Tatth±ti tasmi½ abhikkamane, tesu v± vuttesu uddaraº±d²su koµµh±sesu. Uddharaºeti uddharaºakkhaºe. R³p±r³padhamm±ti uddharaº±k±rena pavatt± r³padhamm±, ta½samuµµh±pak± ar³padhamm± ca. Atiharaºa½ na p±puºanti khaºamatt±vaµµh±nato. Tattha tatthev±ti yattha yattha uppann±, tattha tattheva. Na hi dhamm±na½ desantarasaªkamana½ atthi. “Pabba½ pabba”ti-±di uddharaº±dikoµµh±se sandh±ya sabh±gasantativasena vuttanti veditabba½. Ati-ittaro hi r³padhamm±nampi pavattikkhaºo, gamanass±d²na½, devaputt±na½ heµµhupariyena paµimukha½ dh±vant±na½ sirasi p±de ca bandhakhuradh±r± sam±gamatopi s²ghataro. Yath± til±na½ bhajjiyam±n±na½ paµapaµ±yanena bhedo lakkh²yati, eva½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ upp±den±ti dassanattha½ “paµapaµ±yant±”ti vutta½. Uppann± hi ekantato bhijjant²ti. “Saddhi½ r³pen±”ti ida½ tassa tassa cittassa nirodhena saddhi½ nirujjhanakar³padhamm±na½ vasena vutta½, ya½ tato sattarasamacittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppanna½. Aññath± yadi r³p±r³padhamm± sam±nakkhaº± siyu½, “r³pa½ garupariº±ma½ dandhanirodhan”ti-±divacanehi virodho siy±, tath± “n±ha½ bhikkhave añña½ ekadhammampi samanupass±mi, ya½ eva½ lahuparivatta½, yathayida½ cittan”ti (a. ni. 1.48) eva½ ±dip±¼iy±. Cittacetasik± hi s±rammaºasabh±v± yath±bala½ attano ±rammaºapaccayabh³tamattha½ vibh±vento eva uppajjant²ti tesa½ ta½sabh±vanipphatti-anantara½ nirodho. R³padhamm± pana an±rammaº± pak±setabb±, eva½ tesa½ pak±setabbabh±vanipphatti so¼asahi cittehi hot²ti taªkhaº±yukat± tesa½ icchit±, lahuviññ±ºavisayasaªgatimattappaccayat±ya tiººa½ khandh±na½, visayasaªgatimattat±ya ca viññ±ºassa lahuparivattit±, dandhamah±bh³tappaccayat±ya r³padhamm±na½ dandhaparivattit±. N±n±dh±tuy± yath±bh³tañ±ºa½ kho pana tath±gatasseva, tena ca purej±tapaccayo r³padhammova vutto, pacch±j±tapaccayo ca tathev±ti r³p±r³padhamm±na½ sam±nakkhaºat± na yujjateva. Tasm± vuttanayenevettha attho veditabbo.
Añña½ uppajjate citta½, añña½ citta½ nirujjhat²ti ya½ purimuppanna½ citta½, ta½ añña½, ta½ pana nirujjhanta½ aparassa anantar±dipaccayabh±veneva nirujjhat²ti tath±laddhapaccaya½ añña½ uppajjate citta½. Yadi eva½ tesa½ antaro labbheyy±ti? Noti ±ha “av²ci manuppabandho”ti, yath± v²ci antaro na labbhati, “tadevetan”ti avisesavid³ maññanti, eva½ anu anu pabandho cittasant±no r³pasant±no ca nad²sotova nadiya½ udakappav±ho viya vattati.
Abhimukha½ lokita½ ±lokitanti ±ha “purato pekkhanan”ti. Yasm± ya½dis±bhimukho gacchati, tiµµhati, nis²dati v± tadabhimukha½ pekkhana½ ±lokita½, tasm± tadanugatavidis±lokana½ vilokitanti ±ha “vilokita½ n±ma anudis±pekkhanan”ti. Sammajjanaparibhaº¹±dikaraºe olokitassa, ullokaharaº±d²su ullokitassa, pacchato ±gacchantaparissayassa parivajjan±d²su apalokitassa siy± sambhavoti ±ha “imin± v± mukhena sabb±nipi t±ni gahit±nev±”ti.
