Ahetukasaññupp±danirodhakath±vaººan±

412. Gharamajjheyeva pakkhalit±ti gharato bahi gantuk±m± puris± magga½ anotaritv± ghar±jirena samatale vivaµaªgaºe eva pakkhalana½ patt±, eva½ sampadamidanti attho. As±dh±raºo hetu, s±dh±raºo paccayoti evam±di vibh±gena idha payojana½ natthi saññ±ya ak±raºabh±vapaµikkhepatt± codan±y±ti vutta½ “k±raºasseva n±man”ti.
P±¼iya½ “uppajjantipi nirujjhantip²”ti vutta½, tattha “sahet³ sappaccay± saññ± uppajjanti, uppann± pana nirujjhantiyeva, na tiµµhant²”ti dassanattha½ “nirujjhant²”ti vacana½, na nirodhassa sahetusappaccayabh±vadassanattha½. Upp±do hi sahetuko na nirodho. Yadi hi nirodhopi sahetuko siy±, tassa nirodhen±pi bhavitabba½ aªkur±d²na½ viya, na ca tassa nirodho atthi. Tasm± vuttanayeneva p±¼iy± attho veditabbo. Ayañca nayo khaºanirodhavasena vutto. Yo pana yath±paricchinnak±lavasena sabbasova anupp±danirodho, so “sahetuko”ti veditabbo tath±r³p±ya paµipattiy± vin± abh±vato. Ten±ha bhagav± “sikkh± ek± saññ± nirujjhat²”ti. (D². ni. 1.412) tato eva ca idh±pi vutta½ “saññ±ya sahetuka½ upp±danirodha½ d²petun”ti.
Sikkh± ek±ti ettha sikkh±ti karaºe paccattavacana½, eka-saddo aññapariy±yo “ittheke abhivadanti sato v± pana sattass±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.85 ±dayo; ma. ni. 3.21) viya, na saªkhy±v±c²ti ±ha “sikkh± ek± saññ± uppajjant²ti sikkh±ya ekacc± saññ± j±yant²”ti. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
413. Tatth±ti tassa½ uparidesan±ya½. Samm±diµµhisamm±saªkappavasena pariy±pannatt± ±gat±ti sabh±vato upak±rato ca paññ±kkhandhe pariy±pannatt± saªgahitatt± tatiy± adhipaññ±sikkh± samm±diµµhisamm±saªkappavasena ±gat±. Tath± hi vutta½ “y± c±vuso vis±kha samm±diµµhi, yo ca samm±saªkappo, ime dhamm± paññ±kkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) k±mañcettha vuttanayena tissopi sikkh± ±gat± eva, tath±pi adhicittasikkh±ya eva abhisaññ±nirodho dassito, itar± tassa sambh±rabh±vena ±n²t±.
Pañcak±maguºikar±goti pañcak±makoµµh±se ±rabbha uppajjanakar±go. Asamuppannak±mac±roti vattam±nuppannat±vasena asamuppanno yo koci k±mac±ro y± k±ci lobhuppatti. Purimo visayavasena niyamitatt± k±maguº±rammaºova lobho daµµhabbo, itaro pana jh±nanikantibhavar±g±dippabhedo sabbopi lobhac±ro k±manaµµhena k±mesu pavattanato. Sabbepi hi tebh³mak± dhamm± k±man²yaµµhena k±m±ti. Ubhayesampi k±masaññ±tin±mat± sahacaraºañ±yen±ti “k±masaññ±”ti paduddh±ra½ katv± tadubhaya½ niddiµµha½.
“Tatth±”ti-±di asamuppannak±mac±rato pañcak±maguºikar±gassa visesadassana½. K±ma½ pañcak±maguºikar±gopi asamuppanno eva maggena samuggh±µ²yati, tasmi½ pana samuggh±µitepi na sabbo r±go samuggh±µa½ gacchati, tasm± pañcak±maguºikar±gaggahaºena na itarassa sabbassa r±gassa gahaºa½ hot²ti ubhayas±dh±raºena pariy±yena ubhaya½ saªgahetv± dassetu½ p±¼iya½ k±masaññ±ggahaºa½ katanti tadubhaya½ sar³pato visesato ca dassetv± sabbasaªg±hikabh±vato “asamuppannak±mac±ro pana imasmi½ µh±ne vaµµat²”ti vutta½.
