Ambaµµham±ºavakath±vaººan±

256. Mante parivattet²ti vede sajjh±yati, pariy±puº±t²ti attho. Mante dh±ret²ti yath±-adh²te mante asammuµµhe katv± hadaye µhapeti oµµhapahatakaraºavasena, na atthavibh±vanavasena.
Sanighaº¹ukeµubh±nanti ettha vacan²yav±cakabh±vena attha½ saddañca nikha¹ati bhindati vibhajja dasset²ti nikhaº¹u, s± eva idha kha-k±rassa gha-k±ra½ katv± “nighaº¹³”ti vutto. Kiµayati gameti ñ±peti kiriy±divibh±ga½, ta½ v± anavasesapariy±d±nato gamento p³ret²ti keµubha½. Vevacanappak±sakanti pariy±yasaddad²paka½, ekekassa atthassa anekapariy±yavacanavibh±vakanti attho. Nidassanamattañceta½ anekesampi atth±na½ ekasaddavacan²yat±vibh±vanavasenapi tassa ganthassa pavattatt±. Vac²bhed±dilakkhaº± kiriy± kapp²yati eten±ti kiriy±kappo, so pana vaººapadasambandhapadatth±divibh±gato bahuvikappoti ±ha “kiriy±kappavikappo”ti. Idañca m³lakiriy±kappagantha½ sandh±ya vutta½. So hi satasahassaparim±ºo nayacariy±dipakaraºa½. Ýh±nakaraº±divibh±gato nibbacanavibh±gato ca akkhar± pabhed²yanti eteh²ti akkharappabhed±, sikkh±niruttiyo. Etesanti ved±na½.
Te eva vede padaso k±yat²ti padako. Ta½ ta½ sadda½ tadatthañca by±karoti by±cikkhati eten±ti by±karaºa½, saddasattha½. ¾yati½ hita½ tena loko na yatati na ²hat²ti lok±yata½. Tañhi gantha½ niss±ya satt± puññakiriy±ya cittampi na upp±denti.
Vayat²ti vayo, ±dimajjhapariyos±nesu katthaci aparikilamanto avitth±yanto te ganthe sandh±reti p³ret²ti attho. Dve paµisedh± pakati½ gament²ti dassento “avayo na hot²”ti vatv± tattha avaya½ dassetu½ “avayo n±ma…pe… na sakkot²”ti vutta½. “Anuññ±to”ti padassa kammas±dhanavasena, “paµiññ±to”ti pana padassa kattus±dhanavasena attho veditabboti dassento “±cariyen±”ti-±dim±ha. ¾cariyaparampar±bhata½ ±cariyaka½. Gar³ti bh±riya½ att±na½ tato mocetv± gamana½ dukkara½ hoti. Anatthopi uppajjati nind±by±rosa-up±rambh±di.
257. “Abbhuggato”ti ettha abhisaddayogena itthambh³t±khy±natthavaseneva upayogavacana½.
258. Lakkhaº±n²ti lakkhaºad²pan±ni mantapad±ni. Antaradh±yant²ti na kevala½ lakkhaºamant±niyeva, atha kho aññ±nipi br±hmaº±na½ ñ±ºabal±bh±vena anukkamena antaradh±yanti. Tath± hi vadanti “ekasata½ addhariya½ s±kh± sahassavattako s±m±”ti-±di. Paºidhi …pe… mahatoti ettha paºidhimahato sam±d±namahatoti ±din± pacceka½ mahanta-saddo yojetabbo. Paºidhimahantat±di cassa buddhava½sacariy±piµakavaººan±divasena veditabbo. Niµµh±ti nipphattiyo. Bhavabhedeti bhavavisese. Ito ca etto ca by±petv± µhitat± visaµabh±vo.
