Pubbantakappikasassatav±davaººan±

28. Bhikkhusaªghena vuttavaººo n±ma “y±vañcida½ tena bhagavat±”ti-±din± vuttavaººo. Etth±ya½ sambandho– na bhikkhave ettak± eva buddhaguº±, ye tumh±ka½ p±kaµ±, ap±kaµ± pana “atthi bhikkhave aññe dhamm±”ti vitth±ro. Tattha “ime diµµhiµµh±n± eva½ gahit±”ti-±din± sassat±didiµµhiµµh±n±na½ yath±gahit±k±rasuññatabh±vappak±sanato, “tañca paj±nana½ na par±masat²”ti s²l±d²nañca apar±m±saniyy±nikabh±vad²panena niccas±r±divirahappak±sanato, y±su vedan±su av²tar±gat±ya b±hirak±na½ et±ni diµµhivipphandit±ni sambhavanti, tesa½ paccayabh³t±nañca sammoh±d²na½ vedakak±rakasabh±v±bh±vadassanamukhena sabbadhamm±na½ attattaniyat±virahad²panato, anup±d±parinibb±nad²panato ca aya½ desan± suññat±vibh±vanappadh±n±ti ±ha “suññat±pak±sana½ ±rabh²”ti. Pariyatt²ti vinay±dibhedabhinn± tanti. Desan±ti tass± tantiy± manas±vavatth±pit±ya vibh±van±, yath±dhamma½ dhamm±bhil±pabh³t± v± paññ±pan±, anulom±divasena v± kathananti pariyattidesan±na½ viseso pubbeyeva vavatth±pitoti ±ha “desan±ya½ pariyattiyan”ti. Eva½ ±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena saccasabh±vasam±dhipaññ±pakatipuñña-±pattiñeyy±dayo saªgayhanti. Tath± hi aya½ dhamma-saddo “catunna½ bhikkhave dhamm±na½ ananubodh±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.186; a. ni. 4.1) sacce vattati, “kusal± dhamm± akusal± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1) sabh±ve, “eva½dhamm± te bhagavanto ahesun”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.378) sam±dhimhi, “sacca½ dhammo dhiti c±go, sa ve pecca na socat²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 190) paññ±ya, “j±tidhamm±na½ bhikkhave satt±na½ eva½ icch± uppajjat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.373; paµi. ma. 1.33) pakatiya½, “dhammo suciººo sukham±vah±t²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 184; therag±. 303; j±. 1.10.102) puññe, “catt±ro p±r±jik± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 233) ±pattiya½, “sabbe dhamm± sabb±k±rena buddhassa bhagavato ñ±ºamukhe ±p±tha½ ±gacchant²”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.6) ñeyye vattati (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.suttanikkhepavaººan±; abhi. aµµha. 1.tikam±tik±padavaººan±; bu. va½. aµµha. ratanacaªkamanakaº¹avaººan±). Dhamm± hont²ti suññ± dhammamatt± hont²ti attho.
“Duddas±”ti eteneva tesa½ dhamm±na½ dukkhog±hat± pak±sit± hoti. Sace pana koci attano pam±ºa½ aj±nanto ñ±ºena te dhamme og±hitu½ uss±ha½ kareyya, tassa ta½ ñ±ºa½ appatiµµhameva makasatuº¹as³ci viya mah±samuddeti ±ha “alabbhaneyyapatiµµh±”ti. Alabbhaneyy± patiµµh± etth±ti alabbhaneyyapatiµµh±ti padaviggaho veditabbo. Alabbhaneyyapatiµµh±na½ og±hitu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya “ettak± ete ²dis± c±”ti passitu½ na sakk±ti vutta½ “gambh²ratt± eva duddas±”ti. Ye pana daµµhumeva na sakk±, tesa½ og±hitv± anubujjhane kath± eva natth²ti ±ha “duddasatt± eva duranubodh±”ti. Sabbapari¼±hapaµippassaddhimatthake samuppannatt±, nibbutasabbapari¼±hasam±pattisamokiººatt± ca nibbutasabbapari¼±h±. Sant±rammaº±ni maggaphalanibb±n±ni anupasantasabh±v±na½ kiles±na½ saªkh±r±nañca abh±vato. Atha v± sam³hatavikkhepat±ya niccasam±hitassa manasik±rassa vasena tad±rammaºadhamm±na½ santabh±vo veditabbo kasiºuggh±µim±k±satabbisayaviññ±º±na½ anantabh±vo viya. Avirajjhitv± nimittapaµivedho viya iss±s±na½ avirajjhitv± dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±vabodho s±duraso mah±raso ca hot²ti ±ha atittikaraºaµµhen±ti. Paµivedhappatt±na½, tesu ca buddh±na½yeva sabb±k±rena visayabh±v³pagamanato na takkabuddhiy± gocar±ti ±ha “uttamañ±ºavisayatt±”ti-±di. “Nipuº±”ti ñeyyesu tikkhavisadavuttiy± chek±. Yasm± pana so chekabh±vo ±rammaºe appaµihatavuttit±ya sukhumañeyyagahaºasamatthat±ya sup±kaµo hoti, tena vutta½ “saºhasukhumasabh±vatt±”ti.
