Ekaccasassatav±davaººan±

38. Sattesu saªkh±resu ca ekacca½ sassata½ etass±ti ekaccasassato, ekaccasassatav±do. So etesa½ atth²ti ekaccasassatik± Te pana yasm± ekaccasassato v±do diµµhi etesanti ekaccasassatav±d± n±ma honti, tasm± tamattha½ dassento ±ha “ekaccasassatav±d±”ti. Imin± nayena ekacca-asassatik± dipadassapi attho veditabbo. Nanu ca “ekaccasassatik±”ti vutte tadaññassa ekaccassa asassatat±sanniµµh±na½ siddhameva hot²ti? Sacca½ siddhameva hoti atthato, na pana saddato. Tasm± sup±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “ekacca-asassatik±”ti vutta½. Na hi idha s±vasesa½ katv± dhamma½ deseti dhammass±m². Idh±ti “ekaccasassatik±”ti imasmi½ pade. Gahit±ti vutt±, tath± ceva attho dassito. Idh±ti v± imiss± desan±ya. Tath± hi purimak± tayo v±d± sattavasena, catuttho saªkh±ravasena vibhatto. “Saªkh±rekaccasassatik±”ti ida½ tehi sassatabh±vena gayham±n±na½ dhamm±na½ y±th±vasabh±vadassanavasena vutta½, na panekaccasassatikamatadassanavasena. Tassa hi sassat±bhimata½ asaªkhatamev±ti laddhi. Tenev±ha “cittanti v±…pe… µhassat²”ti. Na hi yassa bh±vassa paccayehi abhisaªkhatabh±va½ paµij±n±ti, tasseva niccadhuv±dibh±vo anummattakena sakk± paµiññ±tu½. Etena “upp±davayadhuvat±yuttabh±v± siy± nicc±, siy± anicc± siy± na vattabb±”ti-±din± pavattassa sattabhaªgav±dassa ayuttat± vibh±vit± hoti.
Tatth±ya½ ayuttat±vibh±van±– yadi “yena sabh±vena yo dhammo atth²ti vuccati, teneva sabh±vena so dhammo natth²”ti-±din± vucceyya, siy± anekantav±do. Atha aññena, siy± na anekantav±do. Na cettha desantar±disambandhabh±vo yutto vattu½ tassa sabbalokasiddhatt±, viv±d±bh±vato Ye pana vadanti “yath± suvaººaghaµena makuµe kate ghaµabh±vo nassati, makuµabh±vo uppajjati, suvaººabh±vo tiµµhatiyeva, eva½ sabbabh±v±na½ koci dhammo nassati, koci dhammo uppajjati, sabh±vo pana tiµµhat²”ti. Te vattabb± “ki½ ta½ suvaººa½, ya½ ghaµe makuµe ca avaµµhita½, yadi r³p±di, so saddo viya anicco. Atha r³p±di sam³ho, sam³ho n±ma sammutimatta½. Na tassa atthit± natthit± niccat± v± labbhat²”ti anekantav±do na siy±. Dhamm±nañca dhammino aññath±naññath±su doso vuttoyeva sassatav±davic±raº±ya½. Tasm± so tattha vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Apica nicc±niccanavattabbar³po att± loko ca paramatthato vijjam±nat±paµij±nanato yath± nicc±d²na½ aññatara½ r³pa½, yath± v± d²p±dayo. Na hi d²p±d²na½ udayabbayasabh±v±na½ nicc±niccanavattabbasabh±vat± sakk± viññ±tu½, j²vassa nicc±d²su aññatara½ r³pa½ viy±ti eva½ sattabhaªgassa viya sesabhaªg±nampi asambhavoyev±ti sattabhaªgav±dassa ayuttat± veditabb±.
