N²varaºappah±nakath±vaººan±

216. Vattabbata½ ±pajjat²ti “asukassa bhikkhuno araññe tiracch±nagat±na½ viya, vanacarak±na½ viya ca niv±samattameva, na pana araññav±s±nucchavik± k±ci samm±paµipatt²”ti apav±davasena vattabbata½, ±raññakehi v± tiracch±nagatehi, vanacaravisabh±gajanehi v± saddhi½ vippaµipattivasena vattabbata½ ±pajjati. K±¼akasadisatt± k±¼aka½, thullavajja½. Tilakasadisatt± tilaka½, aºumattavajja½.
Vivittanti janavivitta½. Ten±ha “suññan”ti. Ta½ pana janasaddaghos±bh±veneva veditabba½ saddakaºµakatt± jh±nass±ti ±ha “appasadda½ appanigghosanti attho”ti. Etadev±ti nissaddata½yeva. Vih±ro p±k±raparicchinno sakalo ±v±so. A¹¹hayogoti d²ghap±s±do, “garu¼asaºµh±nap±s±do”tipi vadanti. P±s±doti caturassap±s±do. Hammiya½ muº¹acchadanap±s±do Aµµo paµir±j³na½ paµib±hanayoggo catupañcabh³mako patissayaviseso. M±¼o ekak³µasaªgahito anekakoºavanto patissayaviseso. Aparo nayo vih±ro n±ma d²ghamukhap±s±do. A¹¹hayogo ekapassacchadanakasen±sana½. Tassa kira ekapasse bhitti uccatar± hoti, itarapasse n²c±, tena ta½ ekapassachadanaka½ hoti. P±s±do n±ma ±yatacaturassap±s±do. Hammiya½ muº¹acchadanaka½ candikaªgaºayutta½. Guh± n±ma keval± pabbataguh±. Leºa½ dv±rabaddha½ pabbh±ra½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Maº¹apoti s±kh±maº¹apo.
Vih±rasen±sananti patissayabh³ta½ sen±sana½. Mañcap²µhasen±sananti mañcap²µhañceva mañcap²µhasambandhasen±sanañca. Cimilik±di santharitabbato santhatasen±sana½. Abhisaªkharaº±bh±vato sayanassa nisajj±ya ca kevala½ ok±sabh³ta½ sen±sana½. “Vivitta½ sen±sanan”ti imin± sen±sanaggahaºena saªgahitameva s±maññajotan±bh±vato.
Yadi eva½ kasm± “araññan”ti-±di vuttanti ±ha “ima pan±”ti-±di. “Bhikkhun²na½ vasena ±gatan”ti ida½ vinaye tath± ±gatata½ sandh±ya vutta½, abhidhammepi pana “araññanti nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l±, sabbameta½ araññan”ti (vibha. 529) ±gatameva. Tattha hi ya½ na g±mapadesantogadha½, ta½ “araññan”ti nippariy±yavasena tath± vutta½. Dhutaªganiddese (visuddhi. 1.31) ya½ vutta½, ta½ yutta½,tasm± tattha vuttanayena gahetabbanti adhipp±yo. Rukkham³lanti rukkhasam²pa½. Vuttañheta½ “y±vat± majjhanhike k±le samant± ch±y± pharati, niv±te paºº±ni nipatanti, ett±vat± rukkham³lan”ti. Sela-saddo avisesato pabbatapariy±yoti katv± vutta½ “pabbatanti selan”ti, na sil±mayameva, pa½sumay±diko tividhopi pabbato ev±ti. Vivaranti dvinna½ pabbat±na½ mitho ±sannatare µhit±na½ ovarak±disadisa½ vivara½, ekasmi½yeva v± pabbate. Umaªgasadisanti suduªg±sadisa½. Manuss±na½ anupac±raµµh±nanti pakatisañc±ravasena manussehi na sañcaritabbaµµh±na½. ¾di-saddena “vanapatthanti vanasaºµh±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacana½, vanapatthanti bh²sanak±nameta½, vanapatthanti salomaha½s±nameta½, vanapatthanti pariyant±nameta½, vanapatthanti na manuss³pac±r±nameta½, vanapatthanti durabhisambhav±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacanan”ti (vibha. 531) ima½ p±¼isesa½ saªgaºh±ti. Acchannanti kenaci chadanena antamaso rukkhas±kh±yapi na ch±dita½. Nikka¹¹hitv±ti n²haritv±. Pabbh±raleºasadiseti pabbh±rasadise leºasadise ca.