K±yasakkhinti k±yena sacchikatavanta½, paccakkhak±rinanti attho. So hi ±yasm± vipassan±k±le “yamev±ha½ indriyesu aguttadv±rata½ niss±ya s±sane anabhirati-±divippak±ra½ patto, tameva suµµhu niggahess±m²”ti uss±haj±to balavahirottappo, tattha ca kat±dhik±ratt± indriyasa½vare ukka½sap±ramippatto, teneva na½ satth± “etadagga½ bhikkhave mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ indriyesu guttadv±r±na½, yadida½ nando”ti (a. ni. 1.235) etadagge µhapesi.
S±tthakat± ca sapp±yat± ca veditabb± ±lokitavilokitass±ti ±netv± sambandho. Tasm±ti kammaµµh±n±vijahanasseva gocarasampajaññabh±vatoti vuttamevattha½ hetubh±vena pacc±masati. Attano kammaµµh±navaseneva ±lokanavilokana½ k±tabba½, khandh±dikammaµµh±n± añño up±yo na gavesitabboti adhipp±yo. ¾lokit±disamaññ±pi yasm± dhammamattasseva pavattiviseso, tasm± tassa y±th±vato paj±nana½ asammohasampajaññanti dassetu½ “abbhantare”ti-±di vutta½. Cittakiriyav±yodh±tuvipph±ravasen±ti kiriyamayacittasamuµµh±n±ya v±yodh±tuy± calan±k±rappavattivasena. Adho s²dat²ti adho gacchati. Uddha½ laªghet²ti laªgha½ viya upari gacchati.
Aªgakicca½ s±dhayam±nanti padh±nabh³ta-aªgakicca½ nipph±denta½ hutv±ti attho. “Paµhamajavanepi…pe… na hot²”ti ida½ pañcadv±rav²thiya½ “itth² puriso”ti rajjan±d²na½ abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tattha hi ±vajjana voµµhabbapan±na½ ayoniso ±vajjanavoµµhabbanavasena iµµhe itthir³p±dimhi lobhamatta½, aniµµhe ca paµighamatta½ uppajjati, manodv±re pana “itth² puriso”ti rajjan±di hoti. Tassa pañcadv±rajavana½ m³la½, yath±vutta½ v± sabba½ bhavaªg±di. Eva½ manodv±rajavanassa m³lavasena m³lapariññ± vutt±. ¾gantukat±vak±likat± pana pañcadv±rajavanasseva apubbabh±vavasena, ittarabh±vavasena ca vutt±. “Heµµhupariyavasena bhijjitv± patites³”ti heµµhimassa uparimassa ca apar±para½ bhaªgappattim±ha.
Tanti javana½, tassa ayuttanti sambandho. ¾gantuko abbh±gato.
Udayabbayaparicchinno t±vatako k±lo etesanti t±vak±lik±ni.
Eta½ asammohasampajañña½. Samav±yeti s±maggiya½ Tatth±ti pañcakkhandhavasena ±lokanavilokane paññ±yam±ne tabbinimutto ko eko ±loketi, ko viloketi.
“Upanissayapaccayo”ti ida½ suttantanayena pariy±yato vutta½. Sahaj±tapaccayoti nidassanamattameta½ aññamaññasampayutta-atthi-avigat±dipaccay±nampi labbhanato.
K±le samañchitu½ yuttak±le samañchantassa. Tath± pas±rentass±ti etth±pi. Maºisappo n±ma ek± sappaj±t²ti vadanti. La¼ananti kampana½, l²¼±karaºa½ v±.
Uºhapakatiko pari¼±habahulak±yo. S²lavid³sanena ahit±vahatt± micch±j²vavasena uppanna½ asapp±ya½. “C²varampi acetanan”ti-±din± c²varassa viya k±yopi acetanoti k±yassa attasuññat±vibh±vanena “abbhantare”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ parid²pento itar²tarasantosassa k±raºa½ dasseti, ten±ha “tasm±”ti-±di.
Catupañcagaºµhik±hatoti ±hatacatupañcagaºµhiko, catupañcagaºµhik±hi v± ±hato tath±.
