Satisampajaññakath±vaººan±

214. Samantato, pakaµµha½ v± savisesa½ j±n±t²ti sampaj±no, sampaj±nassa bh±vo sampajañña½, tath±pavattañ±ºa½. Tassa vibhajana½ sampajaññabh±jan²ya½, tasmi½ sampajaññabh±jan²yamhi. Abhikkamana½ abhikkantanti ±ha “abhikkanta½ vuccati gamanan”ti. Tath± paµikkamana½ paµikkantanti ±ha “paµikkanta½ nivattanan”ti. Nivattananti ca nivattimatta½. Nivattitv± pana gamana½ gamanameva. Abhiharantoti gamanavasena k±ya½ upanento. Ýh±nanisajj±sayanesu yo gamanavidhuro k±yassa purato abhih±ro, so abhikkamo, pacchato apaharaºa½ paµikkamoti dassento “µh±nep²”ti-±dim±ha. ¾sanass±ti p²µhak±di-±sanassa. Purima-aªg±bhimukhoti aµanik±dipurim±vayav±bhimukho. Sa½sarantoti sa½sappanto. Pacc±sa½sarantoti paµi-±sappanto. “Eseva nayo”ti imin± nipannasseva abhimukhasa½sappanapaµi-±sappan±ni nidasseti.
Samm± paj±nana½ sampaj±na½, tena attan± k±tabbakiccassa karaºas²lo sampaj±nak±r²ti ±ha “sampajaññena sabbakiccak±r²”ti. Sampaj±nasaddassa sampajaññapariy±yat± pubbe vutt± eva. Sampajañña½ karotev±ti abhikkant±d²su asammoha½ upp±deti eva. Sampajaññassa v± k±ro etassa atth²ti sampaj±nak±r². Dhammato va¹¹hisaªkh±tena saha atthena vattat²ti s±tthaka½, abhikkant±di. S±tthakassa sampaj±nana½ s±tthakasampajañña½. Sapp±yassa attano hitassa sampaj±nana½ sapp±yasampajañña½. Abhikkam±d²su bhikkh±c±ragocare, aññatth±pi ca pavattesu avijahite kammaµµh±nasaªkh±te gocare sampajañña½ gocarasampajañña½. Abhikkam±d²su asammuyhanameva sampajañña½ asammohasampajañña½. Pariggahetv±ti t³letv± t²retv± paµisaªkh±y±ti, attho. Saªghadassaneneva uposathapav±raº±di-attha½ gamana½ saªgahita½. Asubhadassan±d²ti ±di-saddena kasiºaparikamm±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo Saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± disv±pi h²”ti-±di vutta½. Arahatta½ p±puº±t²ti ukkaµµhaniddeso eso. Samathavipassanupp±danampi hi bhikkhuno va¹¹hiyeva. Kec²ti abhayagiriv±sino.
Tasmi½ pan±ti s±tthakasampajaññavasena pariggahita-atthe. “Atthoti dhammato va¹¹h²”ti ya½ s±tthakanti adhippeta½, ta½ sapp±ya½ ev±ti siy± kassaci ±saªk±ti tannivattanattha½ “cetiyadassana½ t±v±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Cittakammar³pak±ni viy±ti cittakammakat± paµim±yo viya, yantapayogena v± vicittakamm± paµim±yo viya. Asamapekkhana½ gehassita aññ±ºupekkh±vasena ±rammaºassa ayoniso gahaºa½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± uppajjati upekkh± b±lassa m³¼hassa puthujjanass±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.308). Hatthi-±disammaddena j²vitantar±yo. Visabh±gar³padassan±din± brahmacariyantar±yo.
Pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bhikkh³na½ anuvattanakath± ±ciºº±, ananuvattanakath± pana tass± dutiy± n±ma hot²ti ±ha “dve kath± n±ma na kathitapubb±”ti. Evanti “sace pan±”ti-±dika½ sabbampi vutt±k±ra½ pacc±masati, na “purisassa m±tug±m±subhan”ti-±dika½ vuccam±na½.
