Abhinivesanti att±nudiµµhi½. Aniccadukkh±divasena sabbadhammat²raºa½ adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±. S±r±d±n±bhinivesanti as±re s±raggahaºavipall±sa½. “Issarakutt±divasena loko samuppanno”ti abhiniveso sammoh±bhiniveso. Keci pana “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nanti-±din± pavattasa½say±patti sammoh±bhiniveso”ti vadanti. Saªkh±resu leºat±ºabh±vaggahaºa½ ±lay±bhiniveso. “¾layarat± ±layasamudit±”ti vacanato ±layo taºh±, s±yeva cakkh±d²su r³p±d²su ca abhinivisanavasena pavattiy± ±lay±bhinivesoti keci. “Eva½vidh± saªkh±r± paµinissajj²yant²”ti pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±. Vaµµato vigatatt± vivaµµa½ nibb±na½, tattha ±rammaºakaraºasaªkh±tena anupassanena pavattiy± vivaµµ±nupassan± gotrabhu. Sa½yog±bhinivesanti sa½yujjanavasena saªkh±resu abhinivisana½. Diµµhekaµµheti diµµhiy± sahaj±tekaµµhe, pah±nekaµµhe ca. “O¼±rike”ti uparimaggavajjhe kilese apekkhitv± vutta½, aññath± dassanapah±tabb±pi dutiyamaggavajjhehi o¼±rik±ti. Aºusahagateti aºubh³te, ida½ heµµhimamaggavajjhe apekkhitv± vutta½. Sabbakileseti avasiµµhasabbakilese. Na hi paµham±dimaggehi pah²n± kiles± puna pah²yant²ti.
Kakkha¼atta½ kaµhinabh±vo. Paggharaºa½ dravabh±vo. Lokiyav±yun± bhastassa viya yena ta½ta½kal±passa uddhum±yana½, thambhabh±vo v±, ta½ vitthambhana½. Vijjam±nepi kal±pantarabh³t±na½ kal±pantarabh³tehi asamphuµµhabh±ve, ta½ta½bh³tavivittat± r³papariyanto ±k±soti yesa½ yo paricchedo, tehi so asamphuµµhova, aññath± bh³t±na½ paricchedasabh±vo na siy± by±p²bh±v±pattito Aby±pit± hi asamphuµµhat±ti. Yasmi½ kal±pe bh³t±na½ paricchedo, tehi asamphuµµhabh±vo asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½. Ten±ha bhagav± ±k±sadh±tuniddese “asamphuµµha½ cat³hi mah±bh³teh²”ti (dha. sa. 637).
Virodhipaccayasannip±te visadisuppatti ruppana½. Cetan±padh±natt± saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±na½ cetan±vaseneta½ vutta½ “saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºan”ti. Tath± hi suttantabh±jan²ye saªkh±rakkhandhavibhaªge “cakkhusamphassaj± cetan±”ti-±din± (vibha. 92) cetan±va vibhatt±, abhisaªkharaºalakkhaº± ca cetan±. Yath±ha “tattha katamo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro? Kusal± cetan± k±m±vacar±”ti-±di (vibha. 226). Pharaºa½ savipph±rikat±. Assaddhiyeti assaddhiyahetu, nimittatthe bhumma½. Esa nayo “kosajje”ti-±d²su. V³pasamalakkhaºanti k±yacittapari¼±h³pasamalakkhaºa½. L²nuddhaccarahite adhicitte pavattam±ne paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu aby±vaµat±ya ajjhupekkhana½ paµisaªkh±na½ pakkhap±tupacchedato.
Mus±v±d±d²na½ visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ paµipakkhabh±vato parigg±hik± samm±v±c± siniddhabh±vato sampayuttadhamme, samm±v±c±paccayasubh±sit±na½ sot±rañca puggala½ pariggaºh±t²ti s± pariggahalakkhaº± samm±v±c±. K±yikakiriy± kiñci kattabba½ samuµµh±peti. Sayañca samuµµhahana½ ghaµana½ hot²ti samm±kammantasaªkh±t± virati samuµµh±nalakkhaº± daµµhabb±, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± ukkhipana½ samuµµh±pana½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya. J²vam±nassa sattassa, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± j²vitindriyavuttiy±, ±j²vasseva v± suddhi vod±na½. Sasampayuttadhammassa cittassa sa½kilesapakkhe patitu½ adatv± sammadeva paggaºhana½ paggaho.