Sadisatt±ti k±masaññ±dibh±vena sam±natt±, etena p±¼iya½ “purim±”ti sadisakappan±vasena vuttanti dasseti. An±gat± hi idha “nirujjhat²”ti vutt± anupp±dassa adhippetatt±, ten±ha “anuppann±va nuppajjat²”ti.
N²varaºavivekato j±tatt± vivekajehi paµhamajjh±nap²tisukhehi saha akkh±tabb±, ta½koµµh±sik± v±ti vivekaja½ p²tisukhasaªkh±t±. N±nattasaññ±paµighasaññ±hi nipuºat±ya sukhumabh³tat±ya sukhumasaññ± bh³t± sukhumabh±vena, paramatthabh±vena avipar²tasabh±v±. Jh±na½ ta½sampayuttadhamm±na½ bh±van±siddh± saºhasukhumat± n²varaºavikkhambhanavasena viññ±yat²ti ±ha “k±macchand±di-o¼±rikaªgappah±navasena sukhum±”ti. Bh³tat±y±ti vijjam±nat±ya. Sabbatth±ti sabbav±resu.
Sam±pajjan±dhiµµh±n±ni viya vuµµh±na½ jh±ne pariy±pannampi hoti yath± ta½ dhamm±na½ bhaªgakkhaºo dhammesu, na ±vajjanapaccavekkhaº±n²ti “paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajjanto adhiµµhahanto vuµµhahanto ca sikkhat²”ti vutta½, na “±vajjanto paccavekkhanto”ti. Tanti paµhamajjh±na½. Ten±ti hetumhi karaºavacana½, tasm± paµhamajjh±nena hetubh³ten±ti attho. Hetubh±vo cettha jh±nassa yath±vuttasaññ±ya uppattiy± sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vo k±masaññ±ya nirodhassa upanissayat±va, tañca kho suttantapariy±yena. Tath± ceva sa½vaººita½ “tath±r³p±ya paµipattiy± vin± abh±vato”ti. Etenup±yen±ti yv±ya½ paµhamajjh±natappaµipakkhasaññ±vasena “sikkh± ek± saññ± uppajjati, sikkh± ek± saññ± nirujjhat²”ti ettha attho vutto, etena nayena. Sabbatth±ti sabbav±resu.
414. Yasm± panettha sam±pattivasena ta½ta½saññ±na½ upp±danirodhe vuccam±ne aªgavasena so vuttoti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. “Aªgato sammasanan”ti anupadadhammavipassan±ya lakkhaºavacana½. Anupadadhammavipassanañhi karonto sam±patti½ patv± aªgato sammasana½ karoti, na ca saññ± sam±pattiy± kiñci aªga½ hoti. Vuttañca “idañca saññ± saññ±ti eva½ aªgato sammasana½ uddhaµan”ti. Aªgatoti v± avayavatoti attho, anupadadhammatoti vutta½ hoti. Tadev±ti ±kiñcaññ±yatanameva.
Yato khoti paccatte nissakkavacananti ±ha “yo n±m±”ti yath± “±dimh²”ti etasmi½ atthe “±dito”ti vuccati itaravibhattitopi to-saddassa labbhanato. Sakasmi½ attan± adhigate saññ± sakasaññ±, s± etassa atth²ti sakasaññ², ten±ha “attano paµhamajjh±nasaññ±ya saññav±”ti. Sakasaññ²ti cettha upari vuccam±nanirodhap±dakat±ya s±tisay±ya jh±nasaññ±ya atthibh±vajotako ²-k±ro daµµhabbo, tenev±ha “anupubbena saññagga½ phusat²”ti-±di. Tasm± tattha tattha sakasaññit±ggahaºena tasmi½ tasmi½ jh±ne sabbaso suciººavas²bh±vo d²pitoti veditabba½.
