Devat±sannip±tavaººan±

333. Atha bhagav± olokento pathav²talato y±va cakkav±¼amukhavaµµiparicched± y±va akaniµµhabrahmalok± devat±sannip±ta½ disv± cintesi– “mah± aya½ devat±sam±gamo, bhikkh³ pana eva½ mah± devat±ya sam±gamoti na j±nanti, handa, nesa½ ±cikkh±m²”ti, eva½ cintetv± “atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantes²”ti sabba½ vitth±retabba½. Tattha etaparam±ti eta½ parama½ pam±ºa½ etesanti etaparam±. Id±ni buddh±na½ pana abh±v± “yepi te, bhikkhave, etarah²”ti tatiyo v±ro na vutto. ¾cikkhiss±mi, bhikkhaveti kasm± ±ha? Devat±na½ cittakallat±jananattha½. Devat± kira cintesu½– “bhagav± eva½ mahante sam±game mahesakkh±na½yeva devat±na½ n±magott±ni kathessati, appesakkh±na½ ki½ kathessat²”ti? Atha bhagav± “im± devat± ki½ cintent²”ti ±vajjanto mukhena hattha½ pavesetv± hadayama½sa½ maddanto viya sabhaº¹a½ cora½ gaºhanto viya ca ta½ t±sa½ citt±c±ra½ ñatv±– “dasasahassacakkav±¼ato ±gat±gat±na½ appesakkhamahesakkh±na½ sabb±sampi devat±na½ n±magotta½ kathess±m²”ti cintesi.
Buddh± n±ma mahant± ete sattavises±, ya½ sadevakassa lokassa diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, na kiñci katthaci n²l±divasena vibhattar³p±rammaºesu r³p±rammaºa½ v± bher²sadd±divasena vibhattasadd±rammaº±d²su visu½ visu½ sadd±di-±rammaºa½ v± atthi, ya½ etesa½ ñ±ºamukhe ±p±tha½ n±gacchati. Yath±ha–
“Ya½ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa…pe… sadevamanuss±ya diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, tamaha½ j±n±mi, tamaha½ pass±mi, tamaha½ abbhaññ±sin”ti (a. ni. 4.24).
Eva½ sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºo bhagav± sabb±pi t± devat± bhabb±bhabbavasena dve koµµh±se ak±si. “Kamm±varaºena v± samann±gat±”ti-±din± nayena vutt± satt± abhabb± n±ma. Te ekavih±re vasantepi buddh± na olokenti. Vipar²t± pana bhabb± n±ma, te d³re vasantepi gantv± saªgaºhanti. Tasm± tasmimpi devat±sannip±te ye abhabb±, te pah±ya bhabbe pariggahesi. Pariggahetv±– “ettak± ettha r±gacarit±, ettak± dosacarit±, ettak± mohacarit±”ti caritavasena cha koµµh±se ak±si. Atha nesa½ sapp±ya½ dhammadesana½ upadh±rayanto– “r±gacarit±na½ devat±na½ samm±paribb±janiyasutta½ kathess±mi, dosacarit±na½ kalahaviv±dasutta½, mohacarit±na½ mah±by³hasutta½, vitakkacarit±na½ c³¼aby³hasutta½, saddh±carit±na½ tuvaµµakapaµipada½, buddhicarit±na½ pur±bhedasutta½ kathess±m²”ti desana½ vavatthapetv± puna ta½ parisa½ manas±k±si– “attajjh±sayena nu kho j±neyya, parajjh±sayena atthuppattikena pucch±vasen±”ti. Tato “pucch±vasena j±neyy±”ti ñatv± “atthi nu kho koci devat±na½ ajjh±saya½ gahetv± caritavasena pañha½ pucchitu½ samattho”ti “tesu pañcasatesu bhikkh³su ekopi na sakkot²”ti addasa. Tato as²timah±s±vake dve aggas±vake ca samann±haritv± “tepi na sakkont²”ti disv± cintesi “sace paccekabuddho bhaveyya, sakkuºeyya nu kho”ti “sopi na sakkuºeyy±”ti ñatv± “sakkasuy±m±d²su koci sakkuºeyy±”ti samann±hari. Sace hi tesu koci sakkuºeyya, ta½ pucch±petv± attan± vissajjeyya, na pana tesupi koci sakkoti.
