¾savakkhayañ±ºakath±vaººan±

248. Vipassan±p±dakanti vipassan±ya padaµµh±nabh³ta½. Vipassan± ca tividh± vipassakapuggalabhedena. Mah±bodhisatt±nañhi paccekabodhisatt±nañca vipassan± cint±mayañ±ºasa½vaddhit± sayambhuñ±ºabh³t±, itaresa½ sutamayañ±ºasa½vaddhit± paropadesasambh³t± n±ma. S± “µhapetv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ avasesar³p±r³pajjh±n±na½ aññatarato vuµµh±y±”ti-±din± anekadh±, ar³pamukhavasena catudh±tuvavatth±ne vutt±na½ tesa½ tesa½ dh±tupariggahamukh±nañca aññataramukhavasena anekadh± ca visuddhimagge n±n±nayato vibh±vit±. Mah±bodhisatt±na½ pana catuv²satikoµisatasahassamukhena pabhedagamanato n±n±naya½ sabbaññutañ±ºasannissayassa ariyamaggañ±ºassa adhiµµh±nabh³ta½ pubbabh±gañ±ºagabbha½ gaºh±penta½ pariºata½ gacchanta½ paramagambh²ra½ saºhasukhumatara½ anaññas±dh±raºa½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ hoti, ya½ aµµhakath±su “mah±vajirañ±ºan”ti vuccati. Yassa ca pavattivibh±gena catuv²satikoµisatasahassappabhedassa p±dakabh±vena sam±pajjiyam±n± catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkhy± devasika½ satthu va¼añjanakasam±pattiyo vuccanti, sv±ya½ buddh±na½ vipassan±c±ro paramatthamañjus±ya½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. µ². 1.216) uddesato dassito. Atthikehi tato gahetabbo, idha pana s±vak±na½ vipassan± adhippet±.
¾sav±na½ khayañ±º±y±ti ±sav±na½ khepanato samucchindanato ±savakkhayo, ariyamaggo, tattha ñ±ºa½ ±sav±na½ khayañ±ºa½, tadattha½ ten±ha “±sav±na½ khayañ±ºanibbattanatth±y±”ti. ¾sav± ettha kh²yant²ti ±sav±na½ khayo nibb±na½. Khepeti p±padhammeti khayo, maggo. So pana p±pakkhayo ±savakkhayena vin± natth²ti “khaye ñ±ºan”ti ettha khayaggahaºena ±savakkhayo vuttoti ±ha “khaye ñ±ºan”ti-±di. Samitap±po samaºoti katv± ±sav±na½ kh²ºatt± samaºo n±ma hot²ti ±ha “±sav±na½ khay± samaºo hot²ti ettha phalan”ti. ¾savava¹¹hiy± saªkh±re va¹¹hento visaªkh±rato suvid³ravid³roti “±r± so ±savakkhay±”ti ettha ±savakkhayapada½ visaªkh±r±dhivacananti ±ha “±savakkhay±ti ettha nibb±na½ vuttan”ti. Bhaªgoti ±sav±na½ khaºanirodho “±sav±na½ khayo”ti vuttoti yojan±.
“Ida½ dukkhan”ti dukkhassa ariyasaccassa tad± bhikkhuno paccakkhato gahitabh±vadassana½. “Ettaka½ dukkhan”ti tassa paricchijjaggahitabh±vadassana½. “Na ito bhiyyo”ti tassa anavasesetv± gahitabh±vadassana½. Ten±ha “sabbampi dukkhasaccan”ti-±di. Sarasalakkhaºapaµivedhen±ti sabh±vasaªkh±tassa lakkhaºassa asammohato paµivijjhanena, asammohapaµivedhoti ca. Yath± tasmi½ ñ±ºe pavatte pacch± dukkhasaccassa sar³p±diparicchede sammoho na hoti, tath± pavatti, ten±ha “yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti. Dukkha½ samudeti etasm±ti dukkhasamudayo, taºh±ti ±ha “tassa c±”ti-±di. Ya½ µh±na½ patv±ti ya½ nibb±na½ maggassa ±rammaºapaccayaµµhena k±raºabh³ta½ ±gamma, “patv±”ti ca tadubhayavato puggalassa patti tadubhayassa patti viy±ti katv± vutta½. Patv±ti v± p±puºanahetu. Appavatt²ti appavattinimitta½, te v± nappavattanti etth±ti appavatti, nibb±na½. Tass±ti dukkhanirodhassa. Samp±pakanti sacchikaraºavasena sammadeva p±paka½.