Ettha ca “issaro nicco, aññe satt± anicc±”ti eva½ pavattav±d± sattekaccasassatik± seyyath±pi issarav±d±. “Param±ºavo nicc± dhuv±, aºuk±dayo anicc±”ti eva½ pavattav±d± saªkh±rekaccasassatik± seyyath±pi k±º±d±. Nanu “ekacce dhamm± sassat±, ekacce asassat±”ti etasmi½ v±de cakkh±d²na½ asassatat±sanniµµh±na½ yath±sabh±v±vabodho eva, tayida½ katha½ micch±dassananti, ko v± evam±ha “cakkh±d²na½ asassatabh±vasanniµµh±na½ micch±dassanan”ti? Asassatesuyeva pana kesañci dhamm±na½ sassatabh±v±bhiniveso idha micch±dassana½. Tena pana ekav±re pavattam±nena cakkh±d²na½ asassatabh±v±vabodho vid³sito sa½saµµhabh±vato visasa½saµµho viya sappimaº¹o sakiccakaraº±samatthat±ya samm±dassanapakkhe µhapetabbata½ n±rahat²ti. Asassatabh±vena nicchit±pi v± cakkhu-±dayo sam±ropitaj²vasabh±v± eva diµµhigatikehi gayhant²ti tadavabodhassa micch±dassanabh±vo na sakk± niv±retu½. Tenev±ha “cakkhu½ itipi…pe… k±yo itipi aya½ me att±”ti-±di. Evañca katv± asaªkhat±ya saªkhat±ya ca dh±tuy± vasena yath±kkama½ “ekacce dhamm± sassat±, ekacce asassat±”ti eva½ pavatto vibhajjav±dopi ekaccasassatav±do ±pajjat²ti eva½pak±r± codan± anavak±s± hoti avipar²tadhammasabh±vasampaµipattibh±vato.
K±mañcettha purimav±depi asassat±na½ dhamm±na½ “sassat±”ti gahaºa½ visesato micch±dassana½, sassat±na½ pana “sassat±”ti g±ho na micch±dassana½ yath±sabh±vaggahaºabh±vato. Asassatesuyeva pana “kecideva dhamm± sassat±, keci asassat±”ti gahetabbadhammesu vibh±gappavattiy± imassa v±dassa v±dantarat± vutt±, na cettha “samud±yantogadhatt± ekadesassa sappadesasassatagg±ho nippadesasassatagg±he samodh±na½ gacchat²”ti sakk± vattu½ v±d² tabbisayavisesavasena v±dadvayassa pavattatt±. Aññe eva hi diµµhigatik± “sabbe dhamm± sassat±”ti abhiniviµµh±, aññe “ekaccasassat±”ti. Saªkh±r±na½ anavasesapariy±d±na½, ekadesapariggaho ca v±dadvayassa paribyattoyeva. Kiñca bhiyyo anekavidhasamussaye ekavidhasamussaye ca khandhapabandhe abhinivesabh±vato. Catubbidhopi hi sassatav±d² j±tivisesavasena n±n±vidhar³pak±yasannissaye eva ar³padhammapuñje sassat±bhinives² j±to abhiññ±ºena anussav±d²hi ca r³pak±yabhedaggahaºato. Tath± ca vutta½ “tato cuto amutra udap±din”ti (d². ni. 1.32) “cavanti upapajjant²”ti ca ±di. Visesal±bh² ekaccasassatiko anupadh±ritabhedasamussayeva dhammapabandhe sassat±k±raggahaºena abhinivisana½ janesi ekabhavapariy±pannakhandhasant±navisayatt± tadabhinivesassa. Tath± ca t²supi v±desu “ta½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati, tato para½ n±nussarat²”ti ettakameva vutta½, takk²na½ pana sassatekaccasassatav±d²na½ sassat±bhinivesaviseso r³p±r³padhammavisayat±ya sup±kaµoyev±ti.