Lokiy±nanti niddh±raºe s±mivacana½, s±mi-atthe eva v±. Yadaggena hi ta½ tesu seµµha½, tadaggena tesampi seµµhanti. “Lokiy±nan”ti visesana½ lokuttarasam±patt²hi tassa aseµµhabh±vato. “Kiccak±rakasam±patt²nan”ti visesana½ akiccak±rakasam±pattito tassa aseµµhabh±vato. Akiccak±rakat± cass± paµusaññ±kicc±bh±vavacanato viññ±yati. Yatheva hi tattha saññ±, eva½ phass±dayo p²ti. Yadaggena hi tattha saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattiy± pakativipassak±na½ sammasitu½ asakkuºeyyar³pena µhit±, tadaggena heµµhimasam±pattidhamm± viya paµukiccakaraºasamatth±pi na hont²ti. Sv±yamattho paramatthamañjus±ya½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ ±ruppakath±ya½ (visuddhi. µ². 1.286) savisesa½ vutto, tasm± tattha vuttanayena veditabbo. Keci pana “yath± heµµhim± heµµhim± sam±pattiyo uparim±na½ uparim±na½ adhiµµh±nakicca½ s±dhenti, na eva½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti kassacipi adhiµµh±nakicca½ s±dheti, tasm± s± akiccak±rik±, itar± kiccak±rik± vutt±”ti vadanti, tadayutta½ tass±pi vipassan±cittaparidaman±d²na½ adhiµµh±nakiccas±dhanato. Tasm± purimoyeva attho yutto.
Pakappet²ti sa½vidahati. Jh±na½ sam±pajjanto hi jh±nasukha½ attani sa½vidahati n±ma. Abhisaªkharot²ti ±y³hati, sampiº¹et²ti attho. Sampiº¹anattho hi samudayaµµho. Yasm± nikantivasena cetan±kiccassa matthakappatti, tasm± phal³pac±rena k±raºa½ dassento “nikanti½ kurum±no abhisaªkharoti n±m±”ti vutta½. Im± id±ni me labbham±n± ±kiñcaññ±yatanasaññ± nirujjheyyu½ ta½samatikkameneva uparijh±natth±ya cetan±bhisaªkharaºasambhavato. Aññ±ti ±kiñcaññ±yatanasaññ±hi aññ±. Tato th³latarabh±vato o¼±rik±. K± pana t±ti ±ha “bhavaªgasaññ±”ti. ¾kiñcaññ±yatanato vuµµh±ya eva hi uparijh±natth±ya cetan±bhisaªkharaº±ni bhaveyyu½, vuµµh±nañca bhavaªgavasena hoti. Y±va ca upari jh±nasam±pajjana½, t±va antarantar± bhavaªgappavatt²ti ±ha “bhavaªgasaññ± uppajjeyyun”ti.
Cetentov±ti nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanajjh±na½ eka½ dve cittav±re sam±pajjanto eva. Na ceteti tath± heµµhimajjh±nesu viya v± pubb±bhog±bh±vato pubb±bhogavasena hi jh±na½ pakappento idha “cetet²”ti vutto. Yasm± “ahameta½ jh±na½ nibbattemi upasamp±demi sam±pajj±m²”ti eva½ abhisaªkharaºa½ tattha s±layasseva hoti, na an±layassa, tasm± eka½ cittakkhaºikampi jh±na½ pavattento tattha appah²nanikantikat±ya abhisaªkharonto ev±ti attho. Yasm± panassa tath± heµµhimajjh±nesu viya v± tattha pubb±bhogo natthi, tasm± “na abhisaªkharot²”ti vutta½. “Imassa bhikkhuno”ti-±di vuttassevatthassa vivaraºa½. “Sv±yamattho”ti-±din± tamevattha½ upam±ya paµip±deti.