Kilesavasen±ti ±savasaªkh±takilesavasena. Yasm± ±sav±na½ dukkhasaccapariy±yo tappariy±pannatt±, sesasacc±nañca ta½samuday±dipariy±yo atthi, tasm± vutta½ “pariy±yato”ti. Dassento sacc±n²ti yojan±. ¾sav±na½yeva cettha gahaºa½ “±sav±na½ khayañ±º±y±”ti ±raddhatt±. Tath± hi “k±m±sav±pi citta½ vimuccat²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.248; ma. ni. 1.433; ma. ni. 3.19) ±savavimuttis²seneva sabbakilesavimutti vutt±. “Ida½ dukkhanti yath±bh³ta½ pajan±t²”ti-±din± missakamaggo idha kathitoti “saha vipassan±ya koµippatta½ magga½ kathes²”ti vutta½. “J±nato passato”ti imin± pariññ±sacchikiriy±bh±van±bhisamay± vutt±. “Vimuccat²”ti imin± pah±n±bhisamayo vuttoti ±ha “imin± maggakkhaºa½ dasset²”ti. “J±nato passato”ti v± hetuniddesoya½. J±nanahetu dassanahetu k±m±sav±pi citta½ vimuccat²ti yojan±. Dhamm±nañhi sam±nak±lik±nampi paccayappaccayuppannat± sahaj±takoµiy± labbhat²ti. Bhav±savaggahaºena cettha bhavar±gassa viya bhavadiµµhiy±pi samavarodhoti diµµh±savass±pi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Kh²º± j±t²ti-±d²hi padehi. Tass±ti paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºassa. Bh³minti pavattiµµh±na½.
Yen±dhipp±yena “katam± panass±”ti-±din± codan± kat±, ta½ vivaranto “na t±vass±”ti-±dim±ha Tattha na t±vassa at²t± j±ti kh²º± maggabh±van±y±ti adhipp±yo. Tattha k±raºam±ha “pubbeva kh²ºatt±”ti. Na an±gat± assa j±ti kh²º±ti yojan±. Na an±gat±ti ca an±gatabh±vas±mañña½ gahetv± lesena codeti, ten±ha “an±gate v±y±m±bh±vato”ti. An±gataviseso panettha adhippeto, tassa ca khepane v±y±mopi labbhateva, ten±ha “y± pana maggass±”ti-±di. Ekacatupañcavok±rabhaves³ti bhavattayaggahaºa½ vuttanayena anavasesato j±tiy± kh²ºabh±vadassanattha½. Tanti yath±vutta½ j±ti½. Soti kh²º±savo bhikkhu.
