Tayo-attapaµil±bhavaººan±

428. ¾hito aha½ m±no etth±ti att±, attabh±voti ±ha “attapaµil±bhoti attabh±vapaµil±bho”ti. K±mabhava½ dasseti tassa itaradvayattabh±vato o¼±rikatt±. R³pabhava½ dasseti jh±namanena nibbatta½ hutv± r³p²bh±vena upalabbhanato. Sa½kilesik± dhamm± n±ma dv±dasa akusalacittupp±d± tadabh±ve kassaci sa½kilesass±pi asambhavato. Vod±niy± dhamm± n±ma samathavipassan± t±sa½ vasena sabbaso cittavod±nassa sijjhanato.
429. Paµipakkhadhamm±na½ asamucchede pana na kad±cipi anavajjadhamm±na½ p±rip³r², vepulla½ v± sambhavati, samucchede pana sati eva sambhavat²ti maggapaññ±phalapaññ±-ggahaºa½. T± hi saki½ paripuºº± paripuºº± eva aparih±nadhammatt±. Taruºap²t²ti uppannamatt± aladdh±sevan± dubbal± p²ti. Balavatuµµh²ti punappuna½ uppattiy± laddh±sevan± uparivises±dhigamassa paccayabh³t± thiratar± p²ti. “Ya½ avocumh±”ti-±d²su aya½ saªkhepattho ya½ voh±ra½ “sa½kilesikavod±niyadhamm±na½ pah±n±bhivuddhiniµµha½ paññ±ya p±rip³rivepullabh³ta½ imasmi½yeva attabh±ve aparappaccayena ñ±ºena paccakkhato samp±detv± viharissat²”ti kathayimha. Tattha tasmi½ vih±re tassa mama ov±dakarassa bhikkhuno eva½ vuttappak±rena viharaºanimitta½ pamodappabh±vit± p²ti ca bhavissati, tass± ca paccayabh³ta½ passaddhidvaya½ sammadeva upaµµhit± sati ca ukka½sagata½ ñ±ºañca tath±bh³to ca so vih±ro. Santapaº²tat±ya atappako anaññas±dh±raºo sukhavih±roti vattabbata½ arahat²ti.
Paµhamajjh±ne paµiladdhamatte h²nabh±vato p²ti dubbal± p±mojjapakkhik±, suvibh±vite pana tasmi½ paguºe s± paº²t± balavabh±vato paripuººakicc± p²t²ti vutta½ “paµhamajjh±ne p±mojj±dayo chapi dhamm± labbhant²”ti. “Sukho vih±ro”ti imin± sam±dhi gahito. Sukha½ gahitanti apare, tesa½ matena santasukhat±ya upekkh± catutthajjh±ne “sukhan”ti icchit±, ten±ha “tath± catutthe”ti-±di. P±mojja½ nivattat²ti dubbalap²tisaªkh±ta½ p±mojja½ chasu dhammesu nivattati h±yati. Vitakkavic±rakkhobhavirahena dutiyajjh±ne sabbad± p²ti balavat² eva hoti, na paµhamajjh±ne viya kad±ci dubbal±. Suddhavipassan± p±dakajjh±namev±ti upari magga½ akathetv± kevala½ vipassan±p±dakajjh±na½ kathita½. Cat³hi maggehi saddhi½ vipassan± kathit±ti vipassan±ya p±dakabh±vena jh±n±ni kathetv± tato para½ vipassan±pubbak± catt±ropi magg± kathit±ti attho. Catutthajjh±nikaphalasam±patti kathit±ti paµhamajjh±nik±dik± phalasam±pattiyo akathetv± catutthajjh±nik± eva phalasam±patti kathit±. P²tivevacanameva katv±ti dvinna½ p²t²na½ ekasmi½ cittupp±de anuppajjanato p±mojja½ p²tivevacanameva katv±. P²tisukh±na½ apariccattatt±, “sukho ca vih±ro”ti s±tisayassa sukhavih±rassa gahitatt± ca dutiyajjh±nikaphalasam±patti n±ma kathit±. K±ma½ paµhamajjh±nepi p²tisukh±ni labbhanti, t±ni pana vitakkavic±rakkhobhena na santapaº²t±ni, santapaº²t±ni ca idh±dhippet±ni.
432-437. Vibh±vanatthoti pak±sanattho sar³pato nir³panattho, ten±ha “aya½ so”ti-±di. Nanti o¼±rika½ attapaµil±bha½. Sappaµiharaºanti parena coditavacanena saparih±ra½ sa-uttara½. Tucchoti mus± abh³to. Svev±ti so eva attapaµil±bho. Tasmi½ samaye hot²ti tasmi½ paccuppannasamaye vijjam±no hoti. Attapaµil±bhotveva niyy±tesi, na na½ sar³pato n²haritv± dassesi. R³p±dayo cettha dhamm±ti r³pavedan±dayo eva ettha loke sabh±vadhamm±. Attapaµil±bhoti pana te r³p±dike pañcakkhandhe up±d±ya paññatti, ten±ha “n±mamattametan”ti. N±mapaººattivasen±ti n±mabh³tapaññattimattat±vasena.