“Saªkh±r±”ti idha cetan± adhippet±ti vutta½ “saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºan”ti. Namana½ ±rammaº±bhimukhabh±vo. ¾yatana½pavattana½. ¾yatan±na½ vasena hi ±yasaªkh±t±na½ cittacetasik±na½ pavatti. Taºh±ya hetulakkhaºanti vaµµassa janakahetubh±vo, maggassa pana nibb±nasamp±pakattanti ayameva tesa½ viseso.
Tathalakkhaºa½ avipar²tasabh±vo. Ekaraso aññamaññ±nativattana½ an³n±dhikabh±vo. Yuganaddh± samathavipassan±va, “saddh±paññ± paggah±vikkhep±”tipi vadanti.
Khiºoti kileseti khayo, maggo. Anupp±dapariyos±nat±ya anupp±do, phala½. Passaddhi kilesav³pasamo.
Chandass±ti kattukamyat±chandassa. M³lalakkhaºa½ patiµµh±bh±vo. Samuµµh±panalakkhaºa½ ±rammaºapaµip±dakat±ya sampayuttadhamm±na½ uppattihetut±. Samodh±na½ visay±disannip±tena gahetabb±k±ro, y± “saªgat²”ti vuccati. Sama½ saha odahanti anena sampayuttadhamm±ti v± samodh±na½, phasso. Samosaranti sannipatanti etth±ti samosaraºa½. Vedan±ya vin± appavattam±n± sampayuttadhamm± vedan±nubhavananimitta½ samosaµ± viya hont²ti eva½ vutta½. Gop±nas²na½ k³µa½ viya sampayutt±na½ p±mokkhabh±vo pamukhalakkhaºa½. Tato, tesa½ v± sampayuttadhamm±na½ uttari padh±nanti taduttari. Paññuttar± hi kusal± dhamm±. Vimuttiy±ti phalassa. Tañhi s²l±diguºas±rassa paramukka½sabh±vena s±ra½. Ayañca lakkhaºavibh±go chadh±tupañcajh±naªg±divasena ta½ta½suttapad±nus±rena, por±ºaµµhakath±ya ±gatanayena ca katoti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi vuttopi koci dhammo pariy±yantarappak±sanattha½ puna dassito, tato eva ca “chandam³lak± kusal± dhamm± manasik±rasamuµµh±n±, phassasamodh±n±, vedan±samosaraº±”ti, “paññuttar± kusal± dhamm±”ti, “vimuttis±ramida½ brahmacariyan”ti, “nibb±nogadhañhi ±vuso brahmacariya½ nibb±napariyos±nan”ti ca suttapad±na½ vasena “chandassa m³lalakkhaºan”ti-±di vutta½.
Tathadhamm± n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±ni avipar²tasabh±vatt±. Tath±ni ta½sabh±vatt±. Avitath±ni amus±sabh±vatt±. Anaññath±ni aññ±k±rarahitatt±.
J±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµhoti j±tipaccay± sambh³ta½ hutv± sahitassa attano paccay±nur³passa uddha½ uddha½ ±gatabh±vo, anupavattatthoti attho. Atha v± sambh³taµµho ca samud±gataµµho ca sambh³tasamud±gataµµho, na j±tito jar±maraºa½ na hoti, na ca j±ti½ vin± aññato hot²ti j±tipaccayasambh³taµµho. Itthañca j±tito samud±gacchat²ti j±tipaccayasamud±gataµµho. Y± y± j±ti yath± yath± paccayo hoti, tadanur³pa½ p±tubh±voti attho. Avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµhoti etth±pi na avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo na hoti, na ca avijja½ vin± saªkh±r± uppajjanti. Y± y± avijj± yesa½ yesa½ saªkh±r±na½ yath± yath± paccayo hoti, aya½ avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµho, paccayabh±voti attho.
