Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

D²ghanik±ye

Mah±vaggaµµhakath±

1. Mah±pad±nasuttavaººan±

Pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yuttakath±

1. Eva½ me suta½…pe… karerikuµik±yanti mah±pad±nasutta½. Tatr±ya½ apubbapadavaººan±– karerikuµik±yanti karer²ti varuºarukkhassa n±ma½, karerimaº¹apo tass± kuµik±ya dv±re µhito, tasm± “karerikuµik±”ti vuccati, yath± kosambarukkhassa dv±re µhitatt± “kosambakuµik±”ti. Antojetavane kira karerikuµi kosambakuµi gandhakuµi sala¼±g±ranti catt±ri mah±geh±ni, ekeka½ satasahassaparicc±gena nipphanna½. Tesu sala¼±g±ra½ raññ± pasenadin± k±rita½, ses±ni an±thapiº¹ikena k±rit±ni. Iti bhagav± an±thapiº¹ikena gahapatin± thambh±na½ upari k±rit±ya devavim±nakapp±ya karerikuµik±ya½ viharati Pacch±bhattanti ek±sanikakhalupacch±bhattik±na½ p±tova bhutt±na½ antomajjhanhikepi pacch±bhattameva. Idha pana pakatibhattassa pacchato “pacch±bhattan”ti adhippeta½. Piº¹ap±tapaµikkant±nanti piº¹ap±tato paµikkant±na½, bhattakicca½ niµµhapetv± uµµhit±nanti attho.
Karerimaº¹alam±¼eti tasseva karerimaº¹apassa avid³re kat±ya nis²danas±l±ya. So kira karerimaº¹apo gandhakuµik±ya ca s±l±ya ca antare hoti, tasm± gandhakuµ²pi karerikuµik±pi s±l±pi– “karerimaº¹alam±¼o”ti vuccati. Pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutt±ti “ekampi j±ti½, dvepi j±tiyo”ti eva½ vibhattena pubbenivutthakkhandhasant±nasaªkh±tena pubbeniv±sena saddhi½ yojetv± pavattit±. Dhamm²ti dhammasa½yutt±.
Udap±d²ti aho acchariya½ dasabalassa pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ pubbeniv±sa½ n±ma ke anussaranti, ke n±nussarant²ti. Titthiy± anussaranti, s±vak± ca paccekabuddh± ca buddh± ca anussaranti. Kataratitthiy± anussaranti? Ye aggappattakammav±dino, tepi catt±l²sa½yeva kappe anussaranti, na tato para½. S±vak± kappasatasahassa½ anussaranti. Dve aggas±vak± asaªkhyeyyañceva kappasatasahassañca. Paccekabuddh± dve asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca. Buddh±na½ pana ettakanti paricchedo natthi, y±vataka½ ±kaªkhanti, t±vataka½ anussaranti.
Titthiy± khandhapaµip±µiy± anussaranti, paµip±µi½ muñcitv± na sakkonti. Paµip±µiy± anussarant±pi asaññabhava½ patv± khandhappavatti½ na passanti, j±le patit± kuºµh± viya, k³pe patit± paªgu¼± viya ca honti. Te tattha µhatv± “ettakameva, ito para½ natth²”ti diµµhi½ gaºhanti. Iti titthiy±na½ pubbeniv±s±nussaraºa½ andh±na½ yaµµhikoµigamana½ viya hoti. Yath± hi andh± yaµµhikoµigg±hake satiyeva gacchanti, asati tattheva nis²danti, evameva titthiy± khandhapaµip±µiy±va anussaritu½ sakkonti, paµip±µi½ vissajjetv± na sakkonti.
S±vak±pi khandhapaµip±µiy±va anussaranti, asaññabhava½ patv± khandhappavatti½ na passanti. Eva½ santepi te vaµµe sa½saraºakasatt±na½ khandh±na½ abh±vak±lo n±ma natthi. Asaññabhave pana pañcakappasat±ni pavattant²ti tattaka½ k±la½ atikkamitv± buddhehi dinnanaye µhatv± parato anussaranti; seyyath±pi ±yasm± sobhito. Dve aggas±vak± pana paccekabuddh± ca cutipaµisandhi½ oloketv± anussaranti. Buddh±na½ cutipaµisandhikicca½ natthi, ya½ ya½ µh±na½ passituk±m± honti, ta½ tadeva passanti.
Titthiy± ca pubbeniv±sa½ anussaram±n± attan± diµµhakatasutameva anussaranti. Tath± s±vak± ca paccekabuddh± ca. Buddh± pana attan± v± parehi v± diµµhakatasuta½ sabbameva anussaranti.