Athassa etadahosi– “m±diso buddhoyeva sakkuºeyya, atthi pana katthaci añño buddho”ti anant±su lokadh±t³su anantañ±ºa½ pattharitv± olokento añña½ buddha½ na addasa. Anacchariyañceta½, ya½ id±ni attan± sama½ na passeyya, so j±tadivasepi brahmaj±lavaººan±ya½ vuttanayena attan± sama½ apassanto– “aggohamasmi lokass±”ti appaµivattiya½ s²han±da½ nadi. Eva½ añña½ attan± sama½ apassitv± cintesi– “sace aha½ pucchitv± ahameva vissajjeyya½, evampet± devat± na sakkhissanti paµivijjhitu½. Aññasmi½ pana buddheyeva pucchante mayi ca vissajjante accheraka½ bhavissati, sakkhissanti ca devat± paµivijjhitu½, tasm± nimmitabuddha½ m±pess±m²”ti abhiññ±p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya– “pattac²varagahaºa½ ±lokitavilokita½ samiñjitapas±ritañca mama sadisa½yeva hot³”ti k±m±vacaracittehi parikamma½ katv± p±c²nayugandharaparikkhepato ullaªgham±na½ candamaº¹ala½ bhinditv± nikkhamanta½ viya r³p±vacaracittena adhiµµh±si.
Devasaªgho ta½ disv±– “aññopi nu kho, bho, cando uggato”ti ±ha. Atha canda½ oh±ya ±sannatare j±te “na cando, s³riyo uggato”ti, puna ±sannatare j±te “na s³riyo, devavim±na½ ekan”ti, puna ±sannatare j±te “na devavim±na½, devaputto eko”ti, puna ±sannatare j±te “na devaputto, mah±brahm± eko”ti, puna ±sannatare j±te “na mah±brahm±, aparopi bho buddho ±gato”ti ±ha. Tattha puthujjanadevat± cintayi½su– “ekabuddhassa t±va aya½ devat±sannip±to, dvinna½ k²va mahanto bhavissat²”ti. Ariyadevat± cintayi½su– “ekiss± lokadh±tuy± dve buddh± n±ma natthi, addh± bhagavat± attan± sadiso añño eko buddho nimmito”ti.
Atha tassa devasaªghassa passantasseva nimmitabuddho ±gantv± dasabala½ avanditv±va sammukhaµµh±ne samasama½ katv± m±pite ±sane nis²di. Bhagavatopi dvatti½sa mah±purisalakkhaº±ni, nimmitass±pi dvatti½s±va, bhagavatopi sar²r± chabbaººarasmiyo nikkhamanti nimmitass±pi, bhagavato sar²rarasmiyo nimmitassa sar²re paµihaññanti, nimmitassa sar²rarasmiyo bhagavato k±ye paµihaññanti. T± dvinnampi buddh±na½ sar²rato uggamma akaniµµhabhavana½ ±hacca tato paµinivattitv± devat±na½ matthakapariyante otaritv± cakkav±¼amukhavaµµiya½ patiµµhahi½su. Sakalacakkav±¼agabbha½ suvaººamayavaªkagop±nas²vinaddhamiva cetiyaghara½ virocittha. Dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat± ekacakkav±¼e r±sibh³t± dvinna½ buddh±na½ rasmigabbhantara½ pavisitv± aµµha½su. Nimmitabuddho nis²dantoyeva dasabalassa bodhipallaªke kilesappah±na½ abhitthavanto–
“Pucch±mi muni½ pah³tapañña½,
tiººa½ p±raªgata½ parinibbuta½ µhitatta½;
nikkhamma ghar± panujja k±me,
katha½ bhikkhu samm± so loke paribbajeyy±”ti. (Su. ni. 361)–

G±tha½ abh±si. Satth± devat±na½ t±va cittakallat±jananattha½ ±gat±gat±na½ n±magott±ni kathess±m²ti cintetv± ±cikkhiss±mi, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha.

334. Tattha silokamanukass±m²ti akkharapadaniyamita½ vacanasaªgh±ta½ pavattayiss±mi. Yattha bhumm± tadassit±ti yesu yesu µh±nesu bhumm± devat± ta½ ta½ nissit±. Ye sit± girigabbharanti-±d²hi tesa½ bhikkh³na½ vaººa½ kathesi, ye bhikkh³ girikucchi½ nissit±ti attho. Pahitatt±ti pesitacitt±. Sam±hit±ti avikkhitt±.
Puth³ti bahujan±. S²h±va sall²n±ti s²h± viya nil²n± ekatta½ upagat±. Lomaha½s±bhisambhunoti lomaha½sa½ abhibhavitv± µhit±, nibbhay±ti vutta½ hoti. Od±tamanas± suddh±ti od±tacitt± hutv± suddh±. Vippasann±man±vil±ti vippasanna-an±vil±.
Bhiyyopañcasate ñatv±ti samm±sambuddhena saddhi½ atirekapañcasate bhikkh³ j±nitv±. Vane k±pilavatthaveti kapilavatthusam²pamhi j±te vanasaº¹e. Tato ±mantay² satth±ti tad± ±mantayi. S±vake s±sane rateti attano dhammadesan±ya savanante j±tatt± s±vake sikkhattayas±sane ratatt± s±sane rate. Ida½ sabba½– “silokamanukass±m²”ti vacanato aññena vutta½ viya katv± vadati.