Aµµhavidhopi atthoti aµµhavidhopi payojanaviseso mah±sivattherav±davasena “imassa k±yassa µhitiy±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.23, 422; ma. ni. 2.387; a. ni. 2.341; 8.9; dha. sa. 1355; vibha. 518; mah±ni. 206) nayena vutto daµµhabbo. Imasmi½ pakkhe “neva dav±y±ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.23, 422; ma. ni. 2.387; a. ni. 8.9; dha. sa. 1355; vibha. 518; mah±ni. 206) nayen±”ti pana paµikkhepaªgadassanamukhena desan±ya ±gatatt± vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Pathavisandh±rakajalassa ta½sandh±rakav±yun± viya paribhuttassa ±h±rassa v±yodh±tuy±va ±saye avaµµh±nanti ±ha “v±yodh±tuvaseneva tiµµhat²”ti. Atiharat²ti y±va mukh± abhiharati. V²tiharat²ti tato kucchiya½ v²missa½ karonto harati. Atiharat²ti v± mukhadv±ra½ atikk±mento harati. V²tiharat²ti kucchigata½ passato harati, parivattet²ti apar±para½ c±reti. Ettha ca ±h±rassa dh±raºaparivattanasañcuººanavisosan±ni pathav²dh±tusahit± eva v±yodh±tu karoti, na keval±ti t±ni pathav²dh±tuy±pi kiccabh±vena vutt±ni. Allattañca anup±let²ti yath± v±yodh±tu ±d²hi aññehi visosana½ na hoti, tath± allattañca anup±leti. Tejodh±t³ti gahaº²saªkh±t± tejodh±tu. S± hi antopaviµµha½ ±h±ra½ parip±ceti. Añjaso hot²ti ±h±rassa pavesan±d²na½ maggo hoti. ¾bhujat²ti pariyesanavasena, ajjhoharaºajiºº±jiººat±dipaµisa½vedanavasena ca ±vajjeti, vij±n±t²ti attho. Ta½ta½vij±nanassa paccayabh³toyeva hi payogo “samm±payogo”ti vutto. Yena hi payogena pariyesan±di nipphajjati, so tabbisayavij±nanampi nipph±deti n±ma tadavin±bh±vato. Atha v± samm±payoga½ samm±paµipatti manv±ya ±gamma ±bhujati samann±harati. ¾bhogapubbako hi sabbopi viññ±ºaby±p±roti tath± vutta½.
Gamanatoti bhikkh±c±ravasena gocarag±ma½ uddissa gamanato. Pariyesanatoti gocarag±me bhikkhattha½ ±hiº¹anato. Paribhogatoti ±h±rassa paribhuñjanato. ¾sayatoti pitt±di-±sayato. ¾sayati ettha ekajjha½ pavattam±nopi kammaphalavavatthito hutv± mariy±davasena aññamañña½ asaªkarato sayati tiµµhati pavattat²ti ±sayo ±m±sayassa upari tiµµhanako pitt±diko. Mariy±dattho hi ayam±k±ro. Nidh±nanti yath±bhutto ±h±ro nicito hutv± tiµµhati etth±ti nidh±na½, ±m±sayo. Tato nidh±nato. Aparipakkatoti gahaº²saªkh±tena kammajatejena avipakkato. Paripakkatoti yath±bhuttassa ±h±rasa vipakkabh±vato. Phalatoti nipphattito. Nissandatoti ito cito ca nissandanato. Sammakkhanatoti sabbaso makkhanato. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya (visuddhi. µ². 1.294) gahetabbo.
Sar²rato sed± muccant²ti vegasa½dh±raºena uppannapari¼±hato sar²rato sed± muccanti. Aññe ca rog± kaººas³labhagandar±dayo. Aµµh±neti manuss±manussapariggahite ayuttaµµh±ne khettadev±yatan±dike. Kuddh± hi amanuss±, manuss±pi v± j²vitakkhaya½ p±penti. Nissaµµhatt± neva attano, kassaci anissajjitatt±, jigucchan²yatt± ca na parassa. Udakatumbatoti ve¼un±¼i-±di-udakabh±janato. Tanti cha¹¹ita-udaka½.
Addh±na-iriy±path± ciratarappavattik± d²ghak±lik± iriy±path±. Majjhim± bhikkh±caraº±divasena pavatt±. Cuººiya-iriy±path± vih±re, aññatth±pi ito cito ca parivattan±divasena pavatt±ti vadanti. “Gateti gamane”ti pubbe abhikkamapaµikkamaggahaºena gamanenapi purato pacchato ca k±yassa abhiharaºa½ vuttanti idha gamanameva gahitanti keci.
