ga½. Asit±tiganti k±¼akabh±v±t²ta½ canda½va siriy± virocam±na½ dasabalañca dakkhema passiss±m±ti etadattha½ sabbepi te n±manvayena ±gacchu½, ye caññe sadis± sah±ti.
341. Id±ni brahm±no dassento subrahm± paramatto c±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha subrahm±ti eko brahm±. Paramattopi brahm±va. Putt± iddhimato sah±ti ete iddhimato buddhassa bhagavato putt± ariyabrahm±no saheva ±gat±. Sanaªkum±ro tisso c±ti sanaªkum±ro ca tissamah±brahm± ca. Sop±g±ti sopi ±gato.
“Sahassa½ brahmalok±na½, mah±brahm±bhitiµµhati;
upapanno jutimanto, bhism±k±yo yasassi so”ti.–
Ettha sahassa½ brahmalok±nanti ekaªguliy± ekasahassacakkav±¼e dasahi aªgul²hi dasasahassicakkav±¼e ±lokapharaºasamatth±na½ mah±brahm±na½ sahassa½ ±gata½. Mah±brahm±bhitiµµhat²ti yattha ekeko mah±brahm± aññe brahme abhibhavitv± tiµµhati. Upapannoti brahmaloke nibbatto. Jutimantoti ±nubh±vasampanno. Bhism±k±yoti mah±k±yo, dv²hi t²hi m±gadhikehi g±makkhettehi samappam±ºa-attabh±vo. Yasassisoti attabh±vasir²saªkh±tena yasena samann±gato.
Dasettha issar± ±gu½, paccekavasavattinoti etasmiñca brahmasahasse ye p±µiyekka½ p±µiyekka½ vasa½ vattenti, evar³p± dasa issar± mah±brahm±no ±gat±. Tesañca majjhato ±ga, h±rito pariv±ritoti tesa½ brahm±na½ majjhe h±rito n±ma mah±brahm± satasahassabrahmapariv±ro ±gato.
342. Te ca sabbe abhikkante, sa-inde deve sabrahmaketi te sabbepi sakka½ devar±j±na½ jeµµhaka½ katv± ±gate devak±ye, h±ritamah±brahm±na½ jeµµhaka½ katv± ±gate brahmak±ye ca. M±rasen± abhikk±m²ti m±rasen± abhigat±. Passa kaºhassa mandiyanti k±¼akassa m±rasa b±labh±va½ passatha.
Etha gaºhatha bandhath±ti eva½ attano parisa½ ±º±pesi. R±gena baddhamatthu voti sabba½ vo ida½ devamaº¹ala½ r±gena baddha½ hotu. Samant± pariv±retha, m± vo muñcittha koci nanti tumh±ka½ ekopi etesu ekampi m± muñci. “M± vo muñceth±”tipi p±µho, esevattho.
Iti tattha mah±seno, kaºho sena½ apesay²ti eva½ tattha mah±samaye mah±seno m±ro m±rasena½ apesayi. P±ºin± talam±hacc±ti hatthena pathav²tala½ paharitv±. Sara½ katv±na bheravanti m±ravibhi½sakadassanattha½ bhay±naka½ sarañca katv±.
Yath± p±vussako megho, thanayanto savijjukoti savijjuko p±vussakamegho viya mah±gajjita½ gajjanto. Tad± so paccud±vatt²ti tasmi½ samaye so m±ro ta½ vibhi½sanaka½ dassetv± paµinivatto Saªkuddho asaya½ vaseti suµµhu kuddho kupito kañci vase vattetu½ asakkonto asaya½vase asaya½vas² attano vasena ak±mako hutv± nivatto. Bhagav± kira “aya½ m±ro ima½ mah±sam±gama½ disv± ‘abhisamayantar±ya½ kariss±m²’ti antarantare m±rasena½ pesetv± m±ra½ vibhi½saka½ dasset²”ti aññ±si. Pakati ces± bhagavato, yattha abhisamayo na bhavissati, tattha m±ra½ vibhi½saka½ dassenta½ na niv±reti. Yattha pana abhisamayo hoti, tattha yath± paris± neva m±rassa r³pa½ passati, na sadda½ suº±ti, eva½ adhiµµh±t²ti. Imasmiñca sam±game mah±bhisamayo bhavissati, tasm± yath± devat± neva tassa r³pa½ passanti, na sadda½ suºanti, eva½ adhiµµh±si. Tena vutta½–“tad± so paccud±vatti, saªkuddho asaya½vase”ti.