Brahmacariyav±so n±ma ukkaµµhaniddesena maggabrahmacariyassa nibbattana½ ev±ti ±ha “parivutthan”ti. Samm±diµµhiy± cat³su saccesu pariññ±dikiccas±dhanavasena pavattam±n±ya samm±saªkapp±d²nampi dukkhasacce pariññ±bhisamay±nuguº± pavatti, itarasaccesu ca nesa½ pah±n±bhisamay±dipavatti p±kaµ± eva, tena vutta½ “cat³su saccesu cat³hi maggehi pariññ±pah±nasacchikiriy±bh±van±vasen±”ti. Dukkhanirodhamaggesu pariññ±sacchikiriy±bh±van± y±vadeva samudayappah±natth±y±ti ±ha “tena tena maggena pah±tabbakiles± pah²n±”ti. Itthatt±y±ti ime pak±r± ittha½, tabbh±vo itthatta½, tadatthanti vutta½ hoti. Te pana pak±r± ariyamaggaby±p±rabh³t± pariññ±dayo idh±dhippet±ti ±ha “eva½ so¼asakiccabh±v±y±”ti. Te hi magga½ paccavekkhato magg±nubh±vena p±kaµ± hutv± upaµµhahanti, pariññ±d²su ca pah±nameva padh±na½ tadatthatt± itaresanti ±ha “kilesakkhayabh±v±ya v±”ti. Pah²nakilesapaccavekkhaºavasena v± eva½ vutta½. Dutiyavikappe itthatt±y±ti nissakke sampad±navacananti ±ha “itthabh±vato”ti. Aparanti an±gata½. Ime pana carimakattabh±vasaªkh±t± pañcakkhandh± pariññ±t± tiµµhanti, etena tesa½ appatiµµhata½ dasseti. Apariññ±m³lik± hi patiµµh±. Yath±ha “kaba¼²k±re ce bhikkhave ±h±re atthi r±go atthi nand² atthi taºh±, patiµµhita½ tattha viññ±ºa½ vir³¼han”ti-±di. (Sa½. ni. 2.64; kath±. 296; mah±ni. 7) tenev±ha “chinnam³lak± rukkh± viy±”ti-±di.
249. Pabbatamatthaketi pabbatasikhare. Tañhi yebhuyyena saªkhitta½ saªkucita½ hot²ti p±¼iya½ “pabbatasaªkhepe”ti vutta½. Pabbatapariy±panno v± padeso pabbatasaªkhepo An±viloti ak±lusiyo, s± cassa an±vilat± kaddam±bh±vena hot²ti ±ha “nikkaddamo”ti. Sippiyoti suttiyo. Sambuk±ti saªkhalik±. Ýhit±supi nisinn±supi g±v²su. Vijjam±n±s³ti labbham±n±su, itar± µhit±pi nisinn±pi “carant²”ti vuccanti sahacaraºanayena. Tiµµhantameva, na pana kad±cipi caranta½. Dvayanti sippisambuka½, macchagumbanti ida½ ubhaya½. Tiµµhantanti vutta½ caranta½ p²ti adhipp±yo. “Itarañca dvayan”ti ca yath±vuttameva sippisambuk±didvaya½ vadati. Tañhi carat²ti. Ki½ v± im±ya sahacariy±ya, yath±l±bhaggahaºa½ panettha daµµhabba½. Sakkharakathalassa hi vasena tiµµhantanti. Sippisambukassa macchagumbassa ca vasena tiµµhantampi caranta½ p²ti yojan± k±tabb±.
Tesa½ dasanna½ ñ±º±na½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ ±rammaºavibh±ge, tesu v± ñ±ºesu. Bh³mibhedato, k±labhedato, sant±nabhedato c±ti sattavidh±rammaºa½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½. “R³p±yatanamattamev±”ti ida½ tassa ñ±ºassa abhinimmiyam±ne manomaye k±ye r³p±yatanamev±rabbha pavattanato vutta½, na tattha gandh±yata½ ±d²na½ abh±vato. Na hi r³pakal±po gandh±yata½ ±dirahito atthi. Parinipphannameva nimmitar³pa½, ten±ha “parittapaccuppannabahiddh±rammaºan”ti. ¾savakkhayañ±ºa½ nibb±n±rammaºameva sam±na½ parittattikavasena appam±º±rammaºa½, ajjhattattikavasena bahiddh±rammaºa½, at²tattikavasena navattabb±rammaºañca hot²ti ±ha “appam±ºabahiddh±navattabb±rammaºan”ti. K³µo viya k³µ±g±rassa bhagavato desan±ya arahatta½ uttamaªgabh³tanti ±ha “arahattanik³µen±”ti. Desana½ niµµh±pes²ti titthakaramataharavibh±vini½ n±n±vidhakuhanalapan±dimicch±j²vaviddha½sini½ tividhas²l±laªkata½ paramasallekhapaµipattid²pani½ jh±n±bhiññ±di-uttarimanussadhammavibh³sita½ cuddasavidhamah±s±maññaphalapaµimaº¹ita½ anaññas±dh±raºa½ desana½ niµµh±pesi.