J±tis±maññatoti lakkhaºaj±tiy± lakkhaºabh±vamattena sam±nabh±vato. Yath± hi buddh±na½ lakkhaº±ni suvisad±ni, suparibyatt±ni, paripuºº±ni ca honti, na eva½ cakkavatt²na½, ten±ha “na teheva buddho hot²”ti. Abhir³pat±, d²gh±yukat±, app±taªkat±, br±hmaº±d²na½ piyaman±pat±ti imehi cat³hi acchariyasabh±vehi. D±na½, piyavacana½, atthacariy±, sam±nattat±ti imehi cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi. Rañjanatoti p²tijananato. Cakka½ cakkaratana½ vatteti pavattet²ti cakkavatt². Sampatticakkehi saya½ vattati, tehi ca para½ sattanik±ya½ vatteti pavattet²ti cakkavatt². Parahit±vaho iriy±pathacakk±na½ vatto vattana½ etassa, etth±ti v± cakkavatt². Appaµihata½ v± ±º±saªkh±ta½ cakka½ vattet²ti cakkavatt². Khattiyamaº¹al±disaññita½ cakka½ sam³ha½ attano vase vattet²ti cakkavatt² cakkavattivattasaªkh±ta½ dhamma½ carati, cakkavattivattasaªkh±to dhammo etasmi½ atth²ti v± dhammiko. Dhammato anapetatt± dhammo rañjanaµµhena r±j±ti dhammar±j±. “R±j± hoti cakkavatt²”ti vuttatt± “c±turanto”ti pada½ catud²pissarata½ vibh±vet²ti ±ha “catusamudda-ant±y±”ti-±di. Tattha “catudd²pavibh³sit±y±”ti avatv± “catubbidh±”ti vidhaggahaºa½ ta½ta½parittad²p±nampi saªgahatthanti daµµhabba½. Kop±d²ti ±di-saddena k±mamoham±namad±dike saªgaºh±ti. Vijit±v²ti vijitav±. Kenaci akampiyaµµhena janapade th±variyappatto, da¼habhattibh±vato v±, janapado th±variya½ patto etth±ti janapadatth±variyappatto.
Citt²katabh±v±din±pi (khu. p±. aµµha. 3; d². ni. aµµha. 2.33; su. ni. aµµha. 1.226; mah±ni. aµµha. 50) cakkassa ratanaµµho veditabbo. Esa nayo sesesupi. Ratinimittat±ya v± citt²kat±dibh±vassa ratijananaµµhena ekasaªgahat±ya visu½ aggahaºa½. Imehi pana ratanehi r±j± cakkavatt² ya½ yamattha½ paccanubhoti, ta½ ta½ dassetu½ “imesu pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Ajita½ jin±timahesakkhat±sa½vattaniyakammanissandabh±vato. Vijite yath±sukha½ anuvicarati hatthiratana½ assaratanañca abhiruhitv± tesa½ ±nubh±vena antop±tar±seyeva samuddapariyanta½ pathavi½ anusa½y±yitv± r±jadh±nimeva pacc±gamanato. Pariº±yakaratanena vijitamanurakkhati tena tattha tattha k±tabbakiccassa sa½vidh±nato. Avaseseh²ti maºiratana-itthiratanagahapatiratanehi. Tattha maºiratanena yojanappam±ºe padese andhak±ra½ vidhamitv± ±lokadassan±din± sukhamanubhavati, itthiratanena atikkantam±nusakar³pasampattidassan±divasena, gahapatiratanena icchiticchitamaºikanakarajat±didhanapaµil±bhavasena.
Uss±hasattiyogo tena kenaci appaµihat±º±cakkabh±vasiddhito pacchimen±ti pariº±yakaratanena. Tañhi sabbar±jakiccesu kusala½ avirajjhanayoga½, ten±ha “mantasattiyogo”ti Hatthi-assaratan±na½ mah±nubh±vat±ya kosasampattiy±pi pabh±vasampattisiddhito “hatthi…pe… yogo”ti vutta½. (Koso hi n±ma sati uss±hasampattiya½ dugga½ teja½ kusumora½ parakkama½ pabbatomukha½ amosapaharaºa½) tividhasattiyogaphala½ paripuººa½ hot²ti sambandho. Seseh²ti sesehi pañcahi ratanehi.
Adosakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±ven±ti adosasaªkh±tena kusalam³lena sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena upp±ditakammassa ±nubh±vena sampajjanti sommatararatanaj±tikatt±. Majjhim±ni maºi-itthigahapatiratan±ni. Alobha…pe… kamm±nubh±vena sampajjanti u¼±rassa dhanassa, u¼±radhanapaµil±bhak±raºassa ca paricc±gasampad±hetukatt±. Pacchimanti pariº±yakaratana½. Tañhi amoha…pe… kamm±nubh±vena sampajjati mah±paññeneva cakkavattir±jakiccassa pariºetabbatt±. Upadeso n±ma savisesa½ sattanna½ ratan±na½ vic±raºavasena pavatto kath±bandho.