Piº¹ap±tapariyesana½ piº¹ap±to uttarapadalopen±ti ±ha “piº¹ap±tapariyesanato paµikkanto”ti Pallaªkanti ettha parisaddo “samantato”ti etassa atthe, tasm± v±moruñca dakkhiºoruñca sama½ µhapetv± ubho p±de aññamañña½ sambandhitv± nisajj± pallaªkanti ±ha “samantato ³rubaddh±sanan”ti. Ðr³na½ bandhanavasena nisajj± pallaªka½. ¾bhujitv±ti ca yath± pallaªkavasena nisajj± hoti, eva½ ubho p±de ±bhugge bhañjite katv±, ta½ pana ubhinna½ p±d±na½ tath± sambandhat±karaºanti ±ha “bandhitv±”ti.
Heµµhimak±yassa ca anujuka½ µhapana½ nisajj±vacaneneva bodhitanti “uju½ k±yan”ti ettha k±ya-saddo uparimak±yavisayoti ±ha “uparima½ sar²ra½ uju½ µhapetv±”ti. Ta½ pana ujukaµhapana½ sar³pato, payojanato ca dassetu½ “aµµh±ras±”ti-±di vutta½. Na paºamant²ti na onamanti. Na paripatat²ti na vigacchati v²thi½ na laªgheti. Tato eva pubben±para½ visesappattiy± kammaµµh±na½ vu¹¹hi½ ph±ti½ vepulla½ upagacchati. Parimukhanti ettha parisaddo abhi-saddena sam±natthoti ±ha “kammaµµh±n±bhimukhan”ti, bahiddh± puthutt±rammaºato niv±retv± kammaµµh±na½yeva purakkhatv±ti attho. Sam²pattho v± parisaddoti dassento “mukhasam²pe v± katv±”ti ±ha. Ettha ca yath± “vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajat²”ti-±din± bh±van±nur³pa½ sen±sana½ dassita½, eva½ “nis²dat²”ti imin± al²n±nuddhaccapakkhiyo santo iriy±patho dassito. “Pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±”ti imin± nisajj±ya da¼habh±vo, “parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti imin± ±rammaºapariggah³p±yo. Par²ti pariggahaµµho “pariº±yik±”ti-±d²su viya. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho “suññatavimokkhamukhan”ti-±d²su viya. Paµipakkhato niggamanaµµho hi niyy±naµµho, tasm± pariggahitaniyy±nanti sabbath± gahit±sammosa½ paricattasammosa½ sati½ katv±, parama½ satinepakka½ upaµµhapetv±ti attho.
217. Abhijjh±yati gijjhati abhikaªkhati et±y±ti abhijjh±, lobho. Lujjanaµµhen±ti bhijjanaµµhena, khaºe khaºe bhijjanaµµhen±ti attho. Vikkhambhanavasen±ti ettha vikkhambhana½ anupp±dana½ appavattana½, na paµipakkh±na½ suppah²nat±. “Pah²natt±”ti ca pah²nasadisata½ sandh±ya vutta½ jh±nassa anadhigatatt±. Tath±pi nayida½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ viya sabh±vato vigat±bhijjha½, atha kho bh±van±vasena, ten±ha “na cakkhuviññ±ºasadisen±”ti. Eseva nayoti yath± imassa cittassa bh±van±ya paribh±vitatt± vigat±bhijjhat±, eva½ aby±panna½ vigatathinamiddha½ anuddhata½ nibbicikicchañc±ti attho. Purimapakatinti parisuddhapaº¹arasabh±va½. “Y± cittassa akalyat±ti”±din± (dha. sa. 1162; vibha. 546) thinassa, “y± k±yassa akalyat±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1163; vibha. 546) ca middhassa abhidhamme niddiµµhatt± vutta½ “thina½ cittagelañña½, middha½ cetasikagelaññan”ti. Satipi aññamañña½ avippayoge cittak±yalahut±d²na½ viya cittacetasik±na½ yath±kamma½ ta½ ta½ visesassa y± tesa½ akalyat±d²na½ visesappaccayat±, ayametesa½ sabh±voti daµµhabba½. ¾lokasaññ²ti ettha atisayatthavisiµµha-atthi atth±vabodhako ayam²k±roti dassento ±ha “rattimpi…pe… samann±gato”ti. Ida½ ubhayanti satisampajaññam±ha. Atikkamitv± vikkhambhanavasena pajahitv±. “Kathamidan”ti pavattiy± kathaªkath±, vicikicch±. S± etassa atth²ti kathaªkath², na kathaªkath²ti akatha½kath², nibbicikiccho. Lakkhaº±dibhedatoti ettha ±di-saddena paccayapah±napah±yak±d²nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tepi hi bhedato vattabb±ti.