Titthiy±na½ pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ khajjopanaka-obh±sasadisa½, s±vak±na½ pad²pobh±sasadisa½, aggas±vak±na½ osadhit±rakobh±sasadisa½, paccekabuddh±na½ candobh±sasadisa½, buddh±na½ saradas³riyamaº¹alobh±sasadisa½. Tassa ettak±ni j±tisat±ni j±tisahass±ni j±tisatasahass±n²ti v± ettak±ni kappasat±ni kappasahass±ni kappasatasahass±n²ti v± natthi, ya½ kiñci anussarantassa neva khalita½, na paµigh±ta½ hoti, ±vajjanapaµibaddhameva ±kaªkhamanasik±racittupp±dapaµibaddhameva hoti. Dubbalapattapuµe vegakkhittan±r±co viya, sineruk³µe vissaµµha-indavajira½ viya ca asajjam±nameva gacchati. “Aho mahanta½ bhagavato pubbeniv±sañ±ºan”ti eva½ bhagavanta½yeva ±rabbha kath± uppann±, j±t± pavatt±ti attho. Ta½ sabbampi saªkhepato dassetu½ “itipi pubbeniv±so, itipi pubveniv±so”ti ettakameva p±¼iya½ vutta½. Tattha itip²ti evampi.
2-3. Assosi kho…pe… atha bhagav± anuppattoti ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ brahmaj±lasuttavaººan±ya½ vuttameva. Ayameva hi viseso– tattha sabbaññutaññ±ºena assosi, idha dibbasotena. Tattha ca vaºº±vaººakath± vippakat±, idha pubbeniv±sakath±. Tasm± bhagav±– “ime bhikkh³ mama pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ ±rabbha guºa½ thomenti, pubbeniv±sañ±ºassa pana me nipphatti½ na j±nanti; handa nesa½ tassa nipphatti½ kathetv± dass±m²”ti ±gantv± pakatiy±pi buddh±na½ nis²ditv± dhammadesanatthameva µhapite taªkhaºe bhikkh³hi papphoµetv± dinne varabuddh±sane nis²ditv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave”ti pucch±ya ca “idha bhante”ti-±dipaµivacanassa ca pariyos±ne tesa½ pubbeniv±sapaµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ kathetuk±mo iccheyy±tha noti-±dim±ha. Tattha iccheyy±tha noti iccheyy±tha nu. Atha na½ pahaµµham±nas± bhikkh³ y±cam±n± etassa bhagav±ti-±dim±ha½su. Tattha etass±ti etassa dhammikath±karaºassa.
4. Atha bhagav± tesa½ y±cana½ gahetv± kathetuk±mo “tena hi, bhikkhave, suº±th±”ti te sot±vadh±raºas±dhukamanasik±resu niyojetv± aññesa½ as±dh±raºa½ chinnavaµumak±nussaraºa½ pak±setuk±mo ito so, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha ya½ vipass²ti yasmi½ kappe vipass². Ayañhi ‘yan’ti saddo “ya½ me, bhante, dev±na½ t±vati½s±na½ sammukh± suta½ sammukh± paµiggahita½, ±rocemi ta½, bhagavato”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.203) paccattavacane dissati. “Ya½ ta½ apucchimha akittay² no, añña½ ta½ pucch±ma tadiªgha br³h²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 881) upayogavacane. “Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 1.277) karaºavacane. Idha pana bhummattheti daµµhabbo. Tena vutta½– “yasmi½ kappe”ti. Udap±d²ti dasasahassilokadh±tu½ unn±dento uppajji.
Bhaddakappeti pañcabuddhupp±dapaµimaº¹itatt± sundarakappe s±rakappeti bhagav± ima½ kappa½ thomento evam±ha. Yato paµµh±ya kira amh±ka½ bhagavat± abhin²h±ro kato, etasmi½ antare ekakappepi pañca buddh± nibbatt± n±ma natthi. Amh±ka½ bhagavato abhin²h±rassa purato pana taºhaªkaro, medhaªkaro, saraºaªkaro, d²paªkaroti catt±ro buddh± ekasmi½ kappe nibbatti½su. Tesa½ orabh±ge eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ buddhasuññameva ahosi.