39. D²ghassa k±lassa atikkamen±ti vivaµµavivaµµaµµh±y²na½ apagamena. Anekatthatt± dh±t³na½ sa½-saddena yutto vaµµa-saddo vin±sav±c²ti ±ha “vinassat²”ti, saªkhayavasena vattat²ti attho. Vipattikaramah±meghasamuppattito paµµh±ya hi y±va aºusahagatopi saªkh±ro na hoti, t±va loko sa½vaµµat²ti vuccati. Lokoti cettha pathav²-±dibh±janaloko adhippeto. Uparibrahmalokes³ti parittasubh±d²su r³p²brahmalokesu. Aggin± hi kappavuµµh±na½ idh±dhippeta½ bahula½ pavattanato. Tenev±ha bhagav± “±bhassarasa½vattanik± hont²”ti. Ar³pesu ti -saddena sa½vaµµam±nalokadh±t³hi aññalokadh±t³su v±ti vikappana½ veditabba½. Na hi “sabbe ap±yasatt± tad± r³p±r³pabhavesu uppajjant²”ti sakk± viññ±tu½ ap±yesu d²ghatam±yuk±na½ manussalok³pattiy± asambhavato. Satipi sabbasatt±na½ abhisaªkh±ramanas± nibbattabh±ve b±hirapaccayehi vin± manas±va nibbattatt± “manomay±”ti vuccanti r³p±vacarasatt±. Yadi eva½ k±mabhave opap±tikasatt±nampi manomayabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati adhicittabh³tena atisayamanas± nibbattasattesu manomayavoh±ratoti dassanto ±ha “jh±namanena nibbattatt± manomay±”ti. Eva½ ar³p±vacarasatt±nampi manomayabh±vo ±pajjat²ti ce? Na, tattha b±hirapaccayehi nibbattetabbat±saªk±ya eva abh±vato, “manas±va nibbatt±”ti avadh±raº±sambhavato. Niru¼ho v±ya½ loke manomayavoh±ro r³p±vacarasattesu. Tath± hi “annamayo p±namayo manomayo ±nandamayo viññ±ºamayo”ti pañcadh± att±na½ vedav±dino vadanti. Ucchedav±depi vakkhati “dibbo r³p² manomayo”ti (d². ni. 1.86). Sobhan± pabh± etesu sant²ti subh±. “Ukka½sen±”ti ±bhassaradeve sandh±y±ha, paritt±bh± appam±º±bh± pana dve catt±ro ca kappe tiµµhanti. Aµµhakappeti aµµha mah±kappe.
40. Saºµh±t²ti sampattikaramah±meghasamuppattito paµµh±ya pathav²sandh±rakudakata½sandh±rakav±yumah±pathav²-±d²na½ samuppattivasena µh±ti, “sambhavati” icceva v± attho anekatthatt± dh±t³na½. Pakatiy±ti sabh±vena, tassa “suññan”ti imin± sambandho. Tattha k±raºam±ha “nibbattasatt±na½ natthit±y±”ti, anuppannatt±ti attho, tena yath± ekacc±ni vim±n±ni tattha nibbattasatt±na½ cutatt± suññ±ni honti, na evamidanti dasseti. Brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitamah±brahm±no brahmak±yik±, tesa½ niv±so bh³mipi “brahmak±yik±”ti vutt±. Kamma½ upanissayavasena paccayo etiss±ti kammapaccay±. Atha v± tattha nibbattasatt±na½ vipaccanakakammassa sahak±r²paccayabh±vato, kammassa paccay±ti kammapaccay± Utu samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti utusamuµµh±n±. “Kammapaccaya-utusamuµµh±n±”ti v± p±µho, kammasah±yo paccayo, kammassa v± sah±yabh³to paccayo kammapaccayo sova utu kammapaccaya-utu, so samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti yojetabba½. Etth±ti “brahmavim±nan”ti vutt±ya brahmak±yikabh³miy±. Katha½ paº²t±ya dutiyajjh±nabh³miya½ µhit±na½ h²n±ya paµhamajjh±nabh³miy± upapatti hot²ti ±ha “atha satt±nan”ti-±di. Otarant²ti upapajjanavasena heµµh±bh³mi½ gacchanti.
