2. S±maññaphalasuttavaººan±

R±j±maccakath±vaººan±

150. R±jagaheti ettha duggajanapadaµµh±navisesasampad±diyogato padh±nabh±vena r±j³hi gahitanti r±jagahanti ±ha “mandh±tu…pe… vuccat²”ti. Tattha mah±govindena mah±sattena pariggahita½ reºu-±d²hi r±j³hi pariggahitameva hot²ti mah±govindaggahaºa½. Mah±govindoti mah±nubh±vo eko pur±tano r±j±ti keci. Pariggahitatt±ti r±jadh±n²bh±vena pariggahitatt±. Pak±reti nagaram±panena raññ± k±ritasabbagehatt± r±jagaha½, gijjhak³µ±d²hi parikkhittatt± pabbatar±jehi parikkhittagehasadisantipi r±jagaha½, sampannabhavanat±ya r±jam±na½ gehanti pi r±jagaha½, sa½vihit±rakkhat±ya anatth±vahabh±vena upagat±na½ paµir±j³na½ gaha½ gehabh³tantipi r±jagaha½, r±j³hi disv± samm± patiµµh±pitatt± tesa½ gaha½ gehabh³tantipi r±jagaha½, ±r±mar±maºeyyak±d²hi r±jate, niv±sasukhat±din± sattehi mamattavasena gayhati, pariggayhat²ti v± r±jagahanti edise pak±re so padeso µh±navisesabh±vena u¼±rasattaparibhogoti ±ha “ta½ panetan”ti-±di. Tesanti yakkh±na½. Vasanavananti ±p±nabh³mibh³ta½ upavana½.
Avisesen±ti “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati” (ma. ni. 1.69; 3.75; vibha. 508), “paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, (d². ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 2.152; a. ni. 4.123; p±r±. 11) “mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati”, (d². ni. 1.556; 3.308; ma. ni. 1.77, 459, 509; 2.309, 315, 451, 471; 3.230; vibha. 642) “sabbanimitt±na½ amanasik±r± animitta½ cetosam±dhi½ sam±pajjitv± viharat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.459) viya saddantarasannidh±nasiddhena visesapar±masanena vin±. Iriy±ya k±yikakiriy±ya pavattan³p±yabh±vato pathoti iriy±patho. Ýh±n±d²nañhi gatinivatti ±di-avatth±hi vin± na kañci k±yikakiriya½ pavattetu½ sakk±. Viharati pavattati etena, viharaºañc±ti vih±ro, dibbabh±v±vaho vih±ro dibbavih±ro, mahaggatajjh±n±ni. Nettiya½ pana “catasso ±ruppasam±pattiyo ±neñj± vih±r±”ti vutta½ Ta½ t±sa½ mett±jh±n±d²na½ brahmavih±rat± viya bh±van±visesabh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Aµµhakath±su pana dibbabh±v±vahas±maññato t±pi “dibbavih±r±” tveva vutt±. Hit³pasa½h±r±divasena pavattiy± brahmabh³t± seµµhabh³t± vih±r±ti brahmavih±r±, mett±jh±n±dik±. Anaññas±dh±raºatt± ariy±na½ vih±r±ti ariyavih±r±, catassopi phalasam±pattiyo. Samaªg²parid²pananti samaªgibh±vaparid²pana½. Iriy±pathasam±yogaparid²pana½ itaravih±rasam±yogaparid²panassa visesavacanassa abh±vato, iriy±pathasam±yogaparid²panassa ca atthasiddhatt±. Viharat²ti ettha vi-saddo vicchedatthajotano, harat²ti neti, pavattet²ti attho. Tattha kassa kena vicchindana½, katha½ kassa pavattananti antol²na½ codana½ sandh±y±ha “so h²”ti-±di.
Gocarag±madassanattha½ “r±jagahe”ti vatv± buddh±na½ anur³paniv±sanaµµh±nadassanattha½ “ambavane”ti vuttanti ±ha “idamass±”ti-±di. Etanti eta½ “r±jagahe”ti bhummavacana½ sam²patthe “gaªg±ya g±vo caranti, k³pe gaggakulan”ti ca yath±. Kum±rena bhatoti kum±rabhato, so eva kom±rabhacco yath± bhisaggameva bhesajja½. Dos±bhisannanti v±tapitt±divasena ussannadosa½. Virecetv±ti dosapakopato vivecetv±.
A¹¹hate¼asah²ti a¹¹hena terasahi a¹¹haterasahi bhikkhusatehi. T±ni pana paññ±s±ya ³n±ni terasabhikkhusat±ni hont²ti ±ha “a¹¹hasaten±”ti-±di.
R±jat²ti dibbati, sobhat²ti attho. Rañjet²ti rameti. Raññoti pitu bimbis±rarañño. S±sanaµµhena hi½sanaµµhena sattu.
Bh±riyeti garuke aññesa½ asakkuºeyye v±. Suvaººasatthaken±ti suvaººamayena satthakena. Ayomayañhi rañño sar²ra½ upanetu½ ayuttanti vadati. Suvaººasatthaken±ti v± suvaººaparikkhatena satthakena b±hu½ ph±l±petv±ti sir±vedhavasena b±hu½ phal±petv± udakena sambhinditv± p±yesi kevalassa lohitassa gabbhinitthiy± dujj²rabh±vato. Dhur±ti dhurabh³t±, gaºassa dhorayh±ti attho. Dhura½ n²har±m²ti gaºadhura½ gaºabandhiya½ nibbattemi. “Pubbe kho”ti-±di khandhakap±¼i eva.
Potthaniyanti churika½, ya½ “nakharan”tipi [pothanikanti churika½, ya½ kharantipi (s±rattha. µ². 3.339) pothanikanti churika½, kharantipi (vi. vi. µ². 2.c³¼avaggavaººan± 339)] vuccati. Div± divass±ti divassapi div±, majjhanhikavel±yanti attho.
Tass± sar²ra½ lehitv± y±peti att³pakkamena maraºa½ na yuttanti. Na hi ariyas±vak± att±na½ vinip±tent²ti. Maggaphalasukhen±ti maggaphalasukh±vahena sot±pattimaggaphalasukh³pasañhitena caªkamena y±peti. Cetiyaªgaºeti gandhapupph±d²hi p³janaµµh±nabh³te cetiyaªgaºe Nisajjanatth±y±ti bhikkhusaªghanis²danatth±ya. C±tumah±r±jikadevaloke…pe… yakkho hutv± nibbatti tattha bahula½ nibbattapubbat±ya ciraparicitanikantivasena.
Khobhetv±ti puttasinehassa balavabh±vato, sahaj±tap²tivegassa ca savipph±rat±ya ta½samuµµh±nar³padhammehi pharaºavasena sakalasar²ra½ ±lo¼etv±. Ten±ha “aµµhimiñja½ ±hacca aµµh±s²”ti. Pituguºanti pitu attani sinehaguºa½. Muñc±petv±ti ettha iti-saddo pak±rattho, tena “abhim±rakapurisapesan±dippak±ren±”ti vutte eva pak±re pacc±masati. Vitth±rakath±nayoti aj±tasattupas±dan±divasena vitth±rato vattabb±ya kath±ya nayamatta½. Kasm± panettha vitth±ranay± kath± na vutt±ti ±ha “±gatatt± pana sabba½ na vuttan”ti.
Kosalaraññoti mah±kosalarañño. Paº¹it±dhivacananti paº¹itavevacana½. Vidant²ti j±nanti. Vedena ñ±ºena karaºabh³tena ²hati pavattat²ti vedehi.
Etth±ti etasmi½ divase. Anasanena v±ti -saddo aniyamattho, tena ekaccamanoduccaritaduss²ly±d²ni saªgaºh±ti. Tath± hi gop±lak³posatho abhijjh±sahagatacittassa vasena vutto, nigaºµhuposatho mosavajj±divasena. Yath±ha “so tena abhijjh±sahagatena cetas± divasa½ atin±met²”ti (a. ni. 1.71), “iti yasmi½ samaye sacce sam±dapetabb±, mus±v±de tasmi½ samaye sam±dapent²”ti (a. ni. 1.71) ca ±di. Etth±ti uposathasadde. Atthuddh±roti vattabba-atth±na½ uddh±raºa½.
Nanu ca atthamatta½ pati sadd± abhinivisant²ti na ekena saddena aneke atth± abhidh²yant²ti? Saccameta½ saddavisese apekkhite, tesa½ pana atth±na½ uposathasaddavacan²yat± s±mañña½ up±d±ya vuccam±no aya½ vic±ro uposathasaddassa atthuddh±roti vutto. Heµµh± “eva½ me sutan”ti-±d²su ±gate atthuddh±repi eseva nayo. K±mañca p±timokkhuddes±divisayopi uposathasaddo s±maññar³po eva visesasaddassa av±cakabh±vato, t±disa½ pana s±mañña½ an±diyitv± ayamattho vuttoti veditabba½. S²lasuddhivasena upetehi samaggehi vas²yati anuµµh²yat²ti uposatho, p±timokkhuddeso. Sam±d±navasena adhiµµh±navasena v± upecca ariyav±s±di-attha½ vasitabbato uposatho, s²la½. Anasan±divasena upecca vasitabbato anuvasitabbato uposatho. Upav±soti sam±d±na½. Uposathakulabh³tat±ya navamahatthinik±yapariy±panne hatthin±ge kiñci kiriya½ anapekkhitv± r³¼hivasena samaññ±matta½ uposathoti ±ha “uposatho n±gar±j±ti-±d²su paññatt²”ti. Divase pana uposathasaddappavatti aµµhakath±ya½ vutt± eva. Suddhassa ve sad± phagg³ti ettha pana suddhass±ti sabbaso kilesamal±bh±vena suddhassa. Veti nip±tamatta½. Veti v± byattanti attho. Sad± phagg³ti niccak±lampi phagguºanakkhattameva. Yassa hi phagguºam±se uttaraphagguºadivase titthanh±na½ karontassa sa½vaccharikap±papav±hana½ hot²ti laddhi, ta½ tato vivecetu½ ida½ bhagavat± vutta½. Suddhassuposatho sad±ti yath±vuttasuddhiy± suddhassa uposathaªg±ni vatasam±d±n±ni ca asam±diyatopi nicca½ uposatho, uposathav±so ev±ti attho. Pañcadasanna½ tith²na½ p³raºavasena pannaraso.
Bahuso atisayato v± kumud±ni ettha sant²ti kumudavat², tissa½ kumudavatiy±. Catunna½ m±s±na½ p±rip³ribh³t±ti c±tum±s². S± eva p±¼iya½ c±tum±sin²ti vutt±ti ±ha “idha pana c±tum±sin²ti vuccat²”ti. Tad± kattikam±sassa puººat±ya m±sapuººat±. Vass±nassa utuno puººat±ya utupuººat±. Kattikam±salakkhitassa sa½vaccharassa puººat±ya sa½vaccharapuººat±. “M±” iti cando vuccati tassa gatiy± divasassa minitabbato. Ettha puººoti etiss± rattiy± sabbakal±p±rip³riy± puººo. Tad± hi cando sabbaso paripuººo hutv± dissati. Ettha ca “tadahuposathe pannarase”ti pad±ni divasavasena vutt±ni, “komudiy±”ti-±d²ni rattivasena.
R±j±maccaparivutoti r±jakulasamud±gatehi amaccehi parivuto. Atha v± anuyuttakar±j³hi ceva amaccehi ca parivuto. Caturupakkiles±ti abbh± mahik± dh³marajo r±h³ti imehi cat³hi upakkilesehi. Sanniµµh±na½ kata½ aµµhakath±ya½.
P²tivacananti p²tisamuµµh±na½ vacana½. Yañhi vacana½ paµigg±hakanirapekkha½ kevala½ u¼±r±ya p²tiy± vasena sarasato sahas±va mukhato niccharati, ta½ idha “ud±nan”ti adhippeta½. Ten±ha “ya½ p²tivacana½ hadaya½ gahetu½ na sakkot²”ti-±di.
Dosehi it± gat± apagat±ti dosin± ta-k±rassa na-k±ra½ katv± yath± “kilese jito vijit±v²ti jino”ti. An²ya-saddo kattu-atthe veditabboti ±ha “mana½ ramayat²”ti “ramaº²y±”ti yath± “niyy±nik± dhamm±”ti. Juºhavasena rattiy± sur³pat±ti ±ha “vuttadosavimutt±y±”ti-±di. Tattha abbh±dayo vuttados±, tabbigameneva cass± dassan²yat±, tena, utusampattiy± ca p±s±dikat± veditabb±. Lakkhaºa½ bhavitu½ yutt±ti etiss± rattiy± yutto divaso m±so utu sa½vaccharoti eva½ divasam±sa-utusa½vacchar±na½ sallakkhaºa½ bhavitu½ yutt± lakkhaññ±, lakkhaº²y±ti attho.
“Ya½ no payirup±sato citta½ pas²deyy±”ti vuttatt± “samaºa½ v± br±hmaºa½ v±”ti ettha paramatthasamaºo ca paramatthabr±hmaºo ca adhippeto, na pabbajj±mattasamaºo, na j±timattabr±hmaºo c±ti ±ha “samitap±pat±ya samaºa½. B±hitap±pat±ya br±hmaºan”ti. Bahuvacane vattabbe ekavacana½, ekavacane v± vattabbe bahuvacana½ vacanabyatayo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana ekavacanavaseneva byatayo dassito. Attani, garuµµh±niye ca ekasmimpi bahuvacanappayogo nir³¼hoti. Sabbenap²ti “ramaº²y± vat±”ti-±din± sabbena vacanena. Obh±sanimittakammanti obh±sabh³tanimittakamma½ paribyatta½ nimittakaraºanti attho. Devadatto c±ti. Ca-saddo att³panayane, tena yath± r±j± aj±tasattu attano pitu ariyas±vakassa satthu-upaµµh±kassa gh±tanena mah±par±dho eva½ bhagavato mah±-anatthakarassa devadattassa avassayabh±vena p²ti imamattha½ upaneti. Tassa piµµhich±y±y±ti tassa j²vakassa piµµhi-apassayena, ta½ pamukha½ katv± ta½ apass±y±ti attho. Vikkhepapacchedanatthanti bh±viniy± attano kath±ya uppajjanakavikkhepanassa pacchindanattha½, anuppatti-atthanti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “tassa½ h²”ti-±di.
151. “So kir±”ti-±di por±ºaµµhakath±ya ±gatanayo. Eseva nayo parato makkhalipadanibbacanepi Upasaªkamant²ti upagat±. Tadeva pabbajja½ aggahes²ti tadeva naggar³pa½ pabbajja½ katv± gaºhi.
Pabbajitasam³hasaªkh±to saªghoti pabbajitasam³hat±mattena saªgho, na niyy±nikadiµµhisuvisuddhas²las±maññavasena sa½hatatt±ti adhipp±yo. Assa atth²ti assa satthupaµiññassa pariv±rabh³to atthi. Svev±ti pabbajitasam³hasaªkh±tova. Keci pana “pabbajitasam³havasena saªgh², gahaµµhasam³havasena gaº²”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½ gaºe eva loke saªgha-saddassa nir³¼hatt±. ¾c±rasikkh±panavasen±ti acelaka vatacariy±di-±c±rasikkh±panavasena. P±kaµoti saªgh²-±dibh±vena pak±sito. “Appiccho”ti vatv± tattha labbham±na½ appicchatta½ dassetu½ “appicchat±ya vatthampi na niv±set²”ti vutta½. Na hi tasmi½ s±sanike viya santaguºanig³haºalakkhaº± appicchat± labbhat²ti. Yasoti kittisaddo. “Taranti etena sa½s±roghan”ti eva½ sammatatt± tittha½ vuccati laddh²ti ±ha “titthakaroti laddhikaro”ti. S±dhusammatoti “s±dh³”ti sammato, na s±dh³hi sammatoti ±ha “aya½ s±dh³”ti-±di. “Im±ni me vatasam±d±n±ni ettaka½ k±la½ suciº±n²”ti pabbajitato paµµh±ya atikkant± bah³ rattiyo j±n±t²ti rattaññ³. T± panassa rattiyo cirak±labh³t±ti katv± cira½ pabbajitassa ass±ti cirapabbajito. Tattha cirapabbajitat±gahaºena buddhis²lata½ dasseti, rattaññut±gahaºena tattha sampaj±nata½. Addh±nanti d²ghak±la½. Kittako pana soti ±ha “dve tayo r±japarivaµµe”ti, dvinna½ tiººa½ r±j³na½ rajja½ anus±sanapaµip±µiyoti attho. “Addhagato”ti vatv± kata½ vayogahaºa½ os±navay±pekkhanti ±ha “pacchimavaya½ anuppatto”ti. Ubhayanti “addhagato, vayo-anuppatto”ti padadvaya½.
Pubbe pitar± saddhi½ satthu santika½ gantv± desan±ya sutapubbata½ sandh±y±ha “jh±n±bhiññ±di…pe… sotuk±mo”ti. Dassanen±ti na dassanamatta½, disv± pana tena saddhi½ ±l±pasall±pa½ katv± tato akiriyav±da½ sutv± tesa½ anattamano ahosi. Guºakath±y±ti abh³taguºakath±ya. Ten±ha “suµµhutara½ anattamano hutv±”ti. Yadi anattamano, kasm± tuºh² ahos²ti ±ha “anattamano sam±nop²”ti-±di.
152. Gos±l±y±ti eva½ n±make g±me. Vass±nak±le gunna½ tiµµhanas±l±ti eke.
153. Paµikiµµhataranti nih²natara½. Tant±vut±n²ti tante pas±retv± v²t±ni. “S²te s²to”ti-±din± chah±k±rehi tassa nih²nassa nih²natarata½ dasseti.
154. Vacca½ katv±p²ti pi-saddena bhojana½ bhuñjitv±pi kenaci asucin± makkhito p²ti imamattha½ sampiº¹eti. V±likath³pa½ katv±ti vattavasena v±lik±ya th³pa½ katv±.
156. Palibuddhanakilesoti sa½s±re palibuddhanakicco r±g±dikileso khettavatthuputtad±r±divisayo.