343. Tañca sabba½ abhiññ±ya, vavatthitv±na cakkhum±ti ta½ sabba½ bhagav± j±nitv± vavatthapetv± ca.
M±rasen± abhikkant±, te vij±n±tha bhikkhavoti bhikkhave m±rasen± abhikkant±, te tumhe attano anur³pa½ vij±n±tha, phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjath±ti vadati. ¾tappamakarunti phalasam±patti½ pavisanatth±ya v²riya½ ±rabhi½su. V²tar±gehi pakk±munti m±ro ca m±rasen± ca v²tar±gehi ariyehi d³ratova apakkamu½. Nesa½ lom±pi iñjayunti tesa½ v²tar±g±na½ lom±nipi na c±layi½su. Atha m±ro bhikkhusaªgha½ ±rabbha ima½ g±tha½ abh±si–
“Sabbe vijitasaªg±m±, bhay±t²t± yasassino;
modanti saha bh³tehi, s±vak± te janesut±”ti.
Tattha modanti saha bh³teh²ti dasabalassa s±sane bh³tehi sañj±tehi ariyehi saddhi½ modanti pamodanti. Janesut±ti jane vissut± p±kaµ± abhiññ±t±.
Ida½ pana mah±samayasutta½ n±ma devat±na½ piya½ man±pa½, tasm± maªgala½ vadantena abhinavaµµh±nesu idameva sutta½ vattabba½. Devat± kira–“ima½ sutta½ suºiss±m±”ti ohitasot± vicaranti. Desan±pariyos±ne panassa koµisatasahassadevat± arahatta½ patt±, sot±pann±d²na½ gaºan± natthi.
Devat±nañcassa piyaman±pabh±ve ida½ vatthu– koµipabbatavih±re kira n±galeºadv±re n±garukkhe ek± devadh²t± vasati. Eko daharo antoleºe ima½ sutta½ sajjh±yati. Devadh²t± sutv± suttapariyos±ne mah±saddena s±dhuk±ramad±si. Ko esoti. Aha½, bhante, devadh²t±ti. Kasm± s±dhuk±ramad±s²ti? Bhante, dasabalena mah±vane nis²ditv± kathitadivase ima½ sutta½ sutv± ajja assosi½, bhagavat± kathitato ekakkharampi ah±petv± suggahito aya½ dhammo tumheh²ti. Dasabalassa kathayato suta½ tay±ti? ¾ma, bhanteti. Mah± kira devat±sannip±to ahosi, tva½ kattha µhit± suº²ti?
Aha½, bhante, mah±vanav±siy± devat±, mahesakkh±su pana devat±su ±gacchant²su jambud²pe ok±sa½ n±lattha½, atha ima½ tambapaººid²pa½ ±gantv± jambukolapaµµane µhatv± sotu½ ±raddhamhi, tatr±pi mahesakkh±su devat±su ±gacchant²su anukkamena paµikkamam±n± rohaºajanapade mah±g±massa piµµhibh±gato samudde galappam±ºa½ udaka½ pavisitv± tattha µhit± assosinti. Tuyha½ µhitaµµh±nato d³re satth±ra½ passasi devateti? Ki½ kathetha, bhante, satth± mah±vane dhamma½ desento nirantara½ mamaññeva oloket²ti maññam±n± otappam±n± ³m²su nilay±m²ti.
Ta½ divasa½ kira koµisatasahassadevat± arahatta½ patt±, tumhepi tad± arahatta½ patt±ti? Natthi, bhante. An±g±miphala½ pattattha maññeti? Natthi, bhante. Sakad±g±miphala½ pattattha maññeti? Natthi, bhante. Tayo magge patt± devat± kira gaºanapatha½ at²t±, sot±pann± j±tattha maññeti? Devat± ta½ divasa½ sot±pattiphala½ pattatt± har±yam±n±–“apucchitabba½ pucchati ayyo”ti ±ha. Tato na½ so bhikkhu ±ha– “sakk± pana devate, tava attabh±va½ amh±ka½ dassetun”ti? Na sakk± bhante sakalak±ya½ dassetu½, aªgulipabbamatta½ dassess±mi ayyass±ti kuñcikachiddena aªguli½ antoleº±bhimukha½ ak±si, candasahassas³riyasahassa-uggamanak±lo viya ahosi. Devadh²t± “appamatt±, bhante, hoth±”ti daharabhikkhu½ vanditv± agam±si. Eva½ ima½ sutta½ devat±na½ piya½ man±pa½, mam±yanti na½ devat±ti.

Iti sumaªgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½

Mah±samayasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.