Diµµhigatik±dhiµµh±navaµµakath±vaººan±

144. Heµµh± t²supi v±resu adhikatatt±, upari ca “paµisa½vedent²”ti vakkham±natt± vedayitamettha padh±nanti ±ha “sabbadiµµhivedayit±ni sampiº¹et²”ti. Sampiº¹et²ti ca “yepi te”ti tattha tattha ±gatassa pi-saddassa attha½ dasseti. Vedayitassa phasse pakkhipana½ phassapaccayat±dassanameva “chahi ajjhattik±yatanehi cha¼±rammaºapaµisa½vedana½ ekantato chaphassahetukamev±”ti. Sañj±yanti etth±ti adhikaraºattho sañj±ti-saddoti ±ha “sañj±tiµµh±ne”ti. Eva½ samosaraºasaddopi daµµhabbo. ¾yatati ettha phala½ tad±yattavuttit±ya, ±yabh³ta½ v± attano phala½ tanoti pavattet²ti ±yatana½, k±raºa½. Rukkhagacchasam³he araññavoh±ro araññameva araññ±yatananti ±ha “paººattimatte”ti. Atthattayep²ti pi-saddena avuttatthasampiº¹ana½ daµµhabba½, tena ±k±raniv±s±dhiµµh±natthe saªgaºh±ti. Hiraññ±yatana½ suvaºº±yatana½, v±sudev±yatana½ kamm±yatananti ±d²su ±karaniv±s±dhiµµh±nesu ±yatanasaddo. Cakkh±d²su ca phass±dayo ±kiºº±, t±ni ca nesa½ niv±so, adhiµµh±nañca nissayapaccayabh±vatoti. Tiººampi visayindriyaviññ±º±na½ saªgatibh±vena gahetabbo phassoti “saªgat²”ti vutto. Tath± hi so “sannip±tapaccupaµµh±no”ti vuccati. Imin± nayen±ti vijjam±nesupi aññesu sampayuttadhammesu yath± “cakkhuñca…pe… phasso”ti (ma. ni. 1.204; ma. ni. 3.421, 425, 426; sa½. ni. 2.43-45; sa½. ni. 4.60; kath±. 465) etasmi½ sutte vedan±ya padh±nak±raºabh±vadassanattha½ phassas²sena desan± kat±, evamidh±pi brahmaj±le “phassapaccay± vedan±”ti-±din± phassa½ ±di½ katv± aparantapaµiccasamupp±dad²panena paccayaparampara½ dassetu½ “phass±yatanehi phussa phuss±”ti phassamukhena vutta½.
Phasso ar³padhammopi sam±no ekadesena ±rammaºe anall²yam±nopi phusan±k±rena pavattati phusanto viya hot²ti ±ha “phassova ta½ ta½ ±rammaºa½ phusat²”ti, yena so “phusanalakkhaºo, saªghaµµanaraso”ti ca vuccati. “Phass±yatanehi phussa phuss±”ti aphusanakicc±nipi ±yatan±ni “mañc± ghosant²”ti-±d²su viya nissitavoh±rena phusanakicc±ni katv± dassit±n²ti ±ha “phasse upanikkhipitv±”ti, phassagatik±ni katv± phass³pac±ra½ ±ropetv±ti attho. Upac±ro hi n±ma voh±ramatta½, na tena atthasiddhi hot²ti ±ha “tasm±”ti-±di.
Attano paccayabh³t±na½ channa½ phass±na½ vasena cakkhusamphassaj± y±va manosamphassaj±ti saªkhepato chabbidh± vedan±, vitth±rato pana aµµhasatapariy±yena aµµhasatabhed±. R³pataºh±dibhed±y±ti r³pataºh± y±va dhammataºh±ti saªkhepato chappabhed±ya, vitth±rato aµµhasatabhed±ya. Upanissayakoµiy±ti upanissayas²sena. Kasm± panettha upanissayapaccayova uddhaµo, nanu sukh± vedan±, adukkhamasukh± vedan± ca taºh±ya ±rammaºamatta-±rammaº±dhipati-±rammaº³panissayapakat³panissayavasena catudh± paccayo, dukkh± ca ±rammaºamattapakat³panissayavasena dvidh±ti? Saccameta½, upanissaye eva pana ta½ sabba½ antogadha½. Yutta½ t±va ±rammaº³panissayassa upanissayas±maññato upanissayena saªgaho, ±rammaºamatta-±rammaº±dhipat²na½ pana kathanti? Tesampi ±rammaºas±maññato ±rammaº³panissayena saªgahova kato, na pakat³panissayen±ti daµµhabba½. Etadatthamevettha “upanissayakoµiy±”ti vutta½, na “upanissayen±”ti.