App±yuketi ya½ u¼±ra½ puññakamma½ kata½, tassa uppajjan±rahavip±kapabandhato appaparim±º±yuke. ¾yuppam±ºenev±ti param±yuppam±ºeneva. Ki½ paneta½ param±yu n±ma, katha½ v± ta½ paricchinnapam±ºanti? Vuccate– yo tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tasmi½ tasmi½ bhavavisese purimasiddhabhavapatthan³panissayavasena sar²r±vayavavaººasaºµh±napam±º±divises± viya ta½ta½gatinik±y±d²su yebhuyyena niyataparicchedo gabbhaseyyakak±m±vacaradevar³p±vacarasatt±na½ sukkasoºita-utubhojan±di utu-±dipaccayuppannapaccay³patthambhito vip±kapabandhassa µhitik±laniyamo, so yath±saka½ khaºamatt±vaµµh±y²nampi attano sahaj±t±na½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ µhapan±k±ravuttit±ya pavattak±ni r³p±r³paj²vitindriy±ni yasm± na kevala½ nesa½ khaºaµhitiy± eva k±raºabh±vena anup±lak±ni, atha kho y±va bhavaªgupacched± anupabandhassa avicchedahetubh±ven±pi, tasm± ±yuhetukatt± k±raº³pac±rena ±yu, ukka½saparicchedavasena param±y³ti ca vuccati. Ta½ pana dev±na½ nerayik±na½ uttarakuruk±nañca niyatapariccheda½, uttarakuruk±na½ pana ekantaniyataparicchedameva, avasiµµhamanussapetatiracch±n±na½ pana ciraµµhitisa½vattanikakammabahule k±le ta½kammasahitasant±najanitasukkasoºitappaccay±na½ ta½m³lak±nañca candas³riyasamavisamaparivattan±dijanita-utu-±h±r±disamavisama paccay±na½ vasena cir±cirak±lato aniyatapariccheda½, tassa ca yath± purimasiddhabhavapatthan±vasena ta½ta½gatinik±y±d²su vaººasaºµh±n±divisesaniyamo siddho dassan±nussav±d²hi, tath± ±dito gahaºasiddhiy±. Eva½ t±su t±su upapatt²su nibbattasatt±na½ yebhuyyena samappam±ºaµµhitik±la½ dassan±nussavehi labhitv± ta½ paramata½ ajjhos±ya pavattitabhavapatthan±vasena ±dito paricchedaniyamo veditabbo. Yasm± pana kamma½ t±su t±su upapatt²su yath± ta½ta½upapattiniyatavaºº±dinibbattane samattha½, eva½ niyat±yuparicched±su upapatt²su paricched±tikkamena vip±kanibbattane samattha½ na hoti, tasm± vutta½ “±yuppam±ºeneva cavant²”ti. Yasm± pana upatthambhakasah±yehi anup±lakappaccayehi up±dinnakakkhandh±na½ pavattetabb±k±ro atthato param±yu, tassa yath±vuttaparicched±natikkamanato satipi kamm±vasese µh±na½ na sambhavati, tena vutta½ “attano puññabaleneva µh±tu½ na sakkot²”ti. Kappa½ v±ti asaªkhyeyyakappa½ v± tassa upa¹¹ha½ v± upa¹¹hakappato ³namadhika½ v±ti vikappanattho -saddo.
41. Anabhirat²ti ekavih±rena anabhirati. S± pana yasm± aññehi sam±gamicch± hoti, tena vutta½ “aparass±pi sattassa ±gamanapatthan±”ti. Piyavatthuvirahena piyavatthu-al±bhena v± cittavigh±to ukkaºµhit±, s± atthato domanassacittupp±do yev±ti ±ha “paµighasampayutt±”ti. D²gharatta½ jh±naratiy± ramam±nassa vuttappak±ra½ anabhiratinimitta½ uppann± “maman”ti ca “ahan”ti ca gahaºassa k±raºabh³t± taºh±diµµhiyo idha paritassan±. T± pana cittassa purim±vatth±ya calana½ kampananti ±ha “ubbijjan± phandan±”ti. Tenev±ha “taºh±tassan±pi diµµhitassan±pi vaµµat²”ti. Ya½ pana atthuddh±re “aho vata aññepi satt± itthatta½ ±gaccheyyunti aya½ taºh±tassan± n±m±”ti vutta½, ta½ diµµhitassan±ya visu½ ud±haraºa½ dassentena taºh±tassana½yeva tato niddh±retv± vutta½, na pana tattha diµµhitassan±ya abh±vatoti daµµhabba½. T±satassan± cittutr±so. Bhay±nakanti bherav±rammaºanimitta½ balavabhaya½. Tena sar²rassa thaddhabh±vo chambhitatta½ bhaya½ sa½veganti ettha bhayanti bhaªg±nupassan±ya ciººante sabbasaªkh±rato bh±yanavasena uppanna½ bhayañ±ºa½. Sa½veganti sahottappañ±ºa½, ottappameva v±. Sant±santi ±d²navanibbid±nupassan±hi saªkh±rehi santassanañ±ºa½. Saha by±yati pavattati, dosa½ v± ch±det²ti sahabyo, sah±yo, tassa bh±va½ sahabyata½.