438. Evañca pana vatv±ti “attapaµil±bhoti r³p±dike up±d±ya paññattimattan”ti imamattha½ “yasmi½ citta samaye”ti-±din± vatv±. Paµipucchitv± vinayanatthanti yath± pare puccheyyu½, ten±k±rena k±lavibh±gato paµipad±ni pucchitv± tassa atthassa ñ±panavasena vinayanattha½. Tasmi½ samaye sacco ahos²ti tasmi½ at²tasamaye up±d±nassa vijjam±nat±ya saccabh³to vijjam±no viya vattabbo ahosi, na pana an±gato id±ni paccuppannoattapaµil±bho tadup±d±nassa tad± avijjam±natt±. Ye te at²t± dhamm± at²tasamaye at²tattapaµil±bhassa up±d±nabh³t± r³p±dayo. Te etarahi natthi niruddhatt±. Tato eva ahesunti saªkhya½ gat±. Tasm±ti tasmi½yeva samaye labbhanato. Sopi tadup±d±no me attapaµil±bho tasmi½yeva at²tasamaye sacco bh³to vijjam±no viya ahosi. An±gatapaccuppann±nanti an±gat±nañceva paccuppann±nañca r³padhamm±na½ up±d±nabh³t±na½ tad± tasmi½ at²tasamaye abh±v± tadup±d±no an±gato paccuppanno ca attapaµil±bho tasmi½ at²tasamaye mogho tuccho mus± natth²ti attho. N±mamattamev±ti samaññ±mattameva. Attapaµil±bha½ paµij±n±ti paramatthato anupalabbham±natt±.
“Eseva nayo”ti imin± ye te an±gat± dhamm±, te etarahi natthi, “bhavissant²”ti pana saªkhya½ gamissanti, tasm± sopi me attapaµil±bho tasmi½yeva samaye sacco bhavissati. At²tapaccuppann±na½ pana dhamm±na½ tad± abh±v± tasmi½ samaye mogho at²to mogho paccuppanno. Ye ime paccuppann± dhamm±, te etarahi atthi, tasm± yoya½ me attapaµil±bho, so id±ni sacco. At²t±n±gat±na½ pana dhamm±na½ id±ni abh±v± tasmi½ samaye mogho at²to mogho an±gatoti eva½ atthato n±mamattameva attapaµil±bha½ paµij±n±t²ti imamattha½ atidisati.
439-443. Sa½sanditunti sam±netu½. Yasmi½ samaye kh²ra½ hot²ti yasmi½ k±le bh³tup±d±yasaññita½ up±d±navisesa½ up±d±ya kh²rapaññatti hoti. Na tasmi½…pe… gacchati kh²rapaññatti-up±d±nassa dadhi-±dipaññattiy± anup±d±nato. Paµiniyatavatthuk± hi ek± lokasamaññ±, ten±ha “ye dhamme up±d±y±”ti-±di. Tattha saªkh±yati et±y±ti saªkh±, paññatti. Niddh±retv± vacanti vadanti et±y±ti nirutti. Namanti eten±ti n±ma½. Voharanti eten±ti voh±ro, paññattiyeva. Esa nayo sabbatth±ti “yasmi½ samaye”ti-±din± kh²re vuttanaya½ dadhi-±d²su atidisati.
Samanuj±nanamattak±n²ti “ida½ kh²ra½, ida½ dadh²”ti-±din± t±dise bh³tup±d±yar³pavisese loke parampar±bhata½ paññatti½ appaµikkhipitv± samanuj±nana½ viya paccayavisesavisiµµha½ r³p±dikhandhasam³ha½ up±d±ya “o¼±riko attapaµil±bho”ti ca “manomayo attapaµil±bho”ti ca “ar³po attapaµil±bho”ti ca tath± tath± samanuj±nanamattak±ni, na ca tabbinimutto up±d±nato añño koci attho atth²ti attho. Niruttimattak±n²ti saddaniruttiy± gahaº³p±yamattak±ni. “Satto phassoti hi saddaggahaºuttarak±la½ tadanuviddhapaººattiggahaºamukheneva tadatth±vabodho. Vacanapathamattak±n²ti tasseva vevacana½. Voh±ramattak±n²ti tath± tath± voh±ramattak±ni. N±mapaººattimattak±n²ti tasseva vevacana½, ta½ta½n±mapaññ±panamattak±ni. Sabbametanti “attapaµil±bho”ti v± “satto”ti v± “poso”ti v± sabbameta½ voh±ramattaka½ paramatthato anupalabbhanato, ten±ha “yasm± paramatthato satto n±ma natth²”ti-±di.