218. Tesanti iºavasena gahitadhan±na½. Pariyantoti d±tabbaseso. So balavap±mojja½ labhati “iºapalibodhato muttomh²”ti. Somanassa½ adhigacchati “j²vik±nimitta½ atth²”ti.
219. Visabh±gavedanuppattiy±ti dukkhavedanuppattiy±. Dukkhavedan± hi sukhavedan±ya kusalavip±kasant±nassa virodhit±ya visabh±g±. Catu-iriy±patha½ chindantoti catubbidhampi iriy±pathappavatti½ pacchindanto. By±dhiko hi yath± µh±nagamanesu asamattho, eva½ nisajj±d²supi asamattho hoti. ¾b±dhet²ti p²¼eti. V±t±d²na½ vik±ro visam±vatth± by±dh²ti ±ha “ta½samuµµh±nena dukkhena dukkhito”ti. Dukkhavedan±ya pana by±dhibh±ve m³laby±dhin± ±b±dhiko ±dito b±dhat²ti katv±. Anubandhaby±dhin± dukkhito apar±para½ sañj±tadukkhoti katv±. Gil±noti dh±tusaªkhayena parikkh²ºasar²ro. Appamattaka½ v± bala½ balamatt±. Tadubhayanti p±mojja½, somanassañca. Tattha labhetha p±mojja½ “rogato muttomh²”ti. Adhigaccheyya somanassa½ “atthi me k±ye balan”ti.
220. Sesanti “tassa hi ‘bandhan± muttomh²’ti ±vajjayato tadubhaya½ hoti. Tena vuttan”ti evam±di. Vuttanayenev±ti paµhamadutiyapadesu vuttanayeneva. Sabbapades³ti avasiµµhapadesu tatiy±d²su koµµh±sesu.
221-222. Na attani adh²noti na att±yatto. Par±dh²noti par±yatto. Apar±dh²nat±ya bhujo viya attano kicce esitabboti bhujisso. Savasoti ±ha “attano santako”ti. Anudakat±ya ka½ p±n²ya½ t±renti etth±ti kant±roti ±ha “nirudaka½ d²ghamaggan”ti.
223. Tatr±ti tasmi½ dassane. Ayanti id±ni vuccam±n± sadisat±. Yena iº±d²na½ upam±bh±vo, k±macchand±d²nañca upameyyabh±vo hoti, so nesa½ upamopameyyasambandho sadisat±ti daµµhabba½. Yo yamhi k±macchandena rajjat²ti yo puggalo yamhi k±mar±gassa vatthubh³te puggale k±macchandavasena ratto hoti. Ta½ vatthu½ gaºh±t²ti ta½ taºh±vatthu½ “mametan”ti gaºh±ti.
Upaddaveth±ti upaddava½ karotha.
Nakkhattass±ti mahassa. Muttoti bandhanato mutto.
Vinaye apakataññun±ti vinayakkame akusalena. So hi kappiy±kappiya½ y±th±vato na j±n±ti. Ten±ha “kismiñcidev±”ti-±di.
Gacchatip²ti thoka½ thoka½ gacchatipi. Gacchanto pana t±ya eva ussaªkitaparisaªkitat±ya tattha tattha tiµµhatipi. ¿dise kant±re gato “ko j±n±ti ki½ bhavissat²”ti nivattatipi, tasm± gataµµh±nato agataµµh±nameva bahutara½ hoti. Saddh±ya gaºhitu½ saddheyya½ vatthu½ “idamevan”ti saddahitu½ na sakkoti. Atthi natth²ti “atthi nu kho, natthi nu kho”ti. Arañña½ paviµµhassa ±dimhi eva sappana½ ±sappana½. Pari parito, upar³pari v± sappana½ parisappana½. Ubhayenapi tattheva paribbhamana½ vadati. Ten±ha “apariyog±hanan”ti. Chambhitattanti araññasaññ±ya uppanna½ chambhitabh±va½, utr±santi attho.