Yogakammassa pavattiµµh±nat±ya bh±van±ya ±rammaºa½ “kammaµµh±nan”ti vuccat²ti ±ha “kammaµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ gocaran”ti. Uggahetv±ti yath± uggahanimitta½ uppajjati, eva½ uggahakosallassa samp±danavasena uggahetv±
Harat²ti kammaµµh±na½ pavatteti, y±va piº¹ap±tapaµikkam± anuyuñjat²ti attho. Na pacc±harat²ti ±h±r³payogato y±va div±µh±nupasaªkaman± kammaµµh±na½ na paµineti. Sar²raparikammanti mukhadhovan±disar²rapaµijaggana½. Dve tayo pallaªketi dve tayo nisajj±v±re dve t²ºi uºh±san±ni. Ten±ha “usuma½ g±h±pento”ti. Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti kammaµµh±namukheneva kammaµµh±na½ avijahanto eva, tena “pattopi acetano”ti-±din± (d². ni. aµµha. 1.214) vakkham±na½ kammaµµh±na½, yath±parihariyam±na½ v± avijahitv±ti dasseti. Tathev±ti tikkhattumeva. Paribhogacetiyato s±r²rikacetiya½ garutaranti katv± “cetiya½ vanditv±”ti pubbak±lakiriy±ya vasena vutta½. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½ “cetiya½ b±dhayam±n± bodhis±kh± haritabb±”ti vutt±. Buddhaguº±nussaraºavaseneva bodhiya½ paºip±takaraºanti ±ha “buddhassa bhagavato sammukh± viya nipaccak±ra½ dassetv±”ti. G±masam²peti g±massa upac±raµµh±ne. Janasaªgahatthanti “mayi akathente etesa½ ko kathessat²”ti dhamm±nuggahena janasaªgahattha½. Tasm±ti yasm± “dhammakath± n±ma kathetabb± ev±”ti aµµhakath±cariy± vadanti, yasm± ca dhammakath± kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natthi, tasm±. Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti attan± parihariyam±na½ kammaµµh±na½ avijahanto tadanuguºa½yeva dhammakatha½ kathetv±. Anumodana½ vatv±ti etth±pi “kammaµµh±nas²senev±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
Sampattaparicchedenev±ti “paricito aparicito”ti-±di vibh±ga½ akatv± sampattakoµiy± eva, sam±gamamattenev±ti attho. Bhayeti paracakk±dibhaye.
“Kammajatejo”ti gahaºi½ sandh±y±ha. Kammaµµh±na½ v²thi½ n±rohati khud±parissamena kilantak±yatt± sam±dh±n±bh±vato. Avasesaµµh±neti y±guy± aggahitaµµh±ne. Poªkh±nupoªkhanti kammaµµh±nupaµµh±nassa avicchedadassanameta½, yath± poªkh±nupoªkha½ pavatt±ya sarapaµip±tiy± anavicchedo, evametassap²ti.
Nikkhittadhuro bh±van±nuyoge. Vattapaµipattiy± ap³raºena sabbavatt±ni bhinditv±. “K±mesu av²tar±go hoti, k±ye av²tar±go, r³pe av²tar±go, y±vadattha½ udar±vadehaka½ bhuñjitv± seyyasukha½ passasukha½ middhasukha½ anuyutto viharati, aññatara½ devanik±ya½ paºidh±ya brahmacariya½ carat²”ti (d². ni. 3.320; ma. ni. 1.186) eva½ vuttapañcavidhacetokhilavinibandhacitto. Caritv±ti pavattitv±.
Gatapacc±gatikavattavasen±ti bh±van±sahita½yeva bhikkh±ya gatapacc±gata½ gamanapacc±gamana½ etassa atth²ti gatapacc±gatika½, tadeva vatta½, tassa vasena. Attak±m±ti attano hitasukha½ icchant±, dhammacchandavantoti attho. Dhammo hi hita½ tannimittakañca sukhanti. Atha v± viññ³na½ nibbisesatt±, attabh±vapariy±pannatt± ca att± n±ma dhammo, ta½ k±menti icchant²ti attak±m±.
Usabha½ n±ma v²sati yaµµhiyo. T±ya saññ±y±ti t±ya p±s±ºasaññ±ya, ettaka½ µh±na½ ±gat±ti j±nant±ti adhipp±yo. Soyeva nayoti “aya½ bhikkh³”ti-±diko yo µh±ne vutto, so eva nisajj±yapi nayo. Pacchato ±gacchant±na½ chinnabhattabh±vabhayenapi yonisomanasik±ra½ paribr³heti. Maddant±ti dhaññakaraºaµµh±ne s±lis²s±ni maddant±.
Mah±padh±na½ p³jess±m²ti amh±ka½ atth±ya lokan±thena chavass±ni kata½ dukkaracariyamev±ha½ yath±satti p³jess±m²ti. Paµipattip³j± hi satthup³j±, na ±misap³j±ti. “Ýh±nacaªkamamev±”ti adhiµµh±tabba-iriy±pathavasena vutta½, na bhojan±dik±lesu avassa½ kattabbanisajj±ya paµikkhepavasena.
V²thi½ otaritv± ito cito ca anoloketv± paµhamameva v²thiyo sallakkhetabb±ti ±ha “v²thiyo sallakkhetv±”ti. Ya½ sandh±ya vuccati “p±s±dikena abhikkanten±”ti, ta½ dassetu½ “tattha c±”ti-±di vutta½. “¾h±re paµikk³lasañña½ upaµµhapetv±”ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ parato ±gamissati. Aµµhaªgasamann±gatanti “y±vadeva imassa k±yassa µhitiy±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.23; a. ni. 6.58; mah±ni. 206) vuttehi aµµhahi aªgehi samann±gata½ katv±. “Neva dav±y±”ti-±di paµikkhepadassana½.