Yadi eva½ kasm± ta½ buddhehipi vuccat²ti ±ha “buddh±na½ pana dve kath±”ti-±di. Sammutiy± voh±rassa kathana½ sammutikath±. Paramatthassa sabh±vadhammassa kathana½ paramatthakath±. Anicc±dikath±pi paramatthasannissitakath± paramatthakath±ti katv± paramatthakath±. Paramatthadhammo hi “anicco, dukkho, anatt±”ti ca vuccati na sammutidhammo. Kasm± paneva½ duvidh± buddh±na½ kath±pavatt²ti tattha k±raºam±ha “tattha yo”ti-±din±. Yasm± paramatthakath±ya saccasampaµivedho, ariyasaccakath± ca sikh±ppatt± desan±, tasm± vineyyapuggalavasena sammutikatha½ kathentopi bhagav± paramatthakatha½yeva kathet²ti ±ha “tassa bhagav± ±ditova…pe… kathet²”ti, ten±ha “tath±”ti-±di, tenassa katthaci sammutikath±pubbik± paramatthakath± hoti puggalajjh±sayavasena, katthaci paramatthakath±pubbik± sammutikath±. Iti vineyyadamanakusalassa satthu vineyyajjh±sayavasena tath± tath± desan±pavatt²ti dasseti. Sabbattha pana bhagav± dhammata½ avijahanto eva sammuti½ anuvattati, sammuti½ apariccajantoyeva dhammata½ vibh±veti, na tattha abhinives±tidh±van±ni. Vuttañheta½ “janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniviseyya, samañña½ n±tidh±veyy±”ti.
Paµhama½ sammuti½ katv± kathana½ pana veneyyavasena yebhuyyena buddh±na½ ±ciººanti ta½ k±raºena saddhi½ dassento “pakatiy± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Nanu ca sammuti n±ma paramatthato avijjam±natt± abh³t±, ta½ katha½ buddh± kathent²ti ±ha “sammutikatha½ kathent±p²”ti-±di. Saccamev±ti tathameva. Sabh±vamev±ti sammutibh±vena ta½sabh±vameva, ten±ha “amus±v±”ti. Paramatthassa pana sacc±dibh±ve vattabbameva natthi.
Imesa½ pana sammutiparamatth±na½ ko viseso? Yasmi½ bhinne, buddhiy± v± avayavavinibbhoge kate na ta½saññ±, so ghaµapaµ±dippabhedo sammuti, tabbipariy±yato paramattho. Na hi kakkha¼aphusan±disabh±ve aya½ nayo labbhati. Eva½ santepi vuttanayena sammutipi saccasabh±v± ev±ti ±ha “duve sacc±ni akkh±s²”ti-±di.
Id±ni nesa½ saccasabh±va½ k±raºena dassento “saªketavacana½ saccanti g±tham±ha. Tattha saªketavacana½ sacca½ visa½v±dan±bh±vato. Tattha hetum±ha “lokasammutik±raºan”ti. Lokasiddh± hi sammuti saªketavacanassa avisa½v±danat±ya k±raºa½. Paramo uttamo attho paramattho, dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±vo. Tassa vacana½ sacca½ y±th±vato avisa½v±danavasena ca pavattanato. Tattha k±raºam±ha “dhamm±na½ bh³talakkhaºan”ti, sabh±vadhamm±na½ yo bh³to avipar²to sabh±vo, tassa lakkhaºa½ aªgana½ ñ±pananti katv±.
Yadi tath±gato paramatthasacca½ sammadeva abhisambujjhitv± µhitopi lokasamañña½ gahetv±va vadati, ko ettha lokiyamah±janehi visesoti ±ha. “Y±hi tath±gato voharati apar±m±san”ti-±di. Lokiyamah±jano appah²napar±m±satt± “eta½ mam±”ti-±din± par±masanto voharati, tath±gato pana sabbaso pah²napar±m±satt± apar±masanto yasm± lokasamaññ±hi vin± lokiyo attho loke kenaci duviññeyyo, tasm± t±hi ta½ voharati. Tath± voharanto eva ca attano desan±vil±sena veneyyasatte paramatthasacce patiµµhapeti. Desana½ vinivaµµetv±ti heµµh± pavattitakath±ya vinivaµµetv± vivecetv± desana½ “apar±m±san”ti taºh±m±napar±m±sappah±nakittanena arahattanik³µena niµµh±pesi. Ya½ ya½ panettha atthato na vibhatta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.

Poµµhap±dasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san±.