224. Tatr±ya½ sadisat±ti etth±pi vuttanay±nus±rena sadisat± veditabb±. Yadaggena hi k±macchand±dayo iº±disadis±, tadaggena tesa½ pah±na½ ±ºaºy±disadisa½ abh±voti katv±. Cha dhammeti asubhanimittassa uggaho, asubhabh±van±nuyogo, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattaññut±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti ime cha dhamme. Bh±vetv±ti br³hetv±. Mah±satipaµµh±ne (d². ni. 2.372-374) vaººayiss±ma tatthassa anuppann±nupp±dana-uppannapah±n±divibh±vanavasena savisesa½ p±¼iy± ±gatatt±. Esa nayo by±p±d±dippah±nakabh±vepi. Paravatthumh²ti ±rammaºabh³te parasmi½ vatthusmi½.
Anatthakaroti attano parassa ca anatth±vaho. Cha dhammeti mett±nimittassa uggaho, mett±bh±van±nuyogo kammassakat±, paµisaªkh±nabahulat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti ime cha dhamme. Tatthev±ti mah±satipaµµh±neyeva (d². ni. 2.372-374). C±rittas²la½ uddissa paññattasikkh±pada½ ±c±rapaººatti.
Bandhan±g±ra½ pavesitatt± aladdhanakkhatt±nubhavo puriso “nakkhattadivase bandhan±g±ra½ pavesito puriso”ti vutto, nakkhattadivase eva v± tadananubhavanattha½ tath± kato. Mah±-anatthakaranti diµµhadhammik±di-atthah±panamukhena mahato anatthassa k±raka½. Cha dhammeti atibhojane nanimittagg±ho, iriy±pathasamparivattanat±, ±lokasaññ±manasik±ro, abbhok±sav±so, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti ime cha dhamme.
Uddhaccakukkucce mah±-anatthakaranti par±yattat±p±danato vuttanayena mahato anatthassa k±rakanti. Attho cha dhammeti bahussutat±, paripucchakat±, vinaye pakataññut±, vu¹¹hasevit±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti ime cha dhamme.
Balav±ti paccatthikavidhamanasamatthena balena balav±. Sajj±vudhoti sannaddhadhanu-±di-±vudho. S³rav²rasevakajanavasena sapariv±ro. Tanti yath±vutta½ purisa½. Balavantat±ya, sajj±vudhat±ya, sapariv±rat±ya ca cor± d³ratova disv± pal±yeyyu½. Anatthak±rik±ti samm±paµipattiy± vibandhakaraºato vuttanayena anatthak±rik±. Cha dhammeti bahussutat±, paripucchakat±, vinaye pakataññut±, adhimokkhabahulat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti ime cha dhamme. Yath± b±husacc±d²ni uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti, eva½ vicikicch±ya p²ti idh±pi bahussutat±dayo gahit±. Kaly±ºamittat± sapp±yakath± viya pañcanna½, tasm± tassa tassa anucchavikasevanat± veditabb±. Samm±paµipattiy± appaµipattinimittat±mukhena vicikicch± micch±paµipattimeva paribr³het²ti tass± pah±na½ duccaritavidh³nan³p±yoti ±ha “duccaritakant±ra½ nittharitv±”ti-±di.
225. P±mojja½ n±ma taruºap²ti, s± kathañcipi tuµµh±vatth±ti ±ha “p±mojja½ j±yat²ti tuµµh±k±ro j±yat²”ti. Tuµµhass±ti okkantikabh±vappatt±ya p²tiy± vasena tuµµhassa. Attano savipph±rikat±ya, attasamuµµh±napaº²tar³puppattiy± ca sakalasar²ra½ khobhayam±n± pharaºalakkhaº± p²ti j±yati. P²tisahita½ p²ti uttarapadalopena, ki½ pana ta½ Mano. P²ti mano etass±ti p²timano, tassa p²timanassa. Tayida½ atthamattameva dassento “p²tisampayuttacittass±”ti ±ha. K±yoti idha ar³pakal±po adhippeto, na vedan±dikkhandhattayamev±ti ±ha “n±mak±yo passambhat²”ti, passaddhidvayassa p²tivasenettha passambhana½ adhippeta½. Vigatadarathoti pah²na-uddhacc±dikilesadaratho. Vuttappak±r±ya pubbabh±gabh±van±ya vasena cetasikasukha½ paµisa½vedentoyeva ta½samuµµh±napaº²tar³paphuµµhasar²rat±ya k±yikampi sukha½ vedet²ti ±ha “k±yikampi cetasikampi sukha½ vedayat²”ti. Imin±ti “sukha½ paµisa½vedet²”ti eva½ vuttena. Sa½kilesapakkhato nikkhantatt±, paµhamajjh±napakkhikatt± ca nekkhammasukhena. Sukhitass±ti sukhino.