Saraºato paµipakkhavidhamanato s³r±, ten±ha “abh²rukaj±tik±”ti. Asure vijinitv± µhitatt± v²ro, sakko dev±na½ indo. Tassa aªga½ devaputto senaªgabh±vatoti vutta½ “v²raªgar³p±ti devaputtasadisak±y±”ti. “Eke”ti s±rasam±s±cariyam±ha. Sabh±voti sabh±vabh³to attho. V²rak±raºanti v²rabh±vak±raºa½. V²riyamayasar²r± viy±ti saviggahav²riyasadis±, saviggaha½ ce v²riya½ siy± ta½sadis±ti attho. Nanu rañño cakkavattissa paµisen± n±ma natthi, ya’massa putt± pamaddeyyu½, atha kasm± parasenappamaddan±ti vuttanti codana½ sandh±y±ha saceti-±di, tena parasen± hotu v± m± v± te pana eva½ mah±nubh±v±ti dasseti. Dhammen±ti katupacitena attano puññadhammena. Tena hi sañcodit± pathaviya½ sabbar±j±no paccuggantv± “sv±gata½ te mah±r±j±”ti ±di½ vatv± attano rajja½ rañño cakkavattissa niyy±tenti, tena vutta½ “so ima½…pe… ajjh±vasat²”ti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana tassa yath±vuttassa dhammassa ciratara½ vipaccitu½ paccayabh³ta½ cakkavattivattasamud±gata½ payogasampattisaªkh±ta½ dhamma½ dassetu½ “p±ºo na hantabboti-±din± pañcas²ladhammen±”ti vutta½. Evañhi “adaº¹ena asatthen±”ti ida½ vacana½ suµµhutara½ samatthita½ hot²ti. Yasm± r±g±dayo p±padhamm± uppajjam±n± sattasant±na½ ch±detv± pariyonandhitv± tiµµhanti kusalappavatti½ niv±renti, tasm± te “chadan±, chad±”ti ca vutt±. Vivaµetv±ti vigametv±. P³j±rahat± vutt± “arahat²ti arahan”ti. Tass± p³j±rahat±ya. Yasm± samm±sambuddho, tasm± arahanti. Buddhattahetubh³t± vivaµµacchadat± vutt± sav±sanasabbakilesappah±napubbakatt± buddhabh±vassa.
Araha½ vaµµ±bh±ven±ti phalena hetu-anum±nadassana½. Samm±sambuddho chadan±bh±ven±ti hetun± phal±num±nadassana½. Hetudvaya½ vutta½ “vivaµµo vicchado c±”ti. Dutiyena ves±rajjen±ti “kh²º±savassa te paµij±nato”ti-±din± vuttena ves±rajjena. Purimasiddh²ti purimassa padassa atthasiddh²ti attho. Paµhamen±ti “samm±sambuddhassa te paµij±nato”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150; a. ni. 4.8) vuttena ves±rajjena. Dutiyasiddh²ti dutiyassa padassa atthasiddhi, buddhatthasiddh²ti attho. Tatiyacatuttheh²ti “ye kho pana te antar±yik± dhamm±”ti-±din±, (ma. ni. 1.150; a. ni. 4.8) “yassa kho pana te atth±y±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150; a. ni. 4.8) ca vuttehi tatiyacatutthehi ves±rajjehi. Tatiyasiddh²ti vivaµµacchadanat±siddhi y±th±vato antar±yikaniyy±nikadhamm±padesena hi satthu vivaµµacchadanabh±vo loke p±kaµo ahosi. Purima½ dhammacakkhunti purimapada½ bhagavato dhammacakkhu½ s±dheti kiles±r²na½, sa½s±racakkassa ca ar±na½ hatabh±vad²panato. Dutiya½ pada½ buddhacakkhu½ s±dheti samm±sambuddhasseva ta½sabbh±vato. Tatiya½ pada½ samantacakkhu½ s±dheti sav±sanasabbakilesappah±nad²panato. “Samm±sambuddho”ti hi vatv± “vivaµµacchado”ti vacana½ buddhabh±v±vahameva sabbakilesappah±na½ vibh±veti. “S³rabh±van”ti lakkhaºavibh±vane visadañ±ºata½.
259. Eva½ bhoti ettha evanti vacanasampaµicchane nip±to. Vacanasampaµicchanañcettha “tath± maya½ ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ vediss±ma, tva½ mant±na½ paµiggahet±”ti ca eva½ pavattassa pokkharas±tino vacanassa sampaµiggahoti ±ha. “Sopi t±y±”ti-±di. Tattha t±y±ti t±ya yath±vutt±ya samuttejan±ya. Ay±nabh³minti y±nassa abh³mi½. Div±padh±nik±ti div±padh±n±nuyuñjanak±.