Bhagav± ta½ j±n±ti passat²ti sambandho. Ten±ti bhagavat±. Ta½ vibhajjam±nanti yojetabba½. Tanti r³p±yatana½. Iµµh±niµµh±d²ti ±di-saddena majjhatta½ saªgaºh±ti, tath± at²t±n±gatapaccuppannaparitta-ajjhattabahiddh±tadubhay±dibheda½. Labbham±nakapadavasen±ti “r³p±yatana½ diµµha½ sadd±yatana½ suta½ gandh±yatana½ ras±yatana½ phoµµhabb±yatana½ muta½, sabba½ r³pa½ manas± viññ±tan”ti (dha. sa. 966) vacanato diµµhapadañca viññ±tapadañca r³p±rammaºe labbhati. “R³p±rammaºa½ iµµha½ aniµµha½ majjhatta½ paritta½ at²ta½ an±gata½ paccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ bahiddh± diµµha½ viññ±ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½ r³padh±tu vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takan”ti evam±d²hi anekehi n±mehi. “Terasahi v±reh²”ti r³pakaº¹e (dha. sa. 614 ±dayo) ±gate terasa niddesav±re sandh±y±ha. Ekekasmiñca v±re catunna½ catunna½ vavatth±pananay±na½ vasena “dvipaññ±s±ya nayeh²”ti ±ha. Tathameva avipar²tadassit±ya, appaµivattiyadesanat±ya ca. J±n±mi abbhaññ±sinti vattam±n±t²tak±lesu ñ±ºappavattidassanena an±gatepi ñ±ºappavatti vutt±yev±ti daµµhabb±. Vidita-saddo an±maµµhak±laviseso veditabbo, “diµµha½ suta½ mutan”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 966) viya. Na upaµµh±s²ti attattaniyavasena na upagacchi. Yath± r³p±rammaº±dayo dhamm± ya½sabh±v± ya½pak±r± ca, tath± ne passati j±n±ti gacchat²ti tath±gatoti eva½ padasambhavo veditabbo. Keci pana “niruttinayena pisodar±dipakkhepena v± dass²-saddassa lopa½, ±gata-saddassa c±gama½ katv± tath±gato”ti vaººenti.
Niddosat±ya anupavajja½. Pakkhipitabb±bh±vena an³na½. Apanetabb±bh±vena anadhika½. Atthabyañjan±disampattiy± sabb±k±raparipuººa½. No aññath±ti “tathev±”ti vuttamevattha½ byatirekena samp±deti. Tena yadattha½ bh±sita½, ekantena tadatthanipph±danato yath± bh±sita½ bhagavat±, tathev±ti avipar²tadesanata½ dasseti. “Gadattho”ti etena tatha½ gadat²ti tath±gatoti da-k±rassa ta-k±ro kato niruttinayen±ti dasseti.
Tath± gatamass±ti tath±gato, gatanti ca k±yassa v±c±ya v± pavatt²ti attho. Tath±ti ca vutte ya½ta½-sadd±na½ abyabhic±risambandhit±ya “yath±”ti ayamattho upaµµhitoyeva hoti. K±yavac²kiriy±nañca aññamaññ±nulomena vacanicch±ya½, k±yassa v±c±, v±c±ya ca k±yo sambandh²bh±vena upatiµµhat²ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha “bhagavato h²”ti-±di. Imasmi½ pana atthe tath±v±dit±ya tath±gatoti ayampi attho siddho hoti. So pana pubbe pak±rantarena dassitoti ±ha “eva½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato”ti.
“Tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³s³”ti etena yadeke “tiriya½ viya upari adho ca santi lokadh±tuyo”ti vadanti, ta½ paµisedheti. Desan±vil±soyeva desan±vil±samayo yath± “puññamaya½, d±namayan”ti-±d²su.
Upasagganip±t±na½ v±cakasaddasannidh±ne tadatthajotanabh±vena pavattanato gata-saddoyeva avagatattha½ at²tatthañca vadat²ti ±ha “gatoti avagato at²to”ti. Atha v± abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya y±va sambodhi, etthantare mah±bodhiy±napaµipattiy± h±naµh±nasa½kilesanivatt²na½ abh±vato yath± paºidh±na½, tath± gato abhin²h±r±nur³pa½ paµipannoti tath±gato. Atha v± mahiddhikat±ya, paµisambhid±na½ ukka½s±dhigamena an±varaºat±ya ca katthaci paµigh±t±bh±vato yath± ruci, tath± k±yavac²citt±na½ gat±ni gaman±ni pavattiyo etass±ti tath±gato. Yasm± ca loke vidhayuttagatapak±ra-sadd± sam±natth± dissanti, tasm± yath± vidh± vipass²-±dayo bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tath± vidhoti tath±gato. Yath± yutt± ca te bhagavanto ayampi bhagav± tath± yuttoti tath±gato. Atha v± yasm± sacca½ taccha½ tathanti ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½, tasm± tathena ñ±ºena ±gatoti tath±gatoti. Evampi tath±gata-saddassa attho veditabbo–
“Pah±ya k±m±dimale yath± gat±,
sam±dhiñ±ºehi vipassi-±dayo;
mahesino sakyamun² jutindharo,
tath±gato tena tath±gato mato.
Tathañca dh±t±yatan±dilakkhaºa½,
sabh±vas±maññavibh±gabhedato;
sayambhuñ±ºena jino sam±gato,
tath±gato vuccati sakyapuªgavo.
Tath±ni sacc±ni samantacakkhun±,
tath± idappaccayat± ca sabbaso;
anaññaneyyena yato vibh±vit±,
y±th±vato tena jino tath±gato.
Anekabhed±supi lokadh±tusu,