Paccekabodhi½ sacchikaroti, yadi upanissayasampanno hot²ti sambandho. Eva½ sabbattha ito paresupi. Tattha paccekabodhiy± upanissayasampad± kapp±na½ dve asaªkhyeyy±ni, satasahassañca tajj±puññañ±ºasambharaºa½. S±vakabodhiy± aggas±vak±na½ asaªkhyeyya½, kappasatasahassañca, mah±s±vak±na½ (therag±. aµµha. 2.1288) satasahassameva tajj±puññañ±ºasambharaºa½. Itaresa½ at²t±su j±t²su vivaµµasannissayavasena nibbattita½ nibbedhabh±giya½ kusala½. B±hiyo d±ruc²riyoti b±hiyavisaye sañj±tasa½va¹¹hat±ya b±hiyo, d±ruc²rapariharaºena d±ruc²riyoti ca samaññ±to. So hi ±yasm± “tasm±tiha te, b±hiya, eva½ sikkhitabba½ ‘diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissati, sute, mute, viññ±te viññ±tamatta½ bhavissat²’ti, evañhi te b±hiya sikkhitabba½. Yato kho te b±hiya diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissati, sute, mute, viññ±te viññ±tamatta½ bhavissati, tato tva½, b±hiya, na tena. Yato tva½, b±hiya, na tena, tato tva½, b±hiya, na tattha. Yato tva½, b±hiya, na tattha, tato tva½, b±hiya, nevidha na hura½ na ubhayamantarena. Esevanto dukkhass±”ti (ud±. 10) ettak±ya desan±ya arahatta½ sacch±k±si. Eva½ s±riputtatther±d²na½ mah±paññat±did²pan±ni suttapad±ni vitth±rato veditabb±ni.
Tanti asammuyhana½ evanti id±ni vuccam±nam±k±reneva veditabba½. “Att± abhikkamat²”ti imin± andhaputhujjanassa diµµhig±havasena abhikkame sammuyhana½ dasseti, “aha½ abhikkam±m²”ti pana imin± m±nag±havasena. Tadubhaya½ pana taºh±ya vin± na hot²ti taºhag±havasenapi sammuyhana½ dassitameva hoti. “Tath± asammuyhanto”ti vatv± ta½ asammuyhana½ yena ghanavinibbhogena hoti, ta½ dassento “abhikkam±m²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± v±yodh±tuy± anugat± tejodh±tu uddharaºassa paccayo. Uddharaºagatik± hi tejodh±t³ti. Uddharaºe v±yodh±tuy± tass± anugatabh±vo, tasm± im±sa½ dvinnamettha s±matthiyato adhimattat±, itar±sañca omattat±ti dassento “ekekap±duddharaºe…pe… balavatiyoti ±ha. Yasm± pana tejodh±tuy± anugat± v±yodh±tu atiharaºav²tiharaº±na½ paccayo. Tiriyagatik±ya hi v±yodh±tuy± atiharaºav²tiharaºesu s±tisayo by±p±roti. Tejodh±tuy± tass± anugatabh±vo, tasm± im±sa½ dvinnamettha s±matthiyato adhimattat±, itar±sañca omattat±ti dassento “tath± atiharaºav²tiharaºes³”ti ±ha. Satipi anugamaka-anugantabbat±visese tejodh±tuv±yodh±tubh±vamatta½ sandh±ya tath±-saddaggahaºa½,. Tattha akkantaµµh±nato p±dassa ukkhipana½ uddharaºa½. Ýhitaµµh±na½ atikkamitv± purato haraºa½ atiharaºa½, kh±ºu-±dipariharaºattha½, patiµµhitap±daghaµµanapariharaºattha½ v± passena haraºa½ v²tiharaºa½. Y±va patiµµhitap±do, t±va ±haraºa½ atiharaºa½, tato para½ haraºa½ v²tiharaºanti aya½ v± etesa½ viseso.
Yasm± pathav²dh±tuy± anugat± ±podh±tu vossajjanassa paccayo. Garutarasabh±v± hi ±podh±t³ti. Vossajjane pathav²dh±tuy± tass± anugatabh±vo, tasm± t±sa½ dvinnamettha s±matthiyato adhimattat±, itar±sañca omattat±ti dassento ±ha “vossajjane…pe… balavatiyo”ti. Yasm± pana ±podh±tuy± anugat± pathav²dh±tu sannikkhepanassa paccayo, patiµµh±bh±ve viya patiµµh±panepi tass± s±tisayakiccatt± ±podh±tuy± tass± anugatabh±vo, tath± ghaµµanakiriy±ya pathav²dh±tuy± vasena sannirujjhanassa sijjhanato tatth±pi pathav²dh±tuy± ±podh±tu-anugatabh±vo, tasm± vutta½ “tath± sannikkhepanasannirujjhanes³”ti.