42. Abhibhavitv± µhito ime satteti adhipp±yo. Yasm± pana so p±sa½sabh±vena uttamabh±vena ca “te satte abhibhavitv± µhito”ti att±na½ maññati, tasm± vutta½ “jeµµhakohamasm²”ti. Aññadatthu dasoti dassane antar±y±bh±vavacanena, ñeyyavisesaparigg±hikabh±vena ca an±varaºadass±vita½ paµij±n±t²ti ±ha “sabba½ pass±m²ti attho”ti. Bh³tabhaby±nanti ahesunti bh³t±, bhavanti bhavissant²ti bhaby±, aµµhakath±ya½ pana vattam±nak±lavaseneva bhabya-saddassa attho dassito. Paµhamacittakkhaºeti paµisandhicittakkhaºe. Kiñc±pi so brahm± anavaµµhitadassanatt± puthujjanassa purimataraj±tiparicitampi kammassakataññ±ºa½ vissajjetv± vikubbaniddhivasena cittuppattimattapaµibaddhena sattanimm±nena vipallaµµho “aha½ issaro katt± nimm±t±”ti-±din± issarakuttadassana½ pakkhandam±no abhinivisanavaseneva patiµµhito, na patiµµh±panavasena “tassa eva½ hot²”ti vuttatt±, patiµµh±panakkameneva pana tassa so abhiniveso j±toti dassanattha½ “k±raºato s±dhetuk±mo”ti, “paµiñña½ katv±”ti ca vutta½. Ten±ha bhagav± “ta½ kissa het³”ti-±di. Tattha manopaºidh²ti manas± eva patthan±, tath± cittappavattimattamev±ti attho, itthabh±vanti idappak±rata½. Yasm± pana itthanti brahmattabh±vo idh±dhippeto, tasm± “brahmabh±vanti attho”ti vutta½. Nanu ca dev±na½ upapattisamanantara½ “imiss± n±ma gatiy± cavitv± imin± n±ma kammun± idh³papann±”ti paccavekkhaº± hot²ti? Sacca½ hoti, s± pana purimaj±t²su kammassakataññ±ºe sammadeva niviµµhajjh±say±na½. Ime pana satt± purim±supi j±t²su issarakuttadassanavasena vinibandh±bhinives± ahesunti daµµhabba½. Tena vutta½ “imin± mayan”ti-±di.
43. ¿sat²ti ²so, abhibh³ti attho. Mah± ²so maheso, suppatiµµhamahesat±ya pana parehi “maheso”ti akkh±tabbat±ya mahesakkho, atisayena mahesakkho mahesakkhataroti vacanattho daµµhabbo. Yasm± pana so mahesakkhabh±vo ±dhipateyyapariv±rasampattiy± viññ±yati, tasm± “issariyapariv±ravasena mah±yasataro”ti vutta½.
44. Idheva ±gacchat²ti imasmi½ manussaloke eva paµisandhivasena ±gacchati. Ya½ aññataro sattoti ettha yanti nip±tamatta½, karaºe v± paccattaniddeso, yena µh±nen±ti attho, kiriy±par±masana½ v±. Itthatta½ ±gacchat²ti ettha yadeta½ itthattassa ±gamana½, eta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti attho. Esa nayo “pabbajati, cetosam±dhi½ phusati, pubbeniv±sa½ anussarat²”ti etesupi padesu. “Ýh±na½ kho paneta½ bhikkhave vijjati, ya½ aññataro satto”ti imañhi pada½ “pabbajat²”ti-±d²hi padehi pacceka½ yojetabbanti.