Aparo nayo vinayapaººatti-±digambh²raneyyavibh±vanato gambh²r±. Kad±ci asaªkhyeyyamah±kappe atikkamitv±pi dullabhadassanat±ya duddas±. Dassanañcettha paññ±cakkhuvaseneva veditabba½. Dhammanvayasaªkh±tassa anubodhassa kassacideva sambhavato duranubodh± Santasabh±vato, veneyy±nañca guºasampad±na½ pariyos±natt± sant±. Attano ca paccayehi padh±nabh±va½ n²tat±ya paº²t±. Samadhigatasaccalakkhaºat±ya atakkehi, atakkena v± ñ±ºena avacaritabbat±ya atakk±vacar±. Nipuºa½, nipuºe v± atthe saccappaccay±k±r±divasena vibh±vanato nipuº±. Loke aggapaº¹itena samm±sambuddhena ved²yanti pak±s²yant²ti paº¹itavedan²y±. An±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhato hi bhagav± “sabbavid³ ha½ asmi, (dha. pa. 353; mah±va. 11; kath±. 405) dasabalasamann±gato bhikkhave tath±gato”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.21) attano sabbaññut±diguºe pak±seti. Tenev±ha “saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedet²”ti.
Tattha kiñc±pi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ phalanibb±n±ni viya sacchik±tabbasabh±va½ na hoti, ±savakkhayañ±ºe pana adhigate adhigatameva hot²ti tassa paccakkhakaraºa½ sacchikiriy±ti ±ha “abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºena paccakkha½ katv±”ti. Abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºen±ti ca hetu-atthe karaºavacana½, abhivisiµµhañ±º±dhigamahet³ti attho. Abhivisiµµhañ±ºanti v± paccavekkhaºañ±ºe adhippete karaºavacanampi yujjatiyeva. Pavedanañcettha aññ±visay±na½ sacc±d²na½ desan±kiccas±dhanato, “ekomhi samm±sambuddho”ti-±din± (mah±va. 11; kath±. 405) paµij±nanato ca veditabba½. Vadam±n±ti ettha satti-attho m±na-saddo, vattu½ uss±ha½ karontoti attho. Eva½bh³t± ca vattuk±m± n±ma hont²ti ±ha “vaººa½ vattuk±m±”ti. S±vasesa½ vadantopi vipar²ta½ vadanto viya “samm± vadat²”ti na vattabboti ±ha “ah±petv±”ti, tena anavasesattho idha samm±-saddoti dasseti. “Vattu½ sakkuºeyyun”ti imin± “vadeyyun”ti sakatthad²panabh±vam±ha. Ettha ca kiñc±pi bhagavato dasabal±diñ±º±nipi anaññas±dh±raº±ni, sappadesavisayatt± pana tesa½ ñ±º±na½ na tehi buddhaguº± ah±petv± gahit± n±ma honti, nippadesavisayatt± pana sabbaññutaññ±ºassa tasmi½ gahite sabbepi buddhaguº± gahit± eva n±ma hont²ti imamattha½ dasseti “yehi…pe… vadeyyun”ti. Puth³ni ±rammaº±ni etass±ti puthu-±rammaºa½, sabb±rammaºatt±ti adhipp±yo. Atha v± puthu-±rammaº±rammaºatoti etasmi½ atthe “puthu-±rammaºato”ti vutta½, ekassa ±rammaºa-saddassa lopa½ katv± “oµµhamukho k±m±vacaran”ti ±d²su viya, tenassa puthuñ±ºakiccas±dhakata½ dasseti. Tath± heta½ t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±ºa½, catuyoniparicchedakañ±ºa½, pañcagatiparicchedakañ±ºa½, chasu as±dh±raºañ±ºesu ses±s±dh±raºañ±º±ni, satta-ariyapuggalavibh±vakañ±ºa½, aµµhasupi paris±su akampanañ±ºa½, navasatt±v±saparij±nanañ±ºa½, dasabalañ±ºanti evam±d²na½ anekasatasahassabhed±na½ ñ±º±na½ yath±sambhava½ kicca½ s±dhet²ti. “Punappuna½ uppattivasen±”ti etena sabbaññutaññ±ºassa kamavuttita½ dasseti. Kamen±pi hi ta½ visayesu pavattati, na saki½yeva yath± b±hirak± vadanti “saki½yeva sabbaññ³ sabba½ j±n±ti, na kamen±”ti.