Asaªkhyeyyakappapariyos±ne pana koº¹añño n±ma buddho ekova ekasmi½ kappe uppanno. Tatopi asaªkhyeyya½ buddhasuññameva ahosi. Asaªkhyeyyakappapariyos±ne maªgalo, sumano, revato, sobhitoti catt±ro buddh± ekasmi½ kappe uppann± Tatopi asaªkhyeyya½ buddhasuññameva ahosi. Asaªkhyeyyakappapariyos±ne pana ito kappasatasahass±dhikassa asaªkhyeyyassa upari anomadass², padumo, n±radoti tayo buddh± ekasmi½ kappe uppann±. Tatopi asaªkhyeyya½ buddhasuññameva ahosi. Asaªkhyeyyakappapariyos±ne pana ito kappasatasahass±na½ upari padumuttaro bhagav± ekova ekasmi½ kappe uppanno. Tassa orabh±ge ito ti½sakappasahass±na½ upari sumedho, suj±toti dve buddh± ekasmi½ kappe uppann±. Tato orabh±ge ito aµµh±rasanna½ kappasahass±na½ upari piyadass², atthadass², dhammadass²ti tayo buddh± ekasmi½ kappe uppann±. Atha ito catunavutikappe siddhattho n±ma buddho ekova ekasmi½ kappe uppanno. Ito dve navutikappe tisso, phussoti dve buddh± ekasmi½ kappe uppann±. Ito ekanavutikappe vipass² bhagav± uppanno. Ito ekati½se kappe sikh², vessabh³ti dve buddh± uppann±. Imasmi½ bhaddakappe kakusandho, koº±gamano, kassapo, gotamo amh±ka½ samm±sambuddhoti catt±ro buddh± uppann±, metteyyo uppajjissati. Evamaya½ kappo pañcabuddhupp±dapaµimaº¹itatt± sundarakappo s±rakappoti bhagav± ima½ kappa½ thomento evam±ha.
Ki½ paneta½ buddh±na½yeva p±kaµa½ hoti– “imasmi½ kappe ettak± buddh± uppann± v± uppajjissant²ti v±”ti, ud±hu aññesampi p±kaµa½ hot²ti? Aññesampi p±kaµa½ hoti. Kesa½? Suddh±v±sabrahm±na½. Kappasaºµh±nak±lasmiñhi ekamasaªkhyeyya½ ekaªgaºa½ hutv± µhite lokasanniv±se lokassa saºµh±natth±ya devo vassitu½ ±rabhati. ¾ditova antaraµµhake himap±to viya hoti. Tato tilamatt± kaºamatt± taº¹ulamatt± mugga-m±sa-badara-±malaka-e¼±luka-kumbhaº¹a-al±bumatt± udakadh±r± hutv± anukkamena usabhadve-usabha-a¹¹hag±vutag±vutadveg±vuta-a¹¹hayojanayojanadviyojana…pe… yojanasatayojanasahassayojanasatasahassamatt± hutv± koµisatasahassacakkav±¼abbhantare y±va avinaµµhabrahmalok± p³retv± tiµµhanti. Atha ta½ udaka½ anupubbena bhassati, bhassante udake pakatidevalokaµµh±nesu devalok± saºµhahanti, tesa½ saºµhahanavidh±na½ visuddhimagge pubbeniv±sakath±ya½ vuttameva.
Manussalokasaºµhahanaµµh±na½ pana patte udake dhamakaraºamukhe pihite viya v±tavasena ta½ udaka½ santiµµhati, udakapiµµhe uppalinipaººa½ viya pathav² saºµhahati. Mah±bodhipallaªko vinassam±ne loke pacch± vinassati, saºµhaham±ne paµhama½ saºµhahati. Tattha pubbanimitta½ hutv± eko paduminigaccho uppajjati, tassa sace tasmi½ kappe buddho nibbattissati, puppha½ uppajjati. No ce, nuppajjati. Uppajjam±nañca sace eko buddho nibbattissati, eka½ uppajjati. Sace dve, tayo, catt±ro, pañca buddh± nibbattissanti, pañca uppajjanti. T±ni ca kho ekasmi½yeva n±¼e kaººik±baddh±ni hutv±. Suddh±v±sabrahm±no “±y±ma maya½ m±ris±, pubbanimitta½ passiss±m±”ti mah±bodhipallaªkaµµh±na½ ±gacchanti, buddh±na½ anibbattanakappe puppha½ na hoti. Te pana apupphitagaccha½ disv±– “andhak±ro vata bho loko bhavissati, mat± mat± satt± ap±ye p³ressanti, cha devalok± nava brahmalok± suññ± bhavissant²”ti anattaman± honti. Pupphitak±le pana puppha½ disv±– “sabbaññubodhisattesu m±tukucchi½ okkamantesu nikkhamantesu sambujjhantesu dhammacakka½ pavattentesu yamakap±µih±riya½ karontesu devorohana½ karontesu ±yusaªkh±ra½ ossajjantesu parinibb±yantesu dasasahassacakkav±¼akampan±d²ni p±µih±riy±ni dakkhiss±m±”ti ca “catt±ro ap±y± parih±yissanti, cha devalok± nava brahmalok± parip³ressant²”ti ca attaman± ud±na½ ud±nent± attano attano brahmaloka½ gacchanti. Imasmi½ bhaddakappe pañca padum±ni uppajji½su. Tesa½ nimitt±na½ ±nubh±vena catt±ro buddh± uppann±, pañcamo uppajjissati. Suddh±v±sabrahm±nopi t±ni padum±ni disv± imamattha½ j±ni½su. Tena vutta½– “aññesampi p±kaµa½ hot²”ti.