Jinassa r³p±yatan±digocare.
Vicittabheda½ tathameva dassana½,
Tath±gato tena samantalocano.
Yato ca dhamma½ tathameva bh±sati,
karoti v±c±yanuloma mattano;
guºehi loka½ abhibhuyya iriyati,
tath±gato tenapi lokan±yako.
Yath±bhin²h±ramato yath±ruci,
pavattav±c±tanucittabh±vato;
yath±vidh± yena pur± mahesino,
tath±vidho tena jino tath±gato”ti. (Itivu. aµµha. 38).

Saªgahag±th± mukhamattameva. Kasm±? Appam±dapada½ viya sakaladhammapaµipattiy± sabbabuddhaguº±na½ saªg±hakatt±. Tenev±ha “sabb±k±ren±”ti-±di.

“Ta½ katamanti pucchat²”ti etena “katamañca ta½ bhikkhave”ti-±divacanassa s±maññato pucch±bh±vo dassito avisesato hi tassa pucch±visesabh±vañ±panattha½ mah±niddese ±gat± sabb±va pucch± atthuddh±ranayena dasseti “tattha pucch± n±m±”ti-±din±. Tattha tatth±ti “ta½ katamanti pucchat²”ti ettha yadeta½ s±maññato pucch±vacana½, tasmi½.
Lakkhaºanti ñ±tu½ icchito yo koci sabh±vo. “Aññ±tan”ti yena kenaci ñ±ºena aññ±tabh±vam±ha, “adiµµhan”ti dassanabh³tena ñ±ºena paccakkha½ viya adiµµhata½. “Atulitan”ti “ettakametan”ti tulanabh³tena at³litata½, “at²ritan”ti t²raºabh³tena akatañ±ºakiriy±sam±panata½, “avibh³tan”ti ñ±ºassa ap±kaµabh±va½, “avibh±vitan”ti ñ±ºena ap±kaµ²katabh±va½. Adiµµha½ jot²yati et±y±ti adiµµhajotan±. Diµµha½ sa½sand²yati et±y±ti diµµhasa½sandan±, s±kacch±vasena vinicchayakaraºa½. Vimati chijjati et±y±ti vimaticchedan±. Anumatiy± pucch± anumatipucch±. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha bhikkhave”ti-±di pucch±ya hi “k± tumh±ka½ anumat²”ti anumati pucchit± hoti. Kathetukamyat±ti kathetukamyat±ya.
8. Saraseneva patanasabh±vassa antar± eva at²va p±tana½ atip±to, saºika½ patitu½ adatv± s²gha½ p±tananti attho. Atikkamma v± satth±d²hi abhibhavitv± p±tana½ atip±to. Sattoti khandhasant±no. Tattha hi sattapaññatti. J²vitindriyanti r³p±r³paj²vitindriya½. R³paj²vitindriye hi vikopite itarampi ta½sambandhat±ya vinassati. Kasm± panettha “p±ºassa atip±to, p±ºoti cettha voh±rato satto”ti ca ekavacananiddeso kato, nanu niravases±na½ p±º±na½ atip±tato virati idha adhippet±. Tath± hi vakkhati “sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp²ti sabbe p±ºabh³te”ti-±din± (d². ni. aµµha. 1.c³¼as²lavaººan±) bahuvacananiddesanti? Saccameta½, p±ºabh±vas±maññavasena panettha ekavacananiddeso kato, sabbasaddasannidh±nena tattha puthutta½ viññ±yam±namev±ti s±maññaniddesa½ akatv± bhedavacanicch±vasena bahuvacananiddeso katoti Kiñca bhiyyos±maññato sa½varasam±d±na½, tabbisesato sa½varabhedoti imassa visesassa ñ±panattha½ aya½ vacanabhedo katoti veditabbo. Y±ya cetan±ya vattam±nassa j²vitindriyassa nissayabh³tesu mah±bh³tesu upakkamakaraºahetu ta½ mah±bh³tappaccay± uppajjanakamah±bh³t± nuppajjissanti, s± t±disappayogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± p±º±tip±to. Laddhupakkam±ni hi bh³t±ni itarabh³t±ni viya na visad±n²ti sam±naj±tiy±na½ k±raºa½ na hont²ti. “K±yavac²dv±r±nan”ti etena manodv±re pavatt±ya vadhakacetan±ya p±º±tip±tabh±va½ paµikkhipati.