Pacch±bh±geti pitugharassa pacch±bh±ge. Tato puttagharato. Laddhagharamev±ti yato anena bhikkh± laddh±, tameva ghara½ puttagehameva. ¾sanas±l± viya ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±patti tato pitugharaputtagharaµµh±niy±na½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatananirodhasam±patt²na½ upagantabbato. Pitughara½ amanasikaritv±ti pavisitv± samatikkantampi pitughara½ na manasi katv±. Puttagharasseva ±cikkhana½ viya eka½ dve cittav±re sam±pajjitabbampi nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ na manasi katv± parato nirodhasam±patti-atth±ya eva manasik±ro. Eva½ amanasik±ras±maññena, manasik±ras±maññena ca upamupameyyat± veditabb± ±cikkhanenapi manasik±rasseva jotitatt±. Na hi manasik±rena vin± ±cikkhana½ sambhavati.
T± jh±nasaññ±ti t± eka½ dve cittav±re pavatt± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasaññ±. Nirujjhant²ti padeseneva nirujjhanti, pubb±bhisaªkh±ravasena pana upari anupp±do. Yath± ca jh±nasaññ±na½, eva½ itarasaññ±na½ p²ti ±ha “aññ± ca o¼±rik± bhavaªgasaññ± nuppajjant²”ti, yath±paricchinnak±lanti adhipp±yo. So eva½ paµipanno bhikkh³ti so eva½ yath±vutte saññ±gge µhito arahatte, an±g±miphale v± patiµµhito bhikkhu dv²hi phalehi samann±gamo, tiººa½ saªkh±r±na½ paµippassaddhi, so¼asavidh± ñ±ºacariy±, navavidh± sam±dhicariy±ti imesa½ vasena nirodhapaµip±danapaµipatti½ paµipanno. Phusat²ti ettha phusana½ n±ma vindana½ paµiladdh²ti ±ha “vindati paµilabhat²”ti. Atthato pana yath±paricchinnak±la½ cittacetasik±na½ sabbaso appavatti eva.
Abh²ti upasaggamatta½ niratthaka½, tasm± “saññ±” icceva attho. Nirodhapadena anantarika½ katv± sam±pattipade vattabbe tesa½ dvinna½ antare sampaj±napada½ µhapitanti ±ha “nirodhapadena anantarika½ katv± vuttan”ti, ten±ha “anupaµi…pe… attho”ti. Tatr±p²ti tasmimpi tath± pad±nupubbiµhapanepi aya½ visesatthoti yojan±. Sampaj±nantass±ti ta½ ta½ sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya tattha tattha saªkh±r±na½ sammasanavasena paj±nantassa. Anteti yath±vutt±ya nirodhapaµipattiy± pariyos±ne. Dutiyavikappe sampaj±nantass±ti sampaj±nak±rinoti attho, tena nirodhasam±pajjanakassa bhikkhuno ±dito paµµh±ya sabbap±µih±rikapaññ±ya saddhi½ atthas±dhik± paññ± kiccato dassit± hoti, ten±ha “paº¹itassa bhikkhuno”ti.
Sabb±k±ren±ti “sam±pattiy± sar³paviseso, sam±pajjanako, sam±pajjanassa µh±na½, k±raºa½, sam±pajjan±k±ro”ti evam±di sabbappak±rena. Tatth±ti visuddhimagge. (Visuddh². 2.867) kathitatov±ti kathitaµµh±nato eva gahetabb±, na idha ta½ vad±ma punaruttibh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ kho ahanti ettha ±k±rattho eva½-saddo uggahit±k±radassananti katv±. Eva½ poµµhap±d±ti ettha pana sampaµicchanattho, ten±ha “su-uggahita½ tay±ti anuj±nanto”ti.
415. Saññ± agg± etth±ti saññ±gga½, ±kiñcaññ±yatana½. Aµµhasu sam±patt²supi saññ±gga½ atthi upalabbhat²ti cintetv±. “Puth³”ti p±¼iya½ liªgavipall±sa½ dassento ±ha “bah³nip²”ti. “Yath±”ti imin± pak±raviseso karaºappak±ro gahito, na pak±ras±maññanti ±ha “yena yena kasiºen±”ti, pathav²kasiºena karaºabh³ten±”ti ca. Jh±na½ t±va yutto karaºabh±vo saññ±nirodhaphusanassa s±dhakatamabh±vato, katha½ kasiº±nanti? Tesampi so yutto eva. Yadaggena hi jh±n±na½ nirodhaphusanassa s±dhakata½ abh±vo, tadaggena kasiº±nampi tadavin±bh±vato. Anekakaraº±pi kiriy± hotiyeva yath± “assena y±nena d²pik±ya gacchat²”ti.