Yasm± mah±sivattherav±de anantare anantare iriy±pathe pavattar³p±r³padhamm±na½ tattha tattheva nirodhadassanavasena sampaj±nak±rit± gahit±ti ta½ sampajaññavipassan±c±ravasena veditabba½. Tena vutta½ “tayida½ mah±sivattherena vutta½ asammohadhura½ mah±satipaµµh±nasutte adhippetan”ti. Imasmi½ pana s±maññaphale sabbampi catubbidha½ sampajañña½ labbhati y±vadeva s±maññaphalavisesadassanaparatt± imiss± desan±ya. “Satisampayuttassev±”ti ida½ yath± sampajaññassa kiccato padh±nat± gahit±, eva½ satiy± p²ti dassanattha½ vutta½, na satiy± sabbh±vamattadassanattha½. Na hi kad±ci satirahit± ñ±ºappavatti atthi. “Etassa hi padassa aya½ vitth±ro”ti imin± satiy± ñ±ºena samadhurata½yeva vibh±veti. Et±ni pad±n²ti “abhikkante paµikkante sampaj±nak±r² hot²”ti-±d²ni pad±ni. Vibhatt±nev±ti visu½ katv± vibhatt±niyeva, imin±pi sampajaññassa viya satiy±pettha padh±natameva vibh±veti.
Majjhimabh±ºak± pana bhaºanti– eko bhikkhu gacchanto añña½ cintento añña½ vitakkento gacchati, eko kammaµµh±na½ avissajjetv±va gacchati. Tath± eko tiµµhanto…pe… nis²danto…pe… sayanto añña½ cintento añña½ vitakkento sayati, eko kammaµµh±na½ avissajjetv±va sayati, ettakena pana na p±kaµa½ hot²ti caªkamanena d²penti. Yo hi bhikkhu caªkama½ otaritv± ca caªkamanakoµiya½ µhito pariggaºh±ti “p±c²nacaªkamanakoµiya½ pavatt± r³p±r³padhamm± pacchimacaªkamanakoµi½ appatv± ettheva niruddh±, pacchimacaªkamanakoµiya½ pavatt±pi p±c²nacaªkamanakoµi½ appatv± ettheva niruddh±, caªkamanamajjhe pavatt± ubho koµiyo appatv± ettheva niruddh±, caªkamane pavatt± r³p±r³padhamm± µh±na½ appatv± ettheva niruddh±, µh±ne pavatt± nisajja½ appatv± ettheva niruddh±, nisajj±ya pavatt± sayana½ appatv± ettheva niruddh±”ti eva½ pariggaºhanto pariggaºhantoyeva bhavaªga½ otarati. Uµµhahanto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va uµµhahati, aya½ bhikkhu gat±d²su sampaj±nak±r² n±ma hot²ti Evampi na sotte kammaµµh±na½ avibh³ta½ hoti, tasm± bhikkhu y±va sakkoti, t±va caªkamitv± µhatv± nis²ditv± sayam±no eva½ pariggahetv± sayati “k±yo acetano, mañco acetano, k±yo na j±n±ti ‘aha½ mañce sayito’ti, mañco na j±n±ti ‘mayi k±yo sayito’ti, acetano k±yo acetane mañce sayito”ti eva½ pariggaºhanto eva citta½ bhavaªge ot±reti. Pabujjhanto kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va pabujjhati, aya½ sotte sampaj±nak±r² n±ma hoti. K±y±d²kiriy±nibbattanena tammayatt±, ±vajjanakiriy± samuµµhitatt± ca javana½ sabbampi v± chadv±rappavatta½ kiriyamayapavatta½ n±ma. Tasmi½ sati j±garita½ n±ma hot²ti pariggaºhanto j±garite sampaj±nak±r² n±ma. Api ca rattindiva½ cha koµµh±se katv± pañca koµµh±se jaggantopi j±garite sampaj±nak±r² n±ma hoti. Vimutt±yatanas²sena dhamma½ desentopi batti½satiracch±nakatha½ pah±ya dasakath±vatthunissitasapp±yakatha½ kathentopi bh±site sampaj±nak±r² n±ma. Aµµhati½s±ya ±rammaºesu cittaruciya½ manasik±ra½ pavattentopi dutiya½ jh±na½ sam±pannopi tuºh²bh±ve sampaj±nak±r² n±ma. Dutiyañhi jh±na½ vac²saªkh±ravirahato visesato tuºh²bh±vo n±m±ti. Evanti vuttappak±rena, sattasupi µh±nesu catudh±ti attho.