Yadi eva½ acinteyy±parimeyyabhedassa ñeyyassa paricchedavat± ekena ñ±ºena niravasesato katha½ paµivedhoti, ko v± evam±ha “paricchedavanta½ buddhañ±ºan”ti. Anantañhi ta½ ñ±ºa½ ñeyya½ viya. Vuttañheta½ “y±vataka½ ñeyya½ t±vataka½ ñ±ºa½. Y±vataka½ ñ±ºa½, t±vataka½ ñeyyan”ti (mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5). Evampi j±tibh³misabh±v±divasena dis±desak±l±divasena ca anekabhedabhinne ñeyye kamena gayham±ne anavasesapaµivedho na sambhavati yev±ti, nayidameva½. Kasm±? Ya½ kiñci bhagavat± ñ±tu½ icchita½ sakala½ ekadeso v±. Tattha appaµihatac±rat±ya paccakkhato ñ±ºa½ pavattati, vikkhep±bh±vato ca bhagav± sabbak±la½ sam±hitova ñ±tu½, icchitassa paccakkhabh±vo na sakk± niv±retu½ “±kaªkh±paµibaddha½ buddhassa bhagavato ñ±ºan”ti-±di (mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) vacanato, na cettha d³rato cittapaµa½ passant±na½ viya, “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti vipassant±na½ viya ca anekadhamm±vabodhak±le anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti gahetabba½ acinteyy±nubh±vat±ya buddhañ±ºassa. Tenev±ha “buddhavisayo acinteyyo”ti (a. ni. 4.77). Ida½ panettha sanniµµh±na½sabb±k±rena sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthassa ±kaªkh±paµibaddhavuttino an±varaºañ±ºassa paµil±bhena bhagav± sant±nena sabbadhammapaµivedhasamattho ahosi sabbaneyy±varaºassa pah±nato, tasm± sabbaññ³, na saki½yeva sabbadhamm±vabodhato yath± sant±nena sabba-indhanassa dahanasamatthat±ya p±vako “sabbabh³”ti vuccat²ti.
Vavatth±panavacananti sanniµµh±panavacana½, avadh±raºavacananti attho. Aññe v±ti ettha avadh±raºena nivattita½ dasseti “na p±º±tip±t± veramaºi-±dayo”ti, ayañca eva-saddo aniyatadesat±ya ca-saddo viya yattha vutto, tato aññatth±pi vacanicch±vasena upatiµµhat²ti ±ha “gambh²r± v±”ti-±di. Sabbapadeh²ti y±va “paº¹itavedan²y±”ti ida½ pada½, t±va sabbapadehi. S±vakap±ramiñ±ºanti s±vak±na½ d±n±dip±rip³riy± nipphanna½ vijjattayacha¼abhiññ±catuppaµisambhid±dibheda½ ñ±ºa½. Tatoti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºato. Tatth±ti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe. Tatop²ti anantaraniddiµµhato paccekabuddhañ±ºatopi, ko pana v±do s±vakap±ramiñ±ºatoti adhipp±yo. Etth±ya½ atthayojan±– kiñc±pi s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ heµµhimasekkhañ±ºa½ puthujjanañ±ºañca up±d±ya gambh²ra½, paccekabuddhañ±ºa½ up±d±ya na tath± gambh²ranti “gambh²ramev±”ti na sakk± vattu½. Tath± paccekabuddhañ±ºampi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ up±d±y±ti tattha vavatth±na½ na labbhati, sabbaññutaññ±ºadhamm± pana s±vakap±ramiñ±º±d²na½ viya kiñci up±d±ya agambh²rabh±v±bh±vato gambh²r± v±ti. Yath± cettha vavatth±na½ dassita½, eva½ s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ duddasa½, paccekabuddhañ±ºa½ pana tato duddasataranti tattha vavatth±na½ natth²ti-±din± vavatth±nasabbh±vo netabbo. Tenev±ha “tath± duddas±va…pe… veditabban”ti.
Kasm± paneta½ eva½ ±raddha½ti etth±ya½ adhipp±yo– bhavatu t±va niravasesabuddhaguºavibh±van³p±yabh±vato sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ ekampi puthunissay±rammaºañ±kiccasiddhiy± “atthi bhikkhave aññeva dhamm±”ti-±din± bahuvacanena uddiµµha½, tassa pana vissajjana½ saccapaccay±k±r±divisesavasena anaññas±dh±raºena vibhajananayena an±rabhitv± sanissay±na½ diµµh²na½ vibhajanavasena kasm± ±raddhanti. Tattha yath± saccapaccay±k±r±d²na½ vibhajana½ anaññas±dh±raºa½, sabbaññutaññ±ºasseva visayo, eva½ niravasesena diµµhigatavibhajanamp²ti dassetu½ “buddh±nañh²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha µh±n±n²ti k±raº±ni. Gajjita½ mahanta½ hot²ti desetabbassa atthassa anekavidhat±ya, duviññeyyat±ya ca n±n±nayehi pavattam±na½ desan±gajjita½ mahanta½ vipula½, bahubhedañca hoti. ѱºa½ anupavisat²ti tato eva ca desan±ñ±ºa½ desetabbadhamme vibh±gaso kurum±na½ anupavisati, te anupavissa µhita½ viya hot²ti attho.