Ekav±ranti saki½. Purimasaññ±nirodhanti k±masaññ±dipurimasaññ±ya nirodha½, na nirodhasam±pattisaññita½ saññ±nirodha½. Eka½ saññ±gganti eka½ saññ±bh³ta½ agga½ seµµhanti attho heµµhimasaññ±ya ukkaµµhabh±vato. Saññ± ca s± aggañc±ti saññ±gga½, na saññ±su agganti. Dve v±reti dvikkhattu½. Sesakasiºes³ti kasiº±na½yeva gahaºa½ nirodhakath±ya adhikatatt±. Tato eva cettha jh±naggahaºena kasiºajjh±n±ni eva gahit±n²ti veditabba½. “Paµhamajjh±nena karaºabh³ten±”ti ±rammaºa½ an±masitv± vadati yath± “yena yena kasiºen±”ti ettha jh±na½ an±masitv± vutta½. “It²”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ saªgahetv± nigamanavasena vadati. Sabbamp²ti sabba½ ekav±ra½ sam±pannajh±na½. Saªgahetv±ti sañj±nanalakkhaºena ta½sabh±v±visesato ekajjha½ saªgahetv±. Apar±paranti punappuna½.
416. Jh±napadaµµh±na½ vipassana½ va¹¹hentassa puggalassa vasena saññ±ñ±º±ni dassit±ni paµhamanaye Dutiyanaye pana yasm± vipassana½ ussukk±petv± maggena ghaµentassa maggañ±ºa½ uppajjati, tasm± vipassan±maggavasena saññ±ñ±º±ni dassit±ni. Yasm± pana paµhamanayo lokiyatt± o¼±riko, dutiyanayo missako tasm± tadubhaya½ asambh±vetv± accantasukhuma½ subha½ thira½ nibbattitalokuttarameva dassetu½ maggaphalavasena saññ±ñ±º±ni dassit±ni tatiyanaye. Tayopete nay± maggasodhanavasena dassit±.
“Aya½ panettha s±ro”ti vibh±vetu½ tipiµakamah±sivattherav±do ±bhato. Nirodha½ pucchitv± tasmi½ kathite tadanantara½ saññ±ñ±ºuppatti½ pucchanto atthato nirodhato vuµµh±na½ pucchati n±ma, nirodhato ca vuµµh±na½ arahattaphaluppattiy± v± siy± an±g±miphaluppattiy± v±, tattha saññ± padh±n±, tadanantarañca paccavekkhaºañ±ºanti tadubhaya½ niddh±rento thero “ki½ ime bhikkh³ bhaºant²”ti-±dim±ha Tattha “ki½ ime bhikkh³ bhaºant²”ti tad± d²ghanik±yatanti½ parivattante ima½ µh±na½ patv± yath±vuttena paµip±µiy± tayo naye kathente bhikkh³ sandh±ya vadati.
Yassa yath± maggav²thiya½ maggaphalañ±ºesu uppannesu niyamato maggaphalapaccavekkhaºañ±º±ni honti, eva½ phalasam±pattiya½ phalapaccavekkhaºañ±ºanti ±ha “pacch± paccavekkhaºañ±ºan”ti. “Ida½ arahattaphalan”ti ida½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºassa pavatti-±k±radassana½. Phalasam±dhisaññ±paccay±ti phalasam±dhisahagatasaññ±paccay±. Kira-saddo anussaraºattho. Yath±dhigatadhamm±nussaraºapakkhiy± hi paccavekkhaº±. Sam±dhis²sena cettha sabba½ arahattaphala½ gahita½ sahacaraºañ±yena, tasmi½ asati paccavekkhaº±ya asambhavo ev±ti ±ha “idappaccay±”ti.