260. Yadipi pubbe ambaµµhakula½ appaññ±ta½, tad± pana paññ±yat²ti ±ha “tad± kir±”ti-±di. Aturitoti aveg±yanto.
261. Yath± khaman²y±d²ni pucchantoti yath± bhagav± “kacci vo m±ºav± khaman²ya½, kacci y±pan²yan”ti-±din± khaman²y±d²ni pucchanto tehi m±ºavehi saddhi½ paµhama½ pavattamodo ahosi pubbabh±sit±ya tadanukaraºena eva½ tepi m±ºav± bhagavat± saddhi½ samappavattamod± ahesunti yojan±. Ta½ pana samappavattamodata½ upam±ya dassetu½ “s²todaka½ viy±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sammoditanti sa½sandita½. Ek²bh±vanti sammodanakiriy±ya sam±nata½ Khaman²yanti “ida½ catucakka½ navadv±ra½ sar²rayanta½ dukkhabahulat±ya sabh±vato dussaha½ kacci khamitu½ sakkuºeyyan”ti pucchanti, y±pan²yanti ±h±r±dipaccayapaµibaddhavuttika½ cirappabandhasaªkh±t±ya y±pan±ya kacci y±petu½ sakkuºeyya½. S²sarog±di-±b±dh±bh±vena kacci app±b±dha½, dukkhaj²vik±bh±vena kacci app±taªka½, ta½ta½kiccakaraºe uµµh±nasukhat±ya kacci lahuµµh±na½, tadanur³pabalayogato kacci bala½, sukhavih±rasabbh±vena kacci ph±suvih±ro atth²ti sabbattha kacci-sadda½ yojetv± attho veditabbo. Balappatt± p²ti p²tiyeva. Taruºap²ti p±mojja½. Sammodana½ janeti karot²ti sammodanika½ tadeva sammodan²ya½. Sammoditabbato sammodan²yanti ida½ pana attha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “sammoditu½ yuttabh±vato”ti. Saritabbabh±vato anussaritabbabh±vato “saraº²yan”ti vattabbe “s±raº²yan”ti d²gha½ katv± vutta½. “Suyyam±nasukhato”ti ±p±thamadhuratam±ha, “anussariyam±nasukhato”ti vimaddaramaº²yata½. “Byañjanaparisuddhat±y±”ti sabh±vaniruttibh±vena tass± kath±ya vacanac±turiyam±ha, “atthaparisuddhat±y±”ti atthassa nirupakkilesata½. Anekehi pariy±yeh²ti anekehi k±raºehi.
Apas±dess±m²ti maªku½ kariss±mi. Kaºµhe olambetv±ti ubhosu khandhesu s±µaka½ ±sajjetv± kaºµhe olambitv±. Dussakaººa½ gahetv±ti nivatthas±µakassa das±koµi½ ekena hatthena gahetv±. Caªkama½ abhiruhitv±ti caªkamitu½ ±rabhitv±. Dh±tusamat±ti ras±didh±t³na½ sam±vatthat±, arogat±ti attho. An±c±rabh±vas±raº²yanti an±c±rabh±vena saraº²ya½. “An±c±ro vat±yan”ti saritabbaka½.
262. “Bhavagga½ gahetuk±mo viy±”ti-±di asakkuºeyyatt± dukkara½ kicca½ ±rabhat²ti dassetu½ vutta½. Asakkuºeyyañheta½ sadevaken±pi lokena, yadida½ bhagavato apas±dana½, ten±ha “aµµh±ne v±yamat²”ti. Aya½ b±lo “mayi kiñci akathente may± saddhi½ kathetumpi na visahat²”ti m±nameva paggaºhissati, kathente pana kath±pasaªgenassa j±tigotte vibh±vite m±naniggaho bhavissat²ti bhagav± “eva½ nu te”ti-±dim±ha. Tena vutta½ “atha kho bhagav±”ti-±di. ¾c±rasam±c±rasikkh±panena ±cariy±, tesa½ pana ±cariy±na½ pakaµµh± ±cariy±ti p±cariy± yath± papit±mahoti, ten±ha “±cariyehi ca tesa½ p±cariyehi c±”ti.