Payogavatthumahantat±d²hi mah±s±vajjat± tehi paccayehi uppajjam±n±ya cetan±ya balavabh±vato veditabb±. Yath±dhippetassa hi payogassa sahas± nipph±danavasena kiccas±dhik±ya bahukkhattu½ pavattajavanehi laddh±sevan±ya ca sanniµµh±pakacetan±ya vasena payogassa mahantabh±vo. Satipi kad±ci khuddake ceva mahante ca p±ºe payogassa samabh±ve mahanta½ hanantassa cetan± tibbatar± uppajjat²ti vatthussa mahantabh±vo. Iti ubhaya½ peta½ cetan±ya balavabh±veneva hoti. Tath± hi hantabbassa mah±guºabh±vena tattha pavatta-upak±racetan± viya khettavisesanibbattiy± apak±racetan±pi balavat², tibbatar± ca uppajjat²ti tass± mah±s±vajjat± daµµhabb±. Tasm± payogavatthu-±dipaccay±na½ amahattepi mah±guºat±dipaccayehi cetan±ya balavabh±v±divaseneva mah±s±vajjabh±vo veditabbo.
Sambhar²yanti eteh²ti sambh±r±, aªg±ni. Tesu p±ºasaññit±vadhakacitt±ni pubbabh±giy±nipi honti. Upakkamo vadhakacetan±samuµµh±pito. Pañcasambh±ravat² p±º±tip±tacetan±ti s± pañcasambh±ravinimutt± daµµhabb±. Vijj±mayo mantaparijappanapayogo ±thabbaºik±d²na½ viya. Iddhimayo kammavip±kajiddhimayo d±µh±koµak±d²na½ viya. Ativiya papañcoti atimah±vitth±ro.
Etth±ha– khaºe khaºe nirujjhanasabh±vesu saªkh±resu ko hanti, ko v± haññati, yadi cittacetasikasant±no, so ar³pat±ya na chedanabhedan±divasena vikopanasamattho, n±pi vikopan²yo, atha r³pasant±no, so acetanat±ya kaµµhakaliªgar³pamoti na tattha chedan±din± p±º±tip±to labbhati yath± matasar²re, payogopi p±º±tip±tassa paharaºappak±r±di at²tesu v± saªkh±resu bhaveyya an±gatesu v± paccuppannesu v±, tattha na t±va at²t±n±gatesu sambhavati tesa½ abh±vato, paccuppannesu ca saªkh±r±na½ khaºikatt± saraseneva nirujjhanasabh±vat±ya vin±s±bhimukhesu nippayojano payogo siy±, vin±sassa ca k±raºarahitatt± na paharaºappak±r±dipayogahetuka½ maraºa½, nir²hakat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½ kassa so payogo, khaºikatt± vadh±dhipp±yasamak±labhijjanakassa kiriy±pariyos±nak±l±navaµµh±nato kassa v± p±º±tip±takammabaddhoti.
Vuccate– yath±vuttavadhakacetan±sahito saªkh±r±na½ puñjo sattasaªkh±to hant±, tena pavattitavadhakapayoganimitta½ apagatusm±viññ±ºaj²vitindriyo matavoh±rappavattinibandho yath±vuttavadhappayog±karaºe uppajjan±raho r³p±r³padhammasam³ho haññati, kevalo v± cittacetasikasant±no. Vadhappayog±visayabh±vepi tassa pañcavok±rabhave r³pasant±n±dh²navuttit±ya r³pasant±ne parena payojitaj²vitindriyupacchedakapayogavasena tannibbattivibandhakavisadisar³puppattiy± vihate vicchedo hot²ti na p±º±tip±tassa asambhavo, n±pi ahetuko p±º±tip±to, na ca payogo nippayojano paccuppannesu saªkh±resu katapayogavasena tadanantara½ uppajjan±rahassa saªkh±rakal±passa tath± anuppattito, khaºik±na½ saªkh±r±na½ khaºikamaraºassa idha maraºabh±vena anadhippetatt±, santatimaraºassa ca yath±vuttanayena sahetukabh±vato na ahetuka½ maraºa½, na ca katturahito p±º±tip±tappayogo nir²hakesupi saªkh±resu sannihitat±mattena upak±rakesu attano anur³paphalupp±dananiyatesu k±raºesu kattuvoh±rasiddhito yath± “pad²po pak±seti nis±karo candim±”ti ca, na ca kevalassa vadh±dhipp±yasahabhuno cittacetasikakal±passa p±º±tip±to icchito sant±navasena avaµµhitasseva paµij±nanato, sant±navasena pavattam±n±nañca pad²p±d²na½ atthakiriy±siddhi dissat²ti attheva p±º±tip±tena kammabaddho. Ayañca vic±ro adinn±d±n±d²supi yath±sambhava½ vibh±vetabbo.