45. Khi¹¹±ya padussant²ti khi¹¹±padosino, khi¹¹±padosino eva khi¹¹±padosik±, khi¹¹±padoso v± etesa½ atth²ti khi¹¹±padosik±. Atikkantavela½ ativela½, ±h±r³pabhogak±la½ atikkamitv±ti attho. Methunasampayogena uppajjanakasukha½ ke¼ihassasukha½ ratidhammo ratisabh±vo. ¾h±ranti ettha ko dev±na½ ±h±ro, k± ±h±ravel±ti? Sabbesampi k±m±vacaradev±na½ sudh± ±h±ro, s± heµµhimehi uparim±na½ paº²tatam± hoti, ta½ yath±saka½ divasavasena divase divase bhuñjanti. Keci pana “bi¼±rapadappam±ºa½ sudh±h±ra½ bhuñjanti, so jivh±ya µhapitamatto y±va kesagganakhagg± k±ya½ pharati, tesa½yeva divasavasena sattadivase y±panasamattho ca hot²”ti vadanti. “Nirantara½ kh±dant± pivant±”ti ida½ parikappanavasena vutta½. Kammajatejassa balavabh±vo u¼±rapuññanibbattatt±, u¼±ragarusiniddhasudh±h±raj²raºato ca. Karajak±yassa mandabh±vo mudusukhum±labh±vato. Teneva hi bhagav± indas±laguh±ya½ pakatipathaviya½ saºµh±tu½ asakkonta½ sakka½ devar±j±na½ “o¼±rika½ k±ya½ adhiµµheh²”ti ±ha. Tesanti manuss±na½. Vatthunti karajak±ya½. Kec²ti abhayagiriv±sino.
47. Manen±ti iss±pakatatt± paduµµhena manas±. Us³y±vasena manasova padoso manopadoso, so etesa½ atthi vin±sahetubh³toti manopadosik±ti eva½ v± ettha attho daµµhabbo. Akuddho rakkhat²ti kuddhassa so kodho itarasmi½ akujjhante anup±d±no ekav±rameva uppattiy± an±sevano c±vetu½ na sakkoti udakanta½ patv± aggi viya nibb±yati, tasm± akuddho ta½ cavanato rakkhati, ubhosu pana kuddhesu bhiyyo bhiyyo aññamaññamhi pariva¹¹hanavasena tikhiºasamud±c±ro nissayadahanaraso kodho uppajjam±no hadayavatthu½ nidahanto accantasukhum±lakarajak±ya½ vin±seti, tato sakalopi attabh±vo antaradh±yati. Ten±ha “ubhosu pan±”ti-±di Tath± c±ha bhagav± “aññamañña½ paduµµhacitt± kilantak±y±…pe… cavant²”ti. Dhammat±ti dhammaniy±mo. So ca tesa½ karajak±yassa mandat±ya, tath±-uppajjanakakodhassa ca balavat±ya µh±naso cavana½, tesa½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ sabh±voti adhipp±yo.
49. Cakkh±d²na½ bheda½ passat²ti virodhipaccayasannip±te vik±r±pattidassanato, ante ca adassan³pagamanato vin±sa½ passati o¼±rikatt± r³padhammabhedassa. Paccaya½ datv±ti anantarapaccay±divasena paccayo hutv±. “Balavataran”ti cittassa lahutara½ bheda½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tath± hi ekasmi½ r³pe dharanteyeva so¼asa citt±ni bhijjanti. Bheda½ na passat²ti khaºe khaºe bhijjantampi citta½ parassa anantarapaccayabh±veneva bhijjat²ti purimacittassa abh±va½ paµicch±detv± viya pacchimacittassa uppattito bh±vapakkho balavataro p±kaµo ca hoti, na abh±vapakkhoti cittassa vin±sa½ na passati, ayañca attho al±tacakkadassanena sup±kaµo viññ±yati. Yasm± pana takk²v±d² n±nattanayassa d³ratarat±ya ekattanayassapi micch±gahitatt± “yadevida½ viññ±ºa½ sabbad±pi ekar³pena pavattati, ayameva att± nicco”ti-±din± abhinivesa½ janeti, tasm± vutta½ “so ta½ apassanto”ti-±di.