Devak±y± abhikkant±, te vij±n±tha bhikkhavoti te dibbacakkhun± vij±n±th±ti nesa½ bhikkh³na½ dibbacakkhuñ±º±bhin²h±ratth±ya kathesi. Te ca ±tappamakaru½, sutv± buddhassa s±sananti te ca bhikkh³ ta½ buddhas±sana½ sutv± t±vadeva tadatth±ya v²riya½ kari½su.
Eva½ katamatt±tapp±na½yeva tesa½ p±turahu ñ±ºa½. K²disa½? Amanuss±na½ dassana½ dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ uppajji. Na ta½ tehi tasmi½ khaºe parikamma½ katv± upp±dita½. Ariyamaggeneva hi ta½ nipphanna½. Amanussadassanattha½ panassa abhin²h±ramattameva kata½. Satth±pi– “atthi tumh±ka½ ñ±ºa½, ta½ n²haritv± tena hi te vij±n±th±”ti idameva sandh±ya “te vij±n±tha, bhikkhavo”ti ±ha.
Appeke satamaddakkhunti tesu bhikkh³su ekacce bhikkh³ amanuss±na½ sata½ addasa½su. Sahassa½ atha sattarinti eke sahassa½. Eke sattati sahass±ni.
Sata½ eke sahass±nanti eke satasahassa½ addasa½su. Appekenantamaddakkhunti vipula½ addasa½su, satavasena sahassavasena ca aparicchinnepi addasa½s³ti attho. Kasm±? Yasm± dis± sabb± phuµ± ahu½, bharit± sampuºº±va ahesu½.
Tañca sabba½ abhiññ±y±ti ya½ tesu ekenekena diµµha½, tañca sabba½ j±nitv±. Vavatthitv±na cakkhum±ti hatthatale lekha½ viya paccakkhato vavatthapetv± pañcahi cakkh³hi cakkhum± satth±. Tato ±mantay²ti pubbe vuttag±thameva n±magottakittanatth±ya ±ha. Tumhe ete vij±n±tha, passatha, oloketha, ye voha½ kittayiss±m²ti ayamettha sambandho. Gir±h²ti vacanehi. Anupubbasoti anupaµip±µiy±.
335. Sattasahass± te yakkh±, bhumm± k±pilavatthav±ti sattasahass± t±vettha kapilavatthu½ niss±ya nibbatt± bhumm± yakkh±yev±ti vadati Iddhimantoti dibba-iddhiyutt±. Jutimantoti ±nubh±vasampann±. Vaººavantoti sar²ravaººasampann±. Yasassinoti pariv±rasampann±. Modam±n± abhikk±munti tuµµhacitt± ±gat±. Bhikkh³na½ samiti½ vananti ima½ mah±vana½ bhikkh³na½ santika½ bhikkh³na½ dassanatth±ya ±gat±. Atha v± samitinti sam³ha½, bhikkhusam³ha½ dassan±ya ±gat±tipi attho.
Chasahass± hemavat±, yakkh± n±nattavaººinoti chasahass± hemavatapabbate nibbattayakkh±, te ca sabbepi n²l±divaººavasena n±nattavaºº±.
S±t±gir± tisahass±ti s±t±giripabbate nibbattayakkh± tisahass±.
Iccete so¼asasahass±ti ete sabbepi so¼asasahass± honti.
Vess±mitt± pañcasat±ti vess±mittapabbate nibbatt± pañcasat±.
Kumbh²ro r±jagahikoti r±jagahanagare nibbatto kumbh²ro n±ma yakkho. Vepullassa nivesananti tassa vepullapabbato nivesana½ niv±sanaµµh±nanti attho. Bhiyyo na½ satasahassa½, yakkh±na½ payirup±sat²ti ta½ atireka½ yakkh±na½ satasahassa½ payirup±sati. Kumbh²ro r±jagahiko, sop±g± samiti½ vananti sopi kumbh²ro sapariv±ro ima½ vana½ bhikkhusamiti½ dassanatth±ya ±gato.
336. Purimañca disa½ r±j±, dhataraµµho pas±sat²ti p±c²nadisa½ anus±sati. Gandhabb±na½ adhipat²ti cat³supi dis±su gandhabb±na½ jeµµhako. Sabbe te tassa vase vattanti. Mah±r±j± yasassisoti mah±pariv±ro eso mah±r±j±.
Putt±pi tassa bahavo, indan±m± mahabbal±ti tassa dhataraµµhassa bahavo mahabbal± putt±, te sabbe sakkassa devarañño n±madh±rak±.
Vir³¼ho ta½ pas±sat²ti ta½ disa½ vir³¼ho anus±sati.