“Pah²nak±lato paµµh±ya viratov±”ti etena pah±nahetuk± idh±dhippet± samucchedavirat²ti dasseti. Kammakkhayañ±ºena hi p±º±tip±taduss²lyassa pah²natt± bhagav± accantameva tato paµiviratoti vuccati samucchedavasena pah±navirat²na½ adhippetatt±. Kiñc±pi pah±naviramaº±na½ purimapacchimak±lat± natthi, maggadhamm±na½ pana samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ samm±v±c±d²nañca paccayapaccayuppannabh±ve apekkhite sahaj±t±nampi paccayapaccayuppannabh±vena gahaºa½ purimapacchimabh±veneva hot²ti gahaºappavatti-±k±ravasena paccayabh³tesu samm±diµµhi-±d²su pah±yakadhammesu pah±nakiriy±ya purimak±lavoh±ro, paccayuppann±su ca virat²su viramaºakiriy±ya aparak±lavoh±ro ca hot²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Pah±na½ v± samucchedavasena, virati paµippassaddhivasena yojetabb±. Atha v± p±ºo atip±t²yati eten±ti p±º±tip±to, p±ºagh±tahetubh³to dhammasam³ho. Ko paneso? Ahirik±nottappadosamohavihi½s±dayo kiles±. Te hi bhagav± ariyamaggena pah±ya samuggh±µetv± p±º±tip±taduss²lyato accantameva paµiviratoti vuccati kilesesu pah²nesu kilesanimittassa kammassa anuppajjanato. “Adinn±d±na½ pah±y±”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Viratov±ti avadh±raºena tass± viratiy± k±l±divasena apariyantata½ dasseti. Yath± hi aññe sam±dinnaviratik±pi anavaµµhitacittat±ya l±bhaj²vit±dihetu sam±d±na½ bhindanti, na eva½ bhagav±. Bhagav± pana sabbaso pah²nap±º±tip±tatt± accantavirato ev±ti. V²tikkamiss±m²ti anavajjadhammehi vokiºº± antarantar± uppajjanak± dubbal±kusal±. Yasm± pana k±yavac²payoga½ upalabhitv± “imassa kiles± uppann±”ti viññun± sakk± ñ±tu½, tasm± te imin± pariy±yena “cakkhusotaviññeyy±”ti vutt±ti daµµhabb±. K±yik±ti p±º±tip±t±dinipph±dake balav±kusale sandh±y±ha.
Gottavasena laddhavoh±roti sambandho. D²petu½ vaµµati brahmadattena bh±sitavaººassa anusandhidassanavasena imiss± desan±ya ±raddhatt±. Tatth±ya½ d²pan±– “p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato samaºassa gotamassa s±vakasaªgho nihitadaº¹o nihitasattho”ti vitth±retabba½. Nanu ca dhammass±pi vaººo brahmadattena bh±sito? Sacca½ bh±sito, so pana samm±sambuddhapabhavatt±, ariyasaªgh±dh±ratt± ca dhammassa dhamm±nubh±vasiddhatt± ca tesa½ tadubhayad²paneneva d²pito hot²ti visu½ na uddhaµo. Saddhamm±nubh±veneva hi bhagav± bhikkhusaªgho ca p±º±tip±t±dippah±nasamattho ahosi, desan± pana ±dito paµµh±ya eva½ ±gat±ti.
Etth±ya½ adhipp±yo– “atthi bhikkhave aññe ca dhamm±”ti-±din± anaññas±dh±raºe buddhaguºe ±rabbha upari desana½ va¹¹hetuk±mo bhagav± ±dito paµµh±ya “tath±gatassa vaººa½ vadam±no vadeyy±”ti-±din± buddhaguºavaseneva desana½ ±rabhi, na bhikkhusaªghavasen±ti. Es± hi bhagavato desan±ya pakati, ya½ ekaraseneva desana½ dassetu½ labbham±nass±pi kassaci aggahaºa½. Tath± hi r³pakaº¹e duk±d²su tanniddesesu ca hadayavatthu na gahita½. Itaravatth³hi asam±nagatikatt± desan±bhedo hot²ti. Yath± hi cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni ekantato cakkh±dinissay±ni, na eva½ manoviññ±ºa½ ekantena hadayavatthunissaya½, nissitavasena ca vatthuduk±didesan± pavatt± “atthi r³pa½ cakkhuviññ±ºassa vatthu, atthi r³pa½ na cakkhuviññ±ºassa vatth³”ti-±din±. Yampi ekantato hadayavatthunissaya½, tassa vasena “atthi r³pa½ manoviññ±ºassa vatth³”ti-±din± duk±d²su vuccam±nesupi na tadanur³p± ±rammaºaduk±dayo sambhavanti. Na hi “atthi r³pa½ manoviññ±ºassa ±rammaºa½, atthi r³pa½ na manoviññ±ºassa ±rammaºan”ti sakk± vattunti vatth±rammaºaduk± bhinnagatik± siyunti na ekaras± desan± bhaveyy±ti. Tath± nikkhepakaº¹e cittupp±davibh±gena avuccam±natt± avitakka-avic±rapadavissajjane “vic±ro c±”ti vattu½ na sakk±ti avitakkavic±ramattapadavissajjane labbham±nopi vitakko na uddhaµo, aññath± “vitakko c±”ti vattabba½ siy±.