Catubbidhass±ti k±mup±d±na½ y±va attav±dup±d±nanti catubbidhassa. Nanu ca taºh±va k±mup±d±nanti? Saccameta½. Tattha dubbal± taºh± taºh±va, balavat² taºh± k±mup±d±na½. Atha v± appattavisayapatthan± taºh± tamasi cor±na½ karapas±raºa½ viya. Sampattavisayaggahaºa½ up±d±na½, cor±na½ karappattadhanaggahaºa½ viya. Appicchat±paµipakkh± taºh±, santosapaµipakkh± up±d±na½. Pariyesanadukkham³la½ taºh±, ±rakkhadukkham³la½ up±d±nanti ayametesa½ viseso. Up±d±nass±ti asahaj±tassa up±d±nassa upanissayakoµiy±, itarassa sahaj±takoµiy±ti daµµhabba½. Tattha anantarassa anantarasamanantara-anantar³panissayanatthivigat±sevanapaccayehi, an±nantarassa upanissayena, ±rammaºabh³t± pana ±rammaº±dhipati-±rammaº³panissayehi, ±rammaºamatteneva v±ti ta½ sabba½ upanissayeneva gahetv± “upanissayakoµiy±”ti vutta½. Yasm± ca taºh±ya r³p±d²ni ass±detv± k±mesu p±tabyata½ ±pajjati, tasm± taºh± k±mup±d±nassa upanissayo. Tath± r³p±dibhedeva samm³¼ho “natthi dinnan”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.171; ma. ni. 1.445; ma. ni. 2.94, 95, 225; ma. ni. 3.91, 116, 136; sa½. ni. 3.210; dha. sa. 1221; vibha. 938) micch±dassana½, sa½s±rato muccituk±mo asuddhimagge suddhimaggapar±masana½, khandhesu attattaniyag±habh³ta½ sakk±yadassana½ gaºh±ti, tasm± itaresampi taºh± upanissayoti daµµhabba½. Sahaj±tassa pana sahaj±ta-aññamaññanissayasampayutta-atthi-avigatahetuvasena taºh± paccayo hoti. Ta½ sabba½ sandh±ya “sahaj±takoµiy±”ti vutta½.
Tath±ti upanissayakoµiy± ceva sahaj±takoµiy± c±ti attho. Bhavass±ti kammabhavassa ceva upapattibhavassa ca. Tattha cetan±disaªkh± ta½ sabba½ bhavag±mikamma½ kammabhavo, k±mabhav±diko navavidho upapattibhavo, tesa½ upapattibhavassa catubbidhampi up±d±na½ upapattibhavak±raºakammabhavak±raºabh±vato tassa ca sah±yabh±v³pagamanato pakat³panissayavasena paccayo hoti. Kamm±rammaºakaraºak±le pana kammasahaj±tak±mup±d±na½ upapattibhavassa ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo hoti. Kammabhavassa pana sahaj±tassa sahaj±ta½ up±d±na½ sahaj±ta-aññamaññanissayasampayutta-atthi-avigatavasena ceva hetumaggavasena ca anekadh± paccayo hoti, asahaj±tassa anantarasamanantara-anantar³panissayanatthivigat±sevanavasena, itarassa pakat³panissayavasena, sammasan±dik±lesu ±rammaºavasena ca paccayo hoti. Tattha anantar±dike upanissayapaccaye, sahaj±t±dike sahaj±tapaccaye pakkhipitv± vutta½ “upanissayakoµiy± ceva sahaj±takoµiy± c±”ti.
Bhavo j±tiy±ti ettha bhavoti kammabhavo adhippeto. So hi j±tiy± paccayo, na upapattibhavo. Upapattibhavo hi paµham±bhinibbatt± khandh± j±tiyeva. Tena vutta½ “j±t²ti panettha savik±r± pañcakkhandh± daµµhabb±”ti. Savik±r±ti ca nibbattivik±rena savik±r±, te ca atthato upapattibhavoyeva. Na hi tadeva tassa k±raºa½ bhavitu½ yuttanti. Kammabhavo ca upapattibhavassa kammapaccayena ceva upanissayapaccayena ca paccayo hot²ti ±ha “bhavo j±tiy± upanissayakoµiy± paccayo”ti.
Yasm± ca sati j±tiy± jar±maraºa½, jar±maraº±din± phuµµhassa b±lassa sok±dayo ca sambhavanti, n±sati, tasm± “j±ti…pe… paccayo hot²”ti vutta½. Sahaj±t³panissayas²sena paccayavic±raº±ya dassitatt±, aªgavic±raº±ya ca an±maµµhatt± ±ha “ayamettha saªkhepo”ti. Mah±visayatt± paµiccasamupp±davic±raº±ya s± niravases± kuto laddhabb±ti ±ha “vitth±rato”ti-±di. Ekadesena cettha kathitassa paµiccasamupp±dassa tath± kathane saddhi½ ud±haraºena k±raºa½ dassento “bhagav± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha koµi na paññ±yat²ti asukassa n±ma samm±sambuddhassa, cakkavattino v± k±le avijj± uppann±, na tato pubbeti avijj±ya ±dimariy±d± appaµihatassa mama sabbaññutaññ±ºass±pi na paññ±yati avijjam±natt±yev±ti attho. Aya½ paccayo idappaccayo, tasm± idappaccay±, imasm± k±raº± ±savapaccay±ti attho. Bhavataºh±y±ti bhavasa½yojanabh³t±ya taºh±ya. Bhavadiµµhiy±ti sassatadiµµhiy±. “Ito ettha etto idh±”ti apariyanta½ apar